Prostitution, Vd's and Statistics


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Prostitution, Vd's and Statistics

  1. 1. AND VENEREAL DISEASES Group 5 Educ 1 Soc Sci 1
  2. 2. PROSTITUTION VS PROMISCUITY Prostitution • The indiscriminate provision of sexual relations in return for money. Promiscuity Sexual Deviations • A sexual delinquency wherein a girl has several sexual relations in a week with different men. Deviance- refers to any conduct that violates social expectations (Broom and Zelznick, 1977)
  3. 3. Occupation : Prostitute Names: Women: Hooker, call girl, oldest profession worker, hoe, whore harlot, trollop, strumpet, slut, courtesan, escort, masseuse, lady of pleasure, lady of the night Men: Rent Boy, male escort, masseur, gigolo, lad model, gent of the night, toy boy, sporting boy Activity Sectors: Entertainment/ Sex Industry Description Competencies: Physical attractiveness, interpersonal skills. Male prostitutes usually require an ability to maintain an erection.
  4. 4. “the typical prostitute is a girl who has never been very conscience-stricken in the area of sexual deviation and who entered her occupation as a means of improving her economic status.” Humphrey (1995) PROSTITUTION : SOCIAL DEFINITIONS - Sexual relations that include some form of monetary payment or barter and are characterized by promiscuity and/or emotional apathy. “sexual intercourse on a promiscuous and mercenary basis, with emotional indifference.” “nonmarital sexual service for material gain.” Paul Goldstein’s
  5. 5. WHAT DRIVES A PERSON INTO PROSTITUTION? 1) Poverty and unemployment has triggered the rapid spread of prostitution in the Philippines. It provides those involved in this profession a considerable amount of income to support their families as well as supply a steady flow of remittances from urban to rural areas or from prostitutes working overseas. 2) Women have been tricked into prostitution with guarantees of decent job opportunities in the city or abroad or have been kidnapped and then forced to work as prostitutes. 3) Family expectations and problems are common factors why many enter the prostitution business. Women in particular are pressured to pay for their sibling’s education or support a sick family member. Other aspects such as dysfunctional families or constant abuse from parents have lead adolescents to leave their homes and are attracted by the easy profits from prostitution.
  6. 6. PROSTITUTION Types Kinds • Street • Brothels • Escorts • Sex Tourism • Virtual Sex • Female Prostitution • Male Prostitution • Child Prostitution
  7. 7. TYPES OF PROSTITUTION • Street – the prostitute solicits customers while waiting at street corners, sometimes called “the track” by pimps and prostitutes alike. They usually dress in skimpy, provocative clothing, regardless of the weather. Street prostitutes are often called “Streetwalkers” while their customers are referred to as “tricks” or “johns”. Servicing the customers is described as “turning tricks”. The sex is usually performed in the customer’s car, in a nearby alley, or in a rented room. Motels and Hotels which accommodate prostitutes commonly rent rooms by the half of full hour.
  8. 8. TYPES OF PROSTITUTION • Brothels – are establishments specifically dedicated to prostitution, often confined to special red-light districts in big cities. Other names for brothels include bordello, whorehouse, cathouse, knocking shop, and general houses. Prostitution also occurs in some massage parlours, and in Asian countries in some barber shops where sexual services may be offered as a secondary function of the premises.
  9. 9. TYPES OF PROSTITUTION • Escorts – the act takes place at the customer’s residence or hotel room (referred to as out-call), or at the escort’s residence or in a hotel room rented for the occasion by the escort (called incall). The prostitute may be independent or working under the auspices of an escort agency. Services may be advertised over the Internet, in regional publications, or in local telephone listings.
  10. 10. TYPES OF PROSTITUTION • Sex Tourism – sex tourism is travel for sexual intercourse with prostitutes or to engage in other sexual activity. The World Tourism Organization, a specialized agency of the United Nations defines sex tourism as “trips organized from within the tourism sector, or from outside this sector but using its structures and networks, with the primary purpose of effecting a commercial sexual relationship by the tourist with residents at the destination”. Often the term “sex tourism” is mistakenly interchanged with the term “child sex tourism”. As opposed to regular sex tourism, which is often legal, a tourist who has sex with a child prostitute will usually be committing a crime in the host country, under the laws of his own country (notwithstanding him being outside of it) and against international law. Child sex tourism (CST) is defined as a travel to a foreign country for the purpose of engaging in commercially facilitated child sexual abuse. Thailand, Cambodia, India, Brazil and Mexico have been identified as leading hotspots of child sexual exploitation
  11. 11. TYPES OF PROSTITUTION • Virtual Sex – sexual acts conveyed by messages rather than physically, is also the subject of commercial transactions. Commercial phone sex services have been available for decades. The advent of the internet has made other forms of virtual sex for money, including computer-mediated cybersex, in which sexual services are provided in text form by way of chat rooms or instant messaging, or audio visually through a webcam.
