Ambiente

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Ambiente

  1. 1. DRAFT R D RESOLU UTION PA ACKET   EII Environmental Committe II: eeA. Prot tection of global climate for C. PPromotion o new and r of renewable pres sent and futu generat ure tions of sourrces of ener (20j) rgy hum mankind (20d) 1. G Germany 2. U United States s1. Germany 3. Ir raq2. Namib bia 4. Fiinland3. Iraq 5. Paalestine4. Spain 6. C China5. Rwan nda 7. N Namibia6. Finlan nd7. Japan8. Chinaa C. S Sustainable mountain development e n ( (20i)B. Implementation of the Unit Nations n ted s 1. GGermany Convention to Combat Des C sertification n 2. C Cote D’Ivoiree in Those Countries Experie encing 3. In ndia Serio Drough and/or ous ht 4. Soouth Sudan Deseertification, Particularl in Africa ly 5. N Namibia (20e) 6. U United States s 7. R Rwanda1. Namib bia 8. Sppain2. Bangl ladesh 9. C China3. Spain 10. P Pakistan4. Japan5. Chinaa6. Cote D’Ivoire D7. India 
  2. 2. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-A- -1Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental Comm mitteeSubmitt ted By: Ge ermanySubject Protect t: tion of gl lobal clim mate for p present an future generatio nd onsof huma ankind The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,The Env vironmenta Committ al tee,ALARMED BY the current st D c tate of th climate and he e,BEARING IN MIND the defin G nition of climate c change set forth in t nE/C.19/ /2010/7, and aRECALLI ING the Un nited Nati ions Frame ework Conv vention on Climate Change n(UNFCC) and all of the wo ) ork done within, an w ndFURTHER RECALLIN the Kyo R NG col and al of the objective placed oto Protoc ll eswithin, and ,APPROVI ING the go oals set forth in the Millen f t nnium Decl laration, andNOTING WITH APPR ROVAL the work done in the r e recent Uni ited Natio ons Climat teChange Conferenc in Durb ce ban during 2011; g1. CALL UPON na LS ations to follow th hrough wit the gui th idelines s set forth bythe Kyo oto Protoc col;2. DESI IRING anot ther docum ment such as the Ky yoto Proto ocol to be written eafter the effect of the original have been observed t ts n d;3. FURT THER CALLS UPON nat S tions to take into mind the other doc t cumentswritten at UNCCC n C’s such as the Bal Agreeme a li ents and t the Cancun Agreemen n nts;4. EMPH HASIZES th need fo nations to pool scientist to work he or s ts kcollect tively in efforts of reducin our har on the environme o ng rm ent forfuture generatio ons. 
  3. 3. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-A- -2Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental Comm mitteeSubmitt ted By: Na amibiaSubject Protect t: tion of gl lobal clim mate for p present an future generatio nd onsof huma ankind The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,FULLY AWARE OF the danger of clima A t r ate change the gro e, owth of cl limatechange, and the importanc of prot , ce tecting hu umankind f from the e effects of fclimate change, and eBEARING IN MIND that ther have be G re een multip ple intern national n negotiatio onson prot tection of global climate fo humanki f c or ind, andTAKING NOTE of the First World Cli t imate Conf ference in 1979 whi n ich contai inedthe fir rst intern national negotiatio of huma endange n on an erment to theenviron nment, and dREACALL LING resol lution 45/ /53 passed in 1988 concernin the ide that hu d ng ea uman ing global climate change, abeings are causi l andREAFFIR RMING the Second Wo orld Clima ate Confer rence in 1 1990 which led to hresolut tion 45/21 passed in 1992 to formall launch negotiati 12 t ly ions, andAPPROVI ING the UN Framewor Convent N rk tion on Cl limate Cha ange in 19 991 alongwith th ratific he cation of 192 membe states, and er ,WELCOMI ING the Ky yoto Proto ocol voted on in 19 d 995 adopte in 1997 which ed 7require a five percent reduction of greenh ed r house gase by 2008 accordin es 8 ngto the 1990 stat tistics, and aNOTING that the Kyoto Pro otocol ent tered into force in 2005 wit the o n thratific cation of 178 votes while ju s -five were needed, and ust fifty- eALSO AW WARE of re esolution 62/86 pas ssed on Ja anuary 31, ,2008 to s stronglyrecomme end the ad doption of the Kyot Protoco f to ol, and1. CALLS UPON the UN to ma S e ake cleane sources of energ a er s gyworldwi ide option n;2. REQUE ESTS the UN to deve U elop effec ctive use of land b byencoura aging the testing of carbon dioxide h o heat and d drought re esistant c cropcultiva ators;3. NGLY REQUE STRON ESTS count tries to a advertise cycling m more toreduce greenhous gas emi se ission;4. URGES car comp S panies to make more fuel-eff e ficient an ndenviron nmental-fr riendly au utomobiles s;5. ENCOU URAGES neg gotiations to take place in the UN re s egarding t thiscrisis. . 
