Professional Ethics And Disaster Management

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Professional Ethics And Disaster Management

  1. 1. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 1 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma LAB MANUAL Subject Code: 5EE11A PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT LAB (III B. Tech V Semester EE) Established in year 2000 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING STANI MEMORIAL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY, PHAGI, JAIPUR – 303005 Website: www.smcet.in
  2. 2. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 2 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma 5EE11A PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT LAB SYLLABUS HUMAN VALUES:  Effect of Technological Growth and Sustainable Development.  Profession and Human Values: Values crisis in contemporary society. Nature of values. Psychological Values, Societal Values and Aesthetic Values. Moral and Ethical values. PROFESSIOAL ETHICS: 1. Professional and Professionalism- Professional Accountability, Role of a professional, Ethic and image of profession. 2. Engineering Profession and Ethics- Technology and society, Ethical obligations of Engineering professionals, Roles of Engineers in industry, society, nation and the world. 3. Professional Responsibilities- Collegiality, Loyalty, Confidentially, Conflict of Interest, Whistle Blowing. DISASTER MANAGEMENT: Understanding Disasters and Hazards and related issues social and environmental. Risk and Vulnerability. Types of Disasters, their occurrence/ causes, impact and preventive measures:  Natural Disasters- Hydro-meteorological Based Disasters like Flood, Flash Flood, Cloud Burst, Drought, Cyclone, Forest Fires; Geological Based Disasters like Earthquake, Tsunami, Landslides, Volcanic Eruptions.  Man made Disasters: Chemical Industrial Hazards, Major Power Break Downs, Traffic Accidents, Fire Hazards, Nuclear Accidents. Disaster profile of Indian continent. Case studies. Disaster Management Cycle and its components.
  3. 3. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 3 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma EXPERIMENT NO. 1(A) Aim:- Study of Effect of Technological Growth and Sustainable Development. Apparatus Required:- Theory:- With the Technology, Growth and Development Programe, the UNU Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT) addresses the relationships between technological change, productivity, economic growth, and socio- economic development at the macro level. The programme focuses on a range of questions with respect to the impact of innovation and technological change on productivity, growth, employment, human capital, inequality, poverty, sustainability, and socio-economic development. These questions are studied in an international comparative perspective including advanced economies in Europe and elsewhere, developing economies, and economies in transition. The research programme entails two types of research activity: the theoretical modelling of the sources and mechanisms of economic growth and development, and the role of technology and human capital in generating socially and environmentally sustainable growth. Such research models can be used for the identification of policy options, policy constraints, and ultimately for the design of economic policy. They can also be used for empirical measurement and analysis in order to identify and quantify important sources of growth, as well as obstacles and bottlenecks in growth and development. 1. Twinning 2. Purpose 3. Approach 4. Gender 5. Target 6. Audience 7. Intended Impact 8. Policy Bridging 9. Dissemination 10. Timeline/Programme Cycle 11. Evaluation
  4. 4. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 4 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma 12. Challenges Circuit Diagram:- Precautions:- Procedure:- Observation Table:- Calculation:- Result: - We have successfully studied about Effect of Technological Growth and Sustainable Development. References:- 1. Quarantelli E.L. (1998). Where We Have Been and Where We Might Go. In: Quarantelli E.L. (ed). What Is A Disaster? London: Routledge. pp146-159. 2. Jump up^ "World Bank:Disaster Risk Management".
  5. 5. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 5 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma Viva- Voice Questions:- Q. 1 What do you understand about technical growth? Q. 2 What is Twinning?
