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Workshop 1 - Molly Woloszyn


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North Central Region One Water Action Forum

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Workshop 1 - Molly Woloszyn

  1. 1. The National Integrated Drought Information System in the Midwest Great Lakes Big Rivers Climate Workshop Indianapolis, IN • December 11, 2018 Advancing Drought Science and Preparedness Across the Nation
  2. 2. Drought: A Part of Our History Early 1930s 1988 2012
  3. 3. Drought: A Part of Our Future “Across much of the United States, surface soil moisture is projected to decrease as the climate warms, driven largely by increased evaporation rates due to warmer temperatures. This means that, all else being equal, future droughts in most regions will likely be stronger and potentially last longer.” - 2018 National Climate Assessment Summer PrecipitationAnnual Precipitation
  4. 4. Drought: How Does It Impact Us? • Economic loss – For example: crop/livestock production, recreational industry • Threatens municipal and industrial water supplies • Environmental damage – For example: wildfire, reduce ecosystem resources • Health impacts – For example: water quality, air quality, mental health • Cultural impacts – For example: tribal customs/practices, recreational activities • Ripple effects: consumer price increases
  5. 5. Drought: How Does It Impact Us? †Deaths associated with drought are the result of heat waves. (Not all droughts are accompanied by extreme heat waves.)
  6. 6. Drought: A Wicked Problem Multiple definitions
  7. 7. Drought: A Wicked Problem Multiple definitions When does it start? When does it end? WMO CAgM Drought Expert Team (2018)
  8. 8. Drought: A Wicked Problem Interconnected impacts on different sectors Multiple definitions When does it start? When does it end? USDA Livestock Forage Program drought payments 2011-2017: USD $6.6 billion
  9. 9. Drought: A Wicked Problem Interconnected impacts on different sectors Multiple definitions When does it start? When does it end? Differing scales Challenging to manage
  10. 10. What is the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS)? • Authorized by Congress in 2006 and re-authorized 2014. • Interagency mandate to develop and provide a national drought early warning information system. “Enable the Nation to move from a reactive to a more proactive approach to managing drought risks and impacts.”
  11. 11. What is “Early Warning”? Provision of timely and effective information, through identified institutions, that allows individuals exposed to a hazard to take action to avoid or reduce their risk and prepare for effective response.1 1International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
  12. 12. Components of a Drought Early Warning System (DEWS)
  13. 13. NIDIS has 9 Regional Drought Early Warning Systems (DEWS)  Network coordination (public, private, NGOs, academia)  Regional perspectives and priorities for the five components of a DEWS
  14. 14. Britt Parker Amanda Sheffield Molly Woloszyn Elizabeth Weight Elizabeth Ossowski Veva Deheza Missouri River Basin Midwest
  15. 15. Benefits of Regional DEWS • As a large-scale natural hazard that affects all sectors, drought requires large-scale integrated response. • Leverage partnerships: federal, regional, cross- state, across sectors. – Pool expertise and resources – Avoid duplication • Share best practices across states/sectors for drought management. • Reduce potential conflict over water resources. • Support scaling of innovations – pilot projects expanding to the state or regional level.
  16. 16. A Closer Look….
  17. 17. U.S. Drought Monitor  Uses multiple drought indices to come up with the “snapshot” of drought for the U.S.  Provides narrative by region/state  Released every Thursday at 8am EDT
  18. 18. U.S. Drought Monitor Network
  19. 19. State Pages:  A snapshot of current drought in the state  Historical drought perspective  Curated list of predictive, historical, and state-based drought tools
  20. 20. Drought Outlooks • Temperature and precipitation – 6-10 day – 8-14 day – One month – Seasonal (3 month) • Drought – Monthly outlook – Seasonal outlook
  21. 21. Drought Planning Resources Drought Ready Communities • A community-driven process for reducing vulnerability to drought. • Includes worksheets and other exercises. • Recommends planning response actions. Managing Drought Risk on the Ranch • Help rangeland managers develop a solid plan of action for situations (like drought) that lead to forage shortages. Available from NDMC at:
  22. 22. 2017 Northern Plains Drought Impact Assessment • Understand Impacts • Actions Taken • Lessons Learned & Best Practices Attribution Study • Examine Causes • Predictability • Historical Context
  23. 23. Drought Response & Communication “…shall communicate drought forecasts, drought conditions, and drought impacts on an ongoing basis to public and private entities…” - NIDIS Public Law
  24. 24. North Central U.S. Monthly Climate & Drought Webinars Third Thursday of the month at 1pm Central To register: ask me how!
  25. 25. Coordinate and Integrate Research and Monitoring in Support of:  Drought preparedness and resilience through engagement, networking, and collaboration.  Scientific research in drought forecasting, monitoring, and predictions.  Analysis and assessment of past drought events to inform effective drought response.
  26. 26. Thank You! Midwest DEWS @DroughtGov & @ClimateMolly National Integrated Drought Information System @DroughtGov Missouri River Basin DEWS