Recent Medical Adventures

679 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
679
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
34
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Recent Medical Adventures

  1. 1. Recent Medical Adventures<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  2. 2. <ul><li>Medicine is the science or practice of the treatment and prevention of disease.
  3. 3. This art of healing is developed in every second using technology and clinical researches. </li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  4. 4. Immunological Adventures<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  5. 5. Adventures in Surgery<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  6. 6. Adventures in Forensic Medicine<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  7. 7. Adventures in Genetics<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  8. 8. Immunological Adventures<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  9. 9. Small Pox<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  10. 10. <ul><li>Smallpox is a viral infectious disease unique to human.
  11. 11. By the mid 18th century it spread all over the world.
  12. 12. Thousands of people were killed.
  13. 13. In 1967 WHO launched vaccination program.</li></ul>By now it is completely eradicated.<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  14. 14. Avian Flu<br /><ul><li>Avian flu is H5N1 viral infective disease.
  15. 15. Whole world was shocked .
  16. 16. But 2007, vaccination process was begun successfully.</li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  17. 17. Adventures in Surgery<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  18. 18. Heart Transplantation<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  19. 19. <ul><li>The first human heart transplant was performed by Dr. Christian Barnard.
  20. 20. Mr. Tony Huesman was the long lived heart transplant recipient.
  21. 21. The first successful paediatric heart transplant was performed in 1984.</li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  22. 22. Mattew Green was the first patient to leave hospital with an artificial heart in 2010.<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  23. 23. Plastic Surgery<br />Plastic surgery is a,<br />surgical repair of congenital or acquired deformities and the restoration of contour to improve the appearance and function of tissue defects.<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  24. 24. Applications of Plastic Surgery<br />Severe Burns<br />Skin Cancers<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  25. 25. Breast Reconstruction after Mastectomy <br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  26. 26. Facial Surgery<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  27. 27. Adventures in Forensic Medicine<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  28. 28. Finger Print<br />For What?<br /><ul><li>Use as a signature - The Ancient Babylonian Civilization.
  29. 29. Identification of the criminals - After the 19th century </li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  30. 30. Why?<br />The patterns which are made by epidermal ridges are unique from person to person. <br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  31. 31. Evolution<br />Traditional ink fingerprints typically contain rolled and flat prints<br />Today, digital scanners capture an image of the fingerprint. To create a digital fingerprint, a person places his or her finger on an optical or silicon reader surface and holds it there for a few seconds. The reader converts the information from the scan into digital data patterns. The computer then maps points on the fingerprints and uses those points to search for similar patterns in the database.<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  32. 32. New technique<br />Finger print reveals NOT ONLY YOUR IDENTITY, If you have,<br /><ul><li>history of illegal drug abuse.
  33. 33. handled explosives and armed weapons.
  34. 34. Even specific medical conditions.</li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  35. 35. Detectable Drugs<br /><ul><li>THC (marijuana)
  36. 36. Cocaine
  37. 37. Nicotine
  38. 38. Methadone
  39. 39. Derivatives of Methadone</li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  40. 40. Medical condition can be revealed<br /><ul><li>Cancers
  41. 41. Diabetes conditions
  42. 42. Heart disease conditions</li></ul>There are specific chemicals produced in these conditions & they also secreted in sweat and sebum. <br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  43. 43. New Gene Therapy to Reverse Heart Failure <br />The therapy works by raising diminished levels of the protein S100A1, a calcium-sensing protein in the diseased heart muscle cell, to normal.<br /> Previous research suggests this will prevent against heart failure development, particularly in people who have had a heart attack<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  44. 44. profile of S100A1 is a unique one as it targets and reverses the underlying causes of heart failure:<br /><ul><li> deterioration of contractile performance
  45. 45. electrical instability
  46. 46. energy deprivation.</li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  47. 47. Gene therapy reversesParkinson”s symptoms<br /> In patients with Parkinson's disease, their brains get overactive after losing the normal supply of a chemical called GABA. <br /> Scientists have developed a novel gene therapy called NLX-P101.<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  48. 48. For patients who got the gene therapy, doctors drilled a hole into their brains while they were still awake. <br /> Doctors then slipped in a virus engineered to bring in billions of copies of a gene to help the brain pump out more GABA.<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  49. 49. Patients who received NLX-P101 showed a significant reduction in the motor symptoms of Parkinson”s, including<br /> tremor<br /> rigidity<br /> difficulty initiating movement<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  50. 50. Adventures in Nanotechnology<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  51. 51. Nanotech Medicine to Rebuild Damaged Parts of Human Body<br />A team of European scientists are able to rebuild damaged parts of human body from scratch & burns using latest developments in nanotechnology <br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  52. 52. Rice University, has developed a new method to connect and reconstruct blood vessels by using nanotechnology. <br />The flesh welder could weld the artery perfectly.<br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  53. 53. There is a successful research going on at Rutgers University to produce nanorobots that will be injected into the bloodstreamand administer a drug directly to an infected cell. <br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  54. 54. SRI LANKA ???Are there any modern medical adventures?<br /><ul><li>With poor financial ability…..
  55. 55. Mere facilities…….
  56. 56. But, with great human resources.</li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  57. 57. Liver transplantation <br /><ul><li>Date:27th June 2010
  58. 58. Venue: General Hospital, Colombo
  59. 59. Head: Prof. MandikaWijeyaratne
  60. 60. Duration:14 ½ hrs</li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  61. 61. Cataract Eye Surgery<br /><ul><li>By Dr. ShaminthaAmarathunga
  62. 62. 20 cataract surgeries were done within an hour.
  63. 63. spent 2min. and 20 sec. per surgery.
  64. 64. Venue – Wijaya Kumaratunga Memorial Hospital , Seeduwa</li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  65. 65. Miraculous 'ectopic' baby born<br />June 29.<br />Dr. TilakDissanayake,<br />21 year old H.M.D. Chathurika<br />he Castle Street Hospital for women might have the first baby in Sri Lanka, who successfully grew to full term outside her mother's womb and was delivered alive and well. <br />bit late at 33 weeks<br />in the abdominal cavity<br />General Hospital that the visiting obstetrician gynaecologist, Dr. Prasad Wickremasinghe, identified <br />32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  66. 66. Amazing Discoveries in Medical Field<br /><ul><li>Prof. MalikPeiris, Sri Lankan pathologist who discovers ,
  67. 67. Cytokine storm theory of avian influenza
  68. 68. SARS corona virus
  69. 69. Significant findings of dengue virus pathogenesis</li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  70. 70. Future………<br /><ul><li>Can man live forever????
  71. 71. Can robot perform a sophisticated surgery without a surgeon????
  72. 72. Can man live in space????</li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />
  73. 73. THANK YOU<br />We are,<br /><ul><li>Priyacharana
  74. 74. Sajeewa
  75. 75. Dinusha
  76. 76. Neranja
  77. 77. Chamila
  78. 78. Rashara
  79. 79. Susanthi
  80. 80. Ishan</li></ul>32nd batch - Faculty Of Medicine, Uni. of Ruhuna<br />

×