  4. 4. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-A- -3Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental Comm mitteeSubmitt ted By: Ir raqSubject Protect t: tion of gl lobal clim present an future generatio mate for p nd onsof huma ankind The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,Recalli ing its re esolutions 43/53 of 6 Decemb s f ber 1988 a and 44/207 of 22 7Decembe 1989, in which it recogni er i i ized clima ate change as a com e mmon conce ernof mank kind,Recogni izing reso olution 45 5/212 of 21 Decembe 1990, b which i 2 er by itestabli ished a si ingle inte ergovernme ental nego otiating p process fo the orprepara ation of a framewor convent rk tion on cl limate cha ange,1. Noting tha we woul like to start up a new wo N at ld o p orld wide carbonmonoxid releasi de ing level; ;2. Calling all countr a ries to pu ull resour ther and create green rces togettechnol logies;3. Stressing the impo g ortance it is to ke t eep each c country as green aspossibl through new tech le h hnology;4. Requests all avail lable scie entists to look for all available o rpossibi ilities to reduce the amount of green o t t nhouse gas ses releas sed into t theatmosph here;5. Calling up C pon the co ommittee to establi t ish a new global procedure torecycle more goo e ods,6. Asking cou A untries to teach their chil o t ldren to r respect th heenviron nment;7. Stressing the need to get al countri S ll ies involv ved in helping toreduce their non nrenewable resource e es; 
  5. 5. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-A- -4Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental Comm mitteeSubmitt ted By: Sp painSubject Protect t: tion of gl lobal clim mate for p present an future generatio nd onsof huma ankind The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,The Env vironmenta Committ al tee,ALARMED BY the rapid chan D r nges occur rring in r relation t the glo to obal clima ate,andAFFIRMI ING Spain’ support to the protection of the g ’s t p n global cli imate byagreein to the Kyoto Pro ng otocol whi ritten in December of 1997 a ich was wr andwhich entered in e nto force in Februa ary of 200 05, andKEEPING IN MIND that that the Unit G t ted Nation Framewo ns ork Conven ntion onClimate Change (UNFCCC) exists, wh e ( e hose inten is to a nt aid in the fight eagainst global warming an still has a lot influence in the a t w nd h e agreements of srecent Climate Conference C es, andNOTING WITH DEEP CONCERN that ther is one country l P re left which has not hsigned the Kyoto Protocol yet, and o l dHAVING STUDIED that accum t mulated ca arbon diox xide in th earth’s atmosphe he s ereincreas ses the te emperature of the planet, an especia e p nd ally now i the 21t in thcentury the proc y cess of gl lobal warm ming is ob bvious, an grows w nd with thescienti ists that we must stop and reverse th s r his proces ss, andBELIEVI ING that it is impo i ortant to avoid any environm y mental dam mage and w wewant to stress the enviro o t onmental responsibi r ility of t the govern nment, and dDECLARE by King Juan Car ED g rlos I, Sp pain under rstands th hat it is necessary ythat th hose who have pollu h uted need to pay a fine in o order to r repair the edamage to the en nvironment that the have ca t ey aused, and dREFERRI ING that the Agreem t ments whic were ma ch ade during the Clim g mateConfere ence in Du urban in November and Decemb N a ber of 201 talk ab 11 bout theresolut tions of the Kyoto Protocol and of th climate conferen t he e nce in Can ncunin 2010 as well, and 0 ,APPROVI ING that these agre t eements ar a solid basis on which to build a re d n osystem of intern national relations in the fi r ight again nst climat change, teandACKNOWL LEDGING th importa he ance to ch heck up on these ou n utcomes of the work f kinggroups which whe ere build for the Kyoto Prot K tocol, and dNOTING FURTHER that Spain t n’s suppor rts buildi ing and en nhancing i integrated dscienti ific and technologi t ical capab bilities a about the sustainab ble 
  6. 6. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ON PAGE 2 ---- PAGE 2 --- E P --- PAGE 2 ---- PAG 2 ----- PAGE 2-- GE - --- PAGE 2develop pment and the impor rtance of deep cuts in globa emissio s al ons as wel ll,and1.CALLS UPON an commitmen that th develop S nt he ped countr ries mobil lize 100billion dollars until 202 as well as creat a Green Climate Fund to n 20 l te nfight against th climate change; a he e2. STRO ONGLY RECO OMMENDS th hat all na ations use more bus e sing in th heircountri ies to low wer the ca arbon diox xide emiss sions from other ve m ehicles;3.REQUE ESTS to cr reate a ne Anti- Carbon Dio ew C oxide Fund where th members of d he sthe Uni ited Natio ons and ev very indiv vidual can pay in; n4. ENCO OURAGES ev very indiv vidual sho ould to pa more at ay ttention i sorting in gtheir trash to lower the carbon di t l ioxide tha occurs while pro at ocessing t thetrash in the fac i ctories;5.CONSI IDERS the businesse and fac es ctories to agree to create a filter t o o thatcan be built ove their smoke stac to decr er s ck rease the carbon di ioxideemissio ons;6.FURTH HER RECOMM MENDS a lo of coun ot ntries to include g global cli imateeducati ion in the school curriculum to teach the foll e c m h lowing gen nerations howto prot tect our environmen e nt;7.EXPRE ESSES its hope to see ideas from the other cou s untries. 
