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Ppe Training


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A powerpoint presentation designed to cover the basics of Personal Protective Equipment including gloves, respiratory, earplugs, etc... Can be used in training employees. Made available free from

Ppe Training

  1. 1. Personal Protective Equipment - What’s it all about? Written by: Gene Herbest Made available by
  2. 2. REFERENCES <ul><li>AR 385 Series </li></ul><ul><li>AR 11-34 </li></ul><ul><li>TB Med Series </li></ul><ul><li>DA Pam 385-1 </li></ul><ul><li>29 CFR 1910 </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI Z41-1991 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Personal Protective Equipment <ul><li>Definition: Devices used to protect workers from injury or illness resulting from contact with chemical , radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other workplace hazards (AR 385 Series & OSHA) </li></ul><ul><li>The need for PPE and the type of PPE used is based on hazard present; each situation “ must be” evaluated independently (Risk Assessment) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Some Caveats <ul><li>PPE is used as a last resort </li></ul><ul><li>The use of PPE signifies that the hazard could not be controlled by other methods, such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>administrative controls (i.e., shift rotation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>engineering or industrial hygiene controls </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Engineering & IH Controls <ul><li>Design (remove hazard from process) </li></ul><ul><li>Substitution (of less hazardous materials) </li></ul><ul><li>Process modification (how and where) </li></ul><ul><li>Isolate the process or the worker </li></ul><ul><li>Wet methods for dust reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Local exhaust ventilation (at source) </li></ul><ul><li>Dilution ventilation (area) </li></ul><ul><li>Good housekeeping </li></ul>
  6. 6. Back to the caveats... <ul><li>The use of PPE signals that the hazard still exists in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Unprotected workers in the same area will be exposed </li></ul><ul><li>Failure of PPE means that the worker “ will be” exposed </li></ul><ul><li>PPE can be combined with other controls </li></ul>
  7. 7. So, what is it???
  8. 8. PPE <ul><li>Head protection </li></ul><ul><li>Eye and Face protection </li></ul><ul><li>Hearing protection </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory protection </li></ul><ul><li>Arm and Hand protection </li></ul><ul><li>Foot and Leg protection </li></ul><ul><li>Protective clothing </li></ul>
  9. 9. Head Protection
  10. 10. Hard Hats work by dissipating force
  11. 12. Eye Protection
  12. 13. Eye Protection <ul><li>Common Uses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grinding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drilling </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical Hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parts washer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spray Painting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radiation Protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>welder’s goggles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>laser goggles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UV </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Infrared </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Eye Protection - Selection <ul><li>Safety glasses are used to protect the eyes from flying objects (no face protection) </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical splash goggles protect against fluids by sealing tightly against the face </li></ul><ul><li>Face shields provide highest level of protection </li></ul>
  14. 15. Face Shield - the highest level of face protection
  15. 16. Hearing Protection
  16. 17. Hearing Protection Basics <ul><li>Noise induced hearing loss can occur with exposures >90 dBA </li></ul><ul><li>A hearing conservation program becomes a requirement at exposures >85dBA </li></ul><ul><li>Higher levels of noise exposure have shorter allowable exposure times </li></ul>
  17. 18. Noise levels versus Duration <ul><li>Sound Level (dBA) </li></ul><ul><li>90 </li></ul><ul><li>92 </li></ul><ul><li>95 </li></ul><ul><li>100 </li></ul><ul><li>105 </li></ul><ul><li>110 </li></ul><ul><li>115 </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure (hours) </li></ul><ul><li>8 </li></ul><ul><li>6 </li></ul><ul><li>4 </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>1 </li></ul><ul><li>0.5 </li></ul><ul><li>0.25 </li></ul>
  18. 19. Hearing Protection <ul><li>Rule of Thumb - if you cannot carry on a conversation in a normal tone of voice with someone at arm’s length, you are likely near 90dBA </li></ul><ul><li>All hearing protection devices should have a Noise Reduction Rating (NRR) = # of decibels they will reduce noise levels </li></ul><ul><li>Be conservative when using NRRs </li></ul>
