2004 Annual Report.doc


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

2004 Annual Report.doc

  1. 1. 2003-2004 HES Extension Campus Annual Report http://outreach.missouri.edu/hes/ Jo Britt-Rankin, MS, PhD, Associate Dean College of Human Environmental Sciences University of Missouri Brag Items • This year the second "Report on the State of Missouri Families" highlighting the needs of Missouri families was released. This report included a website, statewide brochure, a fact sheet for every Missouri county, news releases, and county-specific PowerPoint presentations. • In an effort to extend the reach of our programs to more people, the MissouriFamilies website was created. At present, this website includes answers to over 1,000 questions about health, human development, nutrition, fitness, housing and personal finance. Findings from Internet search engines indicate that online readers regularly seek our information about nutrition and divorce. Currently, the website is accessed once every minute. • The Building Strong Families Program continued collaboration with internationally known family strengths researchers at the University of Nebraska. We have 42 Nebraska Extension specialists and community partners as facilitators. The Building Strong Families program design team has certified 350 Extension specialists and paraprofessionals and community agency staff to offer the program statewide. This group has taught 3,246 (1,165 this year) individuals. • The High School Financial Planning Program is a curriculum targeted at high school students that teaches financial planning basics. In the 2002-2003 school year, teachers/volunteer leaders in 136 schools taught 6,755 youth. • In 2003, almost 2,803 people have requested home ownership information through the Missouri Housing Partners Initiative (MHP). One of the current objectives of MHP is to provide significantly enhanced program access by going online. • Web-based learning has been a central theme in the work of the Missouri Textile and Apparel Center as they expanded their online outreach resources to textile manufacturers across the mid-west.
  2. 2. • The Focus On Kids (FOK) program is taught to divorcing parents in cooperation with the local circuit courts. Seventeen extension regional specialists and eight campus faculty provided FOK in 30 Missouri counties. During the last year, there were over 3,000 participants. Most of the FOK participants indicated that they planned to make a stronger effort to work with their former spouses for the sake of the children, as a result of attending the program. • Over 200 childcare providers, school personnel, healthcare professionals and other professionals working with families were trained to support children experiencing parental divorce and remarriage through the Families and divorce program. Most participants agreed that the program helped them better understand the needs and reactions of children of various ages to divorce, provided helpful suggestions for supporting children experiencing parental divorce, and increased their awareness of resources for divorcing parents. • Child care providers are the critical link between program quality and children’s experiences. Unfortunately, the field is plagued by alarmingly high rates of turnover. Missouri is pilot-testing a workforce development initiative (WIN) that pays bi-annual cash incentives to child care providers based on their educational attainment, ongoing professional development, and continued employment in the same early childhood program. To date, 767 early childhood professionals from child care centers and family child care homes in select rural, urban, and suburban counties are participating in the incentive program. Ultimately, we hope to improve children’s child care experiences by strengthening the provider workforce. • In 2002, professionals from across the nation were trained to address violence in the lives of girls and young women during a national satellite downlink. Materials from this program have been distributed to 26 states. • Family Nutrition is a statewide nutrition education program bringing the latest research-based information to low-income Missourians. Over 120 paraprofessional educators work with clients individually and in small groups—in their homes, in schools and at agencies. About 199,000 Missourians learned ways to prevent obesity and chronic diseases through nutrition and fitness. • Food Power is a fun, interactive program that teaches K-5th grade students about food and physical activity. It includes a walk-through exhibit, Food Power Adventure, in which 45,526 elementary students in 182 schools participated. More than 3,500 parents and other community volunteers were involved in engaging the students in the activities in the nine lessons included in the exhibit. Food Power Classroom Activities were presented by 2,648 teachers to prepare the students for their Adventure experience and to reinforce the lessons learned.
  3. 3. Mission Statement Human Environmental Sciences (HES) Extension conducts educational programs in support of the social, physical, environmental and financial well being of Missouri citizens. In cooperation with our college’s academic departments, HES Extension creates research-based programs that are designed to meet the needs identified by Missouri residents. These programs consider the special needs of rural, suburban, and urban populations in their own environments. Values upon which we base our mission: Human: Our work is people centered. Through education we reach out to diverse individuals and families across the lifespan. Emphasis is placed on programs for vulnerable populations to help them improve their life quality. Environmental: Our goal is to improve the quality of life for people in the environments in which they live, work, learn and relax. Sciences: Our profession is based upon social and natural sciences. We provide unbiased, research-based information and access to the knowledge base of the University of Missouri System and Lincoln University. Executive Summary The University of Missouri Human Environmental Sciences program is committed to creating educational programs to improve the lives of Missouri families. Faculty address needs in the areas of Consumer and Family Economics, Housing and Environmental Design, Human Development and Family Studies, Nutritional Sciences, and Textile and Apparel Management. Faculty from the four University of Missouri campuses as well as regional HES Extension specialists are committed to developing educational opportunities that best meet the audience needs. Whether face-to-face, on the web, via interactive television, or using media, HES programs are available when and where the audience is. This year specialists were able to make over 1,775,000 educational contacts. This includes approximately 45,000 children who participated in the Body Walk Program, over 190,000 persons who participated in the Family Nutrition Education Program, 3,000 divorcing parents who participated in the Focus on Kids Program. An additional 850,000 (over 2,300/day) visited the MissouriFamilies website which provides research-based information and education 24 hours per day. HES faculty collaborate extensively with local, state, and national partners to provide seamless educational opportunities to Missouri families. Our faculty are dedicated to “improving the lives of all Missourians.”
  4. 4. Consumer and Family Economics (CFE) http://extension.missouri.edu/cfe/ Sandra Huston, Assistant Professor and State Specialist Brenda Procter, Associate State Specialist and Instructor Lucy Schrader, Extension Associate Robert Weagley, Department Chair Mission Statement The mission of Consumer and Family Economics Extension is “improving people’s financial lives and teaching families to identify and build on strengths.” Trends • The most recent IRS estimates based on 2002 tax filing data indicate that 75 million earned income tax credit (EITC) dollars are unclaimed in the state of Missouri. In addition, 68% of EITC filers used paid preparation services and about half pay additional fees for costly refund advance loans. Providing these low income individuals and families access to free tax preparation services would free up an estimated additional 75 million dollars for consumption and asset building opportunities for working families and individuals who qualify for the EITC. • A survey sponsored by the Jumpstart Coalition for Personal Financial Literacy shows that in 2002, on average 12th graders earned a failing grade in personal financial literacy. Only 50.2% of personal finance questions were answered correctly, down from 51.9% in the 2000 survey and 57.3% in 1997. • According to the 2003 Retirement Survey, 61% of workers surveyed and more than half of all worker households have not calculated how much money they will need to save for retirement. Of those who have done a retirement calculation, 36% do not know or remember how much they will need to save by the time they retire, and two- thirds did the calculation more than a year ago. In addition, many who say they have done a calculation have used less-than-reliable methods such as guessing or estimating a figure based on the state of the economy or inflation. • Nationwide over $95 billion is due in child support payments, with nearly $2 billion of child support having gone unpaid to Missouri parents, according to the 2003 Preliminary Data Preview Report issued by the Office of Child Support Enforcement. • According to U. S. Census Bureau report, Poverty in the United States: 2002, nearly 1 in 10 individuals in Missouri lived in poverty during 2000-2002. • The U.S. Department of Agriculture estimates that the cost of raising a child to age 17 was $173,880 in 2002 (for middle income families).
  5. 5. • The Missouri Division of Finance reports over 2 million “payday loans” were extended during the period from October 1, 2001 through September 30, 2002, with an average APR of 391.07%. Program Highlights Building Strong Families. The Building Strong Families Program continued collaboration with internationally known family strengths researchers at the University of Nebraska. We co-presented a Building Strong Families session at the Children, Youth and Families At Risk Conference in May 2003. We continue to train facilitators in Missouri and Nebraska. We provided five customized trainings this past year, adding 69 facilitators to our ranks. Through the Taxpayer Education Initiative we have saved 1,300 taxpayers approximately $227,500 in tax preparation fees and have processed approximately $2.6 million in refunds. We have offered 14 money management workshops to 200 community action clients receiving energy assistance, and all clients have been provided educational materials at our nine free tax preparation pilot sites. High School Financial Planning Program. The High School Financial Planning Program is a curriculum targeted at high school students that teaches financial planning basics. The program is sponsored by the Cooperative Extension System and provided by the National Endowment for Financial Education (NEFE). Teachers/volunteer leaders receive the curriculum and student workbooks at no charge from NEFE. State and Regional Consumer and Family Economics Specialists use and also market the program to high school teachers in family and consumer sciences, math, economics, social studies, and government and to youth groups. In the 2003-2004 fiscal year, teachers/volunteer leaders in approximately 150 schools/programs were utilizing the curriculum reaching nearly 7,000 youth. Money Action Plan. Money Action Plan (M.A.P.) is a seven-module curriculum focusing on the basic practices and skills important to sound family financial management. This train-the-trainer curriculum is directed to social service agency personnel and other helping professionals who regularly work with low-income households and households with limited financial experience. These professionals have regular contact with the target audience, but often lack training in basic financial management practices and skills to be of real help to their clients on financial matters. This curriculum covers not only the necessary financial background for these professionals to work effectively with their clients on financial matters, but also provides training on the skills important to financial counseling and teaching in small groups. The Money Action Plan was highlighted at the 21st Century Families Conference this year and as a result has been ordered and adopted for use in Arkansas, Florida, and
  6. 6. Mississippi. Plans are currently being made to hold a statewide training for Missouri Extension Specialists in the fall of 2004. Building Strong Families: Challenges and Choices. Program Description: Building Strong Families: Challenges and Choices draws from an interactive, 13-module curriculum to provide a series of life skills workshops for working families with dependents. Individual groups can customize the multi-session program by choosing from the following topics: Family Strengths, Communicating, Managing Stress, Child Self-Care, Food and Fitness, Working, Setting Goals, Positive Discipline, Money Matters, Balancing Responsibilities, Consumer Beware, Healthy House, and Kids & Self- Esteem. The Building Strong Families program design team has certified 350 Extension specialists and paraprofessionals and community agency staff to offer the program statewide. To date, 3,246 (1,165 this year) individuals have participated in the program. Overall, 95% of participants who complete end-of-session evaluation forms after each workshop session state that they have gained new information or learned a new skill. Seventy-five percent say they will try the new skill or use the information with their families. After attending a series of Building Strong Families sessions, several people reported that they have used the information from the program to help strengthen their families and to increase the time they spend with their children. From the Money Matters session, participants noted that they have discussed goals with their families, have a better understanding of where their money goes every month, and developed a spending plan and followed it for a month. Many participants reported that after attending the program, they now spend more quality time with their children, use better communication skills with their children, and understand the communication process better.