  6. 6. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 6 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma EXPERIMENT NO. 1(B) Aim: - Profession and Human Values: Values crisis in contemporary society. Nature of values. Psychological Values, Societal Values and Aesthetic Values. Moral and Ethical values. Apparatus Requirements: - Theory: - A profession is a vocation founded upon specialized educational training, the purpose of which is to supply objective counsel and service to others, for a direct and definite compensation, wholly apart from expectation of other business gain.[1] The term is in essence a rather vaguer version of the term "liberal profession", an anglicisation of the French term "profession libérale". Originally borrowed by English users in the nineteenth century, it has been re-borrowed by international users from the late twentieth, though the (upper-middle) class overtones of the term do not seem to survive retranslation: “liberal professions” are, according to the Directive on Recognition of Professional Qualifications (2005/36/EC) “those practised on the basis of relevant professional qualifications in a personal, responsible and professionally independent capacity by those providing intellectual and conceptual services in the interest of the client and the public”. A personal value is absolute or relative and ethical value, the assumption of which can be the basis for ethical action. A value system is a set of consistent values and measures. A principle value is a foundation upon which other values and measures of integrity are based. Some values are physiologically determined and are normally considered objective, such as a desire to avoid physical pain or to seek pleasure. Other values are considered subjective, vary across individuals and cultures, and are in many ways aligned with belief and belief systems. Types of values include ethical/moral values, doctrinal/ideological (religious, political) values, social values, and aesthetic values. It is debated whether some values that are not clearly physiologically determined, such as altruism, are intrinsic, and whether some, such as acquisitiveness, should be classified as vices or virtues. Values have been studied in various
  7. 7. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 7 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma disciplines: anthropology, behavioral economics, business ethics, corporate governance, moral philosophy, political sciences, social psychology, sociology and theology to name a few. Figure 1 Human Values Values can be defined as broad preference concerning appropriate courses of action or outcomes. As such, values reflect a person's sense of right and wrong or what "ought" to be. "Equal rights for all", "Excellence deserves admiration", and "People should be treated with respect and dignity" are representative of values. Values tend to influence attitudes and behavior. Personal Values:- Personal values provide an internal reference for what is good, beneficial, important, useful, beautiful, desirable, constructive, etc. Values generate behaviour and help solve common human problems for survival by comparative rankings of value, the results of which provide answers to questions of why people do what they do and in what order they choose to do them. Value Crisis In Contemporary Indian Society:- Excessive overplaying of materialistic values and subsequent downplaying of all other human values, often seen as roadblocks on the path leading to success has lead to value crisis in the contemporary Indian society. Our upbringing and en-culturation has trained us for a single
  8. 8. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 8 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma minded pursuit – attainment of personal happiness and gratification. Success is synonymous to unrestricted enjoyment of materialistic & sensuous pleasure and fulfillment of unlimited worldly desires. Our life has been transformed into a consumerist haven. We have lost faith in ideology of ‘simple living and high thinking’ and the slogan of the day has taken a new shape and form altogether “higher the amount of consumption better is the quality of life”. With the rise of isms such as selfish individualism, consumerism, materialism, candidly speaking our society has turned into a mere numerical collection of consumers who are devoid of all the finer senses that ought to exist in a true human being. We always question ourselves “what is in it for me?” the sole aim of all our striving’s at the individual level is personal well- being. The concept of common good has taken a back seat in our society. Steep rise in our right consciousness with a steeper decline in our duty consciousness has contributed effectively towards the societal decay and disintegration. We have a tendency to adopt a double standard of judgement “a much higher one for others and a much lower for ourselves”. We over the period of time have adroitly mastered the art of concealing our own faults. But surprisingly enough even the minor mistakes committed by others do not escape our censorious scrutiny. Societal Value:- Social value orientation (SVO) is a psychological construct rooted in social psychology defined as a person's preference about how to allocate resources (e.g. money) between the self and another person. That is, SVO corresponds to how much weight a person attaches to the welfare of others in relation to the own. Since people are assumed to vary in the weight they attach to other peoples' outcomes in relation to the own, SVO is an individual difference variable. Aesthetic Value:- Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of art, beauty, and taste, with the creation and appreciation of beauty.It is more scientifically defined as the study of sensory or sensori-emotional values, sometimes called judgments of sentiment and taste. More broadly, scholars in the field define aesthetics as "critical reflection on art, culture and nature."
  9. 9. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 9 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma Moral Values:- A moral value is a universally accepted ethical principle that governs the day to day living of life. These principles are important in maintaining unity, harmony and honour between people. Moral values are usually communal and shared by the public in general, thus if there is no agreement among community members no moral values will be established. Ethical Values:- The set of established principles governing virtuous behavior. In order to help assure that the company maintains a good business reputation, many business managers concerned about public relations will develop and promote a set of suitable ethical values for staff within the company to keep in mind when doing business with the customers. Circuit Diagram:- Precautions:- Procedure:- Observation Table:- Calculation: Result:- We have successfully studied about Profession and Human Values: Values crisis in contemporary society. Nature of values. Psychological Values, Societal Values and Aesthetic Values. Moral and Ethical values.