  7. 7. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-A- -5Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental Comm mitteeSubmitt ted By: Rw wandaSubject Protect t: tion of gl lobal clim mate for p present an future generatio nd onsof huma ankind The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,The Pol litical Co ommittee,RECOGNI IZING that climate change is serious problem f t s for the en nvironment t, fects the life on earth becaand aff e ause clima ate is a p permanent condition nthat mo odifies ou way of living, and ur aAWARE that the increase of average temperat t i o e ture is af ffecting t theagricul lture espe ecially in Africa and causes drought which eff n a s fects thefood su upply in those regi t ions in a strong ne egative wa ay, andNOTING WITH REGR RET that the Interg t government tal Panel on Climat Change te(IPCC) predicts most regi ions of th world w he will suffe from a variety o er ofnegativ effects of globa warming and ve s al g,HAVING STUDIED the growin evidenc showing that hum t ng ce g man activi ities-especia ally the addition of "greenh a o house gase es" such a methane carbon as e,oxide and severa others- to the atmosphere increase the tem a al - a e es mperature onour pla anet, andAFFIRMI ING THAT recent cha r anges obse erved incl lude the s shrinking of glacie ers,thawing of perma g afrost, lo ong drough periods and ext ht s, tended gro owingseasons and s,CONFIDE ENT IN the words of UN Secre e f etary Gene eral Ban K Ki-moon, w who stateddthe fol llowing; “The dange posed by war to all of hu “ er b umanity - and to ouurplanet - is at least matc l ched by th climate crisis a he e and global warming. I lbelieve that the world ha reached a critic e e as d cal stage in its ef fforts toexercis respons se sible envi ironmental stewards l ship", and d1) EMPH HASIZES th critica nature of the si he al ituation o climate change a of e and cessity to get all committee members actively involved;the nec o e2) SUPP PORTS the monetary aiding of nations that are willing t combat f toclimate change, but are unable to set up pr e u rograms;3) CALL for cou LS untries to monitor climate c o change and enhance early dwarning systems; g ;4) RECO OMMENDS na ations ado opt strate egies invo olving red ducing, re ecycling, andreusing of envir g ronmentall ly-harmful material in home l ls es, and th heenviron nment, to benefit and conser a rve energy while re y educing po ollution a andgreenho ouse gases s; 
  8. 8. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-A- -6Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental Comm mitteeSubmitt ted By: Fi inlandSubject Protect t: tion of gl lobal clim mate for p present an future generatio nd onsof huma ankind The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,To the Environme ental Comm mitteeREALIZI ING that climate ch c hange pose serious risk to the natur es s ralenviron nment, and dDEEPLY DISTURBED by the dependence on fossi fuels a the mai source of D d e il as inenergy for most nations, andCONVINC CED that renewable energy so r ources are much bet e tter for t theenviron nment, and dDESIRIN a clean and safe environm NG n e ment for f future gen nerations, andRECOGNI IZING that even tho t ough fossi fuels a il are more e economical llyefficie ent, they are not worth the damage th w hey cause to the en nvironment t,andKEEPING IN MIND that the private sector wil not con G s ll nvert to r renewableenergy sources without go w overnment influence and e,BELIEVI ING that a feed-in tariff sy ystem is t the best w way to pus the shprivate sector in the dir e i rection of transiti f ioning to renewable energy esources s.1. ENCO OURAGES al nations in the United Nat ll s U tions to s set as aud dacious of fgoals as Finland has; a d2. RECO OMMENDS th hat each country in the Unit c n ted Nation sets up a feed-i ns p intariff system;3. DISA APPROVES of countri o ies that do nothing to prepa d g are for an combat ndclimate change; e4. EXPR RESSES ITS HOPE tha other countries will beco S at c ome as env vironmenta allyaware as Finland a d;5. ACCE EPTS the fact that oil is th most ec f he conomicall method, and any ly tion must be gradua in orde to not damage th economytransit al er he y;6. ENDO ORSES the creation of a Unit ted Nation Environ ns nmental Or rganizatio on. 