  19. 20. A couple examples <ul><li>Example 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ear plugs with NRR of 25 dBA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>exposure = 105 dBA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>105 minus 25 = 80 dB therefore okay </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>same plugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>exposure = 125 dBA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>125 minus 25 = 100 dB not acceptable; must be below 90 dB </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Hearing Protection - Types <ul><li>Ear Plugs - less expensive, disposable, good ones have fairly high NRRs - sometimes difficult to tell if workers are wearing them </li></ul><ul><li>Ear Muffs - more expensive, more durable, typically higher NRRs than plugs, more obvious </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used together in very high noise areas </li></ul>
  21. 22. Arm and Hand Protection
  22. 23. Gloves - Typical Uses <ul><li>Chemical protection </li></ul><ul><li>Biohazard protection </li></ul><ul><li>Abrasion protection </li></ul><ul><li>Friction protection </li></ul><ul><li>Protection from extremes of heat and cold </li></ul>
  23. 24. Gloves - more caveats <ul><li>No glove is good against all hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Gloves have a finite lifespan and must be periodically replaced </li></ul><ul><li>When donning gloves, examine them for signs of tears, cracks, holes and dry rot </li></ul><ul><li>Hands should always be washed after removing gloves </li></ul>
  24. 25. Handwashing and gloves
  25. 26. Foot and Leg Protection
  26. 27. Protective Footwear <ul><li>Steel-toed footwear, preferably with metatarsal guards, is used to protect feet from crushing injuries caused by heavy objects </li></ul><ul><li>All safety footwear shall comply with ANSI Z41-1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber boots are often used to protect feet from exposure to liquids </li></ul><ul><li>Chaps or leggings are used in certain applications (i.e., using a chainsaw) </li></ul>
  27. 28. Other Protective Clothing
  28. 29. Other Protective Clothing <ul><li>Used to protect the work uniform from hazards in the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Often hazard specific </li></ul><ul><li>To be considered effective, protective clothing must prevent the contaminant from reaching the clothing or skin of the worker! </li></ul>
  29. 30. Respiratory Protection
  30. 31. Respiratory Protection <ul><li>Protects users by removing harmful materials that may enter the body via the lungs </li></ul><ul><li>Inhalation is one of the quickest, most efficient ways to introduce “lethal” levels of hazardous materials into the body </li></ul>
  31. 32. Respiratory System
  32. 33. Respirators - types <ul><li>Air Purifying Respirators (APR) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Half-face </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full Face </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Powered Air Purifying Respirators (PAPR) </li></ul><ul><li>Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) </li></ul>
  33. 34. Respirators <ul><li>Does not include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>surgical masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>dust masks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>N-95 respirators are a special class of respiratory protection primarily used in the health care field </li></ul>
  34. 35. Respirators - A Big Caveat!!! <ul><li>workers “should not” wear a respirator unless they have been medically cleared to do so! </li></ul><ul><li>This clearance may take the form of a questionnaire, physical examination, pulmonary function testing, chest X-Ray, or a combination of the above </li></ul>
  35. 36. Why? <ul><li>Respirators put additional resistance against the respiratory system of the wearer </li></ul><ul><li>workers with undiagnosed respiratory system or cardiovascular problems could trigger a serious medical problem (respiratory distress, asthma, heart attack, etc.) by using a respirator </li></ul>
  36. 37. Respirators are incompatible with facial hair
  37. 38. Facial hair… <ul><li>The respirator cannot form a tight seal against the cheeks and chin, resulting in air leaks which can allow airborne contaminants to be inhaled </li></ul><ul><li>Specially designed PAPR hoods can be used for workers with facial hair </li></ul><ul><li>small amounts of facial hair that fit inside of the respirator facepiece are acceptable </li></ul>
  38. 39. PPE Usage <ul><li>PPE that is required to safely conduct work should be purchased/ordered by the work section and/or unit </li></ul><ul><li>Employers are responsible for ensuring that PPE is “ available and worn” </li></ul><ul><li>workers “are” responsible for wearing & maintaining PPE, and reporting worn or defective PPE to their Employer </li></ul>
  39. 40. Recap <ul><li>PPE is hazard specific; the hazards of each workplace and task “ must be” evaluated (risk assessment) </li></ul><ul><li>PPE is used as a last resort when the hazard cannot be controlled by other methods </li></ul><ul><li>Employers “are” responsible to ensure it is available and worn; workers must wear and maintain their PPE </li></ul>
  40. 41. Recap <ul><li>PPE is only considered effective if it prevents the contaminant from reaching the worker </li></ul><ul><li>Respirators should not be worn by workers unless they have been medically cleared to do so </li></ul>
  41. 42. Dressed for Success!
  42. 43. For additional information on PPE... <ul><li>Contact your Employer </li></ul><ul><li>Or contact National Safety, Inc. directly </li></ul>
  43. 44. FOOD FOR THOUGHT <ul><li>Asking me to overlook a simple safety violation would be asking me to compromise my entire attitude toward the value of “ your” life! </li></ul>
  44. 45. QUESTIONS?