Phil's Bears

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Phil's Bears

  1. 2. WILDLIFE BIOLOGY BROWN BEAR NOTES
  2. 3. RANGE AND DISTRIBUTION <ul><li>There were about __ subspecies of brown bears in North America! We are considering 3- the _______ _____________ and ______ - different because of _________________. </li></ul>87 Grizzly , Alaskan Brown, Kodiak Geographical range <ul><li>______ and ______ first recorder information about the brown bear, and brought the information to ______. </li></ul>Lewis Clark Europe <ul><li>Was once found in the entire ________ half of North America, from _______ to _______; </li></ul><ul><li>now gone from _______ and all of US except for the </li></ul><ul><li>_______________________ area. </li></ul>Western Alaska Mexico Mexico Rocky Mountain and Alaska They seem to prefer somewhat _____ areas, clearings, and especially the _______ meadows (in the more northern areas). open tundra Home range is ___ to ______ square miles, depending on ____________. 10 1,000 Food supply
  3. 4. PHYSICAL DATA <ul><li>Have _______, bushy fur with ______-tipped hairs (thus the name “________”) </li></ul>coarse light grizzly <ul><li>______ brown bears are about the size of ______ black bears </li></ul>Small large <ul><li>They range from ____ to ______ pounds </li></ul><ul><li>___-___ feet tall (standing) </li></ul><ul><li>___-___ feet tall at the shoulder (on all fours) </li></ul>300 1,200 8 9 4 5 <ul><li>The record was a _______ bear - ______ pounds! </li></ul>Kodiak 1,656 <ul><li>Known for their shoulder ______, and _______ faces (black bear snouts make a _________ line in side profile) </li></ul>humps concave straight <ul><li>Furs range from almost ______ to almost _____- but most are consistent ______-tipped brown </li></ul>blonde black light http://www.mountainnature.com/Wildlife/Bears/BearSigns.htm
  4. 6. Next
  5. 8. HABITS ETC. <ul><li>Excellent ________ and ______- average to poor _________ </li></ul>hearing smell eyesight <ul><li>Movement is a ___________, but can run up to ___ mph, and easily catch ____________ </li></ul>Slow walk 35 Black bears <ul><li>Excellent ___________ </li></ul>swimmers <ul><li>Solitary, except for ______________, ________________, and groups gathering at _________________. </li></ul>Mating couples Females with cubs Feeding sights <ul><li>They hibernate for _____ time during the winter than ______ bears do </li></ul>less black <ul><li>Prefer to ______ humans, but are far more potentially __________ than black bears </li></ul>avoid aggressive <ul><li>Life span record is ___ years in captivity </li></ul>29
  6. 9. Next
  7. 10. FEEDING HABITS <ul><li>They are __________-usually ______ vegetation also ________, </li></ul><ul><li>_____, ________, small ________, _________ animals </li></ul>omnivores 80-90% carrion fish insects insects domestic <ul><li>______ will eat _____, so females are very _________ </li></ul>Males cubs protective <ul><li>From _____ to _________ they feast on _____ ______ whenever possible </li></ul>June September Pacific salmon <ul><li>They _______ their food by loosely ________ it with _______ and </li></ul><ul><li>_______; they _________ nearby and _______ _____ it. </li></ul>“ cache” burying leaves debris “ bed-down” Fiercely guard
  8. 11. REPRODUCTION ETC. <ul><li>________ reach sexual maturity in __ to __ years </li></ul>Females 5 7 <ul><li>Females breed _____ _____ year; </li></ul><ul><li>during __________ years they are still busy ________ and caring for _____ _____ </li></ul>every other alternate nursing earlier cubs <ul><li>Males are ___________, looking for ______ each year </li></ul>polygamous mates <ul><li>____ -____ day gestation period (about __ months from time of __________) </li></ul>229 266 8 conception <ul><li>_______ ___________ until late _______; cubs born in the ____ from ________ to ______ </li></ul>Delayed inplantation autumn den January March <ul><li>________ and _____ den together the following _______, then separate in the _______ </li></ul>Females cubs winter spring
  9. 12. @Amanda Knapp’s GrandParents Onamia, MN January 2006

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