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  1. 1. Should we apply the principle and doctrines of Gandhi’s in 21st century???
  2. 2. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  3. 3. <ul><li>Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948), also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born in Porbandar in the present state of Gujarat on October 2, 1869 </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>At the age of thirteen Mohandas was married to Kasturba. </li></ul><ul><li>The marriage had been arranged for him by his family. </li></ul><ul><li>They had four sons. </li></ul><ul><li>Harilal </li></ul><ul><li>Manilal </li></ul><ul><li>Ramdas </li></ul><ul><li>Devdas </li></ul>
  5. 5. Life of Gandhi <ul><li>Mahatma Gandhi completed his high </li></ul><ul><li>school in India. He was educated in law </li></ul><ul><li>at University College, London. In 1891, </li></ul><ul><li>after having been admitted to the British </li></ul><ul><li>bar, Gandhi returned to India and </li></ul><ul><li>attempted to establish a law practice in </li></ul><ul><li>Bombay, with little success. Two years later an Indian firm with interests in South Africa retained him as legal adviser in its office in Durban. Arriving in Durban, Gandhi found himself treated as a member of an inferior race. He was appalled at the widespread denial of civil liberties and political rights to Indian immigrants to South Africa. He threw himself into the struggle for elementary rights for Indians. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Important principle of Gandhi <ul><li>Satya (Truth) </li></ul><ul><li>Ahimsa (Non-violence) </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetarianism </li></ul><ul><li>Mauna (silence & Simplicity) </li></ul><ul><li>Nai talim ( basic education) </li></ul>Gandhi in South Africa (1895)
  7. 7. Truth <ul><li>&quot;God is truth. The way to truth lies through ahimsa (non-violence)&quot; - Sabarmati 13 March 1927 </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Gandhi dedicated his life to the wider purpose of discovering truth , or Satya . He tried to achieve this by learning from his own mistakes and conducting experiments on himself. He called his autobiography The Story of My Experiments with Truth . </li></ul>Gandhi in 1918, at the time of the Kheda and Champaran satyagrahas
  9. 9. Nonviolence
  10. 10. Gandhi at Dandi, 5 April 1930, at the end of the Salt March &quot;I want world sympathy in this battle of right against might &quot; - Dandi 5th Apr 1930
  11. 11. Non-violence <ul><li>Although Mahatama Gandhi was not the originator of the principle of non-violence, he was the first to apply it in the political field on a huge scale. </li></ul><ul><li>The concept of nonviolence ( ahimsa ) and nonresistance has a long history in Indian religious thought and has had many revivals in Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, Jewish and Christian contexts. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Vegetarianism <ul><li>Although he experimented with eating meat upon first leaving India, he later became a strict vegetarian. He wrote books on the subject while in London, having met vegetarian campaigner Henry Salt at gatherings of the Vegetarian Society. The idea of vegetarianism is deeply ingrained in Hindu and Jain traditions in India, and, in his native land of Gujarat, most Hindus were vegetarian. He experimented with various diets and concluded that a vegetarian diet should be enough to satisfy the minimum requirements of the body. He abstained from eating for long periods, using fasting as a political weapon. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Simplicity <ul><li>Gandhi earnestly believed that a person involved in public service should lead a simple life . </li></ul><ul><li>He first displayed this principle when he gave up wearing western-style clothing, which he associated with wealth and success. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>He spun his own yarn and made his own cloth. He encouraged others to do the same, instead of buying imported British material. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Gandhi having tea with Lord Mountbatten </li></ul>
  16. 16. Mahatma Gandhi's room at Sabarmati Ashram
  17. 17. Silence <ul><li>Gandhi spent one day of each week in silence. He believed that abstaining from speaking brought him inner peace and made him a better listener. This influence was drawn from the Hindu principles of mauna </li></ul><ul><li>On such days he communicated with others by writing on paper. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Nai Talim (Basic Education) <ul><li>Nai Talim is a spiritual principle which states that knowledge and work are not separate. Gandhi promoted an educational curriculum with the same name based on this pedagogical principle. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be translated with the phrase “Basic Education for all” </li></ul>
  19. 19. Conclusion <ul><li>Gandhiji the father of our nation </li></ul><ul><li>helped us to imbibe the importance </li></ul><ul><li>of his principle. </li></ul><ul><li>This principles are relevant today. </li></ul><ul><li>This help the rich to think more of the poor and down trodden in count. </li></ul><ul><li>With the constant spurt of terrorism, Corruption and war, Gandhi's principles of satyagraha and non-violence are needed more than ever. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Thank you