  12. 12. KINDS OF PROSTITUTION Male Prostitution • the act or practice of men providing sexual services to either men or women in return for payment. • are known by various names and euphemisms including male escorts, gigolos (usually implies female customers), rent-boys, hustlers, models or masseurs (although the last three do not always refer to prostitutes). A man who does not regard himself as gay, but who is prepared to have sex with male clients for money, is sometimes called "gay-for-pay" or "trade".
  13. 13. KINDS OF PROSTITUTION Female Prostitution • “Any female aged 18 and over who engages in any sexual relations (such as intercourse, fellatio, exhibitionism) primarily for material and/or financial gain, with persons other than their married partners.” Women and Criminality
  14. 14. Child Prostitution KINDS OF PROSTITUTION • Also known as Teen prostitution, is generally defined as the participation, for pay or barter, by minors (usually under the age of 18) in sexual acts with adults or other minors where no force is used. This includes intercourse, oral copulation, and sodomy. What differentiates child prostitution from statutory rape is the exchange of money, drugs, or other goods as payment for services rendered.
  15. 15. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES • STD also referred to as sexually transmitted infections (STI) and venereal diseases (VD), are illnesses that have a significant probability of transmission between humans by means of sexual behaviour, including vaginal intercourse, anal sex, and oral sex. Some STI can also be contracted by using IV drug needles after their use by an infected person, as well through childbirth or breastfeeding.
  16. 16. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES MAIN TYPES Chlamydia Herpes Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Gonorrhea Syphillis Trichomoniasis
  17. 17. Sexually Transmitted Disease Chlamydia Cause and manner of transmission Caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis Transmitted via oral, anal and vaginal sex. Symptoms Effect Treatment Women: abnormal vaginal discharge, burning during urination, and bleeding in between periods, although most women do not experience any symptoms. Men: pain when urinating, and abnormal discharge from their penis. Chlamydia can infect the urinary tract and potentially lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) Antibiotics
  18. 18. Sexually Transmitted Disease Cause and manner of transmission HSV-1: acquired orally and causes cold sores Herpes (herpes simplex virus) HSV-2: acquired during sexual contact and affects the genitals Spread through skin contact with a person infected with the virus. Symptoms Most individuals infected with HSV-1 or HSV-2 experience either no symptoms or have very mild symptoms that go unnoticed or are mistaken for another skin condition. Because of this, most people infected with HSV-2 are not aware of their infection. When symptoms do occur, they typically appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals, rectum or mouth. The blisters break and leave painful sores that may take two to four weeks to heal. Experiencing these symptoms is sometimes referred to as having an “outbreak.” The first time someone has an outbreak they may also experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, body aches and swollen glands.
  19. 19. HERPES Effect Genital herpes can cause painful genital sores in many adults and can be severe in people with suppressed immune systems. If a person with genital herpes touches their sores or the fluids from the sores, they may transfer herpes to another part of the body. This is particularly problematic if it is a sensitive location such as the eyes. This can be avoided by not touching the sores or fluids. If they are touched, immediate and thorough hand-washing make the transfer less likely. Treatment There is no treatment that can cure herpes. Antiviral medications can, however, prevent or shorten outbreaks during the period of time the person takes the medication.  In addition, daily suppressive therapy (i.e., daily use of antiviral medication) for herpes can reduce the likelihood of transmission to partners.
  20. 20. Sexually Transmitted Disease Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Cause and manner of transmission Symptoms Most people with HPV do not develop symptoms or health Can be passed problems from it. In 90% of cases, through genital-tothe body’s immune system clears genital contact as HPV within two years. But there is well as during oral no way to know which people sex. who get HPV will go on to develop health problems.
  21. 21. HPV Effects and Treatment  Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or groups of bumps in the genital area. They can be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower.  Cervical cancer usually does not have symptoms until it is quite advanced, very serious and hard to treat. For this reason, it is important for women to get regular screening for cervical cancer. Screening tests can find early signs of disease so that problems can be treated early, before they ever turn into cancer.
  22. 22. HPV Effects and Treatment  Other HPV-related cancers might not have signs or symptoms until they are advanced and hard to treat. These include cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynx (cancers of the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils).  RRP causes warts to grow in the throat. It can sometimes block the airway, causing a hoarse voice or troubled breathing. Although rare, RRP can occur among adults and children.
  23. 23. Sexually Transmitted Disease Cause and manner of transmission Gonorrhea  a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a bacterium gonococus. Gonorrhea can grow easily in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive tract, including the cervix (opening to the womb), uterus (womb), and fallopian tubes (egg canals) in women, and in the urethra (urine canal) in women and men. The bacterium can also grow in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus.  Can spread through contact with the penis, vagina, mouth, or anus.
