Sahana at St. Johns University


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Talk on Sahana by SSF CEO Mark Prutsalis to St. John's University Computer Science Students on April 3, 2012, Queens, NY.

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Sahana at St. Johns University

  1. 1. Making Chaos Manageable “No innovation matters more than that which saves lives”Avelino J. Cruz, Jr., Secretary of National Defense of the Philippines on the use of Sahana following disastrous mudslides in 2005
  2. 2. Disaster Trends World’s urban population will reach 6.4 billion by 2050 (that’s 70% of the world’s projected population of 9.2 billion) - United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects, 2007  World’s population and economic centers are concentrated in “vulnerable cities near earthquake faults, on river deltas or along tropical coasts.” - the Economist, January 14, 2012 Growing vulnerability to to an increased incidence of costly disasters  By 2050 the city populations exposed to tropical cyclones or earthquakes will more than double, rising from 11% to 16% of the world’s population. - United Nations & World Bank, Natural Hazards, UnNatural Disasters: The Economics of Effective Prevention, 2010  By 2070, seven of the ten greatest urban concentrations of economic assets that are exposed to coastal flooding will be in the developing world (vs. none in 2005). Assets exposed to flooding will rise from 5% of the world GDP to 9%. - OECD, Ranking Port Cities with High Exposure and Vulnerability to Climate Extremes : Exposure Estimates, 2007 Global annual disaster spending will triple to $185 billion by 2100 - United Nations & World Bank, Natural Hazards, UnNatural Disasters: The Economics of Effective Prevention, 2010  Spending on urban infrastructure to approach $350 trillion over next 30 years. - Booz & Co., Reinventing the City to Combat Climate Change, 2010  2011 was costliest year ever for disasters (earthquakes in Japan & Zealand, flooding in China, Australia & Thailand, tornadoes in US).  Five of ten costliest disasters have occurred in last five years.  20% of aid is now spent responding to disasters ; only 0.7% is spent on mitigation.  President Obama declared record 99 disaster declarations in 2011. - the Economist, January 14, 2012March 21, 2012 DISASTER ROUNDTABLE 2
  3. 3. Disasters are A Growth IndustryThere is both Opportunity And Responsibility
  4. 4. What is a Disaster?“A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of asociety, causing widespread human, material orenvironmental losses which exceeds the ability of theaffected society to cope using only its own resources” - Source: UNDP“Any Event or Circumstance (happening with or withoutwarning) that causes or threatens death or injury, disruptionto the community on such a scale that the effects cannot bedealt with by the emergency services, local authorities andother organizations as part of their normal day to dayactivities” - UK Home Office
  5. 5. Aftermath of DisastersThe trauma caused by waiting tobe found or find the next of kinCoordinating all aid groups andhelping them to operateeffectively as oneManaging the multitude ofrequests from the affected regionand matching them effectively tothe pledges of assistanceTracking the location of alltemporary shelters, camps, etc. 5
  6. 6. Tasks Facing RespondersSearch and Rescue Tracing MissingEvacuation PersonsSetting up Shelters Trauma CounselingEffective Distribution Assuring Security ofof Aid Affected AreasManagement of Donor Protecting Childrenand Donations Rehabilitation Life Saving decisions need to be made fast! The best decisions are the most informed ones 6
  7. 7. How Can Technology Help?Scalable management of information No stacks of forms and files to manageEfficient distribution of information Accessibility of information on demandAutomatic collation and calculation No delay for assessments and calculationsLive situational awareness Reports are updated live as data is entered 7
  8. 8. Sahana Software FoundationThe Sahana Software Foundation is a 501(c)(3) non-profitorganization dedicated to the mission of saving lives byproviding information management solutions that enableorganizations and communities to better prepare for andrespond to disasters.We develop free and open source software and provideservices that help solve concrete problems and bringefficiencies to disaster response coordination betweengovernments, aid organizations, civil society and disastersurvivors themselves. 8