  7. 7. Taxpayer Education Initiative. Program Description: This new taxpayer education initiative builds on our previous efforts of providing free tax preparation services in conjunction with the IRS Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program. Extension faculty provide coordinate and support the efforts of community volunteers provide free tax assistance to low income, elderly, English as a second language, and disabled taxpayers. Volunteers are trained using IRS materials and must pass a qualifying exam. University of Missouri Extension was invited to be part of a multi-state pilot project including California, Georgia, Michigan, Oklahoma, New Hampshire, Kentucky, and Missouri, to provide outreach to rural low-income taxpayers. CFE specialists worked with community action agencies and the IRS to promote family tax credits, coordinate VITA services, and provide financial education at nine pilot sites in the northeast, southwest, and central Missouri, including a VITA site on the Columbia campus. A research study was conducted through the pilot sites to inform initiative developments and contribute to the body of knowledge regarding the EITC, America's largest anti- poverty program. Data has been collected and will continue to be analyzed during the summer of 2004. Taxpayer information about family tax credits and VITA services was distributed through the Missouri Families website which receives two visits per minute. Through the Taxpayer Education Initiative we have saved 1,300 taxpayers approximately $227,500 in tax preparation fees and have processed approximately $2.6 million in refunds. We have offered 14 money management workshops to 200 community action clients receiving energy assistance, and all clients have been provided educational materials at our nine free tax preparation pilot sites. Partnerships 4-H, Caring Communities, Child Care Providers, Columbia College, Community Action Agencies, Consumer Debt Counseling, Department of Corrections, Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Health, Division of Family Services, Domestic Violence Shelters, Faith Groups, Financial Services Industry, Grass Roots Organizing (GRO), Head Start, Homeless Shelters, Lincoln University, Missouri Association for Social Welfare, Missouri Association for Community Action (MACA), Missouri Center for Budget and Policy Priorities (MCBPP), National Endowment for Financial Education, National Welfare Law Center, Probation and Parole, Public Schools, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, North Dakota State University, Truman State University, Kirksville Housing Authority, Kirksville TCRC, Northeast Missouri Community Action Agency, Students in Free Enterprise, Central Missouri Counties Human Development Corporation, Central Missouri Counties' Human Development Corporation, Delta Theta Tau Philanthropic Sorority, Jim Sears Technical Center, Green Hills Community Action Agency, Ozarks Area Community Action Corporation (in both Stone and Taney County), College of the Ozarks, Healthy Families Task Force, White River Electric Cooperative, Internal Revenue Service St. Louis District Office, Internal Revenue Service National Office in Atlanta,
  8. 8. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, and Extension Services in California, Georgia, Michigan, Oklahoma, New Hampshire, and Kentucky. Case Histories and Testimonials From a Building Strong Families Facilitator: Good Samaritan Center for the Homeless—A facilitator reported that they have 30 families signed up to come to classes once a month. They have about 20-25 coming on a regular basis. During one of the Building Strong Families workshops, participants started asking each other questions about their children. Participants were reminding some of the other mothers what they could do to best support their children. They were using the program information to help each other look at their lives in different ways and to improve their relationships with their kids. A facilitator reported that after a communication class ended, the presenters could not get participants to leave. About 8-10 of them stayed in class and kept talking about what they had done in the session and about how they were going to use the skills. The presenters needed to leave, but were impressed that the participants wanted to stay and keep working. Impact Statements from the Free Tax Preparation Initiative A community action partner told of a client who sat in her office and cried tears of joy when she learned that she would receive a refund of over $6,000. A volunteer in the southwest region told us that she sees VITA as a way of giving back to the community who had helped her when her life was in crisis. A student volunteer in Boone County told us that it is "the warm feeling in your heart" that makes the work worth it to him. A middle age woman came in to one site with a W-2 that showed a small amount paid in federal taxes. When (the volunteer) finished her return and told her how much her refund would be, she said (the volunteer) must have made a mistake because she had only paid in a specific amount and couldn't get that much back. The volunteer explained to her about the earned income credit and she said, "You are an angel. I didn't know how I was going to pay for my insurance next month because of extra expenses this month. Now I can. Thank you so very, very much." Two national IRS program officers visited Missouri sites and told us that "(our) work has far exceeded any expectations they had for the first year of this pilot project." One of them said, "I am so impressed. Your numbers are great, and the way you are setting this up in such an organized way will help others who come on board as we expand. Missouri is further along than any of the other new states." Recognition
  9. 9. Brenda Procter HES Campus-Based Specialist Award of Excellence 2004 Grass Roots Organizing Recognition Award 04 Lucy Schrader Grass Roots Organizing Recognition Award 04 External Leadership Roles and Memberships Brenda Procter National Community Tax Coalition Grass Roots Organizing (GRO) Board of Directors, Chair McNair Scholars Committee MU Extension Diversity Catalyst Team Director of Outreach and Logistics, Multi-State VITA Missouri Pilot Project Presentation for Robert Wood Johnson Covering Kids and Families Initiative Annual Conference MC+ Statewide Coalition Lucy Schrader Campus Institutional Review Board Head Start Conference Presentation 4-H Congress Sandra Huston National Community Tax Coalition American Council on Consumer Interests High School Financial Planning Program Coordinator Director of Research and Evaluation, Multi-State VITA Missouri Pilot Project Environmental Design (EDn) http://outreach.missouri.edu/edninfo/ Ronald G. Phillips, State Extension Specialist and Associate Professor Michael Goldschmidt, State Extension Specialist/Assistant Professor Bobbi J. Hauptmann, Extension Assistant Ruth Brent Tofle, Department Chair Trends • Indoor air quality and toxic homes are still important health issues this year in Missouri. Due to changes in work and lifestyle patterns, most people in the US spend at least 90 percent of their times indoors. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  10. 10. (EPA) reports a growing body of scientific evidence showing indoor air might be more seriously polluted than outdoor air. Children in Missouri are also at high risk of lead poisoning. The US EPA ranks Missouri 9th among all states for lead-based risks for children. There is need for education to develop awareness of indoor air pollution and preventative strategies to reduce risks associated with indoor air and other home contamination. • The national homeownership rate in 2000 was 66.2 percent with Missouri showing a slightly higher rate. The 2000 census data indicates that homeownership rates may be increasing, but over 14 million households in the US are seriously cost-burdened and pay over 50 percent of their income for rent and utilities. In many rural areas of Missouri, a majority of available housing (for ownership or rental) is 40 years or older. An average of 200 dollars per month is spent on weatherization and repairs to maintain adequate livable conditions in these homes. In Missouri, an average of 18 percent of households are considered cost burdened . • Minority homeownership is in the rise and they will grow even more important to the housing market in the next 10 years, accounting for an estimated two-thirds of net new households. Reaching out to these markets is vital to the goals of promoting homeownership and reducing the number of cost-burdened and inadequately housed people in the United States. There is a need for homebuyer education programs that reach a diverse group of audiences. • Housing Assistance Council report on the state of housing in rural areas show that there is a shortage of quality affordable housing in rural areas. Two-thirds of the poor quality housing in the country is in the rural areas. Thus, there is need for programming that addresses quality affordable housing development in the non-urban areas. Program Highlights Reaching Underserved Audiences. Clients of the Greater Kansas City Housing Information Center are more aware of the resources available through University of Missouri Outreach and Extension because of the involvement of the housing specialist with the Greater Kansas City Housing Information Center (HIC). Serving on the board of directors since 1996, the housing and environmental design specialist has provided the employees and clients of HIC with educational resources focused on specific information pertinent to poverty stricken households. The Housing Information Center is located in the heart of the inner city of Kansas City. The center has been in operation since 1970. Its primary purpose is to assist low-income individuals and families of all ethnic groups in meeting their housing needs. Their services include housing counseling services, consumer education, and referral services. In 1985, the Center expanded its program to include serving the Kansas City homeless population; and for people living with HIV and their families. Many of the clients of HIC have been referred to the agency through other agencies and networks knowing that
  11. 11. often HIC will have the contacts necessary for housing placement. Many of the clients served are facing homelessness. Working with the Housing Information Center has provided unique opportunities to reach clientele that generally do not access University of Missouri Outreach and Extension resources. In 2002, HIC served over 2000 of the poorest households in the greater Kansas City area on a comprehensive basis with financial and counseling services. In addition, HIC provided information, referral services and other program delivery to over 18,000 clients in the greater Kansas City metropolitan area. Educational resources through University of Missouri Outreach and Extension were made available for use with these individuals and families. Most families and individuals served by the center are facing extreme financial hardships and are seeking funding and informational resources to secure housing. Comprehensive housing counseling, emergency assistance and home sharing provide some alternatives for these individuals and families. Reaching these households with viable options can often avoid homelessness. Supporting the HIC staff with useful information is vital to the success of the Center’s outreach. Environmental Health - Healthy Indoor Air for America’s Homes. This program is a national effort to raise citizen awareness about indoor air pollutants and teach them preventative strategies to improve the air in their homes. The topics covered by this program include mold and mildew (and other biological pollutants), carbon monoxide (and combustion pollutants), lead, radon, asbestos, volatile organic compounds, household hazardous products, secondhand smoke and asthma. People learn about sources of pollution in the home, health risks and control measures through this program. USDA CRSEES and US EPA fund this project. Extension IAQ programs help consumers improve the quality of the air in their home. Information provided during educational programs helps people to identify common indoor air pollutants, how they get into the home, their potential effect on the family’s health, and steps to take to control or eliminate the hazards. Three group sessions reached 21 individuals. Additional information was provided via displays, the media and individual contacts. Participants who attended the training on “Protect Yourself from Carbon Monoxide Poisoning” reported installing a carbon monoxide alarm because of attending the training. The participants in the training on Secondhand Smoke completing evaluations at the end of the workshop indicated that because of attending the session, they could identify the health risks of children exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke. They also reported they learned ways to reduce children’s exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke. The participants who attended training on “Radon in the Home” reported they had tested their home for radon because of attending the training.
