Breaking Barriers Uniting People Design Portfolio

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Existing socio-physical barriers have enclosed Jagdamba Camp from the ‘outside’ world, thus creating a self-sufficient tight-knit settlement with neighbouring communities disassociated from Jagdamba. Located on a site connecting Jagdamba with the Panchsheel Vihar community, 'Breaking Barriers Uniting People’ proposes residential and healthcare facilities within a network of squares comprising an open air cinema, markets, and other activities.

The portfolio chronicles three stages of the project; analysis of an Indian painting, analysis of a curry factory in London, and the two-week unit field trip to Delhi slums. These culminated in the above proposed scheme.

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Breaking Barriers Uniting People Design Portfolio

  1. 1. ADPP24N & ADPP25NDesign Thesis Project: Specialisation and Proposition & Design Thesis Project: Resolution Breaking Barriers Uniting People Sadiqa Jabbar 01000566 Diploma Unit 6 2008/9 Architecture of Rapid Change & Scarce Resources
  2. 2. ADPP24N & ADPP25N Design Thesis Project: Specialisation and Proposition & Design Thesis Project: Resolution Breaking Barriers Uniting PeopleA Marriage Made in a Factory Breaking Barriers Uniting People Supplementary Documents‘A Marriage Procession in a Bazaar’ Jagdamba and the Wider Context - Sketchbook 1 - Sketchbook 2- The Chosen Painting Physical Survey - Sketchbook 3- Painting Analysis - Outer Peripheries- Bazaar in a Wider Context - View from Within - Routes- Extrapolation - Walk Through - Design Development- Inhabitation - West Jagdamba Entrance - West Jagdamba and Eastern Break out - IDS Diary - Chosen Site - IDS Report - Chosen Site Plan DevelopmentSpice Mixing Delivering Goods - Existing Site Plan - Research Booklet- Everyday Life in a Curry Factory Cultural Survey- Site Analysis - Frisbee and Drawing Sessions- Tahera and Abdullah - Local people and Trade- Sections AA & BB- Section CC Jagdamba Strategy- Extrapolation - Overall Strategy- Inhabitation - Phasing Strategy - Potential Developments Chosen Site - Site Analysis - Site Analysis Strategy - Site Analysis Outcomes - New Routes and Destinations - Brief - Programme - Precedent: Open Air Cinema - Precedent: PVR Saket Cinema and Market - Cellular Morphology - Cellular Morphology - types - Routes and Destinations - Development Sketches - Development of Scheme - Brick and Block Prototyping - Arch Experiment - Jali Wall Experimenting Final Drawings - Ground Floor Plan (line) - Ground Floor Plan - First Floor Plan - Second Floor Plan - Roof Plan - Elevations 01 & 02 - Sections BB & DD - Section AA - Section CC - Rupali’s Route - Mrs Kumar’s Route - Kiran’s Route - Wahib’s Route - Routes and Destinations - Scheme Axo Sadiqa Jabbar 01000566
  3. 3. A Marriage Made in a Factory
  4. 4. “Arrival of the Groom at the Palace”; Mandi, Punjab Hills, mid-17th century; Opaque watercolour on paper;34x50cm“The Wedding Ceremony”; Mandi, Punjab Hills, mid-17th century; Opaque watercolour on paper; “A Marriage Procession in a Bazaar”; Mandi, Punjab Hills, mid-17th century; Opaque watercolour on paper; 32x49cm33.6x49.5cm ‘A Marriage Procession in a Bazaar’ is the first in a trilogy of paintings narrating the wedding procession of a princely bridegroom escorted by musicians, guards and attendants through a bazaar street. The procession passes into the public courtyard within the palace compunds, and finally into the private rooms where the marriage ceremony takes place. The story moves from right to left, proceeding downhill to the palace and upwards into the private celebratory rooms within the palace compound. There is a strong sense of a place and a route. A series of spaces are created through the horizontal layering of activities across the canvas through a distorted perspective. The artist uses the distortion to exaggerate the hierarchical importance of a series of spaces from public to private, indoors to outdoors, from upstairs toCultural Attributes Physical Attributes downstairs. The Chosen Paintng ‘A Marriage Procession in a Bazaar’ A Marriage Made in a Factory