  24. 24. GONORRHEA Symptoms Effect  Some men with gonorrhea In men, gonorrhea can cause a may have no symptoms at painful condition called epididymitis all. However, common in the tubes attached to the symptoms in men include a testicles. In rare cases, this may burning sensation when prevent a man from being able to urinating, or a white, yellow, father children. or green discharge from the penis that usually appears 1 to 14 days after infection. If not treated, gonorrhea can also Sometimes men with spread to the blood or joints. This gonorrhea get painful or condition can be life-threatening. swollen testicles. Treatment Gonorrhea can be cured with the right treatment. It is important to take all of the medication prescribed to cure gonorrhea.
  25. 25. GONORRHEA Symptoms  Most women with gonorrhea do not have any symptoms. Even when a woman has symptoms, they are often mild and can be mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection. The initial symptoms in women can include a painful or burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding between periods. Women with gonorrhea are at risk of developing serious complications from the infection, even if symptoms are not present or are mild. Effect Treatment In women, gonorrhea can spread into the uterus (womb) or fallopian tubes (egg canals) and cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Medication for gonorrhea should not be shared with anyone. Although medication will stop the infection, it will not repair any permanent damage done by the disease.
  26. 26. GONORRHEA Symptoms  Symptoms of rectal infection in both men and women may include discharge, anal itching, soreness, bleeding, or painful bowel movements. Rectal infections may also cause no symptoms. Infections in the throat may cause a sore throat, but usually cause no symptoms. Effect Treatment If this disease goes untreated, the germ can cause blindness, sterility, arthritis, heart disease, and death.  According to CDC and NIH “Two new antibiotic regimens using existing drugs – injectable gentamicin in combination with oral azithromycin and oral gemifloxacin in combination with oral azithromycin – successfully treated gonorrhea infections in a clinical trial.”
  27. 27. Sexually Transmitted Disease Cause and manner of transmission Syphilis  Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a bacterium, a cork-screw shaped microorganism called spirochete, which enters the body through mucous membranes or breaks in the skin. After rapid multiplication, the germs are spread throughout the body by the blood stream and the lymphatic system.
  28. 28. SYPHILIS Symptoms and Effects Primary Stage The appearance of a single sore marks the first (primary) stage of syphilis symptoms, but there may be multiple sores. The sore appears at the location where syphilis entered the body. The sore is usually firm, round, and painless. Because the sore is painless, it can easily go unnoticed. The sore lasts 3 to 6 weeks and heals regardless of whether or not a person is treated. However, if the infected person does not receive adequate treatment the infection progresses to the secondary stage.
  29. 29. SYPHILIS Symptoms and Effects Secondary Stage Skin rashes and/or sores in the mouth, vagina, or anus (also called mucous membrane lesions ) mark the secondary stage of symptoms. This stage usually starts with a rash on one or more areas of the body. Rashes associated with secondary syphilis can appear from the time when the primary sore is healing to several weeks after the sore has healed. The rash usually does not cause itching. This rash may appear as rough, red, or reddish brown spots both on the palms of the hands and/or the bottoms of the feet. However, this rash may look different on other parts of the body and can look like rashes caused by other diseases. Large, raised, gray or white lesions may develop in warm, moist areas such as the mouth, underarm or groin region. Sometimes rashes associated with secondary syphilis are so faint that they are not noticed. Other symptoms of secondary syphilis include fever, swollen lymph glands, sore throat, patchy hair loss, headaches, weight loss, muscle aches, and fatigue. The symptoms of secondary syphilis will go away with or without treatment. Without appropriate treatment, the infection will progress to the latent and possibly late stages of disease.
  30. 30. SYPHILIS Symptoms and Effects Late and Latent Stages The latent (hidden) stage of syphilis begins when primary and secondary symptoms disappear. Without treatment, the infected person can continue to have syphilis in their body even though there are no signs or symptoms. This latent stage can last for years. About 15% of people who have not been treated for syphilis develop late stage syphilis, which can appear 10–30 years after infection began. Symptoms of the late stage of syphilis include difficulty coordinating muscle movements, paralysis, numbness, gradual blindness, and dementia. In the late stages of syphilis, the disease damages the internal organs, including the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints. This damage can result in death.
  31. 31. SYPHILIS Treatment No home remedies or over-the-counter drugs will cure syphilis, but syphilis is simple to cure with appropriate antibiotics from a physician. Treatment will kill the syphilis bacterium and prevent further damage, but it will not repair damage already done. Persons treated for syphilis must abstain from sexual contact with new partners until the syphilis sores are completely healed. Persons with syphilis must notify their sex partners so that they also can be tested and treated if necessary.
