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Contribute to Study Marine Mammals and Help Preserve them, with FME

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Contribute to Study Marine Mammals and Help Preserve them, with FME

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Improving our knowledge on marine mammals' behaviour is key to contributing to their preservation. Several NGO work on this subject in the Pelagos sanctuary, located in the northern part of the Mediterranean Sea. Crews of eco volunteers spend a long time at sea every year to contribute to inventory cetacean populations, but their task is difficult as the study area is quite large (87,500 sq. kilometres).

In this presentation, we'll first talk about the key factors that influence the probability of observing whales (more precisely sperm and fin whales).

Then we'll present some Copernicus datasets that are useful to estimate those key factors (mostly plankton and waves indicators derived from satellite data).

Finally, we'll show how FME Cloud is super efficient (both technically and financially) to process those datasets, merge them with static data (such as bathymetry) and regularly provide scientists with easily transferable maps that help estimate observation opportunities.

Improving our knowledge on marine mammals' behaviour is key to contributing to their preservation. Several NGO work on this subject in the Pelagos sanctuary, located in the northern part of the Mediterranean Sea. Crews of eco volunteers spend a long time at sea every year to contribute to inventory cetacean populations, but their task is difficult as the study area is quite large (87,500 sq. kilometres).

In this presentation, we'll first talk about the key factors that influence the probability of observing whales (more precisely sperm and fin whales).

Then we'll present some Copernicus datasets that are useful to estimate those key factors (mostly plankton and waves indicators derived from satellite data).

Finally, we'll show how FME Cloud is super efficient (both technically and financially) to process those datasets, merge them with static data (such as bathymetry) and regularly provide scientists with easily transferable maps that help estimate observation opportunities.

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Contribute to Study Marine Mammals and Help Preserve them, with FME