  5. 5. “A Marriage Procession in a Bazaar” Removing the hustle and bustle of the bazaar begins to identify the individualistic qualities of each bazaar outlet Musicians both A flame Men at front on foot and Men and women Groom’s thrower? bazaar facing horse-back on separate roof Lead elephant attendants roof terraces The Groom terraces with some with flag interaction marking the start of the Musicians on procession camel-back Women huddled in groups on Commotion roof terraces in alleyway Women on roof Guards with between men on terrace further weapons ground and roof back from street, surrounding terrace, one lady Private conversation Ladies in the alleyway of one bowing before groom also involved! between two women Onlookers various generations from another Cow andGuards at front within a courtyard, one Guards protecting old lady to babe in arms sheep out in of procession holding a baby Flag bearers musicians with an the fields!protecting thelead elephant exchange between a guard and musicianRemoving the procession creates a more spacious feel to the painting The further removal of all the inhabitants of the painting highlights the various spatial environments Buildings Accessible Accessible roof Roof not beyond in the roof on double terraces with view accessible background block? out to street Women looking into Women looking Shop assistants the street from roof Male customers into the street standing within the terrace seated within back of enclaves Man sitting in bazaar enclaves Wooden through windows tree! canopy Otlas reducing to Merchant paving level as Shelving Raised floor Individual analysis trading in Built-in enclaves hill rises to display level further Removal of people to reveal the architectural qualitiesenclaves/otlas Lower for displaying for goods Otlas goods of the painting. First to go was the marriage procession, otla level goods/lamps Poor man then associations with the bazaar frontages and finally asking for Ventilation all the ‘behind-the-scenes’ scenarios on the rooftops and Accessible roof Accessible openings spaces beyond the bazaar. Groups of men alms? terraces with roof terraces Poor man or wandering in Particularly servant? ventilation openings This method of analysis revealed that there was more to bazaar street crowded the painting than meets the eye. For example, there is a Male customers corner spice store located on the right end of the painting. This sitting on otlas Rear doors to links the painting with the site selected within the curry buildings factory (see pages further ahead). The bazaar street, within the wider urban context, forms a trade route to and from the key building for which Alleyway leading Courtyards or Courtyard with Uncultivated land the town was formed. Suggesting that a sectional cut Double storey alleyways through Trees further stepped access to beyond town through the buildings and bazaar would reveal a more building? to/from bazaar buildings? enclose spaces raised platform boundaries complicated built environment than the one conveyed in street the painting. Painting Analysis ‘A Marriage Procession in a Bazaar’ A Marriage Made in a Factory
  6. 6. Key ingredients in the formation of a Medieval Indian settlement: Theoretical Indigenous Town 1. Location - a hill provides natural views and security, and nearby river provides a water supply 2. Key building - fort, palace or religious complex Main shops & Well-off Residences Functional Zones: 3. A Gate - mark the entrance 1. Central business area 4. Wall - creating a secure compound 2. Light manufacture 5. People - merchants, traders start inhabiting in and around the Small lanes & Cul-de-sacs 3. Low-group housing compound 4. Medium-group housing 6. Bazaars - main routes to the key building line with bazaars as Wall 5. Higher-group housing more people start inhabiting; residential units above and behind to accomodate families 7. Religious buildings - creating community groups Gates 8. Walled enclosures - small clusters form round new religious buildings 9. Walled compound - creating a town within a large compound wall for securityLahore Old City, Punjab Theoretical Anglicized Town Main Road Functional Zones: 1. Central business area 2. Light manufacture Wall 3. Low-group housing 4. Medium-group housing 5. Higher-group housing 7. Outer business area 8. Residential suburbs 9. Industrial area Theoretical Colony Town - Grid Roads City wall Lahore Old City in the state of Punjab correlates with the bazaar in the painting, which is located in the Punjab hills. The city comprises of a walled compound with 12 gates marking the axial Gates routes through the city. Smaller streets