  10. 10. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 10 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma References:- 1. http://www.suncorp.com.au/corporate/careers/life-at-suncorp/values. 2. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Value_(personal_and_cultural) 3. https://in.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080927021748AAsokAp Viva- Voice Questions:- Q. 1 What is Profession? Q. 2 What is Human Values? Q. 3 What is Values crisis in contemporary society?
  11. 11. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 11 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma EXPERIMENT NO. 2(A) Aim: - Study about Professional and Professionalism-Professional Accountability, Role of a professional, Ethic and image of profession. Apparatus Requirement:- Theory:- WHAT IS A PROFESSION? Given the purpose of this treatise, a mere attempt to define or simply to conduct an examination of design professionalism would, I believe, be inadequate. In order to responsibly define design professionalism we must First fundamentally understand what a profession is and what conditions are required for it to exist. Function:- 1. A calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive academic preparation 2. The whole body of persons engaged in a calling as a concise and very general definition, this one above serves quite well. There is, of course, much more to a profession. The Fundamental Characteristics of A Profession:- 1. Great responsibility 2. Accountability 3. Specialization 4. Institutional preparation 5. Autonomy 6. Clients rather than customers 7. Direct working relationships 8. Ethical constraints 9. Merit-based 10. Capitalist morality
  12. 12. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 12 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma Moral And Ethical Foundations:- As one means of classification, everyone on earth falls into one of two categories: Those who hold with moral absolutes and those who do not. Those who believe in moral absolutes have a moral core articulated by various core values. When those values are mutually consistent, the individual then, by definition, has integrity. Those who do not hold with moral absolutes can have no moral core and no corresponding core values or integrity. Those individuals behave according to moral relativism; responding to issues as if they are disconnected, discrete items to be evaluated in a vacuum. “Open-minded” is the term sometimes referenced in describing this approach; and as such the term is misused. Update:- In response to the lack of any workable and morally consistent ethical code for designers, I’ve created the Code of Professional Conduct. I encourage design professionals to read, consider, and then publicly proclaim their support and adherence to it. A DEFINITION OF PROFESSIONALISM:- The short definition is that professionalism means behaving in an ethical manner while assuming and fulfilling your rightful responsibilities in every situation every time, without fail. To get a bit more granular, one can say that it means, in part, conducting your affairs in such a way as to engender trust and confidence in every aspect of your work. Circuit Diagram:- Precautions:- Procedure:-
  13. 13. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 13 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma Observation Table:- Calculation:- Result: - We have successfully studied about Professional and Professionalism-Professional Accountability, Role of a professional, Ethic and image of profession. Reference:- 1. Personal conversations with Carl Skooglund, Texas Instruments. 2. Koen, Billy V. (1994) Toward a Strategy for Teaching Engineering Design. Journal of Engineering Education 83: 193. 3. Journals of the Continental Congress: 1774-1789, op. cit. p. 732. 4. "Answers.com". Answers.com. Retrieved 2012-07-08. Viva Question:- Q. 1 Define Profession? Q. 2 what is professional? Q. 3 Functional Characteristics of professional.
  14. 14. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 14 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma EXPERIMENT NO. 2(B) Aim: - Study about Engineering Profession and Ethics-Technology and society, Ethical obligations of Engineering professionals, Roles of Engineers in industry, society, nation and the world. Apparatus Requirements:-. Theory: - This article examines the relationship between engineers and society, and engineers' professional responsibilities given that relationship. This examination is particularly important for engineers in the execution of their professional responsibilities, and for students preparing to enter fields of engineering. The Role of Engineering in Society: Engineering Design The National Research Council recently recognized the need for improvement in both engineering design and engineering design education. Although there are numerous articles on engineering design, we will concentrate on the interaction between engineers and society. The utilization of scientific knowledge over time establishes that some of the knowledge is immediately relevant to societal needs while other parts are less immediately relevant (society may never realize the relevance of a particular scientific inquiry). While the congruence of societal need with scientific knowledge is much more complex than indicated in this article, it may be represented for the purpose of this discussion by a Venn diagram as seen in figure 1. The authors maintain that it is this overlap of scientific knowledge with societal need, more specifically, the application of scientific knowledge to the needs of society, that is the domain of engineering. Clearly, the extent of human enterprise is much more complex than is represented here. If, for example, it is in the interest of society to increase our store of scientific knowledge, then engineers and scientists who ply their trade in the frontiers of scientific research are both serving societal need. Nevertheless, our contention is that the central focus of the engineering profession is the application of scientific knowledge to meet societal needs.
