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Intellectual disabilities


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Adolescents with Exceptionalities Presentation

Published in: Education

Intellectual disabilities

  1. 1. Intellectual Disabilities<br />What is it?<br /><br /><br /><br />What causes it?<br />What do they need?<br />Presented by: Janet Lee<br />How can we help?<br />How can we do this?<br />
  2. 2. Imbecile<br />Moron<br />1910:<br />Idiot<br />Feeble-minded<br />1950:<br />Mental Retardation<br />Retard<br />2010:<br />Intellectual Disability<br />
  3. 3. What is it?<br /><ul><li>Expressive and receptive language
  4. 4. Physical disability
  5. 5. Difficulty in learning
  6. 6. Difficulty with concentrating
  7. 7. Display inappropriate behavior
  8. 8. May not be able to read and/or write
  9. 9. May not be able to live or work independently
  10. 10. May have difficulty in participating in group settings</li></ul>Three traits:<br />Limited intellectual functioning (<70-75)<br />Limited adaptive behavior<br />Originates before 18 yrs. old.<br />These students may have difficulty with:<br />
  11. 11. What is it?<br />High incidence<br />1 million people in Canada (3 in 10 people)<br />Severity varies<br />Social, gender, age<br />Mild IQ=(50-55) to 70<br />Profound IQ=(<20-25)<br />Assess:<br />IQ, WISC, WIAT, DABS<br />
  12. 12. What causes it?<br />There is no cookie-cutter student.<br />Infections & intoxicants<br />Syphilis, Herpes simplex, bacterial infections, viral infections, parasitic infections; drugs, poisons, smoking, caffeine, alcohol, lead<br />Trauma <br />Metabolism or Nutrition<br />Amino acid disorders (phenylketonuria), malnutrition<br />Unknown Prenatal Influence<br />Chromosomal Abnormality<br />Down Syndrome, Klinefelter’s syndrome, fragile X syndrome<br />Gestational Disorders<br />Prematurity, postmaturity, low birth weight<br />Psychiatric disorders<br />Environmental<br />Sensory deprivation<br />
  13. 13. What do they need?<br />Supported Education<br />Manitoba Curriculum<br />Student’s Learning Needs<br />General Curriculum<br />Assistive Technology<br />Adaptations<br />Augmentation <br />(Emphasis on strategy training, self-determination)<br />Curricular Alternatives<br />(functional emphasis)<br />
  14. 14. What do they need?<br />Employment<br />Involvement<br />Climate of empowerment<br />Life Skills<br />Independence<br />Relationship<br />Building<br />
  15. 15. Regular curriculum<br />Keep the student’s attention on task,<br />Teach the content with the methods of learning the content<br />Focus on relevant and meaningful teachable content <br />Provide training that is widely applicable across other subjects<br />Offer opportunities to allow active participation while they are learning.<br />How can we help?<br />
  16. 16. How can we do this?<br />Role-playing<br />Demonstrations<br />Use concrete objects<br />Form routines - Flip cards<br />Simplify and highlight key terms<br />Instructions – short, precise, clear - repeat<br />Teach to the different learning styles<br />Involve participation – peers, family <br />
  17. 17. HOKEY POKEY DanceOff!<br /><br />
  18. 18. Thank you for your time!<br />
  19. 19. References<br /> (2011) American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Definition of Intellectual Disability. <>. (10 Feb. 2011). <br />Smith TEC, Polloway EA, Patton JR, Dowdy CA, Heath NL, McIntyre LJ, Francis GC. (2005) Teaching students with special needs in inclusive settings, 2nd Canadian Edition: Teaching students with intellectual disabilities. Pearson Education Canada: p 170-188. <br />Winzer M. (2002) Children with Exceptionalities in Canadian Classrooms: Sixth Edition. Children with Intellectual Disabilities. Pearson Education Canada. Toronto: p 173-213. <br />Woolfolk AE, Winne PH, Perry NE, and Shapka J. (2009) Educational Psychology: Fourth Canadian Edition. Pearson Canada. Toronto: p 134-5. <br />Picture References:<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />Video Reference:<br /><br />