grow out of the main axis creating cul-de-sac residential Roads Functional Zones: units. The main roads are lined with bazaars that lead to the key architectural element - the fort. 1. Central business area Bazaar routes There are smaller buildings of interest dotted aroud the city but the main processional streets 2. Light manufacture Shops / Main Road Fort compound lead to the fort. 3. Low-group housing 4. Medium-group housing Residences 5. Higher-group housing 7. Outer business area 8. Residential suburbs 9. Industrial area Theoretical Colony Town - Radial Roads Roads Functional Zones: 1. Central business area Shops / Main Road 2. Light manufacture 3. Low-group housing 4. Medium-group housing Residences 5. Higher-group housing 7. Outer business area 8. Residential suburbs 9. Industrial area Further investigation into Indian settlements showed that the bazaar route is fundemental in the formation of the towns. The routes seem to be where all the activity takes Based on the research article by Reeta Grewal ‘Urban Morphology Under places, the smaller roads leading to homes and institutes Colonial Rule’ in ‘The City in Indian History’ by Indu Banga. become quieter corridors. Bazaar in a Wider Context ‘A Marriage Procession in a Bazaar’ A Marriage Made in a Factory
  7. 7. The buildings in the foreground of the painting seem to create interesting spaces worth investigating further. Model diagram exploring the growth of the settlement using different building types; time based architecture.One can predicted how far the buildings protude by looking at the light and shadow effects in the painting andlocation of trees. Bazaar frontage 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9Each colour and number represents the distance of the building from the foreground; (1) is the closest and (6)is the furthest. Town building types Back street 8 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 7 1 1 5 T STREE AR HIGH 1 1 1 1 6 BAZA 1 8 3 4 4 1 9 2 8 2 Courtyard Alley leading to buildings behind main high street Experiment Town the Series of small courtyard spacesSketch plan predicting the layout of the buildings beyond the bazaar route Town views Roof Terrace Extrapolation ‘A Marriage Procession in a Bazaar’ A Marriage Made in a Factory
  8. 8. OSMap locating Hastingwood Trading Estate 1:10000 Mrs Gills Kitchen Factory Site Plan 1:500 Mrs Gills Kitchen Factory External Photo Cooking Packaging Mrs Gills Curry Factory is located in Hastingwood Trading Estate in the Lea Valley area in East London. The company started off as a small family business which has grown into a much larger manufacturing company. They produce specialised meals for hospital patients with particular food requirements. The tour of the factory comprised of following the sequence of activities that take place in the production of the processed food. Storage Preparation Staff begin their day in the office area where they sign in and change into their factory overalls in the staff changing rooms. In the spice mixing room the ingredients for the food is prepared using the spices stored within the rooms and shelving. Once mixed the mixes are placed in boxes and taken to the kitchen. The food is then cooked and made ready for packaging. Once cooked the food is placed on an assembly line which transports them into the area where workers are ready to package them. Administration Delivery After packing the food is then transported into the storage area where they are date and batch labelled and stored in the refridgerator ready for delivery to the client. The process then begins again on a daily basis. Everyday Life in a Curry Factory Spice Mixing Delivering Goods A Marriage Made in a Factory
  9. 9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Surplus Dry Food Storage 7 6 5 Packaging Store LaundryFirst Floor Circulation Light Character Occuption Tahera Abdullah Freezer 4 Spice Store Spice store and mixing 3 1 Deliveries Fridge Spice Store Group site survey 2Ground Floor Circulation Light Character Occuption Site Analysis Spice Mixing Delivering Goods A Marriage Made in a Factory