  12. 12. Forty-five fifth grade students participated in an essay contest on clean indoor air sponsored by the Smoke Free Air for Everyone (SAFE) coalition. The winning essays were published in the local newspaper and essays were posted in participating smoke-free restaurants. Responses to follow-up evaluations indicated that the participants in indoor air quality training sessions have taken one or more of the following actions to improve the air quality in their home: took steps to control humidity levels; detected and removed mold, mildew and other biological hazards; improved/corrected moisture levels; installed a carbon monoxide detector; tested for radon; and selected and used household products and home pesticides more wisely. One hundred percent of those responding made at least one change to improve the air quality in their home. Rent Smart. Forty-nine agency administrators, caseworkers and landlords from Kansas City, Independence, and Excelsior Springs and sixty-six people in the Green Hills area participated in the Rent Smart train-the-trainer program. The program was targeted to agencies and organizations that serve low-income clients in metropolitan Kansas City and Green Hills areas. Much of the housing stock available to low income renters is sub-standard with lead contamination and other indoor air quality concerns frequently detected. Inadequate housing has a detrimental effect on the individual household through increased health and safety risks and higher energy costs. Another issue many low-income families face is overcrowding with several families living in one unit. These conditions lead to serious family conflicts and stresses. Affordable housing is essential to the growth and stability of a community as well as a basic need of families and individuals. For many families and individuals, finding and obtaining safe, secure and affordable housing is one of their most difficult challenges. The Rent-Smart program was designed to assist individuals who are likely to have difficulty obtaining rental housing. This difficulty may arise from lack of experience, stigma from previous residency in public housing, poor rental history, poor credit history, discrimination, and other issues that cause potential landlords to perceive them as high- risk tenants. Participants learned the basics of budgeting, the rental application process, the legal aspects of renting a Missouri property, and fair housing rights. The participants also learned strategies for accessing community resources in apartment searches, and how to maintain positive landlord-tenant relationships. They also learned about lead contamination and other indoor air quality hazards and how to keep a home clean and safe in an economical way. Each participant received a comprehensive package of resources that were specifically selected for the end users, the clients. As many resources as possible were made available in English and Spanish. Many of the resources were purchased
  13. 13. for the caseworkers and landlords to utilize as educational references as well as for some distribution. Much of the information was developed for easy duplication by agencies, as materials are needed in the future. A video entitled “Basic Skills: A Clean and Healthy Home” was made available to checkout and for purchase by the agencies. Most of the participants completed written evaluations following the conclusion of the program. Evaluations indicated the participants were extremely pleased with the quality, content, and educational resources received through the program. The participants reported they expect to share the workshop information with a minimum of 3800 clients in the next twelve months. Through the evaluation, every program topic covered during the Rent Smart Seminar was identified by the participants as essential in their work with low income and Latino clients. When asked specifically what were the most helpful topics covered, the following responses were reported: * how to assist clients in cleaning-up credit problems * Missouri Landlord-Tenant Laws * landlord/tenant rights and responsibilities * credit reports and budgeting basics * fair housing issues and dispute strategies * renters insurance * rental application process * lease agreement information * legal aspects of renting * how to handle evictions * home cleaning strategies * indoor air quality information * lead contamination information * home safety information * the contact information to community resources A train-the-trainer model was utilized to implement the Rent Smart program initiative to targeted communities. Collaboration with established agencies and organizations serving low income and Latino communities was essential in delivering the program. Landlords serving specific geographic communities were encouraged to participate in the training program. County Weatherization and Maintenance Programs. This program involves various ways to weatherize and also do simple repairs to a home. It was originally developed and implemented several years ago to be presented to clients of the Green Hills Community Action Agency offices. It has also been an integral part of housing education programs in the Northwest Missouri Region for Outreach and Extension. The program is also a requirement for utility service clients to receive help with their utility bills over the winter. Many of these residents are low income, and of various family types, such as single mother, elderly/single, etc.
  14. 14. A total of 150 people participated in this program in Atchison, Holt, Nodaway, Gentry, and Worth Counties and 135 participated in Linn, Sullivan, Putnam Grundy, Caldwell, Daviess, Harrison, Livingston, and Mercer counties. The lessons are educational, hands-on, informal, and two-way in communication. A packet of information is given to all participants containing guide sheets with many illustrations for weatherizing various parts of the home; hands-on examples of tools, weather-stripping, caulk, etc. A walk through of the interior of the building then around the outside of the building is done at the beginning of the program, pointing out what to look for on and around doors, windows, and foundations. Homebuyer Education - HomeWorks: Maintaining Your Housing Investment, Missouri Housing Partners Initiative (MHP). Post-purchase education is an important part of any home-ownership program to facilitate home maintenance and retention. The HomeWorks program has been designed for first time homebuyers and other homeowners and provides information about basic home repairs, maintenance and financial management necessary to successfully maintain a home. The HomeWorks program was implement in six regions of the state with 75 participants attending the program. Short versions of this program were presented in the West Central, Northeast and South Central region to family and consumer science teachers and community action agencies. Standard PIE evaluation forms were modified and used for program implementation. Further, modules from the program were adapted to develop a home safety and security MAFCE leader’s lesson, “Is your home safe inside and out?” An additional 42 participants received information about home maintenance and safety through this MAFCE lesson. The evaluation results for both the longer and shorter version of the program and the MAFCE lesson show that the participants found the program helpful and informative. Ninety percent rated the overall quality of program as excellent or good and found the resource materials useful. All the participants said that they benefited from participating in the program and rated the information presented as outstanding or good. Outcome evaluation showed that their confidence level in doing basic maintenance had increased. Most (75 percent) agreed that their home maintenance practices had improved as a result of attending the program. Further, outcome evaluations showed that participants adopted one or more home maintenance and/or post-purchase financial management practices because of participation of this program. These practices include having an emergency fund, doing regular basic preventative maintenance, doing pest control, improving appliance care and energy management, installing smoke and carbon monoxide detectors, managing mold and mildew in the house and developing an emergency exit plan. Qualitative or open-ended responses in the evaluation surveys of programs show that they were effective and helpful for the participants. Some of the open-ended comments are:  Did provide us with some resources to answer our home maintenance questions.  The handouts are very useful and helpful.