  9. 9. The Historic Trigger: 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake & TsunamiAt least 226,000 deadUp to 5 million peoplelost their homes, oraccess to food andwater1 million people leftwithout a means tomake a livingAt least $7.5 billion inthe cost of damages “Facts and Figures: Asian Tsunami Disaster” New Scientist, 20 January 2005 9
  10. 10. Sahana first deployed forSri Lanka tsunami response 10
  11. 11. Core Capabilities:Track NounsOrganization & VolunteerRegistry Understanding 4W: “Who What Where When”: Maintains data (contacts, services) of groups, organizations, staff, and volunteers responding to the disasterMissing Persons /Disaster Victims Registry Helps track and find missing and found, deceased, injured and displaced people and families 11
  12. 12. Core Capabilities:Track NeedsRequest and ResourceManagement Manages requests, assessments and reports and helps match commitments for support, donations, aid and supplies through to fulfillmentGeospatial Analysis Provides situational awareness of all important locations to the disaster response, such as shelters, hospitals, warehouses, incident reports, and assessments. 12
  13. 13. Sahana Software ProjectsEden (Python/web2py)– Agasti (PHP)Emergency Development Vesuvius – provides LostEnvironment Person Finder & Hospital Supported by a number of Triage Management (NLM) stakeholders, including IFRC, Kilauea – provides shelter ADPC, APBV, LA EMD, the registration (CUNY/OEM) HELIOS Foundation and others. Mayon – provides Emergency Flexible rapid application Resource Management and development platform with a Scenario Planning for large rich feature set municipalities (CUNY/OEM) Designed for humanitarian Standards & Interoperability organizations and agencies engaged in disaster relief. Promotes adoption of open data standards and interoperability between humanitarian FOSS projects. 13
  14. 14. Technology and FeaturesEnvironments Linux, Windows, OSX PortableApps, VMWare Cloud / EC2Translation & Localization Pootle, Character Sets Right-to-left scriptingOpen Data Standards KML, WMS, GeoRSS, WPS EDXL, CAP, JSON, XMLMobile Accessibility J2ME, HTML 5, Xforms JavaRosa, OCR, NetBooks XO Laptops 14
  15. 15. DeploymentsDisaster Response Deployments Preparedness Deployments Wildfires in Chile – 2012 WFP & Government of the Philippines – 2012 Hurricane Irene in New York – 2011 Los Angeles Emer Mgmt Dept – 2011 Tornado in Joplin, Missouri - 2011 CERT, Chicago, Illinois – 2011 Sendai Earthquake & Tsunami in Japan – 2011 Earthquake in Turkey – 2011 IFRC, Asia Pacific – 2010 Christchurch Earthquake in New Zealand - Helios Foundation – 2011 2011 APBV (Bombeiros) in Portugal - 2011 Flooding in Colombia – 2011 Philippines Red Cross in the Philippines – 2010 Flooding in Venezuela – 2010 SahanaTaiwan (Institute for Information Flooding in Pakistan – 2010 Industry, Academia Sinica) in Taiwan – 2010 Hurricane in Veracruz, Mexico – 2010 Asian Disaster Preparedness Center, Bangkok, Earthquake in Chile – 2010 Thailand – 2010 Earthquake in Haiti – 2010 Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar – 2008 Natl Dis Relief Services Ctr, Sri Lanka – 2010 Chengdu-Sitzuan Earthquake, China – 2008 US National Library of Medicine – 2009 Bihar Floods, India – 2008 Bethesda Hosp Emerg Prep Partnrship – 2009 Ica Earthquake, Peru – 2007 Nati Coord Ag for Dis Mgmt in Indonesia – 2009 Cyclone Sidr in Bangladesh – 2007 Natl Dis Coord Council in the Philippines – 2009 Yogjakarta Earthquake, Indonesia – 2006 LirneAsia in Sri Lanka - 2008 Landslides in the Philippines– 2005 Kashmir Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005 Sarvodaya (NGO), Sri Lanka – 2008 Indian Ocean Earthquake & Tsunami in Sri NYC Office of Emergency Management – 2007 Lanka – 2004 15
  16. 16. City of New York Shelter ManagementSahana Mayon – ScenarioManagement Defines: Scenarios Resource Types Facility Groups Staff Requirements Staff Pools and ShiftsSahana Kilauea Family and Individual Registration at Shelters 16
  17. 17. US National Library of Medicine People Locator Project 17
  18. 18. US National Library of Medicine People Locator ProjectSahana Vesuvius Event Manager Report a Person Web or Email Edit Full Person Record Search for a Person PFIF Interoperability with Google Person FinderTriagePicReUnite iPhone App LIVE SITE atHTTP://PL.NLM.NIH.GOV 18
