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Workshop 1 - Dennis Todey

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Workshop 1 - Dennis Todey

  1. 1. USDA Midwest Climate Hub Climate Hubs and You Dennis Todey Director, Midwest Climate Hub Dennis.todey@ars.usda.gov Charlene Felkley Coordinator, Midwest Climate Hub Charlene.felkley@ars.usda.gov
  2. 2. Topics • A brief Background of USDA Climate Hubs • The need, mission • More on the Midwest Climate Hub • Local and Regional Partnering • Resources of the USDA Midwest Climate Hub • Website • For more Information
  3. 3. USDA Climate Hubs Providing… Information and Tools to Decision Makers to Build Resilience to climate variability.
  4. 4. The Need for Climate Hubs The More you Know… Information Leads to Action • Increasing climate variability • An increase in number and intensity of extreme events • Changing trends in climate and weather • Added stress to agriculture and other natural resources
  5. 5. Vision and Mission Vision Agricultural production and natural resources maintained and strengthened under increasing climate and environmental change Mission 1. Develop and deliver science-based, region-specific information and technologies to agricultural and natural resource managers; 2. enable climate-smart decision-making; and 3. direct land managers to USDA agency programs and regional partners to build resilience to climate change.
  6. 6. Here in the Midwest… Our Goal To provide information to help producers cope with climate change through linkages of research, education and partnerships in a region that represents one of the most intense areas of agricultural production in the world.
  7. 7. Partners
  8. 8. Stakeholders Crop Consultants Commodity Organizations Soil and Water Conservation Districts Other USDA Agencies Cooperative Extension Land Grant Universities Farmers Ranchers Forest Land Owners Specialty Crop Growers …And Many Others
  9. 9. National Climate Assessment • Climate Science Report • https://science2017.globalchange.gov/ • National Climate Assessment • https://nca2018.globalchange.gov/ • Chapters (of interest) – Water – Land Cover and Use – Ag and Rural Communities – Built Environment Urban Systems and Cities
  10. 10. Projected precipitation
  11. 11. Seasonal Precip Changes • More in transition seasons • Can fall on already wet ground – Wetter – Less active growth • Precip on frozen ground
  12. 12. Rain into the soil Silt Loam Soil Organic Matter (%) 0 2 4 6 8 DaysofAvailableSoilWater 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Organic Matter (%) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7AvailableWaterContent(%) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Data Points Sand, AWC = 3.8 + 2.2 OM Silt Loam, AWC = 9.2 + 3.7 OM Silty clay loam, AWC = 6.3 + 2.8 OM Hudson, 1994 Assuming an average rate of crop water use during the grain-filling period for corn
  13. 13. Midwest Climate Hub Research Climate Monitoring Tools: Useful To Usable
  14. 14. Midwest Climate Hub Research Predicting Changes in Range Distribution and Population Dynamics of Pests
  15. 15. Surface Temperature Inversion Project Z3, 10 ft AGL; temp, rh and wind Thermal profile to monitor for ground rig spray applicators Z1, 1.5 ft AGL; temp and rh Missouri Mesonet 2015 locations Inversion Criteria • Z1< Z2, and Z1< Z3 • Temperatures remained inverted ≥ 1-hr • >1.2°C temp difference occurred at some point during the inversion event between 10’ and 1.5’ Z2, 5.5 ft AGL level; temp and rh 2017 locations 2018 locations
  16. 16. (TIP) Developed a tool to monitor for real-time temperature inversions.
  17. 17. Thanks to funding from the USDA Midwest Climate Hub, Missouri’s inversion monitoring protocol was imitated in IL, MI, KY, OH and IN Temperature Inversion Potential: Real-time temperature at 10 ft and 1.5 ft Kentucky Mesonet 6’ 10’ 1.5’ -Same Sensors -Same Components -Same Heights -Same Programming
  18. 18. Thanks to funding from the USDA Midwest Climate Hub, Missouri’s inversion monitoring protocol was imitated in IL, MI, KY, OH and IN Temperature Inversion Potential: Real-time temperature at 10 ft and 1.5 ft Kentucky Mesonet 6’ 10’ 1.5’ -Same Sensors -Same Components -Same Heights -Same Programming ND, SD and KS have done similar work
  19. 19. CSCAP/U2U Survey Results https://sustainablecorn.org/What_Farmers_are_Saying/Farmer_Survey.html
  20. 20. Midwest and Great Plains Climate- Drought Outlook 15 September 2016 Dr. Dennis Todey Director – USDA Midwest Climate Hub Nat’l Lab. for Ag. and Env. Ames, IA dennis.todey@ars.usda.gov 515-294-2013 Virga near Huron SD – Author Photo Photo taken Feb 19, 2013 https://www.drought.gov/drought/dews/mid west/reports-assessments-and-outlooks
  21. 21. Resources: Website https://www.climatehubs.oce.usda.gov/hubs/midwest Search for tools, research and events by Region, Topic, type of crop, or climate Impact.
  22. 22. Resources: Operational Products Midwest Ag-Focus Climate outlook
  23. 23. Resources: Website To our Newsletter, Resources, Publications and One-Pagers
  24. 24. Resources: Website Extension Connections with weather/climate events
  25. 25. For More Information Charlene Felkley, Coordinator 515-294-0136 Charlene.felkley@ars.usda.gov Dennis Todey, Director 515-294-2013 Dennis.todey@ars.usda.gov Erica Kistner, Fellow 515-294-9602 Erica.kristner@ars.usda.gov Midwest Climate Hub @dennistodey https://www.climatehubs.oce. usda.gov/hubs/midwest National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment Attn: Midwest Climate Hub 1015 N University Blvd Ames, Iowa 50011-3611 Adam Dowling, NRCS Liaison Adam.dowling@nrcs. usda.gov
  26. 26. xxxx
  27. 27. xxxxx
  28. 28. OPTIONAL SLIDES
  29. 29. xxxxx
  30. 30. Increasing the efficiency of Information Flow
  31. 31. Increasing the efficiency of Information Flow RawData Producer and Extension Tool Needs Raw Data Extension and Producers Weather and Climate Experts Tools Expert Midwest Climate Hub FeedbackonDataNeeds
  32. 32. Resources: Adaptation Guide
  33. 33. Resources: Adaptation Guide
  34. 34. Extra Photos

