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Search strategy

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searching strategies for medical researches and scientific data bases

in Persian language

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Search strategy

  1. 1. PRIMARY SEARCH THE BASIC CONCEPTS
  2. 2. CONTENT 1.DEFINE YOUR TOPIC -CHOOSE YOUR KEYWORD(S) 2.DEFINE THE SCOPE OF YOUR TOPIC 3.BEGIN YOUR SEARCH 4.REFINING YOUR SEARCHAND SEARCH PROBLEMS
  3. 3. سناریو • شما پس از ثبت نام در دفتر کمیته تحقیقات دانشجویی دانشکده خودتان، از مسئول ثبت نام کمیته میپرسید برای شروع نمیدانم؟ بهتر « کار تحقیقاتی بایستی چه کار کنم؟ مسئول ثبت نام که دانشجویی کم حوصله است با بداخلاقی میگوید شما هم پس از مدت ها دنبال ،» است به پیش یک استاد بروید و یک عنوان کار تحقیقاتی بگیرید و شروع به کار کنید ما قصد داریم که ببینیم « اساتید دویدن ، در نهایت میتوانید نظر یکی از اساتید را به خود جلب کنید و او به شما میگوید بهتر است شما « و استاد در ادامه میگوید » بین افرادی که دچار افسردگی هستند چقدر آسم شیوع دارد و یا اصلا بر عکس در این مورد سرچ کنید و نتیجه را به من اطلاع دهید و این موضوع را چک کنید که آیا بهتر است در خصوص کودکان در ادامه استاد در حالی که گوشی اشزنگ میخورد به سرعت از دفتر گروه خارج میشود. »؟ انجام بدهیم و یا بزرگسالان
  4. 4. شما اگر جای این دانشجو بودید چکار میکردید؟ بی خیال تحقیق و پژوهش )ساده ترین کار( پیدا کردن مجدد استاد و پرسیدن سوالات بیشتر )کار حضرت فیل!( رفتن و سرچ کردن در مورد موضوع )شروع اول مصیبت و بدبختی(
  5. 5. از کجا شروع کنیم؟
  6. 6. چی پیدا کردیم و مشکل چی هست؟
  7. 7. FIRST STEP: DEFINE YOUR TOPIC -CHOOSE YOUR KEYWORD(S)
  8. 8. DEFINE YOUR TOPIC • ما قصد داریم که ببینیم بین افرادی که دچار افسردگی هستند چقدر آسم دارن و یا اصلا بر عکس • آیا بهتر است در خصوص کودکان انجام بدهیم و یا بزرگسالان؟ • بررسی همراهی آسم و افسردگی در کودکان و بزرگسالان
  9. 9. DEFINE YOUR TOPIC oTHE COURSE AND ASSIGNMENTWILL GUIDE YOUR CHOICE OF A TOPIC oA TOPIC THAT IS INTERESTING TO YOU OFTEN WORKS BEST oA VERY BROAD TOPIC MAY NEED NARROWING oA VERY SPECIFIC TOPIC MAY NEED EXPANSION oALSOHELP DICTIONARIES ANDGLOSSARIES
  10. 10. CHOOSE YOUR KEYWORD(S) • بررسی همراهی آسم و افسردگی در کودکان و بزرگسالان
  11. 11. CHOOSE YOUR KEYWORD(S) •IS IT ENOUGH?
  12. 12. CHOOSE YOUR KEYWORD(S) •USE SUBJECT ENCYCLOPEDIAS AND DICTIONARIES (IMPORTANT) •NOTE SYNONYMS AND RELATED TERMS E.G. RUST/CORROSION. •NOTE AMERICAN TERMS E.G. LIFT/ELEVATOR. •NOTE AMERICAN SPELLINGS E.G. COLOR/COLOUR. •NOTE PLURALSE.G. FISH/FISHES. •NOTE ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS E.G. COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN/CAD. •NOTE PERSIAN’SKEY WORDS AND IT’S VARIATIONS E.G. ???
  13. 13. بررسی تاثیر آسپیرین بر افزایش بروز سنگ های کلیوی • سنگ های کلیوی • سنگ های کلیه • سنگ کلیه •KIDNEY STONE •RENAL STONE •KS •RS •… • آسپیرین • آسپرین • اسیداستیل سالیسیک • استیل سالیسیکاسید •ASPRIN •ASA •A.S.A •ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID • ....