  9. 9. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-A- -7Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental Comm mitteeSubmitt ted By: Ja apanSubject Protect t: tion of gl lobal clim mate for p present an future generatio nd onsof huma ankind The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,Taking note on the Framew t work conve ention on Climate C Change in December1990, in which the Kyoto Protocol is strong i t gly linked and d,Observi ing the Pr rotocol ex xpires in 2012, an extension will not be grant n t ted loped and undevelopunless all devel ped countr ries requi irements a are balancced,andDeeply concerned in regar d rds with the Fukush t hima nucle ear power plantdestroy yed by a natural di n isaster, and aFully aware dest a truction of nuclear power pl o r lants has great neg gativeimpacts on the overall cl s o limate, an ndTaking into cons sideration Japan is the fift largest carbon d n s th t dioxideemitter and r,Noting with deep concern factories are alre p s eady among the most energy g tefficie ent and wi ill strugg gle to cut emission down, a t ns and1. Urges all countries to negot U s tiate the requireme ents of th Kyoto heProtoco ol;2. Emphasizes the need to educa E s d ate the nu uclear pow wer plants in suchways to reduce emissions; o e ;3. Encourages goals to be set for the de E s o f ecrease of greenhouse gas femissio ons;4. Calls upon all the countries that hav not tak C n s ve ken part in the KyotoProtoco to take action; ol e5. Further in F nvites all other op l ptions of energy to be explored to odecreas the use of nucle se e ear power plants. 
  10. 10. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-A- -8Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental Comm mitteeSubmitt ted By: Ch hinaSubject Protect t: tion of gl lobal clim mate for p present an future generatio nd onsof huma ankind The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,NOTING resolutio 43/53 of 6 Decem on o mber 1988 that idenntifies gl lobal climmatechange as a comm mon concer of mank rn kind, andRECALIN resolut NG tion 62/86 of 31 Ja 6 anuary 200 that ac 08 cknowledge es that t theglobal nature of climate change ca f alls for tthe widest possible cooperat t e tionby all countries and thei partici s ir ipation in an effec n ctive and appropriaateinterna ational re esponse, in accorda i ance with their commmon butdiffere entiated responsibi r ilities an respect nd tive capab bilities a and theirsocial and econo omic condi itions, an ndNOTING that if global cli g imate chan nge goes uuntreated the earth will be put hat grea risk al at long with its peopl le, andDEEPLY CONCERNED with isl D land count tries and the negattive affec that ctglobal climate change cou c uld have on them an their v o nd very exist tence, anddNOTING WITH APPR RECIATION the goals set by t s the Kyoto Protocol in cuttinngemissio ons, clean developm n ment mecha anism, and joint im d mplementat tion butnoticin that th Protoco ended in 2012, a ng he ol i andRECOGNI IZES the Copenhagen Accords will be t C n the contin nuation of the Kyot f toProtoco ol, and1) URGES a steeper cu U s ut in emiission uni its to cut down on the Carbon tMarket for some countries with the economic means ca simply buy their s e c an rway out t;2) COMENDS th work do C he one by Irreland, Sw witzerland Costa R d, Rica, Sweden,Norway, France, Austria, and Colum , mbia in th way of combattin global he ngclimate change by using renewable energy an green p e b r nd practices;3) ALSO URGES any coun A S ntry that has yet t make me to easurable marks inreducin their carbon emi ng c issions to do so. o4) CALLS UPON developi C N ing countr ries who a are strugg gling to m meet emissioncuts in these ec n conomic ti imes to ta ake advant tage of th Green C he Climate Fuund;5) NOTICING that the Copenhagen Accords are not l N t C n legally binding andurges a document to legal t lly bind member cou m untries in order to produce n oresults after th year 20 s he 020 like China has done; C6) ENCOURAGES countrie to coll E S es lectively create a legally bindingdocumen that wi nt ill greatl cut emi ly issions by 2020 thr y rough crea ative old dand new energy sources; w s7) NOTICING the vulner N t rability of least d o developed countries and requestthat de eveloped countries that are financial c lly able t make mo to ore of aneffort for one day these countries could be valuable trading partners. d s e e8) CALLS UPON countrie to util C N es lize not o natural resources but only its nthe ren newable no necessa ot arily comm mon to the area suc as sola e ch ar, hydro,wind, bioenergy, geotherm b , mal, ocean energy, nuclear e n energy, an Hydroge nd enEnergy. . 
