SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 42
GENDER RELIGION &
CASTE
PRESENTED BY- SADHNA SHARMA
HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT
(POLITICAL SCIENCE)
DIFFERENT ASPECTS OF LIFE WHERE WOMEN
ARE DISCRIMINATED
1 Literacy rate among the women is 54% as
compared to 76% among men.
2 Women are paid less than men, even when both
do the same work e.g. in factories, films women
are paid less as compare to men.
3 In India, parents prefer to have sons than
girls. They find many ways to have the girl
child aborted, before birth.
4. This decline in the sex ratio. The
number of girls per thousand boys in our
country is 933.
5. There are reports of various kinds of
harassments, exploitation and violence both in
rural and urban areas.
6. Women are not safe at home even due to
harassment and domestic violence.
FEMINIST MOVEMENT
Feminist movements are the movements organized by the women
organizations for equality for women in personal and family life.
EFFECTS-
1a) Pol. Expression of gender division
b) political mobilization
helped in improving women’s role in
public life.
2 Now, women are working as scientists,
doctors, lawyers, managers, engineers and
teachers.
3 In countries like Finland ,Norway and
Sweden the participation of women in
public life is very high.
DEMANDS-
1 Equal rights for women in all
spheres of life.
2 Extension of right to vote.
3. Enhancing political and
legal status of women.
4. Improvement in educational
and career opportunities for
women.
STATUS OF WOMEN’S REPRESENTATION
IN INDIA’S LEGISLATIVE BODIES
1 In India women participation in political area is very
low.
2 In Lok Sabha it is not even 10%.
3 In State Assembly it is as low as 5%.
4 Latin America and Africa women participation is higher
than India.
STEPS CAN BE TAKEN TO IMPROVE
WOMEN’S REPRESENTATION IN
POLITICS
1 It should be legally binding to have fair
proportion representation of women in the
elected bodies.
2 Some seats should be reserved for
women in State Assemblies and in lok
sabha.
3 Political parties should give proper
representation to women members.
4 Women participation can be
increased by raising the literacy rate.
RELATION BETWEEN
RELIGION AND
POLITICS
1.Mahatma Gandhi
used to say that
religion can never
be separated from
politics. According
to him, politics
must be guided by
ethics, drawn from
3 Women’s Movement have
argued that Family Laws of all
religions should be same.
2 Human Right Groups have argued
that most of the victims of communal
riots in country are people from
religious minorities. They have
demanded that government should
take special steps to protect them.
HOW CAN RELIGION INFLUENCE
POLITICS
2 Ideas, ideals and values drawn from different religions
should play important role in politics.
3 People should be able to express in politics their needs
and demands as a member of a religious community.
4 Those who hold political power should be able to
prevent discrimination on the basis of religion.
Mahatma Gandhi Believed that politics must be guided
by ethics drawn from all religions.
MEANING OF COMMUNALISM
Communalism is a situation when a particular
community tries to promote its own interest at
the cost of other communities.
WHEN DOES COMMUNALISM PROBLEM
BECOME ACUTE?
1 Religion is seen as the basis of the nation.
2 When one religion and its followers are discriminated
by others.
3 When people start believing that belief of their religion
is superior than other religions.
4. When the state power is used to established the
domination of one religion over the others.
MAJOR BELIEFS OF
COMMUNAL PEOPLE
1 The followers of a
particular religion must
belong to one community.
2 Their fundamental
interest should be same.
3 people who follow
different religions can not
belong to the same social
community.
4 If the followers of
different religions have
commonalities these are
IDEAS OF COMMUNAL POLITICS
FUNDAMENTALLY FLAWED
