RAILWAY LEVEL CROSSING ACCIDENTS PREVENTER - SAHAYA JUSTUS ANTONY.S

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Railway Level Crossing Accidents Preventer is an exiting research in the railway department which provides safety and prevents the accidents in the nation.
The main objective of this project is to fabricate a fully automated manned & unmanned railway crossing. In this project, the sensor checks the train before reaching the level crossing from a particular distance depending on the capacity of the sensor and gives a command to the receiver units.
When a train approaches the level crossing an alarm sound is produced and the RED light displayed. At that time our device fixed vehicles that is nearing the level crossing will receive the message and will be stopped.
Similarly after the train crosses the level crossing, the sensor senses the train has crossed the level crossing, and gives a command to the receiver units. Now the alarm stops and the GREEN light glows and the signal allows the vehicles to moves on.

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RAILWAY LEVEL CROSSING ACCIDENTS PREVENTER - SAHAYA JUSTUS ANTONY.S

  1. 1. RAILWAY LEVEL CROSSING ACCIDENTS PREVENTER Submitted by S.SAHAYA JUSTUS ANTONY
  2. 2. BIO-DATA 1. NAME 2. AGE & DATE OF BIRTH 3. CLASS 4. COLLEGE ADDRESS 5. PRESENT ADDRESS 6. CONTACT NUMBER 7. E-mail ID : S.SAHAYA JUSTUS ANTONY : 19(02.05.1995) : IInd Year Mechanical : Cape Institute of Technology, Levengipuram, Kanyakumary District, Tamilnadu,India. : S/o. M.SAHAYADHAS, Old No: 6.206, New No: 9, Tsunami Colony, Manakudy, Kanyakumary District, Tamilnadu, India, Pin: 629 602. : 7639837638 : justony2020@gmail.com
  3. 3. DECLARATION I declare that this project titled “RAILWAY LEVEL CROSSING ACCIDENTS PREVENTER” is an original work piece of my own imagination and innovation. S.SAHAYA JUSTUS ANTONY
  4. 4. TABLE OF CONTENTS S.No. TITLE 1. ABSTRACT 2. INTRODUCTION 3. BLOCK DESCRIPTION 4. LIST OF FIGURES 6. CONCLUSION APPENDICES
  5. 5. ABSTRACT Railway Level Crossing Accidents Preventer is an exiting research in the railway department which provides safety and prevents the accidents in the nation. The main objective of this project is to fabricate a fully automated manned & unmanned railway crossing. In this project, the sensor checks the train before reaching the level crossing from a particular distance depending on the capacity of the sensor and gives a command to the receiver units. When a train approaches the level crossing an alarm sound is produced and the RED light displayed. At that time our device fixed vehicles that is nearing the level crossing will receive the message and will be stopped. Similarly after the train crosses the level crossing, the sensor senses the train has crossed the level crossing, and gives a command to the receiver units. Now the alarm stops and the GREEN light glows and the signal allows the vehicles to moves on.
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION This project is used to Control the Vehicles on the Manned & Unmanned Railway crossing area. RF concept is used in this project. PIC Microcontroller is used to detect the signal when the train is near the railway crossing at that time our device fixed vehicles will be stopped. The IR Sensor is used in the area of the Railway Track. The signals always pass through the other IR Sensors fitted in the vehicle. If the train comes near our sensors, The Transmitter detects the Signals and sends the data to the receiver module fitted in the vehicle. At the same time the Red signal is displayed (ie ON) in the traffic signal pole. The Green signal (ie OFF) is dormant and alarm sound produced and then the counter will be ON.
  7. 7. When the Receiver module fixed in the vehicle receives the transmitter data, the approaching vehicle stops quickly. In the mean time the train crosses the other IR Sensors. The Transmitter detects the signals and sends the data to the receiver module of the vehicle. At the same time the GREEN light glows and signals the approaching vehicle to cross the railway track. The RED signal light goes to OFF position. The receiver module receives the transmitter data and the vehicle safely passes through the railway track.
  8. 8. BLOCK DESCRIPTION The embedded based Automatic Signal Detector System using serial communication has various blocks in it. The following are the various units in it. 1. Power Supply. 2. Microcontroller unit. 3. RF transmitter Unit. 4. RF receiver unit. 1. Power Supply: The input to the power supply unit is AC 230v, 50Hz. The rectifier in the circuit converts the AC into DC and the regulator IC 7805 is used to generate 5 volt to the remaining units.
  9. 9. 2. Microcontroller: The controller is the heart of the system. This project has two controllers, one at RF transmitter side and other at RF receiver side. It controls all the operations of the various blocks. It is an 8 bit controller, which process only 8 bit at a time. All the blocks are interfaced with the controller through its ports. The input signal is processed by the controller in the transmitter side and displays the output on the LED display connected in RF receiver side. The controller reads the signal from the voice chip and processes it. 3. RF Transmitter Unit: The operating frequency of the RF transmitter is 433.92 MHz. the baud rate of the RF transmitter is 4800bps. The RF is based on SAW architecture with minimum range of 100 feet. No external component is required. It has good signal to noise ratio with low power consumption.
  10. 10. The data will be transmitted by the RF transmitter to the RF receiver unit. The RF transmitter is connected to the transmitter (Tx) of the controller. 4. RF Receiver Unit: The RF receiver unit works with frequency of 433 MHz. the baud rate of the circuit is 4800bps. The same SAW architecture is used in the receiver module. It is connected to the receiver (Rx) pin of the controller. The received parameters are processed by the controller and it displays the parameters on the display unit.
  11. 11. LIST OF FIGURES S.No TITLE 1. Proposed Model 2. Layout Diagram 3. Block Diagram *Transmitter *Receiver
  12. 12. PROPOSED MODEL
  13. 13. RF Transmitter Micro Controller (16F873A) BLOCK DIAGRAM Transmitter IR transmitter& receiver Relay Power Supply
  14. 14. Receiver RF Receiver Micro Controller (12F683) Power Supply (9V) Relay
  15. 15. CONCLUSION As we are in a new era of scientific and metallic world, we are constrained to develop new railway rules and traffic norms. This equipment can be utilized in our railway department to prevent 75% of accidents. Its cost is very low. This new equipment would certainly help in the development of Indian Railways.
  16. 16. LIST OF SIGNIFICANT COLLISIONS Level crossings present a significant risk of collisions between trains and road vehicles. This list is not a definitive list of the world's worst accidents. Accident Langenweddingen level crossing disaster Nagpur level crossing disaster Deaths 94 55 Country Germany India Year 1967 2005 Marhanets train and bus collision 45 Ukraine 2010 Polgahawela level crossing accident 35 Sri Lanka 2005 Lake Balaton level crossing disaster, Siófok 33 Hungary 2003 Xirivella level crossing accident, Valencia 27 Spain 1980 Dorion level crossing accident 19 Canada 1966 2009 Slovak coach and train collision 12 Slovakia 2009 Bourbonnais train accident 11 United States 1999 Hixon rail crash Glendale train crash Kerang rail accident Lockington rail crash Gerogery level crossing accident 11 11 11 9 5 United Kingdom United States Australia United Kingdom Australia 1968 2005 2007 1986 2001 Fox River Grove level crossing accident 7 United States 1995 Ufton Nervet rail crash 7 United Kingdom 2004
  17. 17. THANK YOU TO ALL

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