American’s twenty first century issues and concerns.SADIONA ABAZAJ p.p.1 (2)
American’s Twenty-First Century Issues and Concerns<br />
America is a vast and complicated place, and its population is the most diverse and heterogeneous on the planet. But which are some of the basic issues that have been frequently discussed and debated so far in this century in America? How are they affecting the American’s future?<br />Introduction<br />
The rise of other global power<br /><ul><li>The potential loss of Americans status implies a blow to their safety, economy, and prestige. The "pivotal powers" such as China, Europe, India, Japan, and Russia - seek greater influence, but each has an enormous stake in the world economy and a keen desire to thwart common threats. None of these countries is a direct military or ideological challenger. In fact, their gains largely help, rather than hurt, America's continuing prosperity, growth, and to some extent, even its values. Will America have conflicts with these powers? Definitely, some will be serious. But, by and large, they want what America wants: a stable world and better lives for their citizens.</li></ul>SOCIAL ISSUES<br />
Eating disorders<br /><ul><li>The most common eating disorders - anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder - are on the rise in the United States.
In the United States, as many as 10 in 100 young women suffer from an eating disorder and 15 in 24 die. Males suffer a lower rate of anorexia, but they too are sometimes afflicted, and have a higher rate of bulimia and binge-eating disorders than anorexia. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia, are on the increase among teenage girls and often run in American’s families
There are not enough national research funds have gone to study these disorders and the public doesn’t have enough good information on them that is why a lot of Americans are facing eating disorders.</li></ul>FOOD ISSUES<br />
Keeping American’s food safe<br /><ul><li>U.S. food safety system is in crisis. Approximately 76 million Americans – one in four -- are sickened by food borne disease each year. Of these, an estimated 325,000 are hospitalized and 5,000 die.
Experts estimate that most food borne illnesses could be prevented if the right measures were taken to improve the U.S. food safety system. The U.S. food safety system has not been fundamentally modernized since its inception over 100 years ago.
Current food safety polices are largely based on early 20th-century laws, also no federal agency has ultimate authority or responsibility.</li></li></ul><li>Uninsured millions are affecting everyone<br /><ul><li>Over 46 million Americans are currently uninsured.
Without regular checkups and childhood vaccinations, individuals and society as a whole may suffer.
Without regular checkups and childhood vaccinations diseases will spread throughout the public more readily.</li></ul>Obesity is dangerously on the rise<br /><ul><li>Reports from 2006 indicated that 64.5% of American adults were overweight, possibly obese. Today, obesity rates are even higher and projected to grow exponentially.
According to a 2005 article in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), obesity-related illnesses kill over 112,000 Americans each year.
25-30 percent of school-aged children in the United States are overweight or obese</li></ul>HEALTH CARE ISSUES<br />
High family dept<br /><ul><li>In 1999, the average of total liabilities was 19.7 percent per median family. In 2004, that percentage rose to 29.3 percent.</li></ul>The middle family income<br /><ul><li>Many believe that the middle class standard is best described as an educated group (actually, this would be upper middle) with upward economic mobility, that is: safe homes and workplaces, worthwhile jobs with compensations that advance above inflation and are in line with demonstrated increased productivity, acceptable levels of healthcare, comfortable retirements, and acceptable amounts of debt. This is the standard that America has worked to achieve since World War II. If the number of people within this category begins to decline, many believe that all is lost.</li></ul>ECONOMIC ISSUES<br />
Poverty and Unemployment<br /><ul><li>Despite a nominal increase in jobs in recent years, what is not reported is what kind of jobs are being created
The days of high quality jobs with decent wages, security, and full health and retirement benefits are a thing of the past.
It is suggested that the American economy needs to add around 150,000 jobs each month just to keep up with population growth.
Over 15 million Americans are unemployed, an increase of 8 million from the start of the recession. Nearly 6 million of those are considered long-term unemployed. Almost 40% of jobless workers have been out of work for 27 weeks or more.
Americans are proud of their economic system, believing it provides opportunities for all citizens to have good lives.</li></li></ul><li>Despite of the potential loss of Americans status, of the eating disorders, of the food system being in crisis, of the fact that many people are leaving without medical insurance, of obesity that is dangerously in rise, of the hospital staff shortage, of the high family dept ,of poverty and unemployment, Americans are above all optimistic people.<br />It is becoming a nation of the rich and super-rich at the top, a mass of poor people on the bottom, and a powerless middle class squeezed in between.<br />The great American experiment and the American dream will both become fading memories. So the twenty first century will continue to bring challenges to the United States of America and indeed, to the entire world. However, despite of challenges, America tends to look always toward the future for a better country.<br />CONCLUSION<br />