1 Most of these beliefs are not true.
2 People of one religion don’t have the
same interests and aspirations in
every context.
3 Everyone has several other roles,
positions and identities.
4 There are many voices inside every
community.
5 All these voices have the right to be
heard.
DIFFERENT FORMS
OF COMMUNAL
POLITICS-
1 PEOPLE OFFEN BELIEVE
THAT IDEAS OF THEIR
RELIGION ARE SUPERIOR
TO THE IDEAS OF OTHER
RELIGIONS.
2 PEOPLE OF A
PARTICULAR RELIGION
WANTS MAXIMUM
REPRESENTATION OF
THEIR RELIGION IN THE
POLITICS. THIS TAKES
THE FORM OF
MAJORITARIAN
DOMINANCE.
3 As a result of it people of minority
community then demand separate state
for themselves.
4 Mobilizing people on communal lines in
politics is another form of communal
politics.
5 Mobilization is done on the basis of
emotional appeals, fear, symbols, religious
slogan by leaders etc.
5 In its most ugly form communalism
leads to violence. People from various
religions are opposite to each other
and they use violence to show their
religion’s domination.
EXAMPLE –India and Pakistan
suffered some of the worst
communal riots at the time of
partition.
CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS THAT MAKE INDIA A
SECULAR STATE
1 There is no official religion for the Indian State.
❖In Sri lanka-Buddhism
❖In Pakistan- Islam
❖In England- Christianity
2 The Constitution provides to all individual and
communities freedom to profess, practice and propagate
any religion of their own choice.
3 The Constitution prohibits
discrimination on the grounds of
religion.
4 It bans Untouchability.
CASTEISM IN INDIA DIFFERENT FROM OTHER
SOCIETIES—
1 In India casteism is different from other
societies as in India hereditary occupational
division was sanctioned by rituals.
2 Members of the same occupation married with
their caste group and did not eat with the
members from other caste group.
MEANING OF CASTEISM-
Organizations of people into social
groups for the purpose of
marriage, work and diet is known
as Caste System.
CASTE INEQUALITIES STILL CONTINUED
IN INDIA
1 Most people marry within their own caste and tribe.
2 Despite provision in the constitution untouchability has
not ended completely.
3 There has been rich and educated people from lower
caste also now-a-days but their percentage is much less
as compared to upper caste.
4. Large mass of low caste people still do not have access
to education and have remained illiterate and
uneducated.
CASTE ALONE CAN NOT
DETERMINE THE ELECTION
RESULT
1 No State Legislature in the
country has a majority of
any caste.
2 Every caste group has its
presence in Parliament.
3 It is not necessary that the
people of same caste vote for
same political party.
4 It might happen that there
are more than one candidate
from one caste and no
candidate from other caste.
CASTE SYSTEM IS DISAPPEARING IN
INDIA
Social reformers like Jotiba Phule,
Mahatma Gandhi, Dr.B.R Ambedker ,etc.
advocated and worked to establish a
society in which caste inequalities are
absent.
The constitution of India prohibits
discrimination of any type. It provide
equal opportunities to all.
The caste system can further be
reduced spreading education and by
promoting inter-caste marriages.
CASTEISM IN INDIAN POLITICS
While choosing candidate: When
parties choice candidate in elections,
they keep in mind the caste
composition of the electorate and
nominate candidates from different
castes so as to get necessary support
to win elections.
While forming a government: When
the government are formed, political
parties usually take care that
representatives of different castes and
tribes find a place in it.
While campaigning: Political Parties and
candidates in elections make appeals to
people to give them their votes on the basis
of caste.
Universal Adult Franchise: UAF
and the principle of one person on
vote compelled political leaders to
raise the caste based issues during
elections.

