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  1. 1. Public Policy that Matters for FCS Education: Mandates and Related Resources for Strengthening and Promoting Family and Consumer Sciences Education
  2. 2. Traditional Focus – CTE Legislation <ul><li>FCS Education has historically been funded under federal vocational education/ career & technical education legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Currently operates as allowable use under the Carl D. Perkins Act of 1998 – slated to be reauthorized in summer 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Reauthorization to focus on: accountability for outcomes, academic as well as vocational achievement, career pathways </li></ul>
  3. 3. Retaining CTE Funding <ul><li>Continued Perkins funding will require quantitative evidence of program outcomes and not just anecdotal descriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Need to collect tangible facts about student and program outcomes and share them with local, state, national policymakers: graduation rates, college attendance, test score gains, earnings. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Utilize Other Public Policies to Build Support for FCE Programming <ul><li>Financial Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>School Wellness Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual and Reproductive Health Education </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy Marriage Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnant and Parenting Student Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Policies on Shaken Baby Syndrome </li></ul>
  5. 5. Financial Literacy <ul><li>The National Council on Economic Education reports that 38 states (76%) now have personal finance standards or guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>21 states require them to be implemented </li></ul><ul><li>8 states require a course to be offered; 7 states require a course for graduation </li></ul><ul><li>State-by-state information can be found in: Survey of the States: Economic and Personal Finance Education 2004 www.ncee.net </li></ul>
  6. 6. School Wellness Policies <ul><li>P.L. 108-265 – Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 requires all school districts with federally funded school meal programs to develop and implement wellness policies by the 2006-07 academic school year </li></ul>
  7. 7. School Wellness Policies, con’t <ul><li>Wellness policies must include goals for nutrition education, physical activity, nutrition guidelines for school meals and availability of other foods at school </li></ul><ul><li>State-by-state health & nutrition policies available at: Education Commission of the States www.ecs.org </li></ul><ul><li>See also: www.schoolwellnesspolicies.org ; www.schoolnutrition.org ; www.nanacoalition.org </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sexual and Reproductive Health Education <ul><li>Sexuality education laws vary greatly among states, although the federal government has spent $1Billion promoting abstinence-only approaches since 1982 </li></ul><ul><li>Many states have guidelines for what must be included in sexuality education and how, if it is taught (e.g., an abstinence-only approach, medically accurate information, and parent permission) </li></ul><ul><li>Many states require specific instruction on prevention of HIV/AIDS </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sexual and Reproductive Health Education, con’t <ul><li>State-by-state listing of policies and guidelines can be found at the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States www.siecus.org </li></ul><ul><li>Monthly state policy updates on sexuality education and reproductive health and numerous resources, including a Powerpoint presentation on need for sexuality education, can be found at the Guttmacher Institute www.guttmacher.org </li></ul>
  10. 10. Healthy Marriage Initiative <ul><li>Included as part of the 2005 reauthorization of TANF legislation (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families – Welfare Reform), signed Feb. 8, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Authorizes $150 million to “help couples gain greater access to services… necessary to form and sustain a healthy marriage.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Healthy Marriage, cont. <ul><li>Up to $50 million may be used to encourage responsible fatherhood </li></ul><ul><li>Funds may be used for 8 activities including high school education on the value of marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>More information is available from the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Administration for Children & Families www.acf.hhs.gov/healthymarriage </li></ul>
  12. 12. Education for Pregnant and/or Parenting Students <ul><li>State policies vary widely from no policy to requiring local districts to provide special teenage parent programs </li></ul><ul><li>Several states that do not require special programs provide funding for districts that offer them </li></ul><ul><li>A state-by-state listing of policies can be found at the National Association of State Boards of Education website www.nasbe.org/healthyschools/States/Pregnant%20&%20Parenting.html </li></ul>
  13. 13. Policies Related to Shaken Baby Syndrome <ul><li>The Skipper Initiative (Shaking Kills: Instead Parents Please Educate and Remember) is promoting education programs and policies to prevent SBS </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts have resulted in legislation in 7 states requiring education for high school and middle school students on shaken baby syndrome (Wisconsin, Nebraska, New York, Missouri, Illinois, Minnesota, Pennsylvania) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Shaken Baby Syndrome, cont. <ul><li>U.S. Senate adopted a resolution designating the third week of April as the National SBS Awareness Week; House action on a counterpart bill is pending </li></ul><ul><li>For more information see: www.skippervigil.com </li></ul>
  15. 15. Implications: <ul><li>Existing policies can be used to advocate for expanded role of FCS Education </li></ul><ul><li>Policies in one location can be used to advocate for similar mandates/guidelines in other states/localities </li></ul>
  16. 16. Developed by: <ul><li>Wendy L. Way </li></ul><ul><li>Professor and Associate Dean of Academic Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>University of Wisconsin - Madison </li></ul>