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  1. 1. COMPUTER CONCEPTS Vocabulary Chapter 2 Software and Multimedia
  2. 2. Copyright <ul><li>A form of legal protection that grants certain exclusive rights to the author of a program or the owner of the copyright. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Pirated software <ul><li>Copyrighted software that is copied and used without authorization from the software developer. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Software pirates <ul><li>Individuals who illegally copy, distribute, or modify software. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Software license <ul><li>A legal contract that defines the ways in which a user may use a computer program. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Commercial software <ul><li>Copyrighted computer applications sold to consumers for profit. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Multiple-user license <ul><li>Legal permission for more than one person to use a particular software package. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Shrink-wrap license <ul><li>A legal agreement printed on computer software packaging, which goes into effect when the package is opened. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Single-user license <ul><li>A legal usage agreement limiting the use of a software program to one user at any given time. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Concurrent-use license <ul><li>Legal permission for an organization to use a certain number of copies of a software program at the same time. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Shareware <ul><li>Copyrighted software marketed under a license that allows users to use the software for a trial period and then send in a registration fee if they wish to continue to use it. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Site license <ul><li>Legal permission for software to be used on any and all computers at a specific location (for example, within a corporate building or on a university campus). </li></ul>
  13. 13. Public domain software <ul><li>Software that can be freely used by anyone, either because it has not been copyrighted, or because the author has made it available for public use. </li></ul>
  14. 14. System software <ul><li>Computer programs that help the computer carry out essential operating tasks. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Operating system (OS) <ul><li>The software that controls the computer's use of its hardware resources, such as memory and disk storage space. </li></ul>
  16. 16. External services <ul><li>Services provided by the operating system that help users start programs, manage stored data, and maintain security. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Internal services <ul><li>Functions run by the operating system without user input, such as allocation of system resources and detection of equipment failure. </li></ul>
  18. 18. System resource <ul><li>Any part of a computer system, such as disk drive space, memory capacity, or processor time, that can be used by a computer program. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Microsoft Windows <ul><li>An operating system, developed by Microsoft Corporation, that provides a graphical interface. Versions include Windows 3.1, Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows NT, and Windows 2000. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Multitasking <ul><li>Running two or more programs at the same time. </li></ul>
  21. 21. MAC 08 <ul><li>The operating system software designed for use on Apple Macintosh and Imac computers. </li></ul>
  22. 22. DOS <ul><li>DOS (disk operating system) was the operating system software shipped with the first IBM PCs, then used on millions of computers until the introduction of Microsoft Windows. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Linux <ul><li>A server operating system that is a derivative of Unix and available as freeware. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Novell NetWare <ul><li>Operating system software designed specifically to run on microcomputer networks. </li></ul>
  25. 25. UNIX <ul><li>A multi-user, multitasking server operating system developed by AT&T's Bell Laboratories in 1969. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Formatting <ul><li>The process of dividing a disk into sectors so that it can be used to store information. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Utilities <ul><li>A subcategory of system software designed to augment the operating system by providing ways for a computer user to control the allocation and use of hardware resources. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Computer programming language <ul><li>A standardized set of specific English-like phrases or predefined instructions used for writing computer programs. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Device driver <ul><li>The software that provides the computer with the means to control a peripheral device. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Application software <ul><li>Computer programs that help you perform a specific task such as word processing. Also called application programs, applications, or programs. 66 </li></ul>
  31. 31. Groupware <ul><li>Software that provides ways for multiple users to collaborate on a project, usually through a pool of data that can be shared by members of the workgroup. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Office suite <ul><li>A number of application programs that are packaged together and sold as a unit. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Productivity software <ul><li>Computer programs that help the user work more effectively. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Desktop publishing software <ul><li>Software used to create high-quality output suitable for commercial printing. DTP software provides precise control over layout. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Web authoring software <ul><li>Computer programs for designing and developing customized Web pages that can be published electronically on the Internet. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Word processing software <ul><li>Computer programs that assist the user in producing documents such as reports, letters, papers, and manuscripts. </li></ul>