  15. 15.  I feel I was well informed.  The instructors were well informed; the home inspection section was really good.  I learned about emergency fund, escrow accounts, how to budget for repair, maintenance, and/or remodeling costs, etc. Missouri Housing Partners Initiative (MHP). Missouri Housing Partners is an interdisciplinary programming effort promoting interagency cooperation among numerous local, state, and federal agencies and organizations. By streamlining access for homeownership information, the program has provided resource availability and programs to individuals and families in need of housing in Missouri. The program has also expanded alternative funding for affordable housing in Missouri. Population increase and economic growth have affected the demand for new housing in Missouri. With these new jobs, unprecedented demands for affordable housing have followed. Many of the newly established jobs are entry level and represent low annual incomes. Missouri Housing Partner clients exemplify the lower annual incomes of many families seeking affordable housing. For families seeking information through MHP, the average reported annual family income for 2002 is $28,200 with a reported annual family size of 2.92. For 2001, the average reported annual income was $26,437 with a reported average family size of 3.07. Research has indicated one of the biggest financial obstacles for first time homebuyers is lack of money for a down payment. Conventional mortgages often require 20 percent down payments. One of the specific objectives of MHP is to inform homebuyers of less expensive options including current programs that often require three to five percent down payments or less. For 2002, 79 percent of MHP clients have requested down payment assistance information. Missouri Housing Partners is specifically targeted for first-time homebuyers; however, any potential homebuyer needing loan information is encouraged to participate. Most clients are first time homebuyers and unfamiliar with home financing strategies. For 2002, 47.65 percent of the MHP clients have requested homebuyer education. In 2001, 86 percent of MHP clients requested homebuyer education. The baseline study found that 24 percent of the respondents indicated they were not eligible or did not qualify for financing. Based on that percentage, it is estimated that 673 of the 2803 MHP clients found they were not eligible for financing after reviewing MHP resources. Missouri Housing Partner members recognize the need to provide quality, timely information to Missouri families seeking homebuyer assistance. Since the beginning of the program in 1998, MHP members have routinely updated information that has been provided to program clients. The baseline study found that 88 percent of those surveyed indicated the information to be useful. The baseline study also indicated that 21.3 percent of the respondents purchased a home since receiving information through MHP.
  16. 16. Missouri Housing Partners has been successful because each of the participating agencies worked cooperatively to meet the major objective of the initiative: provide housing information for potential homebuyers. MHP has established housing interagency communication and opportunities resulting in resources and program initiatives reaching far beyond the current program. Those opportunities are expected to grow in the future. Of the 2803 individuals and families who have requested and received information through MHP, the majority of request forms were obtained at local University Outreach and Extension Centers and USDA Rural Development Centers throughout Missouri. Program access has changed significantly since the request form went online in 2001 and each month the number of applications received has increased. From January through December of 2002, 81% of the applications were submitted online compared to 73% in 2001. From January through June of 2003, 85% of the applications have been received online. The website is located at <http://outreach.missouri.edu/mhp/>. Housing Alliance: Madison County. The shortage of affordable housing has been an ongoing problem in Madison County. The flood of 1999 exacerbated the situation. Some families were forced to move out of the county in order to find affordable adequate housing. Much of the housing that is available is high cost and of uneven standard. A housing alliance was formed to determine what the housing needs were in Madison County. The Housing Alliance grew out of the local agency council (local social service providers who meet monthly). After the housing issue was raised a number of times in public meetings, the Housing alliance was formed to follow-up on the issue. The local East Missouri Action Agency was charged with assisting the alliance. It was felt that as many interested parties and stakeholders should have the opportunity to have input into the housing needs of the County. Landlords, tenants, builders, bankers, social service agencies and more were invited to attend brain-storming sessions. The issues identified were: (1) there is a housing shortage, (2) this housing shortage impacts (a) the elderly, (b) quality single or single parent housing (c) middle income housing for families with an income between 15,000 and 20,000 per year, (3) not all individuals are capable of living on their own, (4) a percentage of tenants may never be responsible tenants regardless of the number of opportunities or education, (5) there is a need for tenant education and possibly transitional housing, (6) there is a need for landlord education - specifically for resources, (7) slumlords were identified as a contributing to the housing problem The housing alliance sends out follow-up information and resources to those who attend workshops and sends related resources to landlords. A follow-up meeting is held for all interested parties to discuss the immediate outcome and potential solutions. This process helps foster a working relationship between landlords, tenants and agencies. It is anticipated that this partnership will help begin to meet the housing needs, especially those of low-income and low-income elderly, in the future. Through group discussion, many of the myths surrounding low-income renters were dispelled. Landlord discussion helped the landlords realize they were not alone, there
  17. 17. were resources that could help them help meet housing needs in the county and that their perceptions of housing needs were similar. The majority of the landlords were willing to make changes and build new homes or apartments or rehabilitate current housing once they were made aware of some of the housing programs and resources for landlords and became more aware of tenants needs. Healthy Homes. The purpose of the program is to help people learn and practice personal financial skills and in the end, improve their housing situation. The program involves individual counseling and five workshops in the areas of financial planning, wise use of credit, financial services, saving and investing, keeping records, taxes, consumer contracts, and insurance. The counseling session provides time to review credit reports, individual goals and the development of a financial plan. Interest in financial education arose because of recognition that some of the clients in homebuyer education programs needed more financial management skills to qualify for loans and to be successful homeowners. In addition, some organizations were forming Individual Development Account (IDA) programs, which require a financial literacy component. One hundred eighty participants enrolled and 50 participants completed the Gateway to Financial Fitness series of five workshops, set financial goals, developed spending plans and met with budget counselors to evaluate their plans. Almost all of the participants stated the information in the workshops was helpful and most said that is was very helpful. Some of the things participants plan to do because of the information presented in the workshops include: become free of all credit card debt and maintain a savings account of at least $5,000 for a safety net, start keeping track of all spending not matter how small, create a plan to get out of debt, start using automatic payments (for bills), save money for emergencies, become more aware of spending habits, talk about setting goals with others in the household, evaluate insurance coverage, get disability coverage, better manage a checkbook, reassess retirement needs, make sure more than the minimum balance on credit cards is paid, close some credit card accounts, make a will, always read and understand what documents are signed, keep better records, teach children about contracts, and expand tax deductions. Sixty volunteer instructors attended half-day workshops and became aware of how adults learn and how to apply that information to teaching financial management classes. The volunteers also attended additional training in the use of the curriculum to prepare them to facilitate the highly interactive classes. The program targets several groups: aspiring homeowners with limited incomes and/or a history of credit problems, current homeowners who are struggling financially because of poor money management, low incomes or excessive debt; current homeowners who cannot qualify for affordable home repair loans products; and current or potential Individual Development Account Participants. Gateway to Financial Fitness has been a success for many reasons. The idea for a
  18. 18. financial literacy program is timely. The partners are strongly committed and each is able to contribute in ways that take advantage of their institutional strengths. In our partnership, UOE was identified as the leader for curriculum development and training for volunteers and participants. The Catholic Commission on Housing has budget counselors on staff, therefore, they were the logical source for individual counseling. The executive directors at NHS and CCH are both expert grant writers and they took the lead in development of funding for the coalition. The financial institutions have hundreds of employees who are encouraged to give community presentations in order to meet Community Reinvestment Act responsibilities or other corporate objectives; therefore, they are able to greatly expand the workforce for this project. Organizations hosting the classes are responsible for recruiting participants and local arrangements. Evaluations are completed at the end of each workshop. An evaluation committee consisting of UOE, CCH, and NHS personnel is developing a long-term evaluation to be completed this summer and in two years. Information from a questionnaire and individual credit reports that contain income, employment and debt information are used to determine program effectiveness. Partnerships The Northeast Advisory and Access Group (NAAG) Green Hills Community Action Agency American Cancer Society Barton County Health Department Lamar School District and Community Betterment Missouri Housing Development Commission USDA Rural Development Missouri Rural Opportunities Council US Housing and Urban Development Fannie Mae US Veterans Administration UMC School of Journalism - Center for Advanced Social Research Catholic Commission on Housing (CCH) Neighborhood Housing Services (NHS) Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis External Leadership Roles and Memberships Michael Goldschmidt United States Green Building Council American Institute of Architects AIA Committee on the Environment Construction Specifications Institute
  19. 19. Ronn Phillips UMC Institutional Review Board Human Development and Family Studies http://outreach.missouri.edu/hes/hdfs.htm Sara Gable, State Specialist and Associate Professor Kim Leon, State Specialist and Assistant Professor Thomas Berger, State Specialist Kim Webb, Extension Associate Teresa Cooney, Department Chair Adolescent Pregnancy Trends • In 2002, the birth rate for teens in Missouri was 44 per 1,000 for 15-19 year olds. • Approximately 60 percent of teen mothers report having been the victims of sexual abuse earlier in their lives. • The number of low birth weight infants increased in Missouri from 7.3 percent in 1994 to 7.8 percent in 2002. • Nearly 60 percent of teens that become mothers are living in poverty at the time of the birth. Child Care Trends • There is a "silent crisis" in U.S. childcare, which includes deficits of quality child care programs and a poorly prepared and under-compensated workforce. • The annual turnover rate for center-based and home-based child care providers averages approximately 30%. • 64.5% of mothers with children under age 6 and 77.3% of mothers with children ages 6 to 17 are members of Missouri's workforce. Divorce Trends • In Missouri there were 23, 458 divorces in 2000.
