TopicPresentation:<br />E.R.P.<br />Group members:<br /><ul><li>Haseem Uz Zaman
Jawaria Hameed
Mahrukh Sheikh
Maryam Khan Baloch
Rabab Rizvi
Saroosh Zahid</li></ul>Tuesday, December 21, 2010<br />
What is an E.R.P.?<br />
Enterprise Resource Planning<br /> “A process or approach which attempts to consolidate all of a company's departments and...
A Brief History of E.R.P.<br /><ul><li>During the 1960’s, Inventory Control was the main focus.
ERP term first employed by research firm Gartner Group (1990) as extension of MRP </li></ul>ERP= MRP II + Other Functions<...
ERP systems had a boost in sales in the ‘90s due to the Y2K problem
ERP II-next generation ERP systems</li></li></ul><li>Why Make the Transition?<br /><ul><li>Inventory Reduction
Improved Cash Management
Increased Revenue and Profits
Reduced Transportation and Logistics Costs
Reduced Information Technology (IT) Costs</li></li></ul><li>What drives an ERP<br /><ul><li>Business
Customer satisfaction
Business development-new areas, products and services
Ability to face competition
Efficient processes to push the company to top gear
IT
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Erp final

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Our group made this presentation for our Info Mangement class, and we got an A*! hope it proves helpful....some of the material had been taken from slideshare itself

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Erp final

  1. 1. TopicPresentation:<br />E.R.P.<br />Group members:<br /><ul><li>Haseem Uz Zaman
  2. 2. Jawaria Hameed
  3. 3. Mahrukh Sheikh
  4. 4. Maryam Khan Baloch
  5. 5. Rabab Rizvi
  6. 6. Saroosh Zahid</li></ul>Tuesday, December 21, 2010<br />
  7. 7. What is an E.R.P.?<br />
  8. 8. Enterprise Resource Planning<br /> “A process or approach which attempts to consolidate all of a company's departments and functions into a single computer system that services each department's specific needs.”<br />
  9. 9. A Brief History of E.R.P.<br /><ul><li>During the 1960’s, Inventory Control was the main focus.
  10. 10. ERP term first employed by research firm Gartner Group (1990) as extension of MRP </li></ul>ERP= MRP II + Other Functions<br /><ul><li>In the 1980's the concept of MRP-II evolved.
  11. 11. ERP systems had a boost in sales in the ‘90s due to the Y2K problem
  12. 12. ERP II-next generation ERP systems</li></li></ul><li>Why Make the Transition?<br /><ul><li>Inventory Reduction
  13. 13. Improved Cash Management
  14. 14. Increased Revenue and Profits
  15. 15. Reduced Transportation and Logistics Costs
  16. 16. Reduced Information Technology (IT) Costs</li></li></ul><li>What drives an ERP<br /><ul><li>Business
  17. 17. Customer satisfaction
  18. 18. Business development-new areas, products and services
  19. 19. Ability to face competition
  20. 20. Efficient processes to push the company to top gear
  21. 21. IT
  22. 22. Present software does not meet business needs
  23. 23. Legacy systems difficult to maintain, Y2K problem and Euro Currency
  24. 24. Obsolete hardware/software-difficult to maintain</li></li></ul><li>Five major reasons why companies undertake ERP<br /><ul><li>Integrate Financial Information
  25. 25. Integrate customer order information
  26. 26. Standardize and speed up manufacturing processes
  27. 27. Reduce inventory
  28. 28. Standardize HR information</li></li></ul><li>Modules Of an ERP<br /><ul><li>Customer Relationship Management</li></ul>Manages the enterprise's relationship with its customers<br /><ul><li>Human Resource Management</li></ul>Streamlines the management of human resources and human capitals.<br /><ul><li>Finance and management</li></ul>Gather financial data from various functional departments<br /><ul><li>Supply chain management</li></ul> Includes the controlling the direction of resource movement<br /><ul><li>Sales</li></ul> Implements functions of order placement, scheduling etc<br /><ul><li>Marketing</li></ul>ERP marketing module supports lead generation, mailing <br /> campaign and more. <br />
  29. 29. Implementing Enterprise Resource Planning<br />The six main steps of an ERP project:<br />Vendor Selection<br />Business Strategy Formation<br />Application Configuration<br />Testing and End-user Acceptance<br />Training<br />Rollout<br />
  30. 30. ERP systems Implementation Project Organization<br />
  31. 31. The Benefits of ERP<br /><ul><li>Visibility on all operations and future path.
  32. 32. Paperless work environment
  33. 33. Performs ‘what if’ scenarios and analysis
  34. 34. Ability of the Company to Optimize Newer Technologies and Products
  35. 35. Y2K Compliant Systems without Rewriting Legacy Code
  36. 36. Consolidation and Centralization of Corporate Data
  37. 37. Abundance of Tools and Services</li></li></ul><li>More benefits…<br /><ul><li>Identifying faults and planning improvements
  38. 38. Creates a plan automatically that guarantees there will be no violation of resource constraints
  39. 39. Provides an ideal platform to perform businesses globally and regionally.
  40. 40. Support and Upgrades from Vendors; better Inventory management</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Training
  41. 41. Integration and testing
  42. 42. Customization
  43. 43. Data conversion</li></ul>Hidden Costs of ERP<br />
  44. 44. Calculating Return on Investment (ROI)<br />Obtaining Support from Major Executives and Third Parties<br />Major Business Process Reengineering (BPR)<br />ERP Is Cost Prohibitive<br />Scope Creep<br />Difficulty of Training End Users<br />ERP Challenges<br />
  45. 45. <ul><li>Extended ERP
  46. 46. Inclusion of Sales-force Automation Applications and Supply Chain Management Software
  47. 47. Outsourcing ERP</li></ul>How ERP Is Evolving<br />
  48. 48. Market Leaders<br />
  49. 49. Market Leaders<br /><ul><li>SAP and Oracle are the top two ERP vendors
  50. 50. SAP rank highest by capturing 32%-39% of the market</li></li></ul><li>LocalPerspective<br /><ul><li>Large non-government – most use ERP,
  51. 51. Large government – very few use ERP,
  52. 52. Medium non-government – 20% approx.
  53. 53. Medium government – 5% approx.
  54. 54. Small non-government and small government – near to none.</li></ul> ERP’s used locally<br />Jaffer Brothers, Mobilink, Shell, IBA, Tapal, Unilever, PIA, UBL, Civil Aviation, Siemens etc.<br />
  55. 55. Interview with Jaffer Brothers<br />ERP uses a single database. Did the database ever crash? And do you have any backups?<br />“I have never seen one crash. But we have strong Disaster Recovery Management Plans in place in case of any disaster such as bomb blast, natural calamities, viruses and other network problems.”<br />Are people resistant to the new ERP systems? How do you overcome that challenge?<br />“People are reluctant to use new ERP solutions, which is a natural human behavior. Now for this we have two tools:<br />Incentive (Push) approach<br />Stick (Pull) approach”<br />
  56. 56. Facts on ERP<br /><ul><li>61.25% of ERP implementation projects fail.
  57. 57. 50% of ERP software projects are terminated somewhere along the implementation process.
  58. 58. 75% are rated poor by the users (of those that are implemented and reached the operational phase)
  59. 59. 6% out of 500 companies felt that </li></ul> there ERP systems were effective.<br /><ul><li>Among 63 companies surveyed </li></ul>the average TCO was $15 million <br />
  60. 60. Questions.<br />

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