More Related Content

What's hot

Print culture and the modern world
Print culture and the modern worldPrint culture and the modern world
Print culture and the modern worldUtkarshIshwar
 
Chapter - 2, Nationalism in India, History, Social Science, Class 10
Chapter - 2, Nationalism in India, History, Social Science, Class 10Chapter - 2, Nationalism in India, History, Social Science, Class 10
Chapter - 2, Nationalism in India, History, Social Science, Class 10Shivam Parmar
 
Minerals and Energy Resources Class X
 Minerals and Energy Resources Class X Minerals and Energy Resources Class X
Minerals and Energy Resources Class XSanjeetasamaddar
 
Class:10 Economics Money and credit
Class:10 Economics Money and creditClass:10 Economics Money and credit
Class:10 Economics Money and creditTibetan Homes School
 
Gender religion and caste
Gender religion and casteGender religion and caste
Gender religion and casteMahendra SST
 
Gender, Religion And Caste
Gender, Religion And CasteGender, Religion And Caste
Gender, Religion And CasteSaurabh Singh
 
Democratic rights class IX
Democratic rights class IXDemocratic rights class IX
Democratic rights class IXMahesh Batra
 
Chapter - 4, Agriculture, Geography, Social Science, Class 10
Chapter - 4, Agriculture, Geography, Social Science, Class 10Chapter - 4, Agriculture, Geography, Social Science, Class 10
Chapter - 4, Agriculture, Geography, Social Science, Class 10Shivam Parmar
 
Class:10 Political Science Federalism
Class:10 Political Science FederalismClass:10 Political Science Federalism
Class:10 Political Science FederalismTibetan Homes School
 
Electoral politics
Electoral politicsElectoral politics
Electoral politicsSharp789
 
Ppt on nationalism in india...
Ppt on nationalism in india...Ppt on nationalism in india...
Ppt on nationalism in india...MUDIT GUPTA
 
Democracy and diversity class 10
Democracy and diversity class 10Democracy and diversity class 10
Democracy and diversity class 10likho2abhi6969
 
Chapter - 2, Physical Features of India, Geography, Social Science, Class 9
Chapter - 2, Physical Features of India, Geography, Social Science, Class 9Chapter - 2, Physical Features of India, Geography, Social Science, Class 9
Chapter - 2, Physical Features of India, Geography, Social Science, Class 9Shivam Parmar
 
Grade 10th Social Science Civics - Chapter . 2. Federalism
Grade 10th Social Science Civics - Chapter . 2. FederalismGrade 10th Social Science Civics - Chapter . 2. Federalism
Grade 10th Social Science Civics - Chapter . 2. FederalismNavya Rai
 
Nationalism in india
Nationalism in indiaNationalism in india
Nationalism in indiaKanichattu
 
Economics Chapter 1- Development
Economics Chapter 1- DevelopmentEconomics Chapter 1- Development
Economics Chapter 1- DevelopmentKanichattu
 
CLASS X ECONOMICS CHAPTER 1 DEVELOPMENT CBSE
CLASS X ECONOMICS CHAPTER 1 DEVELOPMENT CBSECLASS X ECONOMICS CHAPTER 1 DEVELOPMENT CBSE
CLASS X ECONOMICS CHAPTER 1 DEVELOPMENT CBSEAnjaliKaur3
 
Nationalism In Europe Class - 10th
Nationalism In Europe Class - 10thNationalism In Europe Class - 10th
Nationalism In Europe Class - 10thNehaRohtagi1
 

What's hot (20)

Print culture and the modern world
Print culture and the modern worldPrint culture and the modern world
Print culture and the modern world
 
Outcomes Of Democracy
Outcomes Of DemocracyOutcomes Of Democracy
Outcomes Of Democracy
 
Chapter - 2, Nationalism in India, History, Social Science, Class 10
Chapter - 2, Nationalism in India, History, Social Science, Class 10Chapter - 2, Nationalism in India, History, Social Science, Class 10
Chapter - 2, Nationalism in India, History, Social Science, Class 10
 
Minerals and Energy Resources Class X
 Minerals and Energy Resources Class X Minerals and Energy Resources Class X
Minerals and Energy Resources Class X
 
Class:10 Economics Money and credit
Class:10 Economics Money and creditClass:10 Economics Money and credit
Class:10 Economics Money and credit
 
Gender religion and caste
Gender religion and casteGender religion and caste
Gender religion and caste
 
Gender, Religion And Caste
Gender, Religion And CasteGender, Religion And Caste
Gender, Religion And Caste
 
Democratic rights class IX
Democratic rights class IXDemocratic rights class IX
Democratic rights class IX
 
Chapter - 4, Agriculture, Geography, Social Science, Class 10
Chapter - 4, Agriculture, Geography, Social Science, Class 10Chapter - 4, Agriculture, Geography, Social Science, Class 10
Chapter - 4, Agriculture, Geography, Social Science, Class 10
 
Electoral politics
Electoral politicsElectoral politics
Electoral politics
 
Class:10 Political Science Federalism
Class:10 Political Science FederalismClass:10 Political Science Federalism
Class:10 Political Science Federalism
 
Electoral politics
Electoral politicsElectoral politics
Electoral politics
 
Ppt on nationalism in india...
Ppt on nationalism in india...Ppt on nationalism in india...
Ppt on nationalism in india...
 
