Participatory re-action: reflecting on a Design-Based Research approach in ICT4D

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Participatory re-action: reflecting on a Design-Based Research approach in ICT4D

  1. 1. Par ti cipato r y re -acti on: ref l ectin g on a D esi gn - Based Research a pp roach in I CT4D Izak van Zyl, Sara Vannini NewMinE Lab – Università della Svizzera italiana November 2013
  2. 2. Design-Based Research
  3. 3. Design-Based Research …is an emerging paradigm for the study of learning in context through the systematic design and study of instructional strategies and tools… (DBR Collaborative, 2003)
  4. 4. Design-Based Research DBR can help create and extend knowledge about developing, enacting, and sustaining innovative learning environments. (DBR Collaborative, 2003)
  5. 5. Design-Based Research deals with real-world settings focuses on collaboration and participation is characterised by iteration and flexibility formative evaluations performed after each cycle mixed methods
  6. 6. Design-Based Research deals with real-world settings focuses on collaboration and participation is characterised by iteration and flexibility formative evaluations performed after each cycle mixed methods
  7. 7. Design-Based Research deals with real-world settings focuses on collaboration and participation is characterised by iteration and flexibility formative evaluations performed after each cycle mixed methods
  8. 8. Design-Based Research deals with real-world settings focuses on collaboration and participation is characterised by iteration and flexibility formative evaluations performed after each cycle mixed methods
  9. 9. Design-Based Research deals with real-world settings focuses on collaboration and participation is characterised by iteration and flexibility formative evaluations performed after each cycle mixed methods
  10. 10. ICT4D community has gradually recognised design-based and contextualised approaches Postcolonial computing Situated computing
  11. 11. ICT4D community has gradually recognised design-based and contextualised approaches Postcolonial computing Situated computing DBR has not found a concrete methodological position
  12. 12. social REpresentations of community multimedia centres and ACTions for improvement
  13. 13. UNESCO, 2000
  14. 14. RE-ACT CMCs in Mozambique (2011)
  15. 15. Research Questions Meaning: Social Representations Theory
  16. 16. Research Questions Meaning: Social Representations Theory Agency: (How) can local community members participate in improving CMCs?
  17. 17. Research Questions Meaning: Social Representations Theory Agency: (How) can local community members participate in improving CMCs? Development methodology: How can we harness these factors (meaning & agency) for local development actions?
  18. 18. RE-ACT Social Representations Actions for Improvement
  19. 19. RE-ACT Social Representations Actions for Improvement (Moscovici, 1961)
  20. 20. Initiating Agencies #2 Staff #57 Community -Users -(RC+TC) #95 -(RC) #72 -Non-Users #8
  21. 21. 309 pictures, 103 interviewees (Staff members & CMC -Users)
  22. 22. 328 questionnaires (Radio Users)
  23. 23. Social Representations Community Radios socio-political role (edutainment) characteristics information and knowledge for development Telecentres computer training venue Everyday computing needs: making photocopies, typing hand-written documents, etc. – General infrastructure and physical appearance
  24. 24. Social Representations Community Radios socio-political role (edutainment) characteristics Information and knowledge for development Telecentres computer training venue everyday computing needs
  25. 25. Social Representations Community Radios socio-political role (edutainment) characteristics general infrastructure and physical appearance of the CMC
  26. 26. Social Representations bureaucratic administrative issues, political benefits of community radios, financial sustainability Focus on community radios: working experience, personal satisfaction, prestige, giving “voice to the voiceless”. Focus on telecentres: learning places, access to ICTs (including photocopy machines and printers
  27. 27. RE-ACT Social Representations Actions for Improvement
  28. 28. Improvement Actions Education: computer literacy, maintenance training & capacity building, technical support hub Tourism: online platform, radio program Entertainment: community cinema Information: community-based information platform rebroadcast via digital technology
  29. 29. Improvement Actions Education: computer literacy, maintenance training & capacity building, technical support hub Tourism: online platform, radio program Entertainment: community cinema Information: community-based information platform rebroadcast via digital technology
  30. 30. Co-Design with staff members: define improvement actions Co-Design with coordinators: formulate improvement actions Implement improvement actions Formative evaluation Social Representations Study: include local voices
  31. 31. Mixed methods real-world contexts flexibility iterative collaborations education/capacity-building
  32. 32. Concluding thoughts risk that ICT4D developers pay lip participation service to unclear to what extent design-based activities translate into impactful development How do locals become facilitators of their own actions?
  33. 33. Concluding thoughts risk that ICT4D developers pay lip participation service to unclear to what extent design-based activities translate into impactful development How do locals become facilitators of their own actions?
  34. 34. Concluding thoughts risk that ICT4D developers pay lip participation service to unclear to what extent design-based activities translate into impactful development How do locals become facilitators of their own actions?
  35. 35. Concluding thoughts As an amalgamation of ‘meaning and design’, DBR: espouses the foundations of social constructivism places design emphasis on flow of micro social representation hope to extend the methodology beyond superficial implementations
  36. 36. Concluding thoughts As an amalgamation of ‘meaning and design’, DBR: espouses the foundations of social constructivism places design emphasis on flow of micro social representation hope to extend the methodology beyond superficial implementations
  37. 37. Concluding thoughts As an amalgamation of ‘meaning and design’, DBR: espouses the foundations of social constructivism places design emphasis on flow of micro social representation hopes to extend the methodology beyond superficial implementations
  38. 38. Thank You! vanzyli@usi.ch - sara.vannini@usi.ch www.newmine.org

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