The Enhanced Identification Geographic Information System powered by FME

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In this presentation, GIS Analyst Randy Dalit demonstrates the customized FME tools used to create the BC Coroners Service's Enhanced Identification GIS, an automated model that assists with missing person investigations.

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The Enhanced Identification Geographic Information System powered by FME

  1. 1. CONNECT. TRANSFORM. AUTOMATE. BC Coroners Service Enhanced Identification GIS Model Randy Dalit GIS Analyst
  2. 2. Background
  3. 3. BC Coroners Service !  Investigates all unnatural, sudden and unexpected, unexplained or unattended deaths !  The Coroner determines: the identity of the deceased; how, when, where and by what means the deceased died !  The death is then classified as natural, accidental, suicide, homicide or undetermined
  4. 4. !  In 2011, the BC Coroners Service investigated 7828 deaths BC Coroners Service
  5. 5. !  How many suicides were there in 2011? A. <100 B. 101-200 C. 201-500 D. 501-600 E.  >600 BC Coroners Service Question
  6. 6. BC Coroners Service Question
  7. 7. !  D is correct! !  In 2011, there were 530 suicide deaths in BC BC Coroners Service Question
  8. 8. !  In 2011, the BC Coroners Service investigated 7828 deaths: !  5419 Natural Deaths !  1594 Accidental Deaths !  530 Suicide Deaths !  167 Undetermined Deaths !  115 Homicide Deaths BC Coroners Service
  9. 9. !  The IDRU provides support and expertise in identification, disaster response, and business continuity planning. !  Actively investigates all historical unidentified human remains cases, dating as far back as the 1960’s. !  There are currently 186 active unidentified human remains cases that remain unresolved Identification and Disaster Response Unit
  10. 10. Identification and Disaster Response Unit IDRU  Manager   Iden-fica-on   Specialist   GIS  Analyst   Data  Analyst  
  11. 11. !  In 2010, the IDRU investigated 102 unidentified human remain (UHR) cases: !  73 Archaeological or Non-Human !  25 Identified !  4 Remained unidentified !  Since 1950, 186 unidentified human remains cases are still unresolved IDRU Case Breakdown
  12. 12. BCCS Milestones
  13. 13. !  A relational database management system that integrates 4 provincial databases into a centralized GIS database: Enhanced Identification-GIS Model DNA DB Dental DB MPUB DB Identification-GIS-DB FME Arch DB
  14. 14. 1. Databases: 2. Conversion: 3. Outputs: Technology Breakdown
  15. 15. 1.  FME pulls information from 4 different provincial databases into a centralized database 2.  FME generates two master outputs: !  ESRI Geodatabase !  Google Earth KML 3.  Enables spatial and tabular queries for case comparisons How does the ID-GIS Model work?
  16. 16. !  Generates leads on unsolved cases !  Provides instant exclusions on potential matches using case descriptors !  Tracks previously excluded cases !  Enables one-to-many comparisons between missing person (MP) cases and unidentified human remains (UHR) cases Advantages
  17. 17. Key Descriptors
  18. 18. Key Descriptors Iden-fica-on      Spa-al:  GPS,  address,  etc.      Temporal:  LSA  date,  found  date,  etc.      Circumstan-al:  Radiographs,  clothing,  etc.      Racial  Affinity:  Caucasoid,  Mongoloid,  etc.      Biological:  Height,  weight,  age,  etc.      Gene-c:  Y-­‐STR,  mtDNA,  nDNA,  etc.  
  19. 19. “Hikers will travel up to 18.3 km in a temperate mountainous area” – Koester Example #1 – Missing Hiker
  20. 20. “Scavengers transport remains up to 3.2 km in forested areas” - Haglund Example #2 – Found Cranium
  21. 21. The IDRU manages an identified partial human remains inventory in the ID-GIS database, which is used to compare against newly found unidentified human remains. Example #3 – Found Mandible
  22. 22. Source: BCCS, 2013
  23. 23. Source: BCCS, 2013
  24. 24. Source: BCCS, 2013
  25. 25. Source: BCCS, 2013
  26. 26. !  Between 2007-2012, 10 feet have washed up in BC’s shores. How many have been identified? A. 1 B. 2-4 C. 5-7 D. 8-9 E.  10 BC Coroners Service Question
  27. 27. BC Coroners Service Question
  28. 28. !  D is correct! !  To date, 8 of the 10 feet have been positively identified to 6 missing person’s !  One individual still remains unidentified… BC Coroners Service Question
  29. 29. Source: BCCS, 2013
  30. 30. Source: BCCS, 2013
  31. 31. www.CanadasMissing.ca
  32. 32. !  The IDRU’s unidentified human remains inventory has decreased at a steady 6% rate since January 1, 2013 !  The BCCS currently has 186 human remains cases UHR Cases since FME Implementation
  33. 33. UHR Cases since FME Implementation
  34. 34. Sources 1.  Haglund, W. D. & Reay, D. T. (1993). Problems of Recovering Partial Human Remains at Different Times and Locations. Journal of Forensic Sciences. 38, 69-80. 2.  Koester, R. J. (2008). Lost Person Behavior. dbS Productions. 3.  BC Coroners Service Annual Report (2010). Ministry of Justice. Web. 14 Jan. 2013. < http://www.pssg.gov.bc.ca/coroners/reports/docs/ annualreport2010.pdf> 4.  Ministry of Justice (2014). BC Coroners Service website. Web. 7 July, 2014. <http://www.pssg.gov.bc.ca/coroners/>
  35. 35. Thank You! Questions? !  For more information: !  Randy Dalit !  Geographic Information Systems Analyst !  Identification and Disaster Response Unit !  BC Coroners Service !  Web: pssg.gov.bc.ca/coroners !  Email: Randy.Dalit@gov.bc.ca

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