Editor's Notes

  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Difference between ARS and Forestry Hubs
    The Midwest Climate Hub covers Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, and Minnesota. This area represents one of the most intensive agricultural areas in the United States with a diversity of crop, forest, and animal production systems.

    Midwestern Agriculture
    A wide variety of crops are produced across the Midwest although the perception is that corn and soybeans are the only crops grown.
    There are over 127 million acres of agricultural land in the Midwest and in addition to 75% of that area in corn and soybeans, the other 25% is used to produce alfalfa, apples, asparagus, green beans, blueberries, cabbage, carrots, sweet and tart sherries, cranberries, cucumbers, grapes, oats, onions, peaches, plums, peas, bell peppers, potatoes, pumpkins, raspberries, strawberries, sweet corn, tobacco, tomatoes, watermelon, and wheat.
    The diversity of the annual and perennial crops across the Midwest creates a range of responses to climate and weather.
    Midwestern agriculture is dominated by rain-fed agricultural systems so that crop production is determined by the amount of rain which occurs during the growing season and is stored in the soil profile;
    however, many of the specialty crops are irrigated.
    The area covered by the Midwest Climate Hub is not only cropland, fruit trees, and forest but also contains over 16 million acres of pastureland. Pastureland in the Midwest contains area used for grazing livestock with some of the area used for hay production. Pastureland is contained on land area generally not suited for crop production and often classified as highly erodible.
    When the land is used for grazing, the water supply is often through the capture of surface water captured in ponds as the result of surface runoff during heavy precipitation events. During years with limited precipitation water supply in the ponds can become limited and grass production limited. The hay which is harvested from these areas is often used as feed for the livestock during the winter months.
    Livestock production in the Midwest is comprised of a mixture of different species ranging from hogs, beef cattle, milk cows, sheep, layers, broilers, turkeys, goats, and horses. There are other animals such as ducks and geese and game animals which add to the diversity of animal production systems.
    Most of the animal production systems are in confined operations; however, there is a still an impact from a changing climate mainly due to the warmer temperatures. Animals have a narrow range of temperatures where they have optimal meat, milk, or egg production and when exposed to conditions outside of that range begin to reduce their productivity.
    Livestock producers need to understand the potential impacts of warmer temperatures and temperature extremes on livestock production in order to reduce the climate impacts. One aspect in animal production from climate which is overlooked is the potential effect from the changing climate on insect and disease populations which will also affect productivity.
    Soil is one of the most critical natural resources for the Midwest and its ability to store water for crop and pasture production.
    Increased intensity of precipitation events in the spring is causing soil erosion and degrading the soil resource in fields with tillage and minimal crop residue cover. This is one of the vulnerable areas in agricultural which efforts to work with producers to increase the quality of the soil resource will provide a foundation for climate resilience.
    The Midwest is also one the most extensively and intensively subsurface drained areas in the United States. This creates a challenge for water management because of the need to drain lands in the spring with the excess precipitation and store water for late summer crop use.


