In addition, there are at least 40 different strands of HPV.
HPV Infection= Genital Warts, Smoking, Immunosuppression, Chlamydia infection, Diet, Oral Contraceptives (birth control pills), Intrauterine device use, Multiple full-term pregnancies, Young age at the first full time pregnancies, Poverty, Diethylstilbestrol (DES), Family history of cervical cancer, Multiple sex partners, unprotected sex at an early age, Other STD’s
Two types of screening is the Pap Smear Test, and HPV DNA Test. The Pap smear test doesn’t diagnose HPV, but it can look for abnormal cells caused by HPV, and the lining of the cervix before the cells become precancerous or cancerous. All HPV types that affect the genital area can cause abnormal Pap tests. To determine if an abnormal Pap test is caused by HPV we can order an HPV test. Cervical exam is done using a colposcope. The colposcope combines with a bright light with a magnifying lens to make tissue easier to see. These exams may be done in a doctor’s office or a health clinic. A biopsy is a removal of tissue to look for cancer cells. For proper treatments, it is best to maintain routine cervical cancer screenings. Pap Smear Tests “will find changes in cervical cells before they turn into cancer.” Treating these cell changes may prevent cervical cancer. In addition, the HPV DNA testing helps to detect the cervical cancer lesions. ***However there are many women that do no get tested regularly, therefore they do not catch the cancer in time.
How cervical cancer is staged:The process of finding out how far the cancer has spread is called staging. Information from exams and diagnostic tests is used to determine the size of the tumor, how deep the tumor has invaded the tissues in and around the cervix, and the spread to lymph nodes and other distant organs. This is an important process for selecting the right treatment plan. It is based on clinical rather than surgical findings. This means the extent of the disease is evaluated by Dr. ‘s physical examination and by cystoscopy and protoscopy. There are two systems used for staging most types of cervical cancer. This system is a way for the members of the cancer care team to summarize the extent of the cancer spread. These two systems include: FIGO ( International federation of gynecology and obstrectics), and the ( AJCC – American joint committee on cancer). Cervical Cancer stages are assigned to stages based on 4 things: 1. The size of the cancer 2. How deep the cancer has invaded the areas surrounding the cervix 3. If there are signs of cancer in the vagina, pelvis, or local lymph nodes 4. If there are signs of cancer spread to other organs
Stage 1: Cancer in the cervix or uterus, only Treatment of stage 1: Loop electrical-surgical excision procedure ( LEEP), laser surgery, total hysterectomy, internal radiation therapy( for women who cannot have surgery)
Middle stage- the tumor has grown through the cervix and invaded the upper part of the vagina. It may have invaded other nearby tissues but not the pelvic wall (the lining of the part of the body between the hips) or the lower part of the vagina. If the tumor is larger enough to block one or both of the tubes through which urine passes from the kidneys, lab test may show that the kidneys are not working well. Stages 2-4 : Combination of external and internal radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy During Stage 4: Cancer has spread to distant organs such as the liver
(Stage 5): Radiation Therapy ( the use of high energy waves to treatment cancer usually followed by chemotherapy ). Late stage- the tumor has invaded the bladder or rectum or the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the lungs. It is the final and most advanced cancer stage; it has metastasized to other parts of the body.
HPV affects both females and males. HPV transmission can happen with any kind of genital contact with someone who has HPV…intercourse is not necessary. Many who have HPV don’t even know it because the virus has no signs and symptoms. That means you can pass it to your partner without even knowing it. In the U>S. an estimated 75-80% of males and females will be infected with HPV in there lifetime. For most the virus will clear on its own when it doesn’t HPV has negative consequences. There are about 6 million new cases of genital HVP in the U.S. each year. It’s estimated that 74% of them occur in 15-24 year olds.
HPV vaccines are recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization practices and the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology.It only guards against the disease attacking the body. Because of the nature that the STD is spread, skin on skin contact, condoms are not fully effect and preventing the spread of HPV. Some parents think that it is too early for their children to receive vaccines especially around age 9 for STD vaccinations. Some parents believe that this will provide their daughters with a sense of safety and their teens will be more sexually promiscuous.
Gardasil helps protect both girls and boys from certain diseases caused by HPV. Gardasil is the only HPV vaccine that helps protect your child against four types of HPV. In girls and young women ages 9 to 26 Gardasil helps protect against 2 types of HPV that cause about 75% of cervical cancer cases, and 2 more types that cause 90% of genital warts cases.In boys and young men ages 9 to 26, Gardasil helps protect against 90% of genital warts cases.Gardasil also helps protect girls and young women ages 9 to 26 against 70% of vaginal cancer cases and up to 50% of vulvar cancer cases.