  32. 32. Sexually Transmitted Disease Cause and manner of transmission Trichomoniasis or “trich”  a very common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. Although symptoms of the disease vary, most women and men who have the parasite cannot tell they are infected.  The parasite is passed from an infected person to an uninfected person during sex. In women, the most commonly infected part of the body is the lower genital tract (vulva, vagina, or urethra), and in men, the most commonly infected body part is the inside of the penis (urethra). During sex, the parasite is usually transmitted from a penis to a vagina, or from a vagina to a penis, but it can also be passed from a vagina to another vagina. It is not common for the parasite to infect other body parts, like the hands, mouth, or anus.
  33. 33. TRICHOMONIASIS Symptoms and Effects  About 70% of infected people do not have any signs or symptoms. When trichomoniasis does cause symptoms, they can range from mild irritation to severe inflammation. Some people with symptoms get them within 5 to 28 days after being infected, but others do not develop symptoms until much later. Symptoms can come and go.  Men with trichomoniasis may feel itching or irritation inside the penis, burning after urination or ejaculation, or some discharge from the penis.  Women with trichomoniasis may notice itching, burning, redness or soreness of the genitals, discomfort with urination, or a thin discharge with an unusual smell that can be clear, white, yellowish, or greenish.  Having trichomoniasis can make it feel unpleasant to have sex. Without treatment, the infection can last for months or even years.
  34. 34. SYPHILIS Symptoms and Effects  Trichomoniasis can increase the risk of getting or spreading other sexually transmitted infections. For example, trichomoniasis can cause genital inflammation that makes it easier to get infected with the HIV virus, or to pass the HIV virus on to a sex partner.  Trichomoniasis may cause a woman to deliver a low-birth-weight or premature infant.  Trichomoniasis is also associated with increased chances of cervical cancer  Evidence implies that infection in males potentially raises the risks of prostate cancer development and spread due to inflammation.
  35. 35. TRICHOMONIASIS Treatment Trichomoniasis can be cured with a single dose of prescription antibiotic medication (either metronidazole or tinidazole), pills which can be taken by mouth. It is okay for pregnant women to take this medication. Some people who drink alcohol within 24 hours after taking this kind of antibiotic can have uncomfortable side effects.
  36. 36. PREVENTION • To prevent getting a sexually transmitted disease, or STD, always avoid sex with anyone who has genital sores, a rash, discharge, or other symptoms. The only time unprotected sex is safe is if you and your partner have sex only with each other, and if it's been at least six months since you each tested negative for STDs. Otherwise you should: • Use latex condoms every time you have sex. If you use a lubricant, make sure it's water-based. Use condoms for the entire sex act. Condoms are not 100% effective at preventing disease or pregnancy. However, they are extremely effective if used properly. Learn how to use condoms correctly. • Avoid sharing towels or underclothing. • Wash before and after intercourse.
  37. 37. PREVENTION • Get a vaccination for hepatitis B. This is a series of three shots. • Get tested for HIV. • If you have a problem with drug or alcohol abuse, get help. People who are drunk or on drugs often fail to have safe sex. • The most reliable way to avoid infection is to not have sex (i.e., anal, vaginal or oral). • It was once thought that using condoms with nonoxynol-9 helped to prevent STDs by killing the organisms that can cause disease. New research shows that doing so also irritates a woman's vagina and cervix and may increase the risk of an STD infection. Current recommendations are to avoid using condoms with nonoxynol-9.
  38. 38. PROSTITUTION IN THE PHILIPPINES  Prostitution in the Philippines is illegal. Penalties range up to life imprisonment for those involved in trafficking, which is covered by the AntiTrafficking in Persons Act of 2003. Prostitution is sometimes illegally available through brothels (also known as casa), bars, karaoke bars (also known as KTVs), massage parlors, street walkers, and escort services.  As of 2009, one source estimated that there were 800,000 women working as prostitutes in the Philippines, with some of them believed to be underage.  In 2010, an estimated 60,000 to 100,000 children in the Philippines were involved in prostitution rings, according to Minette Rimando, a spokeswoman for the U.N.'S International Labour Organization's Manila office.
  39. 39. PROSTITUTION IN THE PHILIPPINES Even back in the summer of 1982, Manila was depressingly tagged at the biggest brothel in Asia. There were 50,000 registered hospitality girls in the tourist entertainment in the early 70′s, and in 1987 there were 300,000 bar girls not to mention the unlicensed ones who were estimated to number about ? of the national figure then.7 In 1998 it was estimated that there were at least 400,000 to 500,000 prostituted persons in the Philippines with 75,000 of these being children. In her “Anti-Prostitution Act” (Senate Bill No. 2341) Senator Pia S. Cayetano cites the number of women being exploited in prostitution in the Philippines now ballooning to 800,000.
  40. 40. PROSTITUTION AND VENEREAL DISEASES SOC SCI 1 : Society & Culture with Family Planning and HIV/AIDS Education Prepared by: EDUC 1 Group 5