  14. 14. از کجا همه کلید واژه ها را پیدا کنیم؟ •ENGLISH KEY WORDS: MESH • کلید واژه های فارسی: فعلا خلاقیت و بارش مغزی!
  15. 15. MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS •MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS(MESH) IS A COMPREHENSIVECONTROLLED VOCABULARYFOR THE PURPOSE OFINDEXINGJOURNAL ARTICLES AND BOOKSIN THE LIFE SCIENCES; IT CAN ALSO SERVE AS ATHESAURUSTHAT FACILITATES SEARCHING.
  16. 16. SECOND STEP: DEFINE THE SCOPE OF YOUR TOPIC
  17. 17. الان دنبال چه جور چیزی هستیم؟
  18. 18. DEFINE THE SCOPE OF YOUR TOPIC •DO YOU WANT ENGLISH LANGUAGE MATERIAL ONLY? •DO YOU WANT MATERIAL ONLY PUBLISHED WITHIN A CERTAIN TIME- SCALE E.G. WITHIN THE LAST FIVE YEARS? •DO YOU WANT TO FIND A SPECIFIC TYPE OF DOCUMENT E.G. A BOOK REVIEW? •DO YOU WANT SPECIFIC TOPICS? E.G. MEDICINE OR PHARMACY OR MEDICAL EDUCATION OR ….?
  19. 19. WEBSITES OR SEARCH ENGINES •ENGLISH DATABASES: •WWW.SCHOLAR.GOOGLE.COM •WWW.PUBMED.COM •WWW.SCIENCEDIRECT.COM •. •. •. •FARSI DATABASES: •WWW.SID.IR •WWW.IRANDOC.AC.IR •WWW.MEDLIB.IR •WWW.MAGIRAN.COM •WWW.IRANMEDEX.COM •WWW.SCHOLAR.GOOGLE.COM
  20. 20. THIRD STEP: READY FOR BEGIN YOUR SEARCH
  21. 21. START SEARCHING!!
  22. 22. مشکل چی هست؟
  23. 23. مقالاتی که دو کلید واژه را باهم دارند! •ENGLISH: 1.AND 2.+ 3.SPACE •FARSI: 1. و 2.+ 3.SPACE
  24. 24. تمامی مقالاتی که حداقل یکی از کلید واژه ها را باهم دارند! •ENGLISH: 1.OR •FARSI: 1. یا
  25. 25. مقالاتی که کلید واژه خاصی را ندارند! •ENGLISH: 1.- 2.NOT •FARSI: 1.-
  26. 26. badaANDb aORcbNOTdfamilyand violencefamilyor domesticviolencenot sexual abuse bba
  27. 27. مقالاتی که حاوی یک عبارت خاص هستند! •“ • دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمان • » دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمان «
  28. 28. یه تکنینک دیگه!!! oPSYCHOLOGY oPSYCHOLOGICAL oPSYCHOLOGIST oPSYCHIATRY oPSYCHIATRIST oPSYCHOLOGY*
  29. 29. WRITE SEARCH QUERY 1. PUBMEDAND COCHRANE DATABASE: JUST SEARCH MESH TERMS! E.G. KIDNEY CALCULI AND ASPIRIN 2. OTHER SEARCH ENGINES AND DATABASES: E.G. 1. (CALCULI, KIDNEY ORCALCULUS, KIDNEY ORKIDNEY CALCULUS ORNEPHROLITHORRENAL CALCULUS ORKIDNEY STONES ORKIDNEY STONE ORSTONE, KIDNEY ORSTONES, KIDNEY ORRENAL CALCULI ORCALCULI, RENAL OR CALCULUS, RENAL) AND(ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID ORACID, ACETYLSALICYLIC OR2- (ACETYLOXY)BENZOIC ACID) 2. SEARCH SEPARATELY EVERY KEYWORD!!!!
  30. 30. FOURTH STEP: REFINDINGYOUR SEARCH
  31. 31. START AGAIN!
  32. 32. مشکل چی هست؟
  33. 33. PROBLEMS? •TOO MANY? •TOO FEW ? •IRRELEVANT REFERENCES? •FINDS NOTHING?