  20. 20. • Approximately half of all divorces involve parents who have children under age 18. • Approximately 25% of divorced parents cooperate in coparenting their child. For the remaining 75%, there is either little communication between parents, one parent is not involved, or there is a highly conflictual coparenting relationship. Program Highlights Focus on Kids (FOK). The Focus On Kids program is taught to divorcing parents in cooperation with the local circuit courts. The goal is to help parents focus on meeting the needs of their children. Leadership is provided through HDFS Outreach and Extension. Seventeen extension regional specialists and eight campus faculty are currently teaching FOK in 30 Missouri counties. During the last year, there were over 3,000 participants in FOK classes. The mean age of the participants was 34 years. Because FOK is a court- mandated program for parents who have filed for divorce, their prevailing attitude at the beginning of the class is not always very positive. However, at the end of the class, the participants agree or strongly agree that the program was worthwhile, according to the statewide evaluation data. In general, the participants also felt that the presenters were effective and understood the needs of families going through divorce. Most of the FOK participants indicated that they planned to make a stronger effort to work with their former spouses for the sake of the children, as a result of attending the program. Collection of six-month follow-up data from Focus on Kids participants began in 2003 and will continue over the next year. In addition, HDFS faculty (Larry Ganong, Marilyn Coleman, and Kim Leon) collected survey data from fathers and mothers who have participated in Focus on Kids to assess their attitudes about coparenting. Data analyses is underway. Families and Divorce. The Families and Divorce program for professionals (e.g. teachers, child care providers, etc.) who work with families and children was developed based on the results of a survey of 71 schools in 11 counties in Missouri, which demonstrated that 82% perceived a need for training for teachers and other staff in working with divorced parents and their children. The goals of the Families and Divorce program are to familiarize professionals with the research on children's responses to divorce and remarriage, provide suggestions for supporting children who are experiencing parental divorce and remarriage, and assist professionals in working with divorced and remarried parents. In the past year, over 200 childcare providers, school personnel, healthcare professionals, and other professionals working with families were trained to support children experiencing parental divorce and remarriage through the Families and Divorce program. Most participants agreed that the program helped them better understand the needs and reactions of children of various ages to divorce, provided helpful suggestions for supporting children experiencing parental divorce, and increased their awareness of resources for divorcing parents.
  21. 21. Step by Step: Creating Strong Stepfamilies. Approximately 75% of divorced adults eventually remarry, and few educational programs exist to help parents adjust to the remarriage transition and make stepfamily life smoother for their children. Thus, a new, interdisciplinary program, combining HDFS and CFE content was developed to meet the needs of Missouri stepfamilies. Step by Step, which provides information on stepfamily dynamics (developmental stages, couple communication), stepparent-stepchild relationships, and legal/financial issues for stepfamilies, is unique in that it provides more in-depth legal and financial information than other programs that have been developed for stepfamilies. Twenty-seven regional HES specialists were trained to provide this program, and program implementation will begin during the next year. Child Care Core Competencies. US children’s participation in child care has become the norm and the quality of children’s experiences is linked with their development. Research indicates that the best predictor of the quality of children’s experiences is provider preparation and education. Well-prepared individuals understand how children learn and grow, recognize the importance of appropriate learning environments and activities, and pursue ongoing education and training. Thus, our Child Care Core Competencies program centers on improving the qualifications and working conditions of child care providers so that all young children and their families have greater access to quality child care. Educational Programs. Statewide, Extension Regional Faculty offered a variety of educational programs to thousands of child care providers. Workshops focused on topics such as Building Positive Self-Esteem, Positive Communication Skills, Promoting Cognitive Development, Detecting Child Abuse and Neglect, Working with Toddlers, Challenging Child Behaviors, Promoting Early Literacy in Young Children, Nutrition Education, Helping Children Understand Divorce, Music – Happiness from the Heart, Food Safety, Working with Puppets, Teaching Children to Deal with Stress, Disaster Preparedness, Interactions with Children, and Child Observation and Assessment. In general, participant evaluations indicate high satisfaction with University Outreach and Extension's research-based information and great appreciation for the opportunity to attend such high-quality programs locally. Additionally, since April 2002, more than 2000 child care providers have completed the MO Department of Health and Senior Services Child Care Orientation Training; 5 Extension Regional Faculty are members of the statewide trainer group who provides this critical, entry-level education for child care workers. To address child care providers' need for professional socialization and networking, Extension Regional Faculty are actively involved in local and regional professional organizations. Specifically, 4 Extension Regional Faculty are members of the National Association for the Education of Young Children, Missouri; and, 5 Extension Regional Faculty are members of Opportunities for Professional Education Network (OPEN) regional teams. Lastly, since the first edition of the Kansas and Missouri Core Competencies for Early Care and Education Professionals appeared in January, 2001, 60,000 booklets have been
  22. 22. printed and over half have been distributed throughout the state. Extension has played an important role in reviewing the original content, working on the design team, providing funding, and distributing the publication to child care providers statewide. Program Accreditation Facilitation. Three regional faculty assisted child care programs with the accreditation process. Program accreditation involves a series of steps: first, child care administrators complete a comprehensive self-study, next, programs are visited by peers who observe actual practices and finally, the self-study and observation are reviewed by a group who makes the ultimate accreditation decision. Missouri's Workforce Incentive Program (WIN). Child care providers are the critical link between program quality and children’s experiences. Unfortunately, because child care is plagued by high rates of turnover, those who opt for a career in child care quickly learn that they will be poorly compensated, have limited benefits, and few opportunities for professional advancement. With these shortcomings in mind, Missouri is pilot-testing a workforce development initiative (WIN) that pays bi-annual cash incentives to child care providers based on their educational attainment, ongoing professional development, and continued employment in the same early childhood program. To date, 767 early childhood professionals from child care centers and family child care homes in select rural, urban, and suburban counties are participating in the incentive program. Additionally, to determine whether the effort makes a difference, a longitudinal evaluation study is being conducted to determine if the cash incentives increase workforce stability (i.e., reduces turnover) and educational attainment, and improve child care quality and provider interactions with children. Missouri's Professional Achievement and Recognition System. To facilitate participation in the WIN project, a detailed application form is completed which describes individual demographic characteristics, education, experience, professional development activities, and personal and household income. This information is being used to establish a database about Missouri's child care workforce and to monitor ongoing professional development activities. As of June 30, 2003, 1732 child care providers (some participating in WIN and some not) submitted enrollment forms. Missouri's Early Childhood Trainer Registry. To better understand the credentials and work experience of those individuals who provide training workshops to child care providers, an assessment of Missouri's trainers is underway. As of June 30, 2003, 590 (15 from UO/E) trainer registry enrollment forms had been submitted; ultimately, these data will be used to establish a state system for approving and categorizing trainers and training workshops. Missouri Volunteer Resource Mothers Mentoring Program (MVRM). Missouri Volunteer Resource Mothers (MVRM) is a mentoring program for pregnant and parenting adolescents that was field-tested and evaluated at the University from 1994 to 1997. Communities can purchase training manuals, videos, and research reports, as well as contract with staff to receive ongoing technical assistance for MVRM implementation and evaluation. As of July 1, 2003, technical assistance was provided to MVRM projects
  23. 23. in the following counties in Missouri: Audrain, Butler, Stoddard, Harrison, Phelps, Ripley, and Jasper. Contracts with five out-of-state agencies continued with Hawaii, New Mexico, Georgia, South Carolina, and New York. One new contract in Abilene, Kansas was initiated. Marketing presentations were made in Dent, Jefferson, St. Charles, and Saline counties. In October 2002, a Missouri Volunteer Resource Mothers Mentoring Program national conference was held in Kansas City and a state-wide conference was held in Branson in May, 2003. The MVRM list serve expanded to 40 members. Two grants were funded to support a rigorous evaluation at six MVRM sites and early childhood education monies were provided or parents and children at seven sites. Maltreatment and Adolescent Pregnancy and Parenting Program (MAPPP). With funding from the Missouri Children's Trust Fund, and the Helen Real Endowment in University Outreach and Extension (Beginnings Endowment), a community awareness manual and video called Maltreatment and Adolescent Pregnancy and Parenting or MAPPP was developed. In 2000, fifteen regional specialists were trained on the use of the MAPPP manual. The 16 counties in Missouri with the highest child abuse rates, according to the 1998 Kids Count, have been targeted for training and technical assistance to address violence in the lives of girls and young women. Through seven regional MAPPP conferences and the downlink satellite broadcast, over 400 representatives from these counties have been trained in MAPPP. The conferences and broadcast were aimed at identifying specific local projects to address violence and teen pregnancy in their counties. The pre and post-test results on 80 representatives who attended regional conferences showed a statistically significant improvement in their understanding of the extent of violence experienced by many pregnant adolescents, the nature of the injuries perpetrated on many pregnant adolescents, and the impact on the unborn infant as a result of physical abuse of the adolescent mother during pregnancy. Maltreatment and Adolescent Pregnancy and Parenting Program Downlink Satellite Broadcast. CASPP produced a national satellite conference on the MAPPP program on September 19, 2002. The conference broadcast reached 3,600 viewers at 90 sites in 26 states. The theme of the downlink conference was cultural awareness of the varying pictures of violence and teen pregnancy. Experts, practitioners, and teen mothers addressed cultural differences in perceptions of child abuse among Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders, Latinos, Native Americans, and Vietnamese/Amerasians. Our web site provided supplemental materials on cultural issues, fathering and engaging parents (see: http://outreach.missouri.edu/hdfs/satconf). Materials from this conference continue to be sold throughout the nation into 2004. Effective Programs to Prevent Teen Pregnancy Initiative. In 1992, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta began a process of identifying and promoting the most effective school-based and community-based curricula for the prevention of adolescent high-risk sexual behaviors. The CDC provided funding to the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education and the Department of Human Development at the University of Missouri to support this effort, formerly labeled