  19. 19. Sahana Eden 19
  20. 20. Sahana Eden 20
  21. 21. Sahana Eden 21
  22. 22. Haiti Earthquake & The “New Information Environment”New information and communication technologies, new information providers, and newinternational communities of interest emerged during the Haiti earthquake responsethat will forever change how humanitarian information is collected, shared, andmanaged. Humanitarian responders used social networking media, mobile phone textmessaging, open source software applications, and commercial satellite imagery more thanever before. Outside of the established international humanitarian community, volunteers andparticipatory reporters from the affected population became new sources of data andinformation. Humanitarian organizations, host governments, and the donor communitywill all need to adapt to this new information environment. US Department of State Humanitarian Information Unit, White Paper: Haiti Earthquake: Breaking New Ground in the Humanitarian Information Landscape, July 2010New partners are offering faster, more effective means of analyzing an ever-increasingvolume and velocity of data. The challenge ahead is how to create an effective interfacebetween these resources, and create an eco-system where each actor understands its role. Itwill not be easy. Volunteer and technical communities (V&TCs) like OpenStreetMap,Sahana and CrisisMappers approach problems in ways that challenge the status quo. UN Foundation, Disaster Relief 2.0: The Future of Information Sharing in Humanitarian Emergencies, 2011
  23. 23. The New Disaster Information EnvironmentGovernment & Emergency Services relief capacity hasbeen exceeded or crippledTo meet response requirements, the boundary of theeffort extends to external groups (NGOs, civil society,foreign aid, UN agencies)Core Decision Makers need to consult a wider group andgather information from nontraditional “uninitiated”sources for better Situational Awareness CROWDSOURCING & SOCIAL MEDIA 23
  24. 24. Best Practices: Open Standards and Information Sharing Agreements/MOUs Standards Organizations Missing Persons Community of Interest 2012 Safe and Well EDXL- EDXL- TEC TEC PFIF PFIF Travax Haiti Hospital Data (Proposed) 2010 Google EDXL- Resource Sahana HAVE FinderMarch 21, 2012 DISASTER ROUNDTABLE 24
  25. 25. Leveraging New Technologies How do you understand in 140 characters:  Source, credibility, verification, validation, location, prioritization, categorization, causation, responsibility Challenge: appropriately integrate publicly available information with trusted systems.March 21, 2012 DISASTER ROUNDTABLE 25
  26. 26. Sahana Partners & Stakeholders 26
  27. 27. Unique Development Model: Virtuous Circle of ContributionsTraditional Open Source Development Model Branch for Org B TRUNK Branch for Org A Can result in multiple branches, each needing support and expertise to maintain 27
  28. 28. Unique Development Model: Virtuous Circle of ContributionsSahana Open Source Development Model: Org B Branch TRUNK Org A Branch Features & fixes developed by one organization are available to all future Sahana users Enabled by Sahana Software Foundations 501(c)(3) status & supported by:Software Grant Agreements & Contributor License Agreements 28
  29. 29. The Sahana CommunityA unique global voluntaryteam of developers andexperts: Emergency Managers Relief Workers Experienced FOSS Developers ICT Specialists Researchers Global collaboration for the Humanitarian Activists global public good Medical and Public Health Professionals 29
  30. 30. Getting Involved with the Sahana CommunityOur Vision is to build and sustain a global open andcollaborative community of contributors to information andcommunications technologies for disaster management. Tothis end, we support: Google Summer of Code / Google Code-In RHoK / GWOB Hackathons Grace Hopper Celebration Open Source Day and Codeathon H-FOSS Project & ISCRAM Partnership SahanaCamps GET INVOLVED TODAY! 30
  31. 31. Google Summer of CodeGoogle funds paid summer internships to work on open source software.Sahana Software Foundation has been a mentoring organization for every year ofthis program – dating to 2006Student application deadline is this Friday. For more information, visit: 31