  11. 11. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-B- -1Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental CommmitteeSubmitt ted By: Na amibiaSubject Impleme t: entation of the Uni o ited Natioons Conven ntion to C CombatDeserti ification in Those Countries Experie s The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,REALIZI ING that two-thirds of the African co t s A ontinent i desert or dry la is andand con ntinues to grow, an o ndAWARE that many African nations ar landloc t n re cked and h have troub ble reachi ingsources of fresh water, and s h aBEARING IN MIND the resol G lution 47/ /188 of 19 992 that eestablishe a edconvent tion to he elp Africa countri an gling with drought and ies strugg hdeserti ification with the Intergove ernmental Negotiatiing Commit ttee forelabora mentation of the Un ation on the Implem t nited Natiions Conve ention toCombat Desertifi ication in Those Co n ountries E Experienciing Seriou Drought us tand/or Desertifi ication, Particular P rly in Afr rica, andREAFFIR RMING the adoption of the co onvention on June 1 17, 1994 w with thesigning of 115 states, an g s ndKEEPING IN MIND resolutio G ons 50/112 and 51/5 2 510 in 199 which p 90 prepared t thefirst session re s egarding the topic and prepa t ared for t the first Conferenc ceof Part ties for the topic, and t ,RECOGNI IZING Afri ican count tries form mulating N National A Action Pro ograms (NA APs)and Sub Regional Action Programs (SRAPs) to help the issue lo b l P ( o e ocally, an ndRECALLI ING resolu ution C.2/ /58/L.7/Re ev.1 which urges co h ommunities to take smeasure for the topic, and es e a1. ENCOU URAGES aff fected nat tions to m make comba ating dese ertificati iona top priority in their land; p i l2. INVIT TES the UN to help with regu N ulating th his crisis sparticu ularly in developin countri ng ies;3. MMENDS aff RECOM fected nat tions to m make envir ronmental partnersh hipsalong with NAPs and SRAPs w s;4. ESTS finan REQUE ncial aid from the UN and deeveloped m member sta atesnot str ruggling with droug w ght and/or desertif r fication;5. ALSO REQUESTS further negotiatio n ons regard ding theImpleme entation of the Uni o ited Natio ons Conven ntion to C Combat Des sertificat tionin Thos Countri se ies Experi iencing Se erious Dro ought and/ /or Desert tification n,Particu ularly in Africa to take pla o ace. 
  12. 12. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-B- -2Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental CommmitteeSubmitt ted By: Ba angladeshSubject Impleme t: entation of the Uni o ited Natioons Conven ntion to C CombatDeserti ification in Those Countries Experie s The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,Affirmi ing that the United Nations Conventio to Comb t d on bat Desert tification nhas sig gned with Banglades to help them, an sh p ndConfide ent that Bangladesh B h’s tough drought s seasons wi ill improv because of ve ethe UNC CCD’s help and p,Keeping in mind that Bang g gladesh su uffers fro problem that af om ms ffect itsdrought ts, such as climate variabil a e lity and c crisis of surface w waterresourc ces, andHaving examined the Unite Nations conventi ed s ion to com mbat deser rtificatio onobligat tions we must perta m ain to the and hel to chan em lp nge Bangla adesh’spolicie on such topics, which inc es h clude:1. Calls upon desertif C n fication as a top p a priority t be taken care and toalso th mitigat he ting droug ghts;2. Draws the attention to makin strateg D n ng gies and p plans to encouragemore su ustainable developm e ment;3. Proclaims the under P rlying cau uses of de ation and particularly esertificato the socio-eco onomic fac ctors cont tributing to the de esertifica ation proccesswhich is begun more posit i m tive movem ment to im mprove the socio-ec e conomicfactors involved s d;4. Further re F equests pr romote awa areness an facilit nd tate the participationof the local pop larly the women and youth, n pulations, particul , d non -governm mental org ganization ns, in eff forts to c combat des sertificat tion andmitigat ting the effects of drought; e f ;5. Declares accordingl to prov D a ly vide an en nabling en nvironment bystrengt thening th relevan existin legisla he nt ng ation, ena acting new laws, wh w herethey do not exis o st, and es stablish long term policies and actio program l on ms. 