  15. 15. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 15 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma Professional Responsibility and Engineering Ethics Discussion of an engineer's inherent interaction with society and societal needs, leads naturally to an engineer's responsibility to society. Since the Grinter report, engineering education has made significant progress in strengthening the basic sciences in engineering, including mathematics, chemistry, and physics. Recent trends toward increasing discussion of professionalism in the classroom notwithstanding, topics of professional responsibility (as compared to science, engineering sciences, and engineering analysis) have received surprisingly little attention in engineering education over the last several decades. The authors fear that professional responsibility may also have been underemphasized in the practice of engineering. This includes such topics as:  Safety and Welfare of the Public and of Clients  Professional Ethics  Legal Liabilities of Engineers  Environmental Responsibilities  Quality  Communications Engineers must develop a fundamental understanding of their professional responsibilities. Few engineers have an opportunity, however, to develop or contribute to the development of a professional code of ethics. Circuit Diagram:- Figure 1
  16. 16. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 16 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma Precautions:- Procedure:- Observation Table:- Calculation:- Result: - We have successfully studied about Engineering Profession and Ethics-Technology and society, Ethical obligations of Engineering professionals, Roles of Engineers in industry, society, nation and the world. References:- 5. Personal conversations with Carl Skooglund, Texas Instruments. 6. Koen, Billy V. (1994) Toward a Strategy for Teaching Engineering Design. Journal of Engineering Education 83: 193. 7. Koen, B.V. (1985) Definition of the Engineering Method. American Society of Engineering Education, Washington, D. C. 8. Walton, J. W. (1991) Engineering Design: From Art to Practice. West Publishing Company, St. Paul, MN. 9. Ferguson, E. S. (1993) How Engineers Lose Touch. Invention & Technology, Winter, 16-24.
  17. 17. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 17 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma Viva-Voice:- Ques. 1 what is the Professional Responsibility? Ques. 2 what is the Role of Engineering in Society?
  18. 18. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 18 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma EXPERIMENT NO. 2(C) Aim: - Study about Professional Responsibilities-Collegiality, Loyalty, Confidentially, Conflict of Interest, Whistle Blowing. Apparatus Requirements: - Theory: - By bringing to the fore the concepts of (professional) ‘responsibility’ and ‘accountability’, we identify a tension between the two concepts and more insight is gained into the different types of logic and implications of ‘responsibility’ and ‘accountability’ regimes. Collegiality:- Collegiality is the relationship between colleagues. Colleagues are those explicitly united in a common purpose and respecting each other's abilities to work toward that purpose. A colleague is an associate in a profession or in a civil or ecclesiastical office. Collegiality can also be interpreted under the stricter definition as provided by the dictionary. In this case, collegiality only applies to individuals holding the same rank or power. In this case, collegiality for a college professor would only be applicable when dealing with other college professors. Collegiality for a secretary would only apply when dealing with other secretaries. Loyalty:- Employee loyalty is the positive behavior of employees. Employees who are loyal will ensure that there are no company's tips that are let outside, a factor that can enable their competitors to outscore them economically. Confidentiality:- Confidentiality is a set of rules or a promise that limits access or places restrictions on certain types of information.