  10. 10. Tahera – Assistant Chef / Assistant Tahera mixing spices in the spice Tahera documenting each bag of Tahera trying to lift a bag of rice Tahera calling out to Abdullah for aSupervisor room spice mixes unsuccessfully knife and bowlPakistani OriginNo childrenLives 10 minute drive away fromfactoryWorked here for 9 years – found jobvia Job CentreWork hours Monday-Fridays 7-3pm- although it depends on how manyrecipes and or preparations need tobe completed for the next dayHair tied up in a single pony tail,trainers and track suit trousers Tahera’s areas of activity both on ground floor and mezzanineAbdullah – Porter Abdullah lifting and organising the Abdullah labelling the crates of Abdullah storing the boxes into the Abdullah on his way to pass Tahera aHas been working at the factory for boxes of packaged food boxes according to dates and sets fridge in order to keep the food in knife and bowl10 years good conditionComes in via bus from Walthamstowat Tesco and works Monday-Friday.Starts at 6am and usually works fro8 or 9 hours a day depending on theworkload.Is of Pakistani origin – he goes backevery 3 years or so and misses hisfamily.Abdullah just came back from hisholidays.He can cook and considers Mrs Gillsfood not spicy enough for his taste! Abdullah’s areas of activity on ground floor onlyThe lunch breaks are varied forworkers so they overlap each otherrather than everyone stopping workat the same time. He goes to eatupstairs in the communal space nearthe offices.Correlation with the actions/spatial Women Men PART OF the Women Men PART OF the Women meeting Men meeting in Woman by herself Man on his own The only interaction between Tahera and Abdullah, andlocation between men and women WATCHING the procession in the WATCHING the procession in the in PRIVATE PUBLIC CHOWK looking into the IN THE BAZAAR the men and women in the painting. Abdullah throws upin the painting. procession via bazaar street procession via bazaar street COURTYARD bazaar street via a bowl to Tahera, while the women are bowing and veiling rooftop terraces rooftop terraces ROOFTOP themselves to the men who are on a higher terrace - one woman talks to the men Tahera and Abdullah Spice Mixing Delivering Goods A Marriage Made in a Factory
  11. 11. Section AA Section BBNarrativeExistingAbdullah works labelling and organising delivered goodsand storing processed food, meanwhile the laundry lady Narrativeabove does the washing. ExistingPropositional Abdullah is moving boxes and packages around,Tahera and Abdullah enter their new married home. organising the delivered and to be delivered goods.A few years down the line they have children and in the Tahera is having trouble lifting a bag of rice.hallway are bust getting the children ready for school.Up on the terrace Tahera hangs up the washing Propositionalwhile Abdullah is walking to the workshop with his Abdulla forgot the keys to the workshop so asks Tahera towheelbarrow. throw it down from the terrace above. Sections AA & BB Spice Mixing Delivering Goods A Marriage Made in a Factory
  12. 12. NarrativeExistingAbdullah has gone upstairs to store some surplus packaging. Taherais gone back downstairs to continue mix ingredients for cooking.PropositionalTahera goes back to do the laundry after throwing Abduallah hiskeys.Abdullah goes into his workshop to work on his project.Later Tahera prepares food for dinner, while Abdulla has put on hiswinter geasr as its become cold and the lawn needs mowing. Section CC Spice Mixing Delivering Goods A Marriage Made in a Factory
  13. 13. 3 1 2Ground FLoor First Floor Roof 1 2 3 Extrapolation ‘Seed of Inspiration’ A Marriage Made in a Factory
  14. 14. 123 Inhabitation ‘Seed of Inspiration’ A Marriage Made in a Factory
  15. 15. Breaking Barriers Uniting People Jagdamba Camp, South Delhi, India
  16. 16. Sheikh Sarai Phase 1 Chirag Dilli Water Water Tower Treatment Plant Horticulture Naala Police Apeejay Garden Station Triveni Triveni School Flats Complex Lal Bahadur Shastri Marg Triveni JAGDAM DDA Flas BA CAM P Road Greenview Greenview DDA Flats DDA Flats Khirk i Main Naala i Main Crematorium Khirk Road Sheikh Sarai Phase 2 Panchsheel Naala Vihar Panchsheel Panchsheel Extension Vihar Khirki VillageJagdamba Camp, Sheikh Sarai, South Delhi (1:5000) Jagdamba Camp and its peripheries(1:2500)Residential Communities The Site Culture Politics Jagdamba Camp is located on a Lal Dora site in South There is a social hierarchy within India based on a caste The Government does not seem to be able to do anything Delhi, India. The term literally translates as ‘red thread’. It system introduced as a judicial system in medieval India. for the inhabitants of Jagdamba. There are toilets and means that