  37. 37. 3-D graphics software <ul><li>The software used to create three-dimensional wireframe objects, then render them into images. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Bitmap image <ul><li>An image, such as a digital photo, that is stored as a grid work of colored dots. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Graphics software <ul><li>Computer programs for creating, editing, and manipulating images. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Photo editing software <ul><li>The software used to edit, enhance, retouch, and manipulate digital photographs. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Rendering <ul><li>In graphics software, the process of creating a 3-D solid image by covering a wireframe drawing and applying computer-generated highlights and shadows. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Vector graphics <ul><li>Images generated from descriptions that determine the position, length, and direction in which lines and shapes are drawn. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Wireframe <ul><li>A representation of a 3-D object using separate lines, which resemble wire, to create a model. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Paint software <ul><li>The software required to create and manipulate bitmap graphics. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Presentation software <ul><li>Software that provides tools to combine text, graphics, graphs, animation, and sound into a series of electronic &quot;slides&quot; that can be output on a projector or as overhead transparencies, paper copies, or 35 mm slides. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Mathematical modeling software <ul><li>Software for visualizing and solving a wide range of math, science, and engineering problems. </li></ul>
  47. 47. Spreadsheet software <ul><li>Software for creating electronic worksheets that hold data in cells and perform calculations based on that data. </li></ul>
  48. 48. Statistical software <ul><li>Software for analyzing large sets of data to discover patterns and relationships within them. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Database <ul><li>Popularly refers to any collection of information; technically, a collection of data in related files or record types treated as a single unit. </li></ul>
  50. 50. Database software <ul><li>The application software used to create and manage a database. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Flat file <ul><li>The electronic version of a box of index cards which stores information about one entity on each card. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Communications software <ul><li>Computer programs that interact with a computer's modem to dial up, and establish a connection with, a remote computer. </li></ul>
  53. 53. Connectivity software <ul><li>A category of application software that includes communications software, remote control software, a-mail software, and Web browsers. </li></ul>
  54. 54. E-mail software <ul><li>Software that manages one person's computer mailbox. </li></ul>
  55. 55. Remote control software <ul><li>Computer programs used to establish a connection, via modem, between two machines that are located at a distance from each other. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Online banking <ul><li>A means of using a computer and modem to conduct banking transactions, such as transferring funds among accounts and paying bills. </li></ul>
  57. 57. Personal finance software <ul><li>Software geared toward individual finances that helps track bank account balances, credit card payments, investments, and bills. </li></ul>
  58. 58. Horizontal market software <ul><li>Any computer program that can be used by many different kinds of businesses (for example, an accounting program). </li></ul>
  59. 59. Vertical market software <ul><li>Computer programs designed to meet the needs of a specific market segment or industry (for example, medical record-keeping software for use in hospitals). </li></ul>
  60. 60. Multimedia <ul><li>An integrated collection of computer- based digital media, including text, graphics, sound, animation, photo images, and video. </li></ul>
  61. 61. Graphics card <ul><li>A circuit board inserted into a computer to handle the display of text, graphics, animation, and videos. Also called a &quot;video card.&quot; </li></ul>
  62. 62. Digital animation <ul><li>A series of frames, stored as digital images. When displayed in sequence, the series of frames creates the illusion of movement. </li></ul>
  63. 63. Digital video <ul><li>Video footage that has been converted into digital format so it can be stored, modified, and displayed on a computer screen. </li></ul>
  64. 64. Desktop video <ul><li>Videos stored in digital format on a PC's hard disk or CD. </li></ul>
  65. 65. System requirements <ul><li>1) Specifications for the operating system and hardware configuration necessary for a software product to work correctly. </li></ul><ul><li>2) The criteria that must be met for a new computer system or software product to be a success. </li></ul>
  66. 66. Downwardly compatible <ul><li>The ability of an operating system to run application software designed for earlier versions of the operating system, but not those designed for later versions. </li></ul>
  67. 67. Installation process <ul><li>In reference to software, the process by which programs and data are copied to the hard disk of a computer system. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Setup program <ul><li>A program module supplied with a software package for the purpose of installing the software on a PC. </li></ul>
  69. 69. Return to Title Page <ul><li>Prepared by James Q. Jacobs </li></ul>