Taken from the from Gardasil Facts Sheet “Gardasil=This is a vaccine for girls and women 9 through 26 years of age to help protect against the following diseases caused by HPV: Cervical cancer, Vulvar and vaginal cancers, Genital warts, as well as Abnormal and precancerous cervical, vaginal, and vulvar lesions.” “Gardasil, however only protects against diseases caused by certain HPV types: Type 6, Type 11, Type 16, and Type 18).” “It is given as an injection in 3 doses. 1st Dose=This is when you want to go get the shot the first time. 2nd Dose= This is given 2 months after the first dose, and the 3rd and final Dose= This is given 6 months after the first dose is given.” 70% of cervical cancers and 90% of genital warts are caused by these 4 types just mentioned. HPV Prevention classes will encourage and provide you and the women around you with important facts with ways to help prevent the types of HPV that cause CC. Routine screenings should start at age 21, or at least 3 years before sexual activity. Two types of screening is the Pap Smear Test, and HPV DNA Test. The Pap smear test doesn’t diagnose HPV, but it can look for abnormal cells caused by HPV, and the lining of the cervix before the cells become precancerous or cancerous. All HPV types that affect the genital area can cause abnormal Pap tests. To determine if an abnormal Pap test is caused by HPV we can order an HPV test. For proper treatments, it is best to maintain routine cervical cancer screenings. Pap Smear Tests “will find changes in cervical cells before they turn into cancer.” Treating these cell changes may prevent cervical cancer. In addition, the HPV DNA testing helps to detect the cervical cancer lesions.
More than 11,000 women develop cervical cancer each year. Also, many of the strains are latent, which means you could be a carrier, not have symptoms, and pass it on withoutknowing it.
You cannot get pregnant if you get radiation therapy or a hysterectomy ( removal of uterus).
Cervical cancer power point 2 final
Pregnancies at a
Multiple sex partners
Unprotected sex at
an early age
between periods after
pelvic exams and after
Heavier and longer
Pelvic pain during
Loss of appetite and
Pap smear Test
The process of finding out how far the cancer has
spread is called staging.
These are the stages: Early stage, middle
stages, and late stage
It could prevent
more than 200,000
HPV vaccines are
It has negative
effects on the body:
Some parents feel
that there are too
many vaccines for
their children to
Gardasil is the only HPV vaccine that helps
protect against four types of HPV. Gardasil
will not fully protect everyone nor will it
protect against diseases caused by other
HPV types or against diseases not caused
Gardasil does not prevent all types of
cervical cancer so its important for women
to continue routine cervical screenings.
Gardasil does not treat cancer or genital
warts. Gardasil is given in three injections
over six months.
Gardasil is the only HPV
vaccine that helps
protect your child
against four types of HPV
that causes Cervical
Everyday in the United
States, 30 women are
Currently 20 million
people are infected.
At least 50% of sexually
active women and
men acquire genital
HPV infection at some
point in there life.
At age 50, at least 80%
of women will have
acquired genital HPV
Approximately 20 of
the 30 identified
genital HPV types can
lead to the
About 6.2 million
Americans get a new
genital HPV infection
Most women are
diagnosed with HPV
on the basis of
abnormal pap tests.
There is no cure for
HPV infection though
in most women the
infection goes away.
No HPV tests are
available for men.
About your risks of developing cervical
About treatment options
About lifestyle changes
Necessary for Pap smears, lab tests, and
Long-term side affects
Lymphoedema(can cause swollen legs)
Can cause infertility
If immediate treatment is
necessary, pregnancy must be
If not, uterus will be removed at time of
Women who had early cancer
Undergo Cone biopsy treatment
Still have baby, but risk miscarriage or
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Human Papillomavirus Infection and Cervical Cytology in Women Screened for Cervical Cancer in the United States, 2003—
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Long, Harry J,I.I.I., M.D., Laack, Nadia N I,M.D., M.S., & Gostout, B. S., M.D. (2007). Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of
cervical cancer. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 82(12), 1566-74. Retrieved from
Mayo Clinic staff. (March 17, 2012). Cervical Cancer. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved from:
National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health. (January 2012). What You Need to Know About: Cervical
Cancer. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved from:
Singh, G. K. (2012). Rural-urban trends and patterns in cervical cancer mortality, incidence, stage, and survival in the united
states, 1950-2008. Journal of Community Health, 37(1), 217-23. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10900-011-9439-6
Welcome to the Cervical Cancer Channel.(2006). Cervical-Cancer.emedtv.com/cervical-cancer/cervical-