  • Difference between ARS and Forestry Hubs
    The Midwest Climate Hub covers Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, and Minnesota. This area represents one of the most intensive agricultural areas in the United States with a diversity of crop, forest, and animal production systems.

    Midwestern Agriculture
    A wide variety of crops are produced across the Midwest although the perception is that corn and soybeans are the only crops grown.
    There are over 127 million acres of agricultural land in the Midwest and in addition to 75% of that area in corn and soybeans, the other 25% is used to produce alfalfa, apples, asparagus, green beans, blueberries, cabbage, carrots, sweet and tart sherries, cranberries, cucumbers, grapes, oats, onions, peaches, plums, peas, bell peppers, potatoes, pumpkins, raspberries, strawberries, sweet corn, tobacco, tomatoes, watermelon, and wheat.
    The diversity of the annual and perennial crops across the Midwest creates a range of responses to climate and weather.
    Midwestern agriculture is dominated by rain-fed agricultural systems so that crop production is determined by the amount of rain which occurs during the growing season and is stored in the soil profile;
    however, many of the specialty crops are irrigated.
    The area covered by the Midwest Climate Hub is not only cropland, fruit trees, and forest but also contains over 16 million acres of pastureland. Pastureland in the Midwest contains area used for grazing livestock with some of the area used for hay production. Pastureland is contained on land area generally not suited for crop production and often classified as highly erodible.
    When the land is used for grazing, the water supply is often through the capture of surface water captured in ponds as the result of surface runoff during heavy precipitation events. During years with limited precipitation water supply in the ponds can become limited and grass production limited. The hay which is harvested from these areas is often used as feed for the livestock during the winter months.
    Livestock production in the Midwest is comprised of a mixture of different species ranging from hogs, beef cattle, milk cows, sheep, layers, broilers, turkeys, goats, and horses. There are other animals such as ducks and geese and game animals which add to the diversity of animal production systems.
    Most of the animal production systems are in confined operations; however, there is a still an impact from a changing climate mainly due to the warmer temperatures. Animals have a narrow range of temperatures where they have optimal meat, milk, or egg production and when exposed to conditions outside of that range begin to reduce their productivity.
    Livestock producers need to understand the potential impacts of warmer temperatures and temperature extremes on livestock production in order to reduce the climate impacts. One aspect in animal production from climate which is overlooked is the potential effect from the changing climate on insect and disease populations which will also affect productivity.
    Soil is one of the most critical natural resources for the Midwest and its ability to store water for crop and pasture production.
    Increased intensity of precipitation events in the spring is causing soil erosion and degrading the soil resource in fields with tillage and minimal crop residue cover. This is one of the vulnerable areas in agricultural which efforts to work with producers to increase the quality of the soil resource will provide a foundation for climate resilience.
    The Midwest is also one the most extensively and intensively subsurface drained areas in the United States. This creates a challenge for water management because of the need to drain lands in the spring with the excess precipitation and store water for late summer crop use.


  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • Research and Science Information Synthesis
    Tool Development, Technology Exchange, and Implementation Assistance
    Stakeholder Education, Outreach, and Engagement
  • For our products, temperature is likely the most common parameter

    Many of our products put the current “weather” into climatological perspective by comparing to what is “normal”

    For the community, the MRCC is developing a new “Living With Weather” site that will provide information to the public to help deal with atmospheric events such as heat waves, drought, and ice storms.

    Our extension climatologist is always developing new tools for the K-12 community and other local interest groups, as well.

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