no government has any jurisdiction over what Although it is now fading out in cities it is still an issue showers they provide for a fee but due to corruption many can/cannot be built within the boundaries of the land, in many villages today. Now regarded as social class, do not use them. Politicians tend to rally support during there are no limitations as to what and how one can build. differentiation between people is still a major issue within election periods, filling the residents with hope that The variation in the quality of the buildings within the the city as many people regard Jagdamba residents with their living conditions will improve with the problems of settlement and layers of narrow streets and overhanging disgust or pity. education, water and sanitation being resolved. However balconies is a result of the lack of restrictions. There are most promises do not materialise as an educated and approximately 6000 inhabitants within the camp, the Culturally there is a degree of division between men satisfied voter is more of a threat than an uneducated one figures likely to rise further in the future. Firewood is and women. Men are commonly seen in the streets and who is in need. The more support one has the better the stored on roofs which has resulted in fires within the bazaars, whether they are working or travelling to and fro. chances of staying in office. camp a few times. However due to the density of the They are in the forefront of public spaces. Women tend camp emergency access proves to be difficult. the density to be working ‘behind-the-scenes’. They are usually within The Delhi Development Agency (DDA) is responsible for also has its own benefits as a stranger will find it hard to the house or as in Jagdamba within the streets directly any built schemes within the city, equivalent to the GLA in orientate themselves within the streets of the camp. As outside their homes socialising with family, friends and London. All major pllanning issues go through the DDA. there are only two entrances into and out of the camp neighbours. There is some relationship with inside- any intruders will eventually be caught. outside, public-private spaces that could be genderised. The Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) is the government body equivalent to Local Authorities In India public spaces are not used in the way they are in in London under whose jurisdiction Jagdamba and Climate European countries. Rather than use a public square to neighouring slums in Ward 11 are under. The MCD is meet and socialise, people tend to meet in each other’s responsible for the provision of the basic human rights; India has three type of climate; summer, winter and houses, terraces or in the streets directly outside their water supply, sanitation, education, healthcare, food monsoon. The summer draws very hot and humid homes. The public square is usually used for trade or supply and shelter. Jagdamba is a known squatting zoneDelhi (NTS) weather, when people tend to sleep outside on terraces thoroughfare. The square in India is not loved and nurtured under the MCD and it is this body that provides the camp as homes become unbearable at night. This reduces the in the same way as they are in European countries. There with the fee-based toilets and showers and applies the need for glazing and heating devices within buildings. seemed to be an attitude of ‘it doesn’t belong to us so rationing system for basic food. The wall thicknesses of buildings are sifficient to provide why should we care?’ warmth during the winter months with shutters to draw People in Delhi may own land but are not allowed to build out the cold. The monsoon lasts for 3-4 months per year Squatter settlements tend to form around areas with whatever they want. The DDA has reduced the number of and brings along with it the risk of flooding in many areas convenient links to work and food. According to Dr Suri freehold properties within the last few years so much so with inadequate drainage systems. whom I met in India with a group of students during our that it would be rare to find a freeholder. field trip, they tend to be skill orientated. For example of a group of people may tend to form due to shared skills Currently work is being undertaken to fill the Naala with in pottery, weaving, masonry or tailoring. This group landfill commissioned by the DDA in preperation for the