  13. 13. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-B- -3Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental CommmitteeSubmitt ted By: Sp painSubject Impleme t: entation of the Uni o ited Natioons Conven ntion to C CombatDeserti ification in Those Countries Experie s The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,The Env vironmenta Committ al tee,AFFIRMI cation is an import ING that Desertific D tant facto not onl in the or lypresent but also in the climate ta t o c alks in th past 20 years, a he 0 andACCENTU UATING the Food and Agricult e d ture Organ nization o the Uni of ited Natio ons(FAO) and the Un a nited Nati ions Conve ention to Combat De esertifica ation (UNC CCD)as well as Dryne who are fighting against this prob l et e g blem and w want todiminis the pro sh oblem of dry and ar d rid land, andRECALLI ING the ac ctions don during 2006 whic was the Internat ne ch e tional yea arof dese erts and Desertific D cation.VIEWING WITH APP G PRECIATION that the UN Conve N e ention to Combat ification was place on a ne track four year ago to achieve iDeserti ed ew rs itsgoals with the 10 Year St w 1 trategic Plan, and PNOTING WITH REGR RET that much of th m his plan r remains un ndone, and dNOTING FURTHER that Deser t rtificatio causes widesprea poverty and is on ad y,respons sible for much of the migrat t tion in th develop he ping world and d,HAVING EXAMINED that in October of 2011 six Dryland Ambassado O f x ors gotelected to infor the wor d rm rld about ways to f fight agai inst Deser rtificatio on,andFULLY AWARE that degraded soil and water sh A t d d hortages p put the ex xistence o ofpeople living in arid are n eas at ris sk, and1. ENCO OURAGES th governm he ment of th affecte countri he ed ies to edu ucate thepeople living in endanger n red region to impr ns rove their agricult r ture;2. REQU UESTS to create a Green Plan Fund wh c G nt here membe ers of the united eNations can dona s ate money or plants to promo s ote the gr rowth of a agricultur reand pla ants;a. Spec cific draw attenti ws ion to man ngroves wh hich is pplant espe eciallyproduct tive for the Africa people; t an ;b.Recom mmends to use money from the Green Pl y e lant fund also to b buy fences to sbuild them aroun young trees to save them from anim t nd t s mals which are eati h ingthem. 
  14. 14. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ON PAGE 2 ---- PAGE 2 --- E P --- PAGE 2 ---- PAG 2 ----- PAGE 2-- GE - --- PAGE 23. NOTE that it importa ES ts ant not on nly to wor against desertif rk t fication b butalso ag gainst def forestatio on4.CALLS UPON all nations to partic S l cipate in programs that supp portdeserti ification. . 
  15. 15. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-B- -4Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental CommmitteeSubmitt ted By: Ja apanSubject Impleme t: entation of the Uni o ited Natioons Conven ntion to C CombatDeserti ification in Those Countries Experie s The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,Recogni izing majo drought and des or ts sertificat tion has b been and c continues tobe a mo onstrousset bac to Afri ck ica as it tries to move forw ward with their pro oductivity yand hav only go ve ottenworse since last Autumn, s tFully aware that a drough is a pr a t ht rolonged p period of abnormall low lyprecipi itation; ashortag of wate resulti ge er ing from this, tHaving studied the underl t lying caus of drou se ughts can be relate changin ed ngweather patterns r s and ex xcessive build up of heat, b oNoting further the result t tant effec cts of dro ought are magnified by human d nactivit ties suchas defo orestation overgra n, azing and poor crop pping meth hods, whic reduce chwater retention rof the soil, and improper soil con d r nservation techniqu n ues, which lead to hsoil de egradation n,Further recallin deserti r ng ification on the ot ther hand is define as a edprocess of land sdegrada ation in arid, semi a i-arid and dry sub- d -humid are eas, resul lting from mvarious factors, s ,includi ing climat tic variat tions and human act tivities. Land degr radationmanifes sts itself fthrough soil ero h osion, wat ter scarci ity, reduc ced agricu ultural pr roductivit ty,loss of vegetati f ioncover and biodiv a versity, drought an poverty d nd y,Believi ing desert tification occurs because dr lands a n b ry are extrem melyvulnera able to ove er-exploit tation and inapprop d priate lan use tha result in nd atunderde evelopment of teconomi ies and in entrance poverty among th affecte populat n ed y he ed tion,Noting further poverty an depende p nd ency on na atural res sources in ncreasesdeserti ification, ,Stating with con g ncern that desertif t fication p problems c can be und derstoodeasily in relati ion tothe dic ctators of income and access to or ow f a s wnership o resourc of ces. 