  1. 1. Contribute to study marine mammals and help preserve them, with FME
  2. 2. 20 22 FME User Conference Frédéric Eichelbrenner aka Fred aka lefred06 FME Addict since 2003 11 years as customer (Airbus DS) 8 years as FME consultant (Ellipso Facto / Veremes) Certified FME Professional and Trainer Sailing for 40 years Scuba Diving for 35 years Proud (lucky?) survivor of the SigTill challenge 😇
  3. 3. 20 22 FME User Conference Knowledge Protecting wildlife requires © Copyright Participe Futur - http://www.participefutur.org/
  4. 4. 20 22 FME User Conference Agenda ● Marine mammals ● Key factors for observation ● Available datasets ● Implementation with FME ● Lessons learnt / Perspectives
  5. 5. 20 22 FME User Conference The Pelagos Sanctuary https://www.sanctuaire-pelagos.org/en/ Area 87,500 sq.km Agreement between Italy, Monaco and France Since 1999 Place your screen capture here “... enable the three countries to create jointly coordinated initiatives to protect cetaceans and their habitats from all sources of disturbance: pollution, noise, accidental capture and injury, disruption etc.”
  6. 6. 20 22 FME User Conference Heavy maritime traffic in the area Compared to the Vancouver area Boat density (#boats per sq.km per year) HeatMaps generated on https://www.marinetraffic.com/
  7. 7. 20 22 FME User Conference Main cetacean species Fin whale 22 m / 70 tons / ~# 1,000 ⚠ marine traffic Sperm whale 18 m / 40 tons / ~# 100s ⚠ marine traffic Long-finned pilot whale 6 m / 3 tons / ~# 2,000-10,000 ⚠ marine traffic, nets, mass strandings © Copyright Participe Futur Illustrations © M. Würtz. Musée océanographique de Monaco, Fondation Albert Ier
  8. 8. 20 22 FME User Conference Food chain Fin whale Krill (zooplankton) Sperm whale Giant squid Long-finned pilot whale Fish Squid © Parc national de Port-Cros 2005
  9. 9. 20 22 FME User Conference Several NGO operate in the area Participe Futur founded in 2004 https://www.participefutur.org/ Short missions during the summer Starting from Toulon (close to the French Riviera) Successful long term missions in the past Svalbard, Sicily, Azores, ... Fata Morgana 2023 From Marseille to the Greenland (March to October) https://www.fatamorgana2023.eu/ © Copyright Participe Futur
  10. 10. 20 22 FME User Conference Summer short missions ● 1 skipper ● 1 guide ● 5 eco-volunteers © Copyright Participe Futur
  11. 11. 20 22 FME User Conference Observation protocol ● Steady heading ● Constant speed (5 knots) ● 3 persons watching ○ port, front, starboard © Copyright Participe Futur
  12. 12. 20 22 FME User Conference Code of good conduct Area of vigilance (300 m) Strict rules to avoid disturbing animals © Pelagos sanctuary https://www.sanctuaire-pelagos.org/en/raising-awareness/code-of-good-conduct
  13. 13. 20 22 FME User Conference Common database of all observations https://www.obsenmer.org/
  14. 14. 20 22 FME User Conference Spotting animals in such a large area requires a good eye… … maybe spatial data can help !!! © Copyright Participe Futur
  15. 15. 20 22 FME User Conference Key factors to successful observation ● Food ○ Zooplankton for fin whales ○ Giant squid for sperm whales ● Bathymetry ○ Deep seabed for fin whales ○ Continental slope for sperm whales ● Weather conditions ○ Good visibility ○ Waves “not too high”
  16. 16. 20 22 FME User Conference Copernicus Place your screen capture here ● ESA funded program ● Plenty of services (Land, Marine, Climate, …) ● Marine resources catalog https://resources.marine.copernicus.eu/products ○ Plankton, temperature, waves, … ○ Nice data viewer ○ Data download service ■ FTP ● NETCDF format ■ Other protocols 💓
  17. 17. 20 22 FME User Conference SHOM French national hydrographic service https://data.shom.fr/ ● Shoreline ● Bathymetry ● Many other datasets ○ including Lidar (Litto3D)
  18. 18. 20 22 FME User Conference Communication constraints Alcyon usually stays offshore overnight Cannot rely on a stable internet connection Prefered distribution by email with a small attachment © Copyright Participe Futur © Copyright Participe Futur
  19. 19. 20 22 FME User Conference Workspace to produce the map (does not comply with Don Murray’s first rule of FME Club)
  20. 20. 20 22 FME User Conference Workspace parameters
  21. 21. 20 22 FME User Conference Focus on the FTP download / data reading
  22. 22. 20 22 FME User Conference Focus on the image processing
  23. 23. 20 22 FME User Conference Resulting maps
  24. 24. 20 22 FME User Conference FME Cloud ● Starter instance ● Smallest primary disk ● 20GB temporary disk ● Scheduled to run for one hour at noon on Tuesdays and Saturdays Place your screen capture here
  25. 25. 20 22 FME User Conference Basic automation ● Schedule to start at H + 10minutes ● Manual trigger for testing ● Extract zooplankton for current day and forecast in 3 days ● Email result as attachment
  26. 26. 20 22 FME User Conference Key figures ● 26 bi-weekly zooplankton maps generated (D and D+3) from 2021/07/24 to 2021/09/04 ● 160 kBytes : Unitary image size (easy download) ● 11.30 $ USD Monthly cost (FME Cloud) ● 76 cetacean observations (2021/07/10 to 2021/09/03)
  27. 27. 20 22 FME User Conference What’s next ? ● New summer missions starting early July ● Work with biologists to refine the minimal and maximal depths for zooplankton sampling ● Include wave height in the maps ○ if you cannot see, what’s the point of watching 😉 ● Check temperature influence with biologists
  28. 28. 20 22 FME User Conference https://www.participefutur.org/ @associationparticipefutur https://www.fatamorgana2023.eu/ @ExpeditionFataMorgana
  29. 29. 20 22 FME User Conference Please Share Your Session Feedback Log in & navigate to the agenda. Select the session you attended Scroll down to “Session Feedback” Download EventMobi app Event code: fmeuc Click “Launch App” Fill out the survey and submit
  30. 30. Thank You! frederic@ellipsofacto.com frederic.eichelbrenner@veremes.com google slide
  31. 31. 20 22 FME User Conference The SigTill challenge 4:30am : leave the bar, eat some junk food 6:30am : attend the yoga course ( without falling asleep)

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