Technology and Equity Issues Presented By:


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Technology and Equity Issues Presented By:

  1. 1. Technology and Equity Issues Presented By: Jennifer Jerger Ginny Miller Jenni Lisk
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Digital Equity/Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inequities in computer access is not just the issue. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Digital Equity? <ul><li>All students have adequate access to information and communications technologies for learning regardless of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socioeconomic status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Race </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristics linked with unequal treatment </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Equity Importance <ul><li>What students do with technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Influences effectiveness of education experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should have access to high-quality content in both software and online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More and more students using technology to learn </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Does technology help students learn? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Study reports technology’s positive effects on student achievement in all subjects </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Facts <ul><li>Investment in technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1994 Elementary and Secondary Education Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benton Foundation Reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. spent $38 billion over past ten years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$10 billion to poor and rural schools/libraries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Total Spending for 2000-2001 school year approximately $5.35 billion. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ESEA authorizes as much as $1 billion each year for a new educational technology block grant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ratio of multimedia computers that support higher-end applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1997 - 21 students per computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2001 - 6.9 students per computer </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Problems: Inequities in computer access <ul><li>Despite progress making a significance is not easy </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty remains the major factor inhibiting students’ technology access </li></ul>22% 78% $75,00 and above 33% 67% $50,00-$75,000 48% 52% $30,00-$50,000 69% 31% Less than $30,000 Do not have internet access Have internet access Household income
  7. 7. Problems: Quality of Hardware and Connections <ul><li>Access to new tools and instructional methods </li></ul><ul><li>Many schools caught in digital divide time warp </li></ul><ul><li>Stakes are getting higher </li></ul>
  8. 8. Problems: Preparing Educators <ul><li>Not just about access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All the best equipment and content make little difference to learning without experienced educators and teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study findings : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>effective use of educational technology depends most strongly on the human element </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teacher preparation is key </li></ul><ul><ul><li>94% claim familiarity with computers but say they lack skills to integrate technology into teaching </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Problems:Leadership <ul><li>Key administrators need to have clear vision of how technology can make a difference in student learning </li></ul><ul><li>Need to provide on-going support </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires policy, budget, finance, and other organizational mechanisms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Key influences in funding </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Access Solutions <ul><li>Lab open after hours </li></ul><ul><li>Loaner computers </li></ul>Laptops to loan!
  11. 11. Quality of Hardware/Leadership Solutions <ul><li>Partnerships between schools and businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Fundraisers </li></ul><ul><li>Motivated leaders to push for funding </li></ul>
  12. 12. Teacher Experience Solutions <ul><li>Teacher training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Starting at College Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Technology Trainings </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Conclusion <ul><li>By having strong, motivated, educated teachers and administrators, building community partnerships, and making access to technology more availble to students, the gap between the “haves” and “have nots” will receed. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Works Cited <ul><li>Martinez, Micheal. (1994). “Access to Information Technologies Among School-Age Children: Implications for a Democratic Society”. Journal of the American Society for Information Science . </li></ul><ul><li>Natiello, Gary. (2001). “Bridging the Second Digital Divide: What Can Sociologists of Education Contribute?”. Sociology of Education . Vol. 74. </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon, Gwen. (2002). “Digital Equity: It’s Not Just About Access Anymore. Technology & Learning . Vol. 22. </li></ul>