Muscular and Non-Muscular Movements

MOVEMENTS IN ANIMALS
Muscular Movements
 AMOEBOID MOVEMENTS and

PSEUDOPODIA the false foot
 FLAGELLARY MOVEMENT and Flagella the
small whips...
Cells Exhibiting Amoeboid
Movement
 Amoeba proteus, Entamoeba

histolytica, Embryonic Tissues, Growing
Tissue Culture Cel...
Mechanism of Amoeboid Movement
 Pseudopodium attaches with substratum
 PM slides over the underlying layer of

Cytoplasm...
FLAGELLARY MOVEMENT
 Trypanosoma gambiens,
 Choanoflagellates,
 Trichonypha etc.
Mechanism of Cilliary Movement
 Cilia- Effective Stroke and Recovery Stroke
 5/9 and 4/9 microtubules

 ATPase
 Pellic...
Cells Exhibiting Ciliary
Movement
 Paramecium caudatum, P. aurilia etc
 Vorticella spp

 Stentor spp
 Cells in Vasdefe...
Ciliary and Muscular Movement
Coexistence
 Platyhelminthes eg. Planarians,
 Nemertines

 Wo Jhoot bol rha tha barray sl...
Flexing
 Contraction of cell
 Apicomplexans e.g. Plasmodium spp
Muscular Movement
 What is muscle?
 Muscle>muscle bundle>muscle

fiber>myofibril= thick + thin filaments
Classification of Muscle
 Smooth Muscle: Non striated, dumble,

involuntary
 Skeletal Muscle: Striated, unbranched,
volu...
Questions????

Thanks
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Movements/Locomotion in Protists and animals by Saghir Ahmad

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Presentation to describe different type of locomotion in Protozoans and animals

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Movements/Locomotion in Protists and animals by Saghir Ahmad

  1. 1. Muscular and Non-Muscular Movements MOVEMENTS IN ANIMALS
  2. 2. Muscular Movements  AMOEBOID MOVEMENTS and PSEUDOPODIA the false foot  FLAGELLARY MOVEMENT and Flagella the small whips  CILLIARY MOVEMENT and cilia the eyelashes  FLEXING
  3. 3. Cells Exhibiting Amoeboid Movement  Amoeba proteus, Entamoeba histolytica, Embryonic Tissues, Growing Tissue Culture Cells, Leucocytes, etc  Movements within the cell..Cyclosis
  4. 4. Mechanism of Amoeboid Movement  Pseudopodium attaches with substratum  PM slides over the underlying layer of Cytoplasm like bulldozer  Actin and myosin role  Ectoplasm to endoplasm modifications  Jell and Sol Theory
  5. 5. FLAGELLARY MOVEMENT  Trypanosoma gambiens,  Choanoflagellates,  Trichonypha etc.
  6. 6. Mechanism of Cilliary Movement  Cilia- Effective Stroke and Recovery Stroke  5/9 and 4/9 microtubules  ATPase  Pellicle  Neuroneme  Trichocysts
  7. 7. Cells Exhibiting Ciliary Movement  Paramecium caudatum, P. aurilia etc  Vorticella spp  Stentor spp  Cells in Vasdeferens  Cells in Fallopian Tube
  8. 8. Ciliary and Muscular Movement Coexistence  Platyhelminthes eg. Planarians,  Nemertines  Wo Jhoot bol rha tha barray sleeqay say  The evolution must have taken place from ciliary to Muscular locomotion?????
  9. 9. Flexing  Contraction of cell  Apicomplexans e.g. Plasmodium spp
  10. 10. Muscular Movement  What is muscle?  Muscle>muscle bundle>muscle fiber>myofibril= thick + thin filaments
  11. 11. Classification of Muscle  Smooth Muscle: Non striated, dumble, involuntary  Skeletal Muscle: Striated, unbranched, voluntary  Cardiac Muscle: Striated, branched, involuntary
  12. 12. Questions???? Thanks

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