Green Water or Clean Water? <ul><li>B etsy Lawton </li></ul><ul><li>Midwest Environmental Advocates </li></ul>
Cladophora, Lake Michigan
<ul><li>Barnum Bay, Lake Petenwell August 2008 </li></ul>
Algae Bloom – Wolske Bay 2009
Lake Nokomis (Rice Reservoir)  September 2009
Freshwater Impacts <ul><li>http://dnr.wi.gov/lakes/bluegreenalgae/BlueGreenAdvisorySign.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Recreational...
Sources & Current Controls <ul><li>Point Sources  </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial and Municipal Wastewater </li></ul><ul><li>...
Numeric Nutrient Criteria <ul><li>“ Numeric nutrient water quality standards will drive water quality assessments and wate...
What Are We Waiting For? <ul><li>1998:  EPA expected criteria by 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>2009:  “ States have not been mot...
Action <ul><li>EPA Petition </li></ul><ul><li>Florida Clean Water Act Citizen Suit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA Florida Deter...
COSTS  BENEFITS <ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance Schedules </li></ul></ul>...
IMPLEMENTATION
Midwest Environmental Advocates midwestadvocates.org
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Green Water or Clean Water - Betsy Lawton

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Presentation given at Sweet Water's Forum on Phosphorus held on May 27, 2010

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Green Water or Clean Water - Betsy Lawton

  1. 1. Green Water or Clean Water? <ul><li>B etsy Lawton </li></ul><ul><li>Midwest Environmental Advocates </li></ul>
  2. 2. Cladophora, Lake Michigan
  3. 3. <ul><li>Barnum Bay, Lake Petenwell August 2008 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Algae Bloom – Wolske Bay 2009
  5. 5. Lake Nokomis (Rice Reservoir) September 2009
  6. 6. Freshwater Impacts <ul><li>http://dnr.wi.gov/lakes/bluegreenalgae/BlueGreenAdvisorySign.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Recreational Uses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyanobacteria/Blue-Green Algae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beach Closures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuisance Algae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unpleasant Odor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fish and Aquatic Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low DO/fish kills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Drinking Water Supplies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taste and odor problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High costs for treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishing and tourism industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing values </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Sources & Current Controls <ul><li>Point Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial and Municipal Wastewater </li></ul><ul><li>WPDES Water Pollution Permits </li></ul><ul><li>1 mg/L Phosphorus </li></ul><ul><li>No Water Quality Related Phosphorus or Nitrogen Limits </li></ul><ul><li>Nonpoint Sources </li></ul><ul><li>Urban and Agricultural runoff </li></ul><ul><li>Wis. Admin Code Ch. NR 151 Agricultural Performance Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Cost Share requirements </li></ul>
  8. 8. Numeric Nutrient Criteria <ul><li>“ Numeric nutrient water quality standards will drive water quality assessments and watershed protection management. They will support improved development of nutrient Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs). Perhaps most importantly, they will create state- and community developed environmental baselines that allow us to manage more effectively, measure progress, and support broader partnerships based on nutrient trading, Best Management Practices (BMPs), land stewardship, wetlands protection, voluntary collaboration, and urban storm water runoff control strategies . The progress of States and Territories in setting numeric nutrient water quality standards is extremely important to help address nutrient pollution.” </li></ul><ul><li>May 25, 2007 Memorandum from Benjamin Grumbles “Nutrient Pollution and Numeric Water Quality Standards” </li></ul>
  9. 9. What Are We Waiting For? <ul><li>1998: EPA expected criteria by 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>2009: “ States have not been motivated to create these standards because implementing them is costly and often unpopular with various constituencies.” </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. EPA, Office of the Inspector Gen., EPA Needs to Accelerate Adoption of Numeric Nutrient Water Quality Standards, No. 09-0223 (Aug. 26, 2009). </li></ul>http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/criteria/nutrient/files/report1998-2008.pdf
  10. 10. Action <ul><li>EPA Petition </li></ul><ul><li>Florida Clean Water Act Citizen Suit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA Florida Determination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wisconsin Clean Water Act NOI </li></ul>
  11. 11. COSTS BENEFITS <ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance Schedules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TMDL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boating </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Property Values </li></ul><ul><li>Health Benefits </li></ul>
  12. 12. IMPLEMENTATION
  13. 13. Midwest Environmental Advocates midwestadvocates.org

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