Democracy and diversity class 10
Democracy and diversity class 10Democracy and diversity class 10
Democracy and diversity class 10
 
Chapter - 2, Physical Features of India, Geography, Social Science, Class 9
Chapter - 2, Physical Features of India, Geography, Social Science, Class 9Chapter - 2, Physical Features of India, Geography, Social Science, Class 9
Chapter - 2, Physical Features of India, Geography, Social Science, Class 9
 
Grade 10th Social Science Civics - Chapter . 2. Federalism
Grade 10th Social Science Civics - Chapter . 2. FederalismGrade 10th Social Science Civics - Chapter . 2. Federalism
Grade 10th Social Science Civics - Chapter . 2. Federalism
 
Nationalism in india
Nationalism in indiaNationalism in india
Nationalism in india
 
Economics Chapter 1- Development
Economics Chapter 1- DevelopmentEconomics Chapter 1- Development
Economics Chapter 1- Development
 
CLASS X ECONOMICS CHAPTER 1 DEVELOPMENT CBSE
CLASS X ECONOMICS CHAPTER 1 DEVELOPMENT CBSECLASS X ECONOMICS CHAPTER 1 DEVELOPMENT CBSE
CLASS X ECONOMICS CHAPTER 1 DEVELOPMENT CBSE
 
Nationalism In Europe Class - 10th
Nationalism In Europe Class - 10thNationalism In Europe Class - 10th
Nationalism In Europe Class - 10th
 

Viewers also liked

Presentation on gender, religion and caste
Presentation on gender, religion and caste Presentation on gender, religion and caste
Presentation on gender, religion and caste RohanMathur123
 
Gender, religion & Caste
Gender, religion & CasteGender, religion & Caste
Gender, religion & CasteMukund Ingle
 
CBSE Class X Gender, caste, religion Notes
CBSE Class X Gender, caste, religion NotesCBSE Class X Gender, caste, religion Notes
CBSE Class X Gender, caste, religion NotesHarjas Gulati
 
The caste system of india
The caste system of indiaThe caste system of india
The caste system of indiaLaurie Greene
 
Caste discrimination
Caste discriminationCaste discrimination
Caste discriminationArushi Verma
 
Caste System PPT
Caste System PPTCaste System PPT
Caste System PPTdanigrose
 
Democracy and diversity
Democracy and diversityDemocracy and diversity
Democracy and diversityRithesh Darish
 
Political parties of india
Political parties of indiaPolitical parties of india
Political parties of indiaNikhil Gupta
 
Caste system
Caste systemCaste system
Caste systemrahul1250
 
Gender and religion
Gender and religionGender and religion
Gender and religionU Nam Sakib
 
Equity vs Equality
Equity vs EqualityEquity vs Equality
Equity vs EqualityIndunath Jha
 
Class X Democracy and Diversity Notes
Class X Democracy and Diversity NotesClass X Democracy and Diversity Notes
Class X Democracy and Diversity NotesHarjas Gulati
 
Discrimination PPT
Discrimination PPTDiscrimination PPT
Discrimination PPTsetu mehta
 
democracy and diversity
democracy and diversity democracy and diversity
democracy and diversity Daisy Joy
 
Outcomes of democracy and challenges to democracy
Outcomes of democracy and challenges to democracyOutcomes of democracy and challenges to democracy
Outcomes of democracy and challenges to democracySahith Reddy
 