  24. 24. the Programs That Work to Prevent Teen Pregnancy Initiative. Since 1996, regional specialists from each region of Missouri have become trainers in six of these effective curricula and, in turn, have trained school personnel from all over the state. Over 450 teachers, school nurses and administrators have been trained in six curricula: "Reducing the Risk," "Becoming a Responsible Teen," "Get Real About AIDS," “Being a Responsible Teen," “Making Proud Choices," and "Making A Difference." Evaluation of Curricula. A four-year longitudinal research project has just been completed which assessed the impact of the Reducing the Risk (RTR) curriculum on 1112 students in 20 school systems across Missouri. The Pharmacia & Upjohn Corporation and the National Institutes of Health/U.S. Office of Population Affairs funded this research. The results showed that 30 months after the curriculum, the RTR group was less likely to be sexually active than the comparison group. In addition, another longitudinal research project is currently underway which assesses the impact of the abstinence-only curriculum Removing the Risk on approximately 700 students in 15 schools across the state. The Missouri Department of Health & Senior Services is funding this research. Adolescent Mother Journaling Program. After three years of field-testing, the Adolescent Mother Journaling Program (AMJP) was launched with funding from the Children’s Trust Fund. AMJP is an eight-lesson intervention that provides young parents with relaxation and artistic expression strategies to reduce the likelihood of becoming physically and verbally abusive. The strategies include meditation, guided imagery, journal writing, and drawing. In fall 2002, 54 professionals from across the state began training young parents on AMJP. To date, 50 young parents have completed AMJP and have completed the pre and post-test. We will follow up with each young parent at 6 and twelve months, as well as a matched comparison group. The test scores track them on scales that measure anger management, child abuse potential, and parenting stress. Partnerships University Outreach and Extension's child care improvement efforts involve partnerships with a wide array of statewide entities, including: the Missouri Child Care Resource and Referral Network; Missouri Departments of Elementary and Secondary Education; Health and Senior Services; Social Services, the Missouri Children’s Trust Fund; Head Start; Parents As Teachers; Missouri institutions of higher education; Missouri Circuit Courts; Office of State Courts Administration; the Association for the Education of Young Children – Missouri; and the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation. Case Histories and Testimonials Several Regional Faculty in southwest MO provided training workshops on tornado recovery and dealing with stress after the weather-related tragedies of 2003. One participant said that it was at this training that she had felt "the most support since the tornado occurred" and that the training and connections she made helped her get
  25. 25. through this terrible experience. (Testimonial provided by Kim Allen, SW Human Development Specialist) Families and Divorce The program provided a great avenue for teaching resources. The handouts have great information I can share with families. [The program is] very much needed, as we deal with all types of families. Focus on Kids The Focus On Kids parent education program provides a valuable resource for the court in educating parents as to the possible detrimental effects of divorce proceedings on children and how to avoid those negative effects. --Cary Augustine Administrative Judge of the Family Court, 13th Judicial Circuit Court The professionalism, experience and empathy of the Focus On Kids instructors are key factors in the overwhelmingly positive response that has been received from 90 percent of those parents who have attended the Focus On Kids program. --Mary Mueller Former Legal Counsel & Assistant to the Court Administrator, 13th Judicial Circuit Court I will try to consider how my kids feel first and get along with the other person. I didn’t realize how much kids were hurt when they see the parents fighting or “downing” the other. --FOK participant Missouri Volunteer Resource Mothers: We really feel a big change has been being able to hire a local school nurse part-time to recruit and do intake with the girls. She has freed up a lot of time and has a wonderful rapport with the girls, especially as many knew her when they went to Jr. High. She also has brought a much needed and used health focus to the program-the girls always get good advice and monitoring from her regarding the baby's health. The girls enjoy the journaling sessions. The jewelry especially always gets rave reviews. I think the program is doing what it set out to do, reduce child abuse and neglect potential and increase early childhood learning opportunities. Program Coordinator, Butler County Resource Mothers Maltreatment and Adolescent Pregnancy Program: After doing the activities, I feel like I can control my anger better and be a better parent to my son.
  26. 26. After attending the MAPPP workshop, we realized that we need to work harder to bring obstetrical care to our county so pregnant women will not need to drive two hours to the nearest hospital. Evaluation of Reducing the Risk: I think this class is good because it will teach us the dangers of sex and how to say "no.'' Adolescent Mother Journaling Program: From a sixteen-year-old mother who completed AMJP: You cannot love anybody till you love yourself. I couldn't love my kids till I began to accept myself. I had to love myself cause I couldn't love my babies. External Leadership Roles and Memberships Sara Gable Advisory Board Member, Missouri Head Start State Collaboration Office (1996 - present) Member, Opportunities in a Professional Experiences Network (OPEN) (1997 - present) Member, Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services Child Care Advisory Board (1997- present) Member, Missouri Department of Social Services Accreditation Review Team (1999 - present) Member, National Network for Child Care (USDA, 1999 - present) Kim Leon MissouriFamilies.org Adults and Children Section Co-Editor (2001-present) Divorce Section Co-Editor (2001-present) Ad Hoc Manuscript Reviewer: Family Relations (2001-present) Journal of Social and Personal Relationships (2002-present) Journal of Marriage and the Family (2003-present) Conference Proposal Reviewer National Council on Family Relations, Education and Enrichment Section (2004-present) Tom Berger Member, Missouri Council for Adolescent and School Health (2003 – present) National Chairman, PTSD/Substance Abuse Committee, Vietnam Veterans of America (2003 – present) Faculty Publications
  27. 27. Pike, L., Berger, T., Hewett, J., & Oleson, J. (in press). Evaluation of the ‘Reducing the Risk’ curriculum: 18-Month Follow-Up. Journal of Adolescent Research. Berger, Thomas J. 2004. Let's Talk – Body Art. Changes (3)1:2. Blinn-Pike, L., Berger, T.J., Hewett, J. and A. Sherman. 2004. (in press). Sexually Abstinent Early Adolescents: A 42-month Follow-Up. Journal for Research on Adolescence. Pike, L., Berger, T., Hewett, J., & Oleson, J. 2004. Evaluation of the ‘Reducing the Risk’ curriculum: 18-Month Follow-Up. Journal of Adolescent Research 19(5). Leon, K., & Cole, K. (2004). Helping Children Understand Divorce (GH 6600). Columbia, MO: University of Missouri-Columbia, Extension Publications. Leon, K., Jacobvitz, D. B., & Hazen, N. L. (2004). Maternal resolution of loss and abuse: Associations with adjustment to the transition to parenthood. Infant Mental Health Journal, 25, 130-148. Gable, S. & Halliburton, A. (2003). Barriers to child care providers’ professional development. Child and Youth Care Forum, 32(3), 175-193. Halliburton, A. & Gable, S. (2003). Development during the School-Age Years (6 to 12) (GH 6235). Columbia, MO: University of Missouri-Columbia, Extension Publications. Leon, K. (2003). Risk and protective factors in young children’s adjustment to parental divorce: A review of the research. Family Relations, 52, 258-270. Leon, K., & Jacobvitz, D. B. (2003). Relationships between adult attachment representations and family ritual quality: A prospective longitudinal study. Family Process, 42, 419-432. Leon, K. (2003). Domestic violence and divorce (GH 6608). Columbia, MO: University of Missouri-Columbia, Extension Publications.
  28. 28. Nutritional Sciences http://outreach.missouri.edu/hes/food.htm Stephen D. Ball, State Specialist/Assistant Professor Jo Britt-Rankin, State Specialist/FNEP Administrative Director Candance Gabel, Associate State Specialist/FNEP State Coordinator Ann Cohen, Associate State Specialist/Body Walk Coordinator Barbara Willenberg, Associate State Specialist/FNEP Special Projects Coordinator Amy Sigman, Extension Associate/FNEP Assistant Coordinator Laura Hillman, Department Chair Trends • Lifestyle behaviors, including food selection and physical activity, are the major causes of chronic disease and premature morbidity and mortality. • Missourians are similar to most other Americans, in that, they are less physically active than recommended by the U.S. Surgeon General Office and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. • Missouri has one of the highest obesity rates in the nation. Americans spend over $30 billion a year on dieting, but 95 percent of the time lost weight is regained within five years. • According to the 2001 Kids Count Data Book published by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, several Missouri trends affecting children have improved, however, the rate of low-birth weight infants increased. Nineteen percent (19%) of children under the age of 18 live in working-poor families and 23 percent of these children lack health insurance coverage. Program Highlights Family Nutrition Education Program (FNEP). FNEP is a statewide nutrition education program bringing the latest research-based information to low-income Missourians. FNEP strives to assist clients in achieving lifelong health and fitness. Over 120 paraprofessional educators work with clients individually and in small groups—in their homes, in schools and at agencies. FNEP reaches over 199,000 Missouri residents annually. Each client receives an average of five lessons. Educators provide in-class education in over 55% of the school districts throughout the state.