  19. 19. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 19 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma Conflict Of Interest (COI):- A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation occuring when an individual or organization is involved in multiple interests, one of which could possibly corrupt the motivation. The presence of a conflict of interest is independent of the occurrence of impropriety. Therefore, a conflict of interest can be discovered and voluntarily defused before any corruption occurs. A widely used definition is: "A conflict of interest is a set of circumstances that creates a risk that professional judgement or actions regarding a primary interest will be unduly influenced by a secondary interest." Primary interest refers to the principal goals of the profession or activity, such as the protection of clients, the health of patients, the integrity of research, and the duties of public office. Secondary interest includes not only financial gain but also such motives as the desire for professional advancement and the wish to do favours for family and friends, but conflict of interest rules usually focus on financial relationships because they are relatively more objective, fungible, and quantifiable. The secondary interests are not treated as wrong in themselves, but become objectionable when they are believed to have greater weight than the primary interests. The conflict in a conflict of interest exists whether or not a particular individual is actually influenced by the secondary interest. It exists if the circumstances are reasonably believed (on the basis of past experience and objective evidence) to create a risk that decisions may be unduly influenced by secondary interests. Whistle Blower:- A whistleblower (whistle-blower or whistle blower)[1] is a person who exposes misconduct, alleged dishonest or illegal activity occurring in an organization. The alleged misconduct may be classified in many ways; for example, a violation of a law, rule, regulation and/or a direct threat to public interest, such as fraud, health and safety violations, and corruption. Whistleblowers may make their allegations internally (for example, to other people within the accused organization) or externally (to regulators, law enforcement agencies, to the media or to groups concerned with the issues). Circuit Diagram:-
  20. 20. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 20 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma Precautions:- Procedure:- Observation Table:- Calculation:- Result: - We have successfully studied about Professional Responsibilities-Collegiality, Loyalty, Confidentially, Conflict of Interest, Whistle Blowing. References:- 1. Journals of the Continental Congress: 1774-1789, op. cit. p. 732. 2. a b "Answers.com". Answers.com. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 3. "Etymonline.com". Etymonline.com. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 4. "Wordorigins.org". Wordorigins.org. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 5. Nader, Petkas, and Blackwell, Whistleblowing (1972).
  21. 21. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 21 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma Viva- Voice:- Ques. 1 What is Professional Responsibilities? Ques. 2 What is Collegiality? Ques. 3 What is Conflict of Interest? Ques. 4 What is Whistle Blowing?
  22. 22. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 22 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma EXPERIMENT NO. 3 Aim: - Study About DISASTER MANAGEMENT: Understanding Disasters and Hazards and related issues social and environmental. Risk and Vulnerability. Types of Disasters, their occurrence/ causes, impact and preventive measures:  Natural Disasters- Hydro-meteorological Based Disasters like Flood, Flash Flood, Cloud Burst, Drought, Cyclone, Forest Fires; Geological Based Disasters like Earthquake, Tsunami, Landslides, Volcanic Eruptions.  Man made Disasters: Chemical Industrial Hazards, Major Power Break Downs, Traffic Accidents, Fire Hazards, Nuclear Accidents. Disaster profile of Indian continent. Case studies. Disaster Management Cycle and its components. Apparatus Requirements: - Theory: - A disaster is a natural or man-made (or technological) hazard resulting in an event of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life, or drastic change to the environment. A disaster can be ostensively defined as any tragic event stemming from events such as earthquakes, floods, catastrophic accidents, fires, or explosions. It is a phenomenon that can cause damage to life and property and destroy the economic, social and cultural life of people. In contemporary academia, disasters are seen as the consequence of inappropriately managed risk. These risks are the product of a combination of both hazard/s and vulnerability. Hazards that strike in areas with low vulnerability will never become disasters, as is the case in uninhabited regions. Developing countries suffer the greatest costs when a disaster hits – more than 95 percent of all deaths caused by disasters occur in developing countries, and losses due to natural disasters are 20 times greater (as a percentage of GDP) in developing countries than in industrialized countries.