gradually expands until it becomes a cluster or in time a construction of a new park, with exclusive access for the small town. The difference with a squatter settlement is middle-class thus cutting off the Jagdamba and Waste that the people tend to settle on land which is not theirs picker communities. Once again the ghost of the social and therefore becomes illegal. There is legislation which class system re-emerges. now allows some settlements to become legal, then authorised if they are lucky. The people migrating tend to The construction work on the city’s metro system is also be from villages coming to towns in the hope of finding underway in preparation for the City’s hosting of the 2010 work to provide an income for their families back home. Commonwealth Games. Although there is a level of high adult illiteracy, within Jagdamba skills such as metal work, blacksmith, carpenter, masonry and tailoring are common.India (NTS) Introduction Jagdamba Camp Breaking Barriers Uniting People Various
  17. 17. 3 Police Station 4 4 5 3 Horticulture garden 6 5 1 2 Water Treatment Plant 10 (land used for informal play) 6 9 7 Apeejay School 7 8 Crematorium 8 Laxmi Automobiles 9 Greenview DDA Apartments 10 Waste pickers land toward Naala1 2 Outer Peripheries Jagdamba Camp and Wider Context Breaking Barriers Uniting People 1:1000
  18. 18. laughter water bo llyw ood anima ls bic ho brick trap us dirt cla open drains ht tig ge wa se dense w rro nacommunity Imagine a place where everyone appears to live in relative harmony. A place where neighbours trust one another, the entrances to dwellings remain open for people to come and go. The streets are buzzing with various activities; children noisily playing together in narrow restricted alleys, women huddled in groups more often than not gossiping, clusters of men partaking in much of the same, and the sabsi, machli and kapre wallas making their rounds. Only an occasional whirlwind disrupts their otherwise mundane lives. Walking through the narrow streets is an experience which differs each time. The ground levels change as does the atmosphere of music, laughter, conversations and trade, which serves the community within, as well as the area at large. As one travels deeper into the settlement, the significance of sanitation, sewage, healthcare and water supply becomes increasingly apparent. The large open drains are health and safety hazards with annual monsoon flooding contaminating homes with raw sewage. View from within Jagdamba Camp Breaking Barriers Uniting People NTS
  19. 19. Route Chowks Walk through 1:1000 Physical Survey Breaking Barriers Uniting People1:500
  20. 20. Elevation 1PlanElevation 2 West Jagdamba Entrance Physical Survey Breaking Barriers Uniting People
  21. 21. PlanElevation 2Plan West Jagdamba & Eastern break out Physical Survey Breaking Barriers Uniting People
  22. 22. Extent of chosen siteKhirki Main Road ElevationSketch looking south over site Sketch looking into unsused gated compoundLAxmi Automobiles Wastepicker slum Cardboard slum built over route Chosen Site Physical Survey Breaking Barriers Uniting People
  23. 23. Physical survey - pacing, photography & measuring01 CAD mock up of my physical survey 02 Initial Google Earth trace 03 Fitting 01 with 02 04 Complete retrace of Google earth aerial Physical survey - pacing, photography & measuring05 Used previous survey undertaken by Nat and Chloe as a resource much like the British Ordenance Survey 06 After further exploration of google earth and reinstatement of elements of my initial survey 07 Looking again at previous levels survey and comparing it to mineequivalent and overlaid it with my plan to create a more accurate ground plan of the waste picker slums the ground plan developed further Physical survey - pacing, photography & measuring Levels survey - pacing, photography & measuring08 Tracing over previous survey 09 The site had changed since the previous students’ work so looked through my suvery notes 10 After various updates and adjustments, I settled for a workable version that I was satisfied and photos to begin updating the levels and buildings around the site represented building elements as they stood during my site visits Chosen Site Physical Survey Breaking Barriers Uniting People NTS
  24. 24. Existing Site Plan Physical Survey Breaking Barriers Uniting People1:500

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