one situation is set.
not ignore any details and do not
change important facts in the situation.
all the content points provided
as each point is of 5 marks.
Consider the following questions:
Audience (Who am I writing for?)
public, principal, teacher, friend, company manager, town
council, police etc
Purpose (Why am I writing this?)
to explain, inform. instruct, convince and persuade, sell,
give an account of something I witnessed, to complain
about something, etc
Format (How is this piece to be written?)
report, letter, account, article. statement, review. speech
Language (What is the tone I should use?)
formal, informal, persuasive, suggestive, informative,
Five paragraphs should be formed.
Introduction (reiterate the situation)
Body (elaborate the three content points in
Leave a line after each paragraph.
Paragraphs should all start from the left.
should collect and read the samples
of each type of function writing.
helpful phrases (opening and closing
phrases; starting of new paragraphs etc.).
such type of writing.
their own situational writing
Type of Letters
I am a resident of the
Gulshan-e- Iqbal and
I am writing in to
I seriously hope that
you would look into
the complaints that I
have raised and
remedy the situation
as soon as possible.
On behalf of the
school, we would like
to invite you to our
Annual Speech and
Prize Giving Day to
be held on March 15th
in the school hall.
We sincerely hope
that you will accept
our invitation and we
look forward to your
presence on that day.
Task Fulfillment (Use Band Descriptor):
Language (Use Band Descriptor)
Please indicate the TF mark first at the
end of the essay, then language marks
e.g. 10 + 12 = 22/ 30
Candidates who address only two points
must be in Band 3 or below for TF.
Variety of Sentence Structures
Inclusion and elaboration of three content points
Suitable tone and register
Apt beginning and ending
Given information used to justify personal opinion
A clear understanding of the task and content
Types of Essay
Abstract / one word / themeless
Five topics are set.
Candidates will choose any one of the five topics.
They should read the questions carefully and choose
the topic which gives them the best chance of writing
an essay of the required length.
It is advisable to make a plan.
Planning or any rough work should be crossed out
with a pencil.
Minimum 6 and maximum 10 paragraphs should be
Introduction: The essay must have a good beginning
to capture the attention of the reader.
Body: The middle section of the essay should convey
the main steps in the story or the details of the
description or the main points of the argument.
Conclusion: Finally, the essay should have a
strong ending. It may provide the conclusion to
an argument, or it may move to the general view
after some precise description of details, or it
may provide the climax or round off a story.
Use transitions to connect the points and
The 'best fit' principle is applied, as in the
Emphasis is on quality of Language; comments
on Content used to adjust mark within 8 Bands.
Variety of Sentence Structures
should be interesting and
consistently relevant to the theme.
and argumentative essays are well
developed, logical, based on facts and figures.
essays have well-developed imagery
are complex, sophisticated and may
contain devices such as flashbacks.