  16. 16. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONRecogni izing 325 million Africans live in th dry lan A l he nds which results i inoveruti ilization ofthe res sources at hand, tReminds Africa of the fin s o nancial su upport tha has bee provide by The at en edGovernm ment ofJapan through Ja t apan-UNDP partnersh hip fund;Draws attention to the Af a frican Ada aption Proogram whic is supp ch ported by theGovernm ment Japan financia n ally;1. Encourages the Japa Interna E s an ooperation Agency to continue ational Co nto aid Africa;2. tries able to give support t Africa during times Calls for all count C e toof natu ural disas ster to do o3. so; s4. Acknowledg the fin A ge nancial su upport Jap iven to Africa to help pan has giget the eir climat te5. under cont u trol so it is manag t geable and efficien d nt;6. Encourages Africa to make co E s t ommitments to reduc carbon emissions s ceand par rticipate in7. controllin their climate; c ng c8. Demands al emergen D ll ncy resour rces be ev venly dist tributed;9. Confirms that Afric needs to be educ C t ca t every level as to the cated on e pposed to over utilproper way to us their land as op se l lizing alr ready worn ndown la and. 
  17. 17. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-B- -5Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental CommmitteeSubmitt ted By: Ch hinaSubject Impleme t: entation of the Uni o ited Natioons Conven ntion to C CombatDeserti ification in Those Countries Experie s The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,ALARMED BY the fact that drought and desert D f a tification cause se n eriousenviron nmental an economi problem for any country experienc nd ic ms y cing it anndpossibl trading partners and le g s,FULLY AWARE that desertif A t fication is a probl i lem becaus it cann se not be useedas farm mable land and d,NOTICIN NG the faact that one third of the ea o arth’s sur rface is c covered inndeserts most of it icy or rocky rather tha covered in sand dunes, an s, f o r an d ndNOTING that dese ertificati ion is cau used by po oor land u use and po opulationpressur res, andCOMMEND the Uni DS ited Natio ons for cr reating “T The Intern national Y Year ofDeserts and Dese s ertificati ion” in 20 006, and1) ENCOURAGES member countries to raise more awar E S c reness by creatinganother Internat r tional Yea of Dese ar erts and D Desertificcation;2) EXSPRESSES ITS HOPE that any country will take measurable means to E S E y efight desertific d cation thr rougha) Plant tree and try new farm P es y ming techn niques ,b) Plant pere P ennials in addition to crops to preve n n s ent erosion,c) Creating agencies inside eac country to help combat C a i ch ydeserti ification, ,d) Reforestat R tion,3) SUGGESTS that the United Nat S t U ate a fund with the world bank tions crea dto assi ist develo oping coun ntries tha don’t h at have the mmeans to h helpthemsel lves;4) EXSPRESES ITS HOPE that ever country with de E ry y, eserts or not, willassist countrie with de es eserts for a better environm r r ment and h healthierglobal economy;5) EMPHASIZES the need for coun E S d ntries to set up sy ystems that willeducate people on the pr e roblems of desertif f fication;6) FURTHER IN F NVITES cou untries to create a o agencies t that preserve thebiodive ersity tha is left at t. 
  18. 18. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-B- -6Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental CommmitteeSubmitt ted By: Co ote d Ivoi ireSubject Impleme t: entation of the Uni o ited Natioons Conven ntion to C CombatDeserti ification in Those Countries Experie s The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,REAFFIR RMING The Rio Decla aration on Environm n ment and DDevelopmen which ntaddress sed the im mportance of sustai velopment and ways to improv inable dev vesustain nable deve elopment, and ING United Nations Resolutio 65/160 which disRECALLI d on scusses th Convent he tionto Comb bat Desert tification in Those Countrie Experie n e es encing Ser rious Drou ughtand/or Desertifi ication, Particular P rly in Afr rica, andTAKING INTO CONS SIDERATION United Nations Re N N esolution 65/178 whhichaddress ses the ne eed for su ustainable agricult e tural deveelopment a and the ri ightto food and d,FULLY ALARMED th A hat the Sa ahara Dese ert is exp panding by an avera y age of 3,5 510square kilometer a year, and rs ,AWARE OF the exp O panding ne eed for ar rable land to grow crops for the worl d r ld’spopulat tion, andAWARE that expan t nding agri iculture is contrib i buting to increasedddeserti ification, and ,EMPHASI IZING a ne eed for pe eace and unity amon the int u ng ternationa communi al ityfor any actions to succee y ed, and1. CALLS UPON countrie with ag C N es gricultura zones i unstable areas to al inremove the agric culture to a different regio o on;2. REQUESTS that if ag R t griculture cannot b moved w e be windbreaks be plantedaround fields an pasture nd es;3. NOTES that indigeno N t ous people should b compensated for any costs e beincurre from ac ed ctions tak ken to prevent deseertificati ion;4. RECOMMENDS that ind R S digenous people sho p ould be ed ducated about whycounter r-desertif fication actions ar necessa a re ary and to be activ in any o vecounter r-desertif fication measures; m5. ENCOURAGES countrie to deve E S es elop large scale bi e io-wind blocks toprevent deserts from adva t ancing bey yond a cer rtain poin nt;6. FURTHER RE F onference be held t discuss preventing ECOMMENDS that a co tothe spr read of de eserts. 