Schedule caste and schedule tribes
Schedule caste and schedule tribesSchedule caste and schedule tribes
Schedule caste and schedule tribesManasi Mishra
 
The Caste System of Ancient India
The Caste System of Ancient IndiaThe Caste System of Ancient India
The Caste System of Ancient Indiadouglmeg
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Presentation on gender, religion and caste
Presentation on gender, religion and caste Presentation on gender, religion and caste
Presentation on gender, religion and caste
 
Gender, religion & Caste
Gender, religion & CasteGender, religion & Caste
Gender, religion & Caste
 
CBSE Class X Gender, caste, religion Notes
CBSE Class X Gender, caste, religion NotesCBSE Class X Gender, caste, religion Notes
CBSE Class X Gender, caste, religion Notes
 
The caste system of india
The caste system of indiaThe caste system of india
The caste system of india
 
Caste discrimination
Caste discriminationCaste discrimination
Caste discrimination
 
Caste System PPT
Caste System PPTCaste System PPT
Caste System PPT
 
Democracy and diversity
Democracy and diversityDemocracy and diversity
Democracy and diversity
 
Federalism
FederalismFederalism
Federalism
 
Political parties of india
Political parties of indiaPolitical parties of india
Political parties of india
 
Caste system
Caste systemCaste system
Caste system
 
Gender and religion
Gender and religionGender and religion
Gender and religion
 
Equity vs Equality
Equity vs EqualityEquity vs Equality
Equity vs Equality
 
Class X Democracy and Diversity Notes
Class X Democracy and Diversity NotesClass X Democracy and Diversity Notes
Class X Democracy and Diversity Notes
 
Discrimination PPT
Discrimination PPTDiscrimination PPT
Discrimination PPT
 
democracy and diversity
democracy and diversity democracy and diversity
democracy and diversity
 
Outcomes of democracy and challenges to democracy
Outcomes of democracy and challenges to democracyOutcomes of democracy and challenges to democracy
Outcomes of democracy and challenges to democracy
 
Schedule caste and schedule tribes
Schedule caste and schedule tribesSchedule caste and schedule tribes
Schedule caste and schedule tribes
 
The Caste System of Ancient India
The Caste System of Ancient IndiaThe Caste System of Ancient India
The Caste System of Ancient India
 
Federalism
FederalismFederalism
Federalism
 
Federalism
FederalismFederalism
Federalism
 

Similar to Gender Religion And Caste

pptongenderreligionandcaste1-160812023901.pptx
pptongenderreligionandcaste1-160812023901.pptxpptongenderreligionandcaste1-160812023901.pptx
pptongenderreligionandcaste1-160812023901.pptxNishathAnjum4
 
Gender caste and politics
Gender caste and politicsGender caste and politics
Gender caste and politicsglaze george
 
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptxgenderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptxNishathAnjum4
 
Presentation on gender, religion and caste rohan
Presentation on gender, religion and caste rohanPresentation on gender, religion and caste rohan
Presentation on gender, religion and caste rohanRohanMathur123
 
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptxgenderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptxNishathAnjum4
 
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptxgenderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptxNishathAnjum4
 
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptxgenderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptxNishathAnjum4
 
Womensempowermentindiabriefs
WomensempowermentindiabriefsWomensempowermentindiabriefs
Womensempowermentindiabriefskhanwasim26
 
PARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIA
PARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIAPARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIA
PARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIARaaviKapoor
 
National values
National valuesNational values
National valuesamitha94
 
Ideology of different political parties
Ideology of different political partiesIdeology of different political parties
Ideology of different political partiesJaswinder Singh
 
Pg136 Presentations India
Pg136  Presentations IndiaPg136  Presentations India
Pg136 Presentations IndiaBILU KASANDA
 
12345-17-160919151740 (1).pdf
12345-17-160919151740 (1).pdf12345-17-160919151740 (1).pdf
12345-17-160919151740 (1).pdfRajaKumar410293
 
