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Developing Learners’ Critical Reading Strategies in ESP Settings & Beyond

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Developing Learners’ Critical Reading Strategies in ESP Settings & Beyond

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Developing Learners’ Critical Reading Strategies in ESP Settings & Beyond

  1. 1. DEVELOPING LEARNERS’ CRITICAL READING STRATEGIES IN ESP SETTINGS & BEYOND MoRCE-Net Annual Conference 2016 Laura Patch MA TESOL, MPH Omar Abouelazm MA TESOL English Language Fellows, Algiers, Algeria
  2. 2. DO YOU READ LIKE THIS?
  3. 3. READING FOR UNDERSTANDING
  4. 4. WHAT DO LANGUAGE RESEARCHERS SAY?  3 + 1 Levels of Understanding & Comprehension of Reading Content: * Literal  * Referential/Interpretive  * Critical Reading  ( Feng Liu, 2010)
  5. 5. 4TH LEVEL OF UNDERSTANDING: APPRECIATIVE COMPREHENSION
  6. 6. READING STRATEGIES VS. READING SKILLS Strategies ------------------------ Skills * Reader-oriented * Text-oriented * Conscious decisions * Unconscious ability * Response to a * Show reading challenge proficiency, not necessarily comprehension
  7. 7. TYPES OF READING STRATEGIES  Browsing   Skimming   Scanning   Search Reading   Careful Reading 
  8. 8. L1 VS. L2 READING – QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER…  Are L1 and L2 reading processes similar?  Is there a universal reading process?  Do individuals transfer reading skills from their 1st to their 2nd /3rd language? If yes, when does it happen in the learning process?  Are good L1 readers also good L2 readers?
  9. 9. ??? THE BIG QUESTION ??? Reading in a Foreign Language: Is it a Reading Problem or a Language Problem?
  10. 10. 5 STEPS TO PRACTICING CRITICAL LITERACY 1. Familiarize learners with the meaning and value of critical reading/literacy   Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS) Developed by K. Mokhtari & R. Sheorey, 2002 2. Negotiate readings by including learners in the selection of readings process  3. Ask critical questions to direct and motivate students towards using critical reading strategies 
  11. 11. 5 STEPS (CONTINUED)  Questions to Promote Critical Literacy (taken from eworkshop.on.ca website) 4. Discuss questions collaboratively  5. Write reflective journals  What is Our End Goal? (Abednia & Izadinia, 2011)
  12. 12. CRITICAL READING STRATEGIES
  13. 13. CRITICAL READING ACTIVITY  Instructions: Mortimer Adler  How To Mark a Book by Mortimer Adler
  14. 14. REFERENCES  Abednia, A., Izadinia, M. (2011). Five steps to practice critical literacy in second language reading. AUC TESOL Journal; Spring 2011.  Adler, M. (July 6, 1941). How to Mark a Book. The Saturday Review of Literature. Retrieved online at https://emu.edu/writing-program/faculty -services/articles-handouts-exercises/Adler.pdf  Liu, F. (Aug. 2010). Reading Abilities and Strategies: A Short Introduction. International Education Studies; Vol. 3, No. 3.  Mokhtari, K., Sheorey, R (Spring 2002). Measuring ESL Students’ Awareness of Reading Strategies. Journal of Developmental Education; Vol. 25, No. 3.

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