  32. 32. Join us for SahanaCamp NYCSahanaCamp NYC is being held from May 22-25 at theSalvation Army Headquarters (14th St) in NYC.SahanaCamp NYC will provide: understanding of how Sahana Software can help manage information before, during and after disasters a practical technical workshop to provide instruction in how Sahana Software can be deployed within and across organizationsThe SahanaCamp Program is designed to: quick-start deployments of Sahana software build a local support community for local or national emergency and disaster response organizationsThis is the 6th SahanaCamp – following Los Angeles, Portugal,Taiwan, Vietnam and India 32
  33. 33. Local and Global NeedsUS Charitable Organizations (NGOs) “I would like to thank you for the amazing database that you have created...I would like to ask you about the possibility of partnering with the organization that I volunteer with, a US-based, 501 (c )3 non-profit organization that provides hands-on assistance to survivors of natural disasters around the world... Currently, we are working in Leogane, Haiti and Cagayan de Oro, Philippines. We are in need of updating our databases so that they are more efficient and would love to use Sahana.” “Hello and thank you so much for your hard work and the products that we are beginning to enjoy. I have loaded the software and like it, however we need some additional functionality. Where would we turn with almost no budget to begin a adaptation to this software. If we are looking for a programmer to donate his time what skills would be needed? Thank you for your courtesies in these matters and for the great software which we are going to try to use for the first time here in Harrisburg IL.” “I would like to talk with someone about disaster volunteer management software and how we work with you. We are a registered 501c3 and know of Sahana through Golden Phoenix” “We provide disaster support mostly with communication, logistics, and planning support for rural communities. We are interested in using the Eden software to assist us and our allied partners. If you could assist us with determining technical need and some guidance that would be much appreciated.Local CERT Chapter“Im the webmaster for a volunteer organization known as CERT. We are looking for an asset /personnelmanagement program, that will track all our vehicles and equipment, our volunteers and theirtrainings/certifications/and events they were deployed to. Ive played with your Eden demo and am amazed. ”National Red Cross Society“I’m currently managing a software development project on behalf of the,,, Government and... Red Cross. Our projectis to replace the software base of National Registration and Inquiry System (NRIS ). NRIS is our national voluntaryregistration system for displaced people during disasters. 33
  34. 34. Disaster Support RequestsTyphoon Sendong (Philippines)“I am studying masters of information technology right now and one of my project is to deploy Sahana software toa relocation site here in Cagayan de Oro which recently devastated by the typhoon "Washi " or "Sendong " here inthe Philippines... Thank you so much for your organization. Looking forward for your reply.”Dexter, Michigan (tornado)“I am writing from Dexter, MI where we are dealing with the aftermath of a tornado. I am chair of a public safetycommittee and have been tasked with trying to find a solution for connecting people and organizations that wantto help/donate to those who need assistance. It seems your program might be a great fit. I need to get this up andrunning asap. Any advice and help would be greatly appreciated.”Harrisburg, Illinois (tornado)“I am currently looking towards setting up the Sahana Eden software in response to our tornado catastrophe lastmonth. I need some guidance in my efforts. We realize Sahana Eden is one of the best programs to aid in thecurrent disaster and future calamities.” These Support Requests have all come in to SSF since March 1, 2012 34
  35. 35. ResourcesWiki: Sahana Eden Essential Guide Lists & IRC #sahana, #sahana-eden #sahana-agasti on Freenode ( 35
  36. 36. Free and Open Source Software ProjectsFreedom to use, analyze, modify and re-distribute Available for everybody at no cost Open for research and developmentCollaboratively developed by a Global community Mark Prutsalis President & CEO, Sahana Software Foundation @SahanaFOSS #Sahana 36