  29. 29. The Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) reached 2,731 families, which totaled 8,193 persons. The EFNEP youth program also served 4,940 youth during fiscal year 2003. Eighty-eight percent (87%) of participants graduating from the EFNEP adult program received 7 or more lessons from a standardized nutrition curriculum. Food Power. Food Power is a fun, interactive program that teaches K-5th graders about nutrition and making healthy lifestyle choices. Over 44,526 elementary students in 182 schools participated in this program during the year. The program also engaged 2,648 teachers and 3,580 volunteers. The Food Power exhibit provides a colorful, enticing staging area for memorable learning experiences about healthy behaviors and choices. Classroom activities and suggested resources for teachers are provided to prepare the students prior to their walk through the exhibit and to reinforce the learning afterward. Each student receives a take-home booklet so that the information can be read at home with other family members. Health for Every Body beyond Scales and Mirrors. Obesity is a known risk factor for chronic conditions such as hypertension, heart disease, certain types of cancer, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and psychological disorders such as depression and bulimia. An estimated 23.2% of Missourians are obese. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that Missouri spends $1.6 billion annually in extra health costs related to obesity. However, short term diets and intensive exercise programs are not viable solutions for most Missourians. When the diet stops the exercise stops and most people regain weight that was lost. The information and skills needed for long term behavior change are not learned. Health for Every Body beyond Scales and Mirrors introduces a new framework for moving people away from diets to a gentler non-diet approach to living in a healthy body. Using a variety of educational strategies such as small group discussion, lectures, journaling, worksheets and goal setting, adults gain new attitudes, learn new information and develop new skills related to healthful eating, active living and body appreciation and respect. Participants complete a brief questionnaire at the end of each session. A follow-up survey is completed three to six months later. About 261 program participants reported increased awareness of strategies for promoting health and reducing health risk factors; 123 reported learning new information; 122 reported gaining new skills; and 103 planned to adopt new behavior. Based on follow-up data, 58 program participants adopted new practices; 22 continued to work on health goals set during the workshop series and 20 established new health goals. Diabetes Today. Diabetes is a serious chronic disease that can be managed through lifestyle changes and medication. Left untreated, diabetes can lead to serious medical complications including heart disease, amputation, stroke, kidney failure and blindness. Diabetes Today a MDHSS/CDC grant-funded project was carried out in 11 counties in Southeast and South central Missouri. Extension Specialists worked with 8 community coalitions and 1 three-county task force in order to provide residents with information and skills needed to reduce the risk factors for diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. The coalitions with support from MU Extension carried out some of the following activities. Flu/Pneumonia campaigns were conducted in 8 Ozark counties; 8,805 individuals were immunized. Community surveys were conducted in nine counties and action plans were developed. As a result of this planning process, coalitions will develop diabetes support
  30. 30. groups, raise awareness about diabetes and stroke, offer CPR/first aid classes, start walking clubs, and increase awareness about existing walking and biking trails; Educational programs were conducted and 249 residents received information about diabetes, heart disease and stroke. Media messages helped to raise awareness about diabetes, heart disease and stroke; an estimated 10,000 people were reached through the radio, 35,000 through newspaper press releases and smaller numbers through church and community bulletins and more personalized media efforts. Dining with Diabetes. Individuals and families affected by diabetes regularly struggle with understanding complicated diet recommendations and separating them from myths and outdated advice. Dining with Diabetes is a cooking school for people with diabetes, their families and their friends. This three-session series provides nutrition education, food demonstrations and tasting of foods for individuals with diabetes and their families. Participants learn how to better choose and prepare tasty, nutritious foods that are low in sugar, fat and sodium. Guest diabetes educators are invited to provide additional information and answer participants’ questions during a least one of the sessions. Dining with Diabetes in Missouri is based on The Right Bite Diabetes Cooking School for People with Diabetes and Those Who Love Them, Cooperative Extension Service of the University of Georgia and Dining with Diabetes created by West Virginia University Extension Service. The program was adapted for use in Missouri by Nutrition Specialists from the East Central and Mid-Missouri Extension Regions. Dining with Diabetes is a supplement to diabetes education delivered by qualified health professionals such as Registered Dietitians and Certified Diabetes Educators. The series is evaluated using pre/post and follow-up surveys. The long term outcome of this program is improved quality of life and health for those with diabetes. Short term outcomes are increased knowledge about healthy foods, diabetes and nutrition. Intermediate outcomes are increased confidence about one’s ability to prepare healthy meals for someone with diabetes and improved food preparation practices. The series’ comprehensive approach, which includes dietary factors for heart disease and high blood pressure, is consistent with current recommendations from diabetes experts. Dining with Diabetes has been offered in five of the eight extension regions and reached 486 people. In Southeast and South Central Missouri the series was offered as part of the MDHSS Diabetes Today grant-funded project. In addition, an introduction to Dining with Diabetes was taught in Hispanic neighborhoods in Kansas City; 59 individuals participated. As a result, MU Extension was identified as a resource and worked on a monthly basis with Seton Center’s diabetic clinic. Based on evaluation data, participants increased their knowledge about fats, fibers, carbohydrates and sweeteners. They became more confident about their ability to prepare healthy meals for someone with diabetes and reported improved food preparation skills. Responses to follow-up surveys suggest that participants continued to use the information at three months. Participants used the information they learned to keep meals interesting, to prepare healthier meals, and to shop more carefully.
  31. 31. Show-Me Shape Up. The Show-Me-Shape-Up is a five-month competition that encourages Missourians to develop healthy activity and eating habits. Missourians are encouraged to form teams and keep track of their activity amounts and weight loss. UM Nutritional Sciences Extension partners with the Show-Me State Games to help promote this program. Nutritional Sciences Extension plays a vital role in the planning and promotion of the program and by providing expertise in physical activity and nutrition. Partnerships Nutritional Sciences Extension specialists and education assistants collaborate with over 300 local, regional, and state agencies. Nutritional Sciences Extension serves as one of the key partnering organizations in the Missouri Nutrition Network, providing leadership in the design and implementation of Network activities. Nutritional Science Extension staff work in over 88% of the local WIC offices throughout the state and over 90% of the food stamp offices. Case Histories and Testimonials Family Nutrition Education Program (FNEP) From a program participant: In one of my first sessions, the instructor showed me the Power Point presentation over anemia because I had just recently found out that I was anemic again. Even though anemia is a common problem in a lot of pregnancies, it was interesting to find out what might have led to my becoming anemic. When we started the presentation all I knew about anemia was that it was a lack of iron and made you fatigue fast. After the presentation I knew that your iron intake would increase with consumption of read meats and by increasing the amount of vitamin C and by decreasing your intake of caffeine. Who would have thought that tea would limit the absorption of iron by your body? I sure didn't think about it, but throughout the whole year tea is generally my main intake of fluids. That explained why I have been prone to anemia for several years. Needless to say the tea intake was cut down drastically. From Nutrition Program Assistants: A weight-conscious young lady was not tasting healthy foods offered in FNP. After sending parent newsletters home, her lunches had more variety. Then she taste-tested raspberry yogurt, and enjoyed it. Her scowl for healthy food changed to a smile! She said she would ask for yogurt at home and make similar choices at school. A student reported,“Mrs. B! I made my physical activity goal!” This third-grader kept her daily plan all summer. Instead of TV each morning, she rode her bike to the park, played on the equipment and rode back home. She ate more fruits and vegetables and less fried snack foods. The student reported that she had lost weight, had more energy and was feeling great!