Dalit Women Speak Out: Caste, Class and Gender Violence in India
Dalit Women Speak Out: Caste, Class and Gender Violence in IndiaDalit Women Speak Out: Caste, Class and Gender Violence in India
Dalit Women Speak Out: Caste, Class and Gender Violence in IndiaJayshree Mangubhai
 
Ambedkar,Women movement And Buddhism
Ambedkar,Women movement And BuddhismAmbedkar,Women movement And Buddhism
Ambedkar,Women movement And BuddhismMangeshraj
 
Gender inequality
Gender inequalityGender inequality
Gender inequalityAbu Bashar
 

Similar to Gender Religion And Caste (20)

pptongenderreligionandcaste1-160812023901.pptx
pptongenderreligionandcaste1-160812023901.pptxpptongenderreligionandcaste1-160812023901.pptx
pptongenderreligionandcaste1-160812023901.pptx
 
Gender caste and politics
Gender caste and politicsGender caste and politics
Gender caste and politics
 
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptxgenderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
 
Presentation on gender, religion and caste rohan
Presentation on gender, religion and caste rohanPresentation on gender, religion and caste rohan
Presentation on gender, religion and caste rohan
 
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptxgenderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
 
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptxgenderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
 
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptxgenderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
genderreligioncaste-090623024038-phpapp01.pptx
 
Genderreligioncaste
Genderreligioncaste Genderreligioncaste
Genderreligioncaste
 
Womensempowermentindiabriefs
WomensempowermentindiabriefsWomensempowermentindiabriefs
Womensempowermentindiabriefs
 
PARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIA
PARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIAPARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIA
PARTIES AND THE PARTY SYSTEM IN INDIA
 
National values
National valuesNational values
National values
 
Ideology of different political parties
Ideology of different political partiesIdeology of different political parties
Ideology of different political parties
 
Pg136 Presentations India
Pg136  Presentations IndiaPg136  Presentations India
Pg136 Presentations India
 
12345-17-160919151740 (1).pdf
12345-17-160919151740 (1).pdf12345-17-160919151740 (1).pdf
12345-17-160919151740 (1).pdf
 
WOMEN IN POLITICS
WOMEN IN POLITICSWOMEN IN POLITICS
WOMEN IN POLITICS
 
Dalit Women Speak Out: Caste, Class and Gender Violence in India
Dalit Women Speak Out: Caste, Class and Gender Violence in IndiaDalit Women Speak Out: Caste, Class and Gender Violence in India
Dalit Women Speak Out: Caste, Class and Gender Violence in India
 
Ambedkar,Women movement And Buddhism
Ambedkar,Women movement And BuddhismAmbedkar,Women movement And Buddhism
Ambedkar,Women movement And Buddhism
 
career club.pptx
career club.pptxcareer club.pptx
career club.pptx
 
Gender inequality
Gender inequalityGender inequality
Gender inequality
 
Sociology
SociologySociology
Sociology
 

Recently uploaded

How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseCeline George
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSMae Pangan
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Mark Reed
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQuiz Club NITW
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfTechSoup
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Association for Project Management
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvRicaMaeCastro1
 
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfGrade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfJemuel Francisco
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Projectjordimapav
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfPrerana Jadhav
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataBabyAnnMotar
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Developmentchesterberbo7
 
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1GloryAnnCastre1
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parentsnavabharathschool99
 
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17Celine George
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 

Recently uploaded (20)

How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 DatabaseHow to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
How to Make a Duplicate of Your Odoo 17 Database
 
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHSTextual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
Textual Evidence in Reading and Writing of SHS
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
 
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITWQ-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
Q-Factor General Quiz-7th April 2024, Quiz Club NITW
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
 
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
Team Lead Succeed – Helping you and your team achieve high-performance teamwo...
 
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Professionprashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
prashanth updated resume 2024 for Teaching Profession
 
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnvESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
ESP 4-EDITED.pdfmmcncncncmcmmnmnmncnmncmnnjvnnv
 
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfGrade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
 
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
ClimART Action    |    eTwinning ProjectClimART Action    |    eTwinning Project
ClimART Action | eTwinning Project
 
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdfNarcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
Narcotic and Non Narcotic Analgesic..pdf
 
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
31 ĐỀ THI THỬ VÀO LỚP 10 - TIẾNG ANH - FORM MỚI 2025 - 40 CÂU HỎI - BÙI VĂN V...
 