  34. 34. TOO MANY •COMBINE EVEN MORE KEYWORDS (ADD KEYWORDS FOR AN ADDITIONAL CONCEPT) TO MAKE YOUR SEARCH MORE SPECIFIC. •IF ANY OF YOUR SEARCH WORDS ARE A SET PHRASE, ARE YOU ENTERING THEM IN THE WAY THAT TELLS THE DATABASE TO LOOK ONLY FOR THE SET PHRASE? •TRY USING THENOTOPERATOR TO EXCLUDE ANY NON-RELEVANT KEYWORDS. •SEE IF IT IS POSSIBLE TO SPECIFY WHICH PART OF A RECORD YOU WISH TO BE SEARCHED E.G. ONLY THE TITLE. •TRY PROXIMITY SEARCHINGTO LIMIT YOUR SEARCH TO RECORDS IN WHICH YOUR CHOSEN KEYWORDS APPEAR IN THE SAME SENTENCE/PARAGRAPH OR WITHIN A CHOSEN NUMBER OF WORDS OF EACH OTHER. •ON THE SCREEN DISPLAYING YOUR SEARCH RESULTSMANY DATABASES OFFERSOME SUGGESTED SUBJECT HEADINGSFOR NARROWING YOUR SEARCH, AND YOU CAN TRY CLICKING ON THESE.
  35. 35. TOO FEW •SEARCH FOR EVEN MORE SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS. IN SOME INDEXES YOU ARE GIVEN A LIST OF APPROPRIATE KEYWORDS AT THE END OF EACH ENTRY WHICH CAN GIVE YOUFURTHER IDEAS. •IF YOU HAVE USED A SET PHRASE, IT MAY BE WORTH TRYING THE WORDS ENTERED SEPARATELY WITHAND(OR A PROXIMITY SEARCHING OPERATOR)IN BETWEEN. •IT IS USUALLY POSSIBLE TO TRUNCATE WORDS I.E. USE A WORD ROOT AND FIND ALL WORDS THAT BEGIN WITH THE LETTERS YOU SPECIFY. TRUNCATION SYMBOLS ARE NORMALLY * ?OR $ E.G.ENVIRON*WOULD FIND ENVIRONMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL, ENVIRONMENTALIST ETC. USE CAREFULLY AS YOU CAN RETRIEVE NUMEROUS FALSE HITS E.G.HERO*WOULD FIND HERO, HEROIC AND HEROISM BUT ALSO HEROIN. •USE A WILDCARD SYMBOL IF AVAILABLE WHICH SEARCHES FOR VARIABLE CHARACTERS WITHIN A KEYWORD. WILDCARD SYMBOLS ARE NORMALLY * ? OR $.IN SOME DATABASES (INCLUDING THE LIBRARY CATALOGUE) THERE IS ONE WILDCARD SYMBOL WHICH CAN SUBSTITUTE FOR MORE THAN ONE CHARACTER AND WILL ALSO FIND THE WORD WITHOUT THE WILDCARD SYMBOL, E.G.COLO?RWILL FIND COLOR AND COLOUR, AND ANOTHER WILDCARDSYMBOL WHICH CAN SUBSTITUTE FOR ONLY ONE CHARACTER, E.G.WOM?NWILL FIND WOMAN AND WOMEN.
  36. 36. IRRELEVANT •GO BACK AND RE-DEFINE YOUR TOPIC MORE SPECIFICALLY. •PERHAPS THE KEYWORD YOU HAVE USED HAS MORE THAN ONE MEANING E.G.MOUSE(AN ANIMAL OR A PIECE OF COMPUTER EQUIPMENT).
  37. 37. NOTHING •ELECTRONIC DATABASES OFTEN HAVE ON-SCREEN INDEXES WHICH LIST ALL THE WORDS INDEXED IN THE DATABASE PLUS THE NUMBER OF TIMES EACH OCCURS. THIS IS ESPECIALLY USEFUL FOR CHECKING SPELLING VARIATIONS AND LOOKING FOR RELATED AND MORE SPECIFIC KEYWORDS WHEN THE ONES YOU HAVE CHOSEN HAVE FAILED TO FIND ANYTHING. •IF YOU STILL FIND NOTHING RELEVANT,ASK LIBRARYSERVICE DESK STAFF OR STUDENT COMMITTEE STAFFS, EXPLAINING THE SOURCES YOU HAVE ALREADY USED. IT MAY JUST BE THAT VERY LITTLE HAS BEEN WRITTEN ON THE TOPIC THAT YOU ARE INTERESTED IN.
  38. 38. FINALLY •DON’T FORGET TO SAVEYOUR SEARCH QUERIES AND SEARCH RESULTS!
  39. 39. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION SAEED ESMAILIAN •KERMAN MEDICAL STUDENT RESEARCH COMMITTEE •KERMAN STUDENT ADVISORY COMMITTEE •INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF MEDICAL STUDENT ASSOCIATION-KERMANLOCAL COMMITTEE KMSSD87@GMAIL.COM +989351815204

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