Tzvetan Todorov introduced the idea of a ‘classic’ narrative which writers and directors conform to even today. Equilibrium-At the start of a story, Moment of Disequilibrium-The there is a balance and harmony. The equilibrium is shattered. The protagonists are introduced and decide protagonist starts behaving strangely, is to move into a Hotel to pursue writing overly engrossed in his work, and career. dismisses family. New Equilibrium- The villain is Disequilibrium-The protagonist defeated and peace restored but usually struggles to fix the wrongs that beset at a cost. Something or someone has them and return to a place of been lost and the new equilibrium is equilibrium. Protagonist realises tainted by the experience. The grandeur extent of villain’s mental deterioration of the Hotel is tainted with the horrific and attempts to flee but encounters activities which took place. many difficulties.
Vladimir Propp was a folklorist who introduced the idea of there being only thirty-one separate storylines which kept repeating . There are only a limited number of character types in texts and we can transpose these to film.The Villain- The Donor- The Hero- The False Hero- The Helper- The Dispatcher- The Princess/Prize-
Claude Levi Strauss explained that a constant creation of conflict/opposition propel narrative. Narrative can only end on a resolution of conflict. Opposition can be visual Opposition can be conceptual Light vs. Darkness Love vs. Hate Movement vs. Stillness Control vs. Panic
Roland Gérard Barthes came up with the idea that audiences can often guess what is going to happen in most mainstream films and seeing this play out is the pleasure they get from the text. There is another layer of pleasure to be had when the unexpected happens.
Carol Clover introduced the ‘Final Girl’ theory which raised awareness of gender divisions in film. Carol Clover in ‘Men, Women and Chain saws argues that the audience are structurally forced into identifying with the resourceful surviving female. The audience is a masochistic voyeur. Male villains usually Unisex name and suffering from a wears masculine masculinity/sexuality clothes crisis Becomes fully masculine in final confrontationAudience transformed to sadistic with villain throughvoyeurs as they would dismiss a Film ‘phallic appropriation’ byfilm showing abject terror on taking up weaponmale like it shows females. Theory (knife/chainsaw etc) Usually Price to pay for virginal or beauty/sexual availability is Present in sexually generally expressed as Slasher Films unavailable ‘Sex=Death’
Sigmund Freud was concerned with the working of the mind, the subconscious, ID, EGO and SUPEREGO. ID- Irrational and emotional part of mind. Pleasure principle. If ID too strong, person is uncaring and seeks self gratification. EGO- Rational part of mind. Reality principle. If EGO too strong, person is extremely rational and efficient but can be cold and distant. SUPEREGO- Moral part of mind. Value principal. If SUPEREGO too strong, person strives for perfection and may grow into an insufferably saintly personality.