WHAT IS SAFFRON• Saffron is the stigma of the crocus sativus flower, an autumn flowering perennial native to South West Asia.• Each flower has 3 crimson stigma, which are picked by hand and dried to make saffron.• It takes approximately 150,000 flowers to make 1kg of saffron• Due to its labour intensive production process, saffron is the most expensive spice in the world.
WORLD SAFFRON PRODUCTION World Saffron Production by Country (2005) Iran Greece Morocco Kashmir All other• Iran is by far the largest saffron producing country, producing 94% of the world’s saffron in 2005
QUALITYQuality standards are prescribed under the ISO 3632 :Grade 1 : Is called Sargol (Iranian) or Coupe (European)Grade 2 : Is called Pushal (Iranian) or Mancha (European)Other grades 3 & 4 also exist but are very poor.Quality is determined by colour, aroma, and flavour. Colouris the leading indicator as the other compounds tend tooccur in proportion.Top quality saffron will consist of 100% red stigmas with noyellow threads (other parts of the flower called styles andstamens).
USES OF SAFFRONSaffron is used in a variety of ways :• Cooking : As a staple ingredient in many Mediterranean and Middle Eastern dishes• Medicine : Saffron has been used as a herbal medicine for over 3,000 years• Dye : Saffron’s yellow colour has been used as an expensive dye in many cultures• Fragrance : Saffron’s fragrance is used in many perfumes including Agent Provocateur and Lancome Magnifique
SAFFRON IN COOKINGSaffron is an excellent accompaniment to meat andchicken, is magic with seafood and is a natural companion torice.Well known dishes that include saffron :• French Bouillabaisse• Spanish Paella• Italian Risotto Milanese• Iranian Joojeh Kebab• Scandinavian saffron buns• Saffron rice
MEDICINAL RESEARCHRecent clinical trials have shown saffron to be effectivetreatment against :• Macular Degeneration• Depression• Addictive cravingsSaffron shows promise as a treatment against :• Cancer• Alzheimers Disease• Parkinsons Disease• Age Related Cellular Degeneration
MORE INFORMATIONFor more information, visit our website at :http://www.saffrondust.com.auFor complete list of medical references :http://www.saffrondust.com.au/saffron-health-benefits/