Inside a flower

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Inside a flower

  1. 1. INSIDE A FLOWER SAINT DENIS SCHOOL 4° GRADE
  2. 2. THE WORLD OF FLOWERS There are many types of flowers. Some are colourful, some are plain. Some are big enough to sit in. Others are so small they’re hard to see. They have different shapes, different patterns, and they live in different places.
  3. 3. THE WORLD OF FLOWERS So here’s a couple of questions: What do flowers have in common? What parts make up a flower and what are they for?
  4. 4. THE largest flower in the world… • Rafflesia arnoldii: This is a strange flower! It is the largest flower in the world, with a diameter of metres and weighs 11 kg! It grows in the forests and jungles of Southeast Asia, especially in Indonesia and the Philippines.
  5. 5. …And the smallest! • Wolffia is officially the world’s smallest flower, with each bloom weighing about as much as two grains of sand. • Wolffia sometimes grow in colonies The only way to identify the exact species of a Wolffia flower is to view it under a microscope.
  6. 6. THE WORLD OF FLOWERS Some interesting links to find out more about the amazing world of flowers: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=joDiVN4d HME (Night-blooming cereus cactus flower) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qh149OE SEF0 (Giant Corpse Flower bloom – one of the most stinky flowers in the world!)
  7. 7. INSIDE A FLOWER Now let’s look inside a flower to learn something more about its parts! Let’s start with petals…
  8. 8. PETALS • Petals are often very brightly coloured. This is because their main job is to attract insects, such as bees or butterflies, into the flower. • The insects pick up pollen from the flower, and carry it to the next flower they visit. This is how most flowers are pollinated.
  9. 9. sepals • Sepals are special types of leaves that form a ring around the petals. Their job is to protect the flower while it is still a bud. After the flower has opened, the sepals can still be seen behind the petals. • Sepals are usually green or brown, but in some plants they are the same colour as the petals.
  10. 10. sepals
  11. 11. NECTARIES • The nectaries are the parts of a flower that make nectar. Nectar is a sweet substance. Insects drink it to get energy! Bees also use nectar to make honey. • The nectaries are usually right in the centre of the flower. This means the insects have to go deep into the flower to find the nectar. As they do so, their bodies pick up pollen from the anthers, and they carry it to the next flower they visit.
  12. 12. NECTARIES
  13. 13. CARPEL: THE FEMALE PART • The carpel has three parts: 1. STIGMA 2. STYLE 3. OVARY
  14. 14. CARPEL: THE FEMALE PART • The stigma is covered in a sticky substance. Its job is to "catch" the grains of pollen (which usually come from another flower). • The style is the stalk that holds up the stigma. • The ovary contains the ovules (or "eggs")
  15. 15. CARPEL: THE FEMALE PART • When the flower is pollinated, the pollen sticks to the stigma. • It then travels down the style to the ovary. • In the ovary, the pollen joins with the ovules, and the ovules become seeds. • This is called fertilisation. • After fertilisation, the ovary turns into the fruit.
  16. 16. stamens: THE male PART • The job of is to make pollen. Pollen is a fine yellow powder that is needed to make a new plant. • Each stamen has two parts: an anther and a filament. The anther contains the pollen and the filament holds up the anther. • The pollen is carried to the stigma of another flower and fertilises it, and new seeds are made.
  17. 17. receptacle • The receptacle is the top part of the flower stalk, where the parts of the flower are attached. It is often rounded in shape. • All the parts of the flower are attached to the receptacle.
  18. 18. INSIDE A FLOWER LET’S SEE WHAT YOU LEARNED…
  19. 19. INSIDE A FLOWER TAKE A QUIZ! http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks2/scien ce/living_things/plant_life_cycles/quiz/q 69706711/
  20. 20. INSIDE A FLOWER Find out more about flowers here: http://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/j ams/science/plants/flowers.htm (video) https://hwb.wales.gov.uk/cms/hwbcontent/ Shared%20Documents/VTC/plant_repro/e ng/Introduction/default.htm (game)
  21. 21. THANK YOU!

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