  32. 32. It’s rewarding to see the junior gardeners find and weigh their vegetables. Moms tell me they have to cook those vegetables that day or their kids drive them nuts! They try new vegetables or familiar vegetables prepared in new ways. A student’s mother said her son told them that they were going to have to eat more healthy foods and whole wheat foods. I am glad to know that there are middle school kids concerned about their heath and their families. Food Power From school teachers: Children really enjoyed all of the activities! Excellent! Everyone did a wonderful job. The material was excellent and well-organized. Students began checking their cook’s menu to make sure she had something from each food group. Students now talk about healthy and unhealthy snacks. One student said “I shouldn’t eat so much sugar!” Students have been helping remind other students about germs on their hands. I can hear the students singing the hand washing song in the bathroom as they wash up. The Food Power Adventure was a wonderful experience for students – a chance of a lifetime. Having this every year would make a big impact! Thank you for this program that educates and reinforces necessary information for children who often have health issues. This was an experience I can refer back to when we re-visit nutrition and other health issues. Thank you! Health for Every Body Participant Reactions: · The program materials are not put up and forgotten. This is one of the few classes I’ve taken where I pull out the materials and look at them when I want to refer to good materials or use them as a resource. · I am glad I took the class and definitely enjoy receiving the News Letter each month. Thanks! I also read and re-read the literature you gave us at the class. I learn something else each time I read it. · I am now very much aware of what I am eating, nutrition wise, serving size, and try to eat when hungry rather than just because food is available. I have recently been diagnosed with high cholesterol (4 months ago) and put on Lipitor for 3
  33. 33. months but I have used a lot of your suggestions and now able to get off Lipitor!! Thank You! · Feel I am healthier physically and “ mentally” Dining with Diabetes Participant reactions · This class really helped me stop and think. I need to get with my doctor and keep a check on myself. · I’m pleased that this class was offered in my county. Usually residents have to go to other cities for info of this type. Thank You. · You can use common, everyday food—make it attractive but still good for anyone. · The more I told to other people the more I learn how to keep the blood sugar down External Leadership Roles and Memberships Stephen D. Ball Member American College of Sports Medicine Liaison to the Governor's Council on Physical Fitness Member of the State Physical Activity Planning Committee Associate Editor of Firefighter Research Journal Ann Cohen American Dietetic Association, Member Missouri Coordinated School Health Coalition Conference Planning Committee, Co- Chair, 2002 to present. Missouri Action for Healthy Kids Team, Co-Chair, 2002 to present Health Adventure Center, Exhibit and Program Chair, 2003 to present Candance Gabel Member, American Dietetic Association NCR/MPR EFNEP/FSNEP Regional Conference Planning Committee, Chair, 2004 CSREES/FSNE National Conference Planning Committee, 2004 CSREES/National Program Advisory Board, 2004 to present Core Planning Group Member, Missouri Nutrition Network Jo Britt-Rankin Member, Society for Nutrition Education NCR/MPR EFNEP/FSNEP Regional Conference Planning Committee, Chair, 2003 Mountain Plains Food Stamp Regional Nutrition Education Awards Committee, 2000-Present Core Planning Group Member, Missouri Nutrition Network
  34. 34. Adjunct reviewer, Journal of Nutrition Education, 1999-Present Faculty Publications Ball, S., Swan, P., & Altena, T. (In Press). Accuracy of anthropometry compared to dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. A new generalizable equation for men. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition Ball, S. & Altena, T. (In Press). Comparison of the Bod Pod and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry in men. Physiological Measurement Ball, S., Swan, P., & Desimone, R. (In Press). Accuracy of anthropometry compared to dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. A new generalizable equation for women. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. Altena T.S., Michaelson, J.L., Ball, S.D., & Thomas, T.R. (In Press). Single sessions of intermittent and continuous exercise and postprandial lipemia. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Ball, S., Thwaits, J., & Swan, PD. (In Review). Oral creatine supplementation does not improve body composition in recreationally active men during strength training. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. Ball, S. (In Review). Inter-device reliability of the Bod Pod. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Swan, PD., Ball, S., Pepin, V., & Britton, E. (In Review). Moderate intensity exercise attenuates visceral fat gain in middle life women. Research Quarterly. Ball, S. & Swan, PD. (2003). Accuracy of DXA measurement equations in predicting visceral body fat in obese women. Journal of Exercise Physiology-Online, 6(3). Rhea, M., Alvar, B., Burketty, L., and Ball, S. (2003). A meta-analysis to determine the dose response for strength development. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35 (3), 456-464. Rhea, M., Phillips, W., Burkett, L., Stone, W., Ball, S., & Alvar, B. (2003). A comparison of linear and daily undulating periodized programs with equated volume and intensity for muscular endurance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17(1): 82-87. Stevens, A., Gabel, C., (2003) Snacking Away Our Savings Stevens, A., Gabel, C., (2003) "Snacking Cents"
  35. 35. Stevens, A., Gabel, C., (2003) Snacking Facts Stevens, A., Gabel, C., (2003) Breakfast Basics Vetter, M., Gabel, C., (2003) What's Wrong with Caffeine? Vetter, M., Gabel, C., (2003) Facts about Soft Drinks Vetter, M., Gabel, C., (2003) Soft Drinks and Weight Gain Bartels, E., Gabel, C., (2003) Facts about Super Sized Food Bartels, E., Gabel, C., (2003) More Weight for Your Buck Bartels, E., Gabel, C., (2003) Uncovering the Secrets of the Food Guide Pyramid Heffel, C., Gabel, C. (2003) Facts About High Blood Pressure Gabel, C., (2003) Nutrition and Fitness: What does it have to do with Aging? Ball, S. (2003) Is Obesity a Disease? http://MissouriFamilies.org Ball, S. (2003) Exercising in the Heat. http://MissouriFamilies.org Ball, S. (2003) How is Fat Stored in the Body? http://MissouriFamilies.org Ball, S. (2003) Do the Ab Roller, the Abdominizer, and the Ab Dolley really work? http://MissouriFamilies.org Ball, S. (2003) Exercise Combats Fat Despite Weight Loss.http://MissouriFamilies.org Ball, S. (2003). Exercise Questions and Answers. http://MissouriFamilies.org Ball, S. (2003). Weight Lifting and Kids. http://MissouriFamilies.org
  36. 36. Textile and Apparel Management http://www.mo-tac.org Jana Hawley, Assistant Professor and State Specialist Sharon Stevens, Resident Instruction Assistant Professor, Associate State Specialist, Coordinator, MO-TAC Kitty Dickerson, Department Chair Mission Statement The Missouri Textile and Apparel Center (Mo-TAC) serves as the umbrella for textile and apparel related issues in Missouri and beyond. It seeks to address the production, distribution, and consumption of textile and apparel products by assisting manufacturers, retailers, entrepreneurs, and consumers through consultation, education, and appropriate referrals. Trends • Increased expertise is needed in computer applications for both B2C and B2B processes. Necessary processes include product sourcing, supply chain management, marketing, in E-commerce, logistics, and distribution. • The Internet will continue to impact the way that business is conducted. Companies and consumers will increasingly embrace this medium. • The number of entrepreneurs and micro-enterprise businesses is growing rapidly. Support and training in making good decisions and assistance finding appropriate resources for supplies and services will be key to their success. • Issues of clothing economy, fit, and maintenance continue to be an important concern of consumers from all socio-economic groups. • There is increased interest in preserving items that represent personal heritage. • There is continued concern with preservation of the earth's natural resources and the role played by recycling. • With increased emphasis on computer expertise and use, the digital divide has more powerful impact on those families and individuals without access. • Missourians are committed to environmental issues, yet much of the textile and apparel waste continues to go to our landfills, even though 99% of it is recyclable.
  37. 37. Program Highlights MO-TAC provides reliable information, direct assistance and education to consumers and to textile, apparel and sewn products businesses in the Midwest by providing specific expertise, information, resources, and referrals with special emphasis on technology. Over 100 businesses and consumers emailed or called Mo-TAC directly and received answers to individual questions. Apparel Technology Center. The Apparel Technology Laboratory now includes a digitizer, plotter, single ply cutter, and twelve computer stations with state-of-the-art apparel production and design software. The software and hardware is valued at nearly one million dollars. The Technology Laboratory is supported and used by both University of Missouri Extension and the Department of Textile and Apparel Management for the benefit of both students and industry. It is available to companies to explore and analyze sewn-products technology in a neutral, low-pressure environment or to take advantage of the University expertise to learn more about using the equipment and programs Current technology used by the industry is incorporated into the curriculum so that students who graduate from the program have experience with the technology and can immediately contribute expertise to their new employers. During the past year, approximately 150 students were exposed to at least some of the technology available in the lab as part of their course work. Body Scanning. The Textile and Apparel Management Department participated in a nationwide sizing study and has acquired a [TC]2 body scanner. Approximately 50 students are body scanned each semester as part of their classroom curriculum. Future plans include providing body scanning services and possible computer generated pattern alteration service to the general public. Fee-Based Services. Mo-TAC offers limited fee-based services in the areas of marketing, product development and pre-production to sewn products companies. This provides small companies an affordable, low-risk ways to explore new markets, experiment with new products, and launch new ventures. The scope of this service is extremely limited by the available personnel. One company sent employees for two days to learn pattern grading and later employed MO-TAC to develop several sets of patterns for them.
  38. 38. The Mid-America Mo-TAC Directory. The expanded Directory provides comprehensive information about apparel and sewn products companies located in Missouri, Indiana, Kansas, Iowa, Arkansas, Kentucky, and Oklahoma. It is in its seventh edition. To date, approximately 100 copies of the Directory have been printed and distributed to businesses, organizations, and students. E-Commerce. MO-TAC provides information and advice on doing business on the Internet and limited web page development services to small and start-up businesses. The guidesheet, Put Your Company on The Web, was developed to assist companies with making decisions about their web presence. Information for consumers about safe use of the Internet for buying is under development. Textile Recycling. Textile and Apparel Management students collected more than 16,000 pounds of used apparel over a weekend in 2004. The material was then sold to a textile recycling company in St. Louis that sorts the used goods and recycles it into a wide range of markets including exports, wiper rags, sound absorption materials, stuffing, etc. A primary purpose of the drive was to create public awareness. This was accomplished through information disseminated in brochures, public service announcements and news stories. New relationships have been developed between MO-TAC and textile recycling companies, manufacturing facilities, materials engineers, charitable organizations, municipalities, and consumers as we move forward to heightened awareness of textile recycling. University of Missouri Extension and MO-TAC are committed to further developing this important program. Partnerships Missouri Small Business Development Centers Business and Industry Extension Specialists Missouri Department of Economic Development Various Missouri-based manufacturers and other businesses Missouri 4H International Textile and Apparel Association American Apparel Producers Network SEAMS Textile Clothing and Technology Corporation [TC]2 Testimonials A MO-TAC client wrote: "The bottom line … is that because of your diligence and resourcefulness we … were able to provide [a needed service] …. You helped avert a
  39. 39. major financial hardship on both [the company] and the remaining Missouri textile industry." Another client wrote: " The report on the study of our uniform was very informative and reassuring of the quality of garment we currently receive…. Thank you very much for the service you have provided the Missouri State [agency]." External Leadership Roles and Memberships Sharon Stevens International Textile and Apparel Association, member Jana Hawley Vice President of Operations, International Textile and Apparel Association Chair of Public Relations, International Textile and Apparel Association Kaufmann Entrepreneurship Initiative, Committee Member Center for the Digital Globe, Executive Board Council for Recycled Textiles, Board Member Project Director, Textile and Recycling Systems—USDA Challenge Grant