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Missouri ozark plateau speidel

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Missouri ozark plateau speidel

  1. 1. Lessons Learn by the Little Rivers Drainage District infrastructure improvements were supported by legislation and entrepreneurs collaboration can help bring creative solutions to new water resource challenges. By David Speidel, Kenneth R. Olson and Lois Wright Morton Presented at the 71st Annual SWCS International Conference
  2. 2.  Established Little River Drainage District (LRDD) in 1905 at a meeting in Cape Girardeau.  Headwaters Diversion system was created to divert the runoff water from 720,000 acres in the Ozark plateau and Francois mountains.  A 45 mile diversion levee and channel was created to keep the Castor and Whitewater rivers and Crooked Creek from regularly spilling into the bottomland and created (Big Swamp).
  3. 3. Missouri Illinois Diversion and Levees Roads Little River Drainage Watershed St. Johns Bayou Watershed Little River Headwater Diversion Watershed Mississippi River Sediment Basin Interstate Highways55 Rivers City or Village Legend 31 km 20 miles Railroads 51 51 51 34 177 177 91 91 51 34 72 72 55 55 Cape Girardeau Advance Diversion Channel Diversion Channel Diversion Embankment Diversion Embankment Castor River Castor River Whitewater River Whitewater River Greenbriar Floodwall Perryville Jackson Francois Mountains Fredricktown Francois Mountains Ozark Plateau Francois Mountains Ozark Plateau Commerce St. Johns Bayou Watershed Marble Hill Airport Sediment Basin Historic Big Swamp 67 67 67 N
  4. 4. Headwaters Diversion Channel Protects Cropland
  5. 5. LRDD shares maintenance with Army Corps to monitor levee and manage ground water under the levee. Over 200 Seepage Wells support Diversion
  6. 6. Headwaters Diversion Channel starts where the name changes to Castor River Division and enters the Dark Cypress Swamp Castor River off Rt. 51 Cape Girardeau Co.
  7. 7. The river provides the worlds largest transportation corridor for Midwest grain from farms, timber and lumber from forests and other materials that support U.S. commerce Headwaters Diversion Channel empties into the Mississippi up stream of Port Cape
  8. 8. Mingo National Wildlife Refuge viewed here from a Ozark rock outcrop Drainage starts at the Cato Levee separating the Castor River Dark Cypress Swamp from the Duck Creek State Wildlife refuge flows into the Mingo. On west boundary Over 50,000 acres reclaimed for wildlife
  9. 9. The wildlife refugee has set aside over 25,000 acres. Organization started in the 1940s from a failed farmland drainage project. Mingo Swamp From Boardwalk Mingo National Wildlife Refugee
  10. 10. How did the LRDD manage to achieve its dream of this channel through the swamps? Headwater Diversion Channel
  11. 11. LRDD work crew, men eating meal in camp; tent and stove in background Photo Courtesy of LRDD and Missouri State Archives LRDD 2506 Men that built the Panama Cannel built the Diversion Channel and Drainage Ditches for the LRDD
  12. 12. Projects Challenges  Originally Railheads had river landings  The Big Swamp created by the Ancient River  Thebes cutoff join the two great Rivers  Consequents' today  Backwater from River  Recharge Groundwater Flooding downstream Missouri Illinois Morley Oran Delta Chaffee Dutchtown Cape Girardeau Trail of Tears State Forest Shawnee National Forest Levee Hickory Ridge Ringer Hill Bird's Hill Sediment Basin Whitewater River Crooked Creek Williams Creek Diversion Channel Little River Benton Jackson Hill North Cut Ditch Doolan Shute Commerce to Birds Point Levee Power Island Farmer Levee Len Small Levee Fayville Fayville Levee Scott City Sals Creek Ramsy Creek Thebes Illmo Olive Branch Marquette Island Gale Flood Wall New Hamburg Historic Big Swamp Historic Big Swamp Location of Ancient Mississippi River Whitewater River La Croix Creek Juden Creek Scism Creek Duskin Creek Indian Creek Mississippi River Mississippi River Horseshoe Lake Sandy Creek Little Flora Creek Flora Creek Bainbridge Creek Dutch Creek Sexton Creek Cape Girardeau Airport Bedrock river bottom Missouri Commerce Levee Levee Burnham Island Goose Island 177 177 3461 61 74 74 3 77 55 55 25 25 3 146 61 Alluvial bottom lands (in Missouri and Illinois) Urban Land (cities) 31 km 20 miles Bedrock controlled uplands (in Missouri and Illinois) River bottom under lain by alluvial, lacustrine and outwash, lakes and ponds River bottom under lain by bedrock rock removal site Legend 55 Interstate Highways (I-55) Roads Streams Floodwall Towns Railroads Levees N 3 146
  13. 13. Backwater from Diversion Business have adapted to high water
  14. 14. Producer measures the well water flow rate after cleaning the well and replacing components damaged by the backwater flood. A second irrigation pivot close to channel had eight foot of backwater. Cropland within the Headwater’s backwater
  15. 15. Every season Groundwater fluctuates below the diversion. Landowners interested in protecting these areas on private land can use the Wetland Reserve Program when combined with cropland. Castor River cut off by Diversion
  16. 16. City of Cape Girardeau downtown Flood Wall and Emerson Bridge shown in background Flood protection must adapt to development
  17. 17. Railroad Bridge crossing Mississippi River at Thebes 2012 low water. Water levels affect Navigation of River

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