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Workshop 1 - Julie Doll


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North Central Region One Water Action Forum

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Workshop 1 - Julie Doll

  1. 1. Climate change communication Julie E. Doll, Ph.D. Kellogg Biological Station & Dept. Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences Michigan State University December 11, 2018
  2. 2. “As farmers, when we see a problem, we try to fix it; we don’t just sit back and wait for it to get worse. But there is an awful misconception driving the day for many in the farming community. Too many assume there is no fix to this problem – that there’s nothing we can do to reverse the tide of climate change. This is wrong, it is defeatist, and it is out of step with the international scientific, business and policymaking communities.” Roger Johnson is president of the National Farmers Union, a third generation farmer North Dakota, and previously served as North Dakota Agriculture Commissioner.
  3. 3. “The Trump administration is expected on Tuesday to unveil a plan that would weaken federal clean water rules designed to protect millions of acres of wetlands and thousands of miles of streams nationwide from pesticide runoff and other pollutants.”
  4. 4. Why communicate about climate change? 1. Climate change is real. 2. Scientists are concerned about its effect on agriculture. 3. To help stakeholders adapt to changes and be part of the climate change solution.
  5. 5. Warming observed over the last century is highly unusual. Present conditions are outside the range of natural cycles experienced by humans. Natural changes (sun, volcanoes, etc) continue to affect climate today… …but warming of the last century is primarily human- induced. The scientific consensus Slide courtesy of Greg Hitzhusen
  6. 6. Who agrees with the scientific consensus?
  7. 7. • US Climate Change Science Program (created by George W Bush Admin) • US National Academy of Sciences and national academies of 32 other nations (none disagree) • Every major scientific organization whose members include climate scientists • More than 97% of climate researchers actively publishing in the field (NAS, 2010) • The Pentagon, Wal-Mart, American Electric Power, The Pope, The Dalai Lama • Every major religious denomination w/ a climate change statement except the Southern Baptist Convention Who agrees with the scientific consensus? Slide courtesy of Greg Hitzhusen
  8. 8. Climate change & the American public (Cook et al. 2013; Leiserowitz et al. 2013; (Ding et al. 2011, Nature Climate Change) “Climate change still feels remote, like it will happen well into the future or only to poor people far away.”
  9. 9. The Six Americas
  10. 10. Climate change communication guidelines 1. Social learning – remember values! Acting on climate change is not value-neutral. • We acquire scientific knowledge by consulting others who share our values. • “If you are one of us, believe this; otherwise, we’ll know you are one of them.” • We form risk perceptions that match our values, and the values of those we trust. (Kahan, et. al, 2014; CRED 2014)
  11. 11. 2. Trusted sources of information Climate change communication guidelines (CRED 2014; Doll et al. 2018)
  12. 12. 3. Dialogue is key Climate change communication guidelines (CRED 2015; NRC 2009; Doll et al. 2018)
  13. 13.
  14. 14. 4. Focus on the five key messages (simple, clear messages repeated often by a variety of trusted sources) 1.Climate change is real. 2.People are causing it. 3.There is widespread agreement (97%) among climate scientists on the above two points. 4.Climate change is harmful to people. 5.We can do something about it. Climate change communication guidelines (Maibach and van der Linden, 2016; van der Linden et al. 2016)
  15. 15. 5. Know your audience, frame your message • Public health • Energy security • Local impacts • Biodiversity • Conservation of finite resources Climate change communication guidelines
  16. 16. 6. Local & relevant, offer solutions Climate change communication guidelines (CRED 2015; NRC 2009; Doll & Bode, in press)
  17. 17.  Cultivating Resilience, LLC 2018 Lengnick 2015 • Adaptation stories of 25 award- winning sustainable U.S. producers • 20 to 40+ years at same location
  18. 18. Key resilience assets 1. Soil health 2. Planned biodiversity 3. Diverse high value markets 4. Irrigation/drainage 5. Physical protection Lengnick 2015  Cultivating Resilience, LLC 2018
  19. 19. Lengnick 2015 Cultivating Resilience, LLC 2018
  20. 20. 1. What are your key weather-related challenges? Identify current and near-term weather-related exposures specific to your operation (EXPOSURE) 2. What are your key production threats? Prioritize climate-related threats to your operation (SENSITIVITY) 3. What are your options? Identify adaptive actions; develop a list of practices that enhance the response, recovery and transformation capacities of your operation. (ADAPTIVE CAPACITY) 4. What is the best mix of adaptation options? Find the most appropriate mix of practices that reduce climate risks and capture new opportunities for your operation. (CLIMATE RESILIENCY)  Cultivating Resilience, LLC 2018
  21. 21. 1730795/communicating-climate- change/
  22. 22. Thank you! Julie E. Doll, Ph.D.