  19. 19. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ONEIII-B- -7Submitt ted To: Th ECOSOC Environme he ental CommmitteeSubmitt ted By: In ndiaSubject Impleme t: entation of the Uni o ited Natioons Conven ntion to C CombatDeserti ification in Those Countries Experie s The ECOSOC Environm T C mental Com mmittee,TAKING NOTE that desertif t fication, land degr radation a and drough are htchallen nges of a global di imension in that th i hey affect all regi t ions of th heworld, andOBSERVI ING that extreme de e esertifica ation and land degr radation p processesaffect also the arid, sem mi-arid an dry sub humid ar nd b reas in La atin Ameriicaand the Caribbea e an, Asia, the North hern Medit terranean and Centr ral andEastern Europe, a situati n ion which, having b , been fully describe in the y edten-yea strateg ar gic plan and framew a work, has not been acknowled dged in alllits mag gnitude, increasing the vuln i g nerability of poor communiti y ies andcomprom mising foo securit od ty, andWELCOMI ING the ne eed for en nhanced co ooperation among th secreta n he ariats of theUnitedNations Conventi s ion to Com mbat Deser rtificatio on, andFULLY AWARE that one bill A t lion inhab bitants of dry land are amo f ds ong thepoorest on the planet and are lagg t p d ging behin in the achieveme nd ent of the eMillenn niumDevelop pment Goal ls, in par rticular those rela t ating to h hunger and poverty, dandDEEPLY CONCERNED by the negative economic i D n e impacts of desertif f fication,land de egradation and drou n ught, andDEEPLY REGRETTIN the inc NG creasing frequency and sever f rity of du ust storms sand san ndstorms affecting arid and semi-arid regions and their negative a d r e nvironment and the economy, andimpact on the en tOBSERVI ING the ne egative im mpacts tha deserti at ification, land deg , gradation,loss of biodiver f rsity and climate change hav on each other, a c ve h andKEEPING IN MIND the cross G s-sectoral nature o deserti l of ification, landdegrada ation and drought mitigation and m n,RECOGNI IZING the potential benefits of compl l s lementarit ties in ad ddressingthese problems at all lev p a vels in a mutually supportiv manner, and verecogni izing also the inte o errelation nship betw ween clima ate change loss of e, fbiodive ersity and desertif d fication and the ne a eed to int tensify ef fforts tocombat desertifi ication an to prom nd mote susta ainable la and manage ement, andd 
  20. 20. MAMU 2012 – DRAFT R UN RESOLUTIO ON PAGE 2 ---- PAGE 2 --- E P --- PAGE 2 ---- PAG 2 ----- PAGE 2-- GE - --- PAGE 2TAKING NOTE that the ten- t -year stra ategic pla and fra an amework hi ighlights theimporta ance given to the developmen and imp n d nt plementati ion of sci ientificalllybased and sound methods for monito a f oring and assessing desertif g fication aandthe eff forts unde way to promote scientific research and to s er s c h strengthennthe sci ientific basis of the activi b t ities on d desertific cation and drought dunder the Conven t ntion, and d1. URGES high U h-ranking members of the UN to consid o der the benefits ofthis is ssue conce erning ove one bil er llion inha abitants;2. erity of this issue includin intense dust storms EMPHASIZES the seve E S t e ngand foo securit od ty;3. CALLS UPON environm C N mental org ganization to rese ns earch any ways toprovide some sor of vege e rt etation to these de o esolate re egions inh habited by a yseventh of the world’s po h w opulation; ;4. FURTHER RE F EQUESTS to develop a way of warning p o populations in these eas of an upcoming dust stor in orde to prepdry are rm er pare their food rsupplie and fam es milies;5. ENCOURAGES member states to provide a fund to support and use these E S sareas in times of despera i o ate drough with wa ht ater and f food. 

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