Chapter 7: Following
Thought Patterns
College Reading and Study Skills,
Ninth Edition
by Kathleen T. McWhorter
© 2004 Pear...
Objective:
This chapter focuses on important
features of textbook chapters and
essays.
LEARNING PRINCIPLE: You are able
to...
Textbook
Organization
Usually each text is divided into
chapters, then sections, subsections,
and, finally, paragraphs in ...
Structure of
Essays and Articles
Introduction: contains thesis statement.
Body: one or more paragraphs with
supporting det...
Types of Supporting
Information
Examples
Reasons
Description
Facts and Statistics
Citation of Research Evidence

© 2004 Pe...
What type of detail is used in the
following paragraph?
“According to its proponents, a national primary
would bring direc...
Types of Supporting
Information
Examples
Reasons
Description
Facts and Statistics
Citation of Research Evidence

© 2004 Pe...
Recognizing
Organizational Patterns
By identifying the pattern of a
paragraph, it becomes more meaningful
and easier to re...
Common Patterns
Definition

Cause-Effect

Time Sequence

Problem-Solution

ComparisonContrast

Enumeration

See Figure 7.3...
Predict the thought
pattern of the following:
“Unlike the statues of humans, the
statues of animals found at Stone Age
sit...
Common Patterns
Definition

Cause-Effect

Time Sequence

Problem-Solution

ComparisonContrast

Enumeration

See Figure 7.3...
Summary Questions
Why is it important to become familiar with
the organization of your textbooks?
What types of supporting...
Take a Reading
Road Trip!
Take a trip to ELLIS ISLAND and
the STATUE OF LIBERTY and
visit the Patterns of Organization
mod...
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Crss.07 following patterns

  1. 1. Chapter 7: Following Thought Patterns College Reading and Study Skills, Ninth Edition by Kathleen T. McWhorter © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  2. 2. Objective: This chapter focuses on important features of textbook chapters and essays. LEARNING PRINCIPLE: You are able to remember information better if it is organized or if you can detect a pattern. © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  3. 3. Textbook Organization Usually each text is divided into chapters, then sections, subsections, and, finally, paragraphs in the subsections. Each paragraph has a main idea and supporting information. See Figure 7.1 for textbook organization. © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  4. 4. Structure of Essays and Articles Introduction: contains thesis statement. Body: one or more paragraphs with supporting details to support the thesis. Conclusion: final statement about the subject. © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  5. 5. Types of Supporting Information Examples Reasons Description Facts and Statistics Citation of Research Evidence © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  6. 6. What type of detail is used in the following paragraph? “According to its proponents, a national primary would bring directness and simplicity to the process for the voters as well as the candidates. The length of the campaign would be shortened and no longer would votes in one state have more political impact than votes in another. The concentration of media coverage on this one event, say its advocates, would increase not only political interest in the nomination decision, but also public understanding of the issues involved.” (from Edwards, Wattenberg, and Lineberry, Government in America, p. 230.) © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  7. 7. Types of Supporting Information Examples Reasons Description Facts and Statistics Citation of Research Evidence © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  8. 8. Recognizing Organizational Patterns By identifying the pattern of a paragraph, it becomes more meaningful and easier to remember. Once you recognize a pattern, the paragraph’s organization becomes familiar and predictable. © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  9. 9. Common Patterns Definition Cause-Effect Time Sequence Problem-Solution ComparisonContrast Enumeration See Figure 7.3 for a summary of patterns, and Figure 7.4 for directional words used in patterns. © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  10. 10. Predict the thought pattern of the following: “Unlike the statues of humans, the statues of animals found at Stone Age sites are quite lifelike.” © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  11. 11. Common Patterns Definition Cause-Effect Time Sequence Problem-Solution ComparisonContrast Enumeration See Figure 7.3 for a summary of patterns, and Figure 7.4 for directional words used in patterns. © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  12. 12. Summary Questions Why is it important to become familiar with the organization of your textbooks? What types of supporting information are used in textbooks and how is this information organized? How can you tell which organizational pattern is being used in a section or paragraph? Why is it helpful to recognize the pattern of a passage you are reading? © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers
  13. 13. Take a Reading Road Trip! Take a trip to ELLIS ISLAND and the STATUE OF LIBERTY and visit the Patterns of Organization module on your CD-ROM. © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers

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