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped dataMeasures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
Measures of Position DECILES for ungrouped data
 
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptxINCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
 
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptxMULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
MULTIDISCIPLINRY NATURE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES.pptx
 
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea DevelopmentUsing Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
Using Grammatical Signals Suitable to Patterns of Idea Development
 
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
Reading and Writing Skills 11 quarter 4 melc 1
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
 
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 

Gender Religion And Caste

  • 1. GENDER RELIGION & CASTE PRESENTED BY- SADHNA SHARMA HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT (POLITICAL SCIENCE)
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. DIFFERENT ASPECTS OF LIFE WHERE WOMEN ARE DISCRIMINATED 1 Literacy rate among the women is 54% as compared to 76% among men. 2 Women are paid less than men, even when both do the same work e.g. in factories, films women are paid less as compare to men.
  • 5. 3 In India, parents prefer to have sons than girls. They find many ways to have the girl child aborted, before birth. 4. This decline in the sex ratio. The number of girls per thousand boys in our country is 933.
  • 6. 5. There are reports of various kinds of harassments, exploitation and violence both in rural and urban areas. 6. Women are not safe at home even due to harassment and domestic violence.
  • 7. FEMINIST MOVEMENT Feminist movements are the movements organized by the women organizations for equality for women in personal and family life.
  • 8. EFFECTS- 1a) Pol. Expression of gender division b) political mobilization helped in improving women’s role in public life.
  • 9. 2 Now, women are working as scientists, doctors, lawyers, managers, engineers and teachers. 3 In countries like Finland ,Norway and Sweden the participation of women in public life is very high.
  • 10. DEMANDS- 1 Equal rights for women in all spheres of life. 2 Extension of right to vote.
  • 11. 3. Enhancing political and legal status of women.
  • 12. 4. Improvement in educational and career opportunities for women.
  • 13. STATUS OF WOMEN’S REPRESENTATION IN INDIA’S LEGISLATIVE BODIES 1 In India women participation in political area is very low. 2 In Lok Sabha it is not even 10%. 3 In State Assembly it is as low as 5%. 4 Latin America and Africa women participation is higher than India.
  • 14. STEPS CAN BE TAKEN TO IMPROVE WOMEN’S REPRESENTATION IN POLITICS 1 It should be legally binding to have fair proportion representation of women in the elected bodies. 2 Some seats should be reserved for women in State Assemblies and in lok sabha.
  • 15. 3 Political parties should give proper representation to women members. 4 Women participation can be increased by raising the literacy rate.
  • 16. RELATION BETWEEN RELIGION AND POLITICS 1.Mahatma Gandhi used to say that religion can never be separated from politics. According to him, politics must be guided by ethics, drawn from
  • 17. 3 Women’s Movement have argued that Family Laws of all religions should be same.
  • 18. 2 Human Right Groups have argued that most of the victims of communal riots in country are people from religious minorities. They have demanded that government should take special steps to protect them.
  • 19. HOW CAN RELIGION INFLUENCE POLITICS
  • 20. 2 Ideas, ideals and values drawn from different religions should play important role in politics. 3 People should be able to express in politics their needs and demands as a member of a religious community. 4 Those who hold political power should be able to prevent discrimination on the basis of religion. Mahatma Gandhi Believed that politics must be guided by ethics drawn from all religions.
  • 21. MEANING OF COMMUNALISM Communalism is a situation when a particular community tries to promote its own interest at the cost of other communities. WHEN DOES COMMUNALISM PROBLEM BECOME ACUTE? 1 Religion is seen as the basis of the nation. 2 When one religion and its followers are discriminated by others. 3 When people start believing that belief of their religion is superior than other religions. 4. When the state power is used to established the domination of one religion over the others.
