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Workshop 1 - Andrea Webster

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North Central Region One Water Action Forum

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Workshop 1 - Andrea Webster

  1. 1. Moving Towards Community Resilience INDIANA UNIVERSITY Prepared for Environmental Change Grand Challenge Andrea Webster Implementation Manager Environmental Resilience Institute
  2. 2. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Established to host interdisciplinary researchers across IU to provide: Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication 2
  3. 3. INDIANA UNIVERSITY South Bend, Indiana 2018Terre Haute, Indiana 2015 Environmental change is happening in Indiana 3
  4. 4. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Defining Resilience Being resilient means we will be able to deal with change in ways that equitably protect the health, welfare and economic vitality of our human and ecological communities. Being resilient is not about running away from our way of life or waiting for the worst to happen, but growing toward stronger, cleaner, healthier, safer and more vibrant communities. 4
  5. 5. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication 5
  6. 6. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication A comparison of past and future conditions for Vigo County, Indiana 6
  7. 7. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication Rising temperatures > Extreme heat > Increased ozone production > Worsening air quality > Decreased demand for summertime outdoor tourism > Increased asthma attacks > Increased heart attacks > Causes or worsens respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses > Premature death > Increased likelihood of heat-related illness > Decreased demand for summertime outdoor tourism > Increased hospitalizations > Increased medical costs > Increased mortality 7
  8. 8. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication Increased precipitation > Increased flood risk > Increased risk of CSOs > Increased water pollution > Increased fertilizer runoff > Increased risk of human-derived nutrients entering waterways > Increased risk of algal blooms > Increased mosquito populations > Increased human physical injuries > Increased human displacement > Increased property loss > Increased post-flood mold and fungus growth > Increased stress on urban green drainage infrastructure > Degradation or loss of function of urban drainage green infrastructure > Increased CSOs > Excess stormwater > Impaired restoration of riparian buffers 8
  9. 9. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication 9
  10. 10. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication Rising temperatures > Extreme heat Urban Heat • Establish a Community-wide Extreme Heat Contingency Plan • Planning, Awareness, Cooling Centers, Transportation • Ordinances, Codes and Incentive Programs • Cool roofs • Cool pavements • Tree canopy and vegetation • Energy efficiency (reducing waste heat) 10
  11. 11. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication Increased precipitation > Increased flood risk Flooding • Vegetated infrastructure - Trees, Raingardens and Bioswales Green Roofs • Rainwater harvesting and downspout disconnection • Permeable pavement • Set aside open space, providing a buffer for rivers • Preserve wetlands and existing floodplains • Develop public information strategies • Make these and other changes through building code updates, zoning laws, master planning and hazard mitigation plans. 11
  12. 12. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication Increased precipitation > Increased flood risk Flooding • ***Update floodplain maps using projections • In the meantime - https://wikiwatershed.org/model/ • Remove impervious surfaces • Replace undersized culverts • Relocate facilities to higher elevations • Plan and establish alternative or on-site power supply • Build flood barriers to protect infrastructure 12
  13. 13. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication Key Takeaways 1. Know where your vulnerable populations are Populations at Risk https://headwaterseconomics.org/tools/populations-at-risk/ 2. Conduct one or more vulnerability assessments 3. Extreme Heat Contingency Plan 4. Update flood maps to include projections 5. Plant trees and other vegetation 6. Integrate climate-related risks into capital improvement plans 13
  14. 14. INDIANA UNIVERSITY ERIT The Environmental Resilience Institute Toolkit eri.iu.edu/ERIT 14
  15. 15. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Environmental Resilience Institute Toolkit (ERIT) 15
  16. 16. INDIANA UNIVERSITY ERIT The Environmental Resilience Institute Toolkit eri.iu.edu/ERIT 16
  17. 17. INDIANA UNIVERSITY ERIT The Environmental Resilience Institute Toolkit eri.iu.edu/ERIT 17
  18. 18. INDIANA UNIVERSITY 2019 Resilience Cohort • Deadline to Apply: Dec 14, 2018 • Peer-to-peer support program • Helps local governments in Indiana complete greenhouse gas inventories • Participants receive guidance from ICLEI- Local Governments for Sustainability USA • Some participants will receive externs through a partnership with Sustain IU Program Sponsors eri.iu.edu/prepare/resilience-cohort.html 18
  19. 19. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication Hoosier Resilience Index Scoring framework with two parts: vulnerability score and resilience score. Together, scores make up the index. Part I.Vulnerability Score Expected Impacts of Climate Change a) Heat b) Precipitation CommunityVulnerability c) SocialVulnerability Part II. Resilience Score Resilience actions that are responsive to impacts 19
  20. 20. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Prepared for Environmental Change Webinar Series January 8, 2019; 12-1pm IdentifyingYour Communities’Vulnerabilities to Environmental Change February 13, 2019; 12-1pm UsingGreenspace as an Adaptation Strategy March 13, 2019; 12-1pm Managing Storm Sewer Flooding Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication eri.iu.edu/prepare/webinars.html 20
  21. 21. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Environmental Resilience Institute Accurate Predictions Feasible Solutions Effective Communication https://www.indianaenvironmentalreporter.org/ Podcast: On Air with IER Becky Thiele with Indiana Public Media Environmental Resilience Institute YouTube Channel 21
  22. 22. INDIANA UNIVERSITY Follow ERI Environmental Resilience Institute at IU @Prepared4Change Environmental Resilience Institute at Indiana University @environmentalresilienceinstitute Subscribe to our e-newsletters eri.iu.edu 23

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