2. Framework presentation november 2006 ottawa presentation.ppt

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2. Framework presentation november 2006 ottawa presentation.ppt

  1. 1. Community Inclusion: Understanding System Change through Evaluation National Partners Meeting Ottawa November, 2006
  2. 2. The Transition Year is over, and provincial/territorial initiatives are now proceeding… <ul><li>What evaluation questions do we wish to answer? </li></ul><ul><li>What are our collective evaluation needs? </li></ul><ul><li>… Locally? </li></ul><ul><li>… Provincially? </li></ul><ul><li>… Nationally? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The CI Evaluation Framework <ul><li>During the transition year, an evaluation framework was designed to help us… </li></ul><ul><li>be clear about how projects are intervening in order to change the system. </li></ul><ul><li>describe long “implementation chains” – simply put, lots has to happen, and in order, to get to systems change. What is the sequence and how do we track it? </li></ul><ul><li>show commonalities and differences between P/Ts. </li></ul><ul><li>demonstrate how CI can be viewed as a unified national initiative (how P/Ts and local projects share common goals and work toward them in similar ways). </li></ul><ul><li>generate and share innovative strategies to do your work better and to evaluate it over time. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Changes to Individuals COMMUNITY INCLUSION Community Associational Life & Capacity Local communities are fully inclusive of people with intellectual disabilities and their families. Deinstitutionalization Family & Disability Supports Education Housing Income & Employment Priority Areas Guiding Principles Self-determination Autonomy & decision-making Equality & Equity Participation & Full Citizenship Community-based interventions Support for personal relationships Social & Economic Integration Accessible communities Common Mechanisms Goal <ul><li>Public Awareness & Dialogue (e.g. community forums, plain language) </li></ul><ul><li>Community Capacity Building (e.g. developing partnerships, leadership, training, strengthening PF chapters) </li></ul>More INCLUSIVE ENVIRONMENTS and corresponding improvements to… • Safety • Education • Family & Social support • Personal Relationships • Economic security • Community & Civic Participation • Health & Quality of Life • To foster citizenship engagement in development and implementation of public policies, practices, and community systems to strengthen and sustain the capacities of local communities… CI Mission Resources Changes to resources, practices, relationships, etc. Collaboration/Networks • Creation, access to, and use of new learning & action resources • Sustainable finances • Community space Positive change & maintenance in participation, group capacity, operations, climate, etc. Increases/improvements in… • knowledge & skills, learning & sharing • motivation, participation, engagement • advocacy & leadership • inclusive practices • giving and receiving support Knowledge creation & sharing Strategies for research & evaluation, knowledge dissemination, mobilization, networks, awareness Policy/practice Creation of or changes to policies supportive of inclusion; changes in practice <ul><li>Research & Information (e.g., research studies) </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Networking (e.g., conferences) </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Development (e.g. policy position papers) </li></ul>Outputs & Short-term Outcomes Long-term Outcomes
  5. 5. <ul><li>Multiple P/Ts are developing projects within each of the six priority areas. Each P/T is engaging in at least several priorities (usually two, sometimes three). </li></ul><ul><li>The six areas share the same overall mission/goal of CI, but also have their own goals as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Each priority area has its own visual model (which we will get to) that is consistent with (and very similar to) the overall framework. </li></ul>Community Associational Life & Capacity Deinstitution-alization Family & Disability Supports Education Housing Income & Employment Priority Areas There are six Priority Areas (or Sectors) that make up the National Community Inclusion Project.
  6. 6. Common Mechanisms <ul><li>Public Awareness & Dialogue (e.g. community forums, plain language) </li></ul><ul><li>Community Capacity Building (e.g. developing partnerships, leadership, training, strengthening PF chapters) </li></ul><ul><li>Research & Information (e.g., research studies) </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Networking (e.g., conferences) </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Development (e.g., policy position papers, policy advocacy) </li></ul>Mechanisms provide some guidance to P/Ts on how and where to focus their efforts – they suggest more specific and concrete activities (what you actually do in your projects). They help organize the projects together under general areas of systems intervention (e.g. which provinces are, generally speaking, doing “knowledge networking”?) They allow us to see where our efforts are being focused in each sector and help us organize information in away that will facilitate sharing, collaboration, evaluation measurement, and reporting. What are mechanisms for…?
  7. 7. <ul><li>Systems change can be thought of as “changing the way things are done, but systemically”. </li></ul><ul><li>In the short-term this means changing the day-to-day functioning of people and the organizations that they are in, by providing them with resources, bringing them together around an issue, or directing them through policy changes. </li></ul><ul><li>We can get a better picture of the “process of systems change” by tracking our project activities (by gathering outputs) and linking them to impacts (by measuring short-term outcomes). This is consistent with your evaluation plans filed with ODI. </li></ul>Outputs & Short-term Outcomes
  8. 8. Outputs & Short-term Outcomes Outputs are direct measures or products of service delivery. Outputs are usually something you can count. Examples: • “ Number of classes offered” • “ Number of conference attendees” • “ Number of guide books distributed” • In evaluation language outputs are not outcomes. They are measures of planned project activities rather than benefical changes to people. But they are crucial in helping to explain how and why outcomes were achieved. • Sometimes outputs are called “process indicators” or “benchmarks”