  23. 23. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 23 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma Natural disaster:- A natural disaster is a consequence when a natural hazard affects humans and/or the built environment. Human vulnerability, and lack of appropriate emergency management, leads to financial, environmental, or human impact. The resulting loss depends on the capacity of the population to support or resist the disaster: their resilience. This understanding is concentrated in the formulation: "disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerability". A natural hazard will hence never result in a natural disaster in areas without vulnerability. Various phenomena like earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, floods and cyclones are all natural hazards that kill thousands of people and destroy billions of dollars of habitat and property each year. However, natural hazards can strike in unpopulated areas and never develop into disasters. However, the rapid growth of the world's population and its increased concentration often in hazardous environments has escalated both the frequency and severity of natural disasters. With the tropical climate and unstable land forms, coupled with deforestation, unplanned growth proliferation, non-engineered constructions which make the disaster-prone areas more vulnerable, tardy communication, poor or no budgetary allocation for disaster prevention, developing countries suffer more or less chronically by natural disasters. Asia tops the list of casualties due to natural disasters Man-made disasters:- Man-made disasters are the consequence of technological or human hazards. Examples include stampedes, fires, transport accidents, industrial accidents, oil spills and nuclear explosions/radiation. War and deliberate attacks may also be put in this category. As with natural hazards, man-made hazards are events that have not happened, for instance terrorism. Man-made disasters are examples of specific cases where man-made hazards have become reality in an event. A natural hazard is a threat of a naturally occurring event that will have a negative effect on people or the environment. Many natural hazards are interrelated, e.g. earthquakes can cause tsunamis and drought can lead directly to famine or population displacement. It is possible that some natural hazards are intertemporally correlated, as well. A concrete example of the division between a natural hazard and a natural disaster is that the 1906 San Francisco earthquake was a disaster, whereas living on a fault line is a hazard.
  24. 24. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 24 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma List of Disasters:- 1. Natural:- These lists are of disasters caused by forces of nature.  Floods  Tropical cyclones  Earthquakes  environmental disasters  fires  wildfires 2. Accidents:- These are lists of disasters caused by accidental human action.  accidents and disasters by death toll 3. Transport  road accidents  rail accidents  accidents and incidents involving commercial aircraft  accidents and incidents involving military aircraft  maritime disasters  shipwrecks  aircraft disasters  airship accidents 4. Industrial  industrial disasters  structural failures and collapses o bridge failures o dam failures o levee failures o mast and tower collapses o modern infrastructure failures  Nuclear and radiation accidents o radiation accidents o civilian nuclear accidents o military nuclear accidents o nuclear and radiation accidents by death toll o nuclear disasters and radioactive incidents  oil spills  space accidents and incidents 5. Health  Famines  Epidemics  mass evacuations 6. Manmade:- These are lists of disasters caused by deliberate human action.  wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll
  25. 25. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 25 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma  battles and other violent events  military disasters  wars  terrorist incidents  riots  massacres Risk:- Risk is the potential of losing something of value, weighed against the potential to gain something of value. Values (such as physical health, social status, emotional well being or financial wealth) can be gained or lost when taking risk resulting from a given action, activity and/or inaction, foreseen or unforeseen. Risk can also be defined as the intentional interaction with uncertainty. Risk perception is the subjective judgment people make about the severity of a risk, and may vary person to person. Any human endeavor carries some risk, but some are much riskier than others. Risk can be defined in a variety of ways. However we define risk (uncountable) as a characteristic of reality or risks as threatening agents, the essential feature here is uncertainty. Without uncertainty there is no risk, only clear danger. TSUNAMI:- The principal generation mechanism (or cause) of a tsunami is the displacement of a substantial volume of water or perturbation of the sea. This displacement of water is usually attributed to either earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, glacier calvings or more rarely by meteorites and nuclear tests. The waves formed in this way are then sustained by gravity. Tides do not play any part in the generation of tsunamis. Circuit Diagrams:- Precautions:- Procedure:- Observation Table:-
  26. 26. Stani Memorial College Of Engineering And Technology, Phagi, Jaipur Department Of Electrical Engineering 3rd Year/ 5th Sem 5EE11A Professional Ethics And Disaster Management Lab Manual 26 Prepared By: - Jyoti Sharma Calculation:- Result: - We have successfully studied about Disaster Management. References:- 1. Quarantelli E.L. (1998). Where We Have Been and Where We Might Go. In: Quarantelli E.L. (ed). What Is A Disaster? London: Routledge. pp146-159. 2. Jump up^ "World Bank:Disaster Risk Management". Viva- Voice Questions:- Ques. 1 what is the Tsunami? Ques.2 what is the Risk? Ques. 3 Types of Manmade Disaster. Ques. 4 Give the example of Natural Disaster.

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