  • 22. MAJOR BELIEFS OF COMMUNAL PEOPLE 1 The followers of a particular religion must belong to one community. 2 Their fundamental interest should be same. 3 people who follow different religions can not belong to the same social community. 4 If the followers of different religions have commonalities these are
  • 23. IDEAS OF COMMUNAL POLITICS FUNDAMENTALLY FLAWED 1 Most of these beliefs are not true. 2 People of one religion don’t have the same interests and aspirations in every context. 3 Everyone has several other roles, positions and identities. 4 There are many voices inside every community. 5 All these voices have the right to be heard.
  • 24. DIFFERENT FORMS OF COMMUNAL POLITICS- 1 PEOPLE OFFEN BELIEVE THAT IDEAS OF THEIR RELIGION ARE SUPERIOR TO THE IDEAS OF OTHER RELIGIONS. 2 PEOPLE OF A PARTICULAR RELIGION WANTS MAXIMUM REPRESENTATION OF THEIR RELIGION IN THE POLITICS. THIS TAKES THE FORM OF MAJORITARIAN DOMINANCE.
  • 25. 3 As a result of it people of minority community then demand separate state for themselves.
  • 26. 4 Mobilizing people on communal lines in politics is another form of communal politics. 5 Mobilization is done on the basis of emotional appeals, fear, symbols, religious slogan by leaders etc.
  • 27. 5 In its most ugly form communalism leads to violence. People from various religions are opposite to each other and they use violence to show their religion’s domination.
  • 28.
  • 29. EXAMPLE –India and Pakistan suffered some of the worst communal riots at the time of partition.
  • 30. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS THAT MAKE INDIA A SECULAR STATE 1 There is no official religion for the Indian State. ❖In Sri lanka-Buddhism ❖In Pakistan- Islam ❖In England- Christianity 2 The Constitution provides to all individual and communities freedom to profess, practice and propagate any religion of their own choice.
  • 31. 3 The Constitution prohibits discrimination on the grounds of religion. 4 It bans Untouchability.
  • 32. CASTEISM IN INDIA DIFFERENT FROM OTHER SOCIETIES— 1 In India casteism is different from other societies as in India hereditary occupational division was sanctioned by rituals. 2 Members of the same occupation married with their caste group and did not eat with the members from other caste group.
  • 33. MEANING OF CASTEISM- Organizations of people into social groups for the purpose of marriage, work and diet is known as Caste System.
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36. CASTE INEQUALITIES STILL CONTINUED IN INDIA 1 Most people marry within their own caste and tribe. 2 Despite provision in the constitution untouchability has not ended completely. 3 There has been rich and educated people from lower caste also now-a-days but their percentage is much less as compared to upper caste. 4. Large mass of low caste people still do not have access to education and have remained illiterate and uneducated.
  • 37. CASTE ALONE CAN NOT DETERMINE THE ELECTION RESULT 1 No State Legislature in the country has a majority of any caste. 2 Every caste group has its presence in Parliament. 3 It is not necessary that the people of same caste vote for same political party. 4 It might happen that there are more than one candidate from one caste and no candidate from other caste.
  • 38. CASTE SYSTEM IS DISAPPEARING IN INDIA Social reformers like Jotiba Phule, Mahatma Gandhi, Dr.B.R Ambedker ,etc. advocated and worked to establish a society in which caste inequalities are absent.
  • 39. The constitution of India prohibits discrimination of any type. It provide equal opportunities to all. The caste system can further be reduced spreading education and by promoting inter-caste marriages.
  • 40. CASTEISM IN INDIAN POLITICS While choosing candidate: When parties choice candidate in elections, they keep in mind the caste composition of the electorate and nominate candidates from different castes so as to get necessary support to win elections.
  • 41. While forming a government: When the government are formed, political parties usually take care that representatives of different castes and tribes find a place in it. While campaigning: Political Parties and candidates in elections make appeals to people to give them their votes on the basis of caste.
  • 42. Universal Adult Franchise: UAF and the principle of one person on vote compelled political leaders to raise the caste based issues during elections.