  9. 9. Outputs & Short-term Outcomes <ul><li>Short-term outcomes are the fairly immediate benefits or changes that the people are anticipated to experience or display as a result of the program activities. Programs tend to have the most control or influence over short term outcomes. </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul><ul><li>• To increase teachers’ knowledge of effective inclusion strategies in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>To increase participation and leadership among employers interested in pursuing inclusion. </li></ul><ul><li>• STOs in a given program are designated as such because they a) follow directly from an activity and b) contribute to the achievement of other, longer-term outcomes. </li></ul>
  10. 10. In the CI projects Outputs and short-term outcomes can take a variety of forms, but in a general sense it easiest to link them to a basic argument – “ Community Inclusion projects are creating and disseminating resources , promoting beneficial changes to policy and practices , creating and maintaining collaborative relationships and networks with key stakeholders, and generating and sharing information in the area of inclusion. Through these changes, CI expects to see improvements in range of outcomes (changes experienced by people), in terms of knowledge, skills, leadership, practices, participation, engagement, etc” Specifying outputs and outcomes within a given priority area helps describe this argument in specific terms and suggests ways to collect the information needed to test this argument and learn from it. Outputs & Short-term Outcomes
  11. 11. Resources Changes to resources, practices, relationships, etc Collaboration/Networks • Creation, access to, and use of new learning & action resources • Sustainable finances • Community space Positive change & maintenance in participation, group capacity, operations, climate, etc. Knowledge creation & sharing Strategies for research & evaluation, knowledge dissemination, mobilization, networks, awareness Policy/ practice Creation of or changes to policies supportive of inclusion; changes in practice Each P/T within each sector area will have a set of more specific outputs and outcomes of these types, depending on their own project activities Outputs & Short-term Outcomes
  12. 12. Often individual outcomes are linked to the changes to structures & processes. For example… Individuals changes… Resources Changes to resources, practices, relationships, etc … Collaboration/Networks • Creation, access to, and use of new learning & action resources • Sustainable finances • Community space Positive change & maintenance in participation, group capacity, operations, climate, etc. Increases/improvements in… • knowledge & skills, learning & sharing • motivation, participation, engagement • advocacy & leadership • inclusive practices • giving and receiving support Knowledge creation & sharing Strategies for research & evaluation, knowledge dissemination, mobilization, networks, awareness Policy/practice Creation of or changes to policies supportive of inclusion; changes in practice a new resource is created… … and used by a new coalition … which leads to increased awareness of barriers to inclusion…
  13. 13. All students attend and are welcomed by their neighbourhood schools in age-appropriate, regular classes and learn, contribute, and participate in all aspects of the life of the school. EDUCATION Priority Area Guiding Principles Goal Long-term Outcomes More INCLUSIVE ENVIRONMENTS and corresponding Improvements to… Education • Family & Social support • Personal Relationships • Community & Civic Participation • Health & Quality of Life • To assist in the development of policies and practices that ensure all students attend and are welcomed by their neighbourhood schools in age-appropriate, regular classes and are supported to learn, contribute and participate in all aspects of the life of the school. Mission Equality & Equity Participation & Full Citizenship Support for personal relationships Accessible communities Community Capacity Building Public Awareness & Dialogue Research & Information Knowledge Networking Policy Development Mechanisms for change & Project activities Outputs & Short term Outcomes Changes to Individuals Changes to resources, practices, relationships, etc. Improvements/increases in… Knowledge creation & sharing Collaborations/ Networks Policy/practice Resources
  14. 14. EDUCATION – SECTOR LEVEL MODEL Priority Area Community Capacity Building Public Awareness & Dialogue <ul><li>Develop and distribute a parent guide to inclusive education (MB) </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of Inclusive School Cultures resource tool (ON) </li></ul><ul><li>Implement Inclusive School Cultures program in 5 school boards (ON) </li></ul><ul><li>Form partnerships between ACL, Family Networks, and School Districts (AB). </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct an advocacy communication workshop for parents, educators, and students (NT). </li></ul><ul><li>Development and implementation of youth involvement strategies (NB) </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct “transition training forums” with families and students (PE) </li></ul>Research & Information <ul><li>Research community options for school-work transitions (PE) </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct research on “good practices” in inclusive education. (MB) </li></ul>Knowledge Networking <ul><li>Host a forum on alternative educational models (NB) </li></ul><ul><li>Host a provincial forum on Inclusive Education (NL) </li></ul>Policy Development <ul><li>Draft and circulate policy position paper on inclusive education (NL). </li></ul>Mechanisms for change EXAMPLES OF… Outputs & Short term Outcomes Project activities Changes to Individuals Changes to resources, practices, relationships, etc. <ul><li>policy recommendations, position papers. </li></ul><ul><li>adoption of policies. </li></ul><ul><li>changes to practice. </li></ul>- guides, training manuals, web sites, Improvements/increases in… Knowledge creation & sharing Collaborations/ Networks Policy/practice Resources

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