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Engaging Next Generation WS - Justin Hougham


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North Central Region One Water Action Forum

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Engaging Next Generation WS - Justin Hougham

  1. 1. Building Community Science: Investing in Student Driven Scientific Inquiry Dr. R. Justin Hougham Director of Upham Woods Associate Professor University of Wisconsin - Extension Environmental Education Specialist
  2. 2. “These lands are to be used as an outdoor laboratory and camp for youth, such as 4-H clubs and other people cooperating with the University of Wisconsin in the advancement of conservation, of agriculture and rural culture.” – Elizabeth & Caroline Upham An EEO/AA employer, University of Wisconsin Extension provides equal opportunities in employment and programming, including Title IX and Americans with Disabilities (ADA) requirements. Dr. R. Justin Hougham Director of Upham Woods Associate Professor Environmental Education Specialist 608-254-6461
  3. 3. 700 Environmental Education related organizations in Wisconsin
  4. 4. Status & Needs Report of Wisconsin Environmental Education Related Organizations 1. Organizational management, content understanding (i.e. water) and effective delivery is a high priority 2. They would benefit from trainings focused on technology usage in outdoor education and using STEM as a context for environmental education 3. Professional development on increasing inclusion in facility and programmatic accessibility In total 156 EE organizations responded to the survey including: ● 23 Camps ● 20 K-12 School Programs or Groups ● 18 State-Run Parks, Programs, or Groups ● 13 University-Run Programs or Groups ● 11 City/County-Run Program or Groups ● 7 Friends Groups ● 6 Watershed Groups ● 7 Museums/Zoos/Aquariums
  5. 5. 1. Define Community Science. 2. What opportunities exist in your community to engage it? 3. Who are your stakeholders? 4. What projects/stories would they tell? 5. How is this sustainable?
  6. 6. 1. How would you define community science? 2. Is it different than citizen science? 3. Who should be involved in community science? Community Science
  7. 7. Community Science A group of people interested in place based observation, studies, and scientific processes with the goal of understanding and addressing local issues.
  8. 8. Community 1. Institutional: informal and formal 2. Students 3. Teachers 4. Adults 5. Friend Groups Community members connect people to solutions related to their stories. Science 1. Data collection and documentation 2. Observation 3. Questions 4. Process oriented 5. Experiments Data connects people to the stories they want to tell. Community Science A group of people interested in place based observation, studies, and scientific processes with the goal of understanding and addressing local issues.
  9. 9. Community Place Issue Science Scientific Storytelling Problem- Solving Data Collection Understanding Context PICS is a conceptual framework that guides the implementation of informal STEM learning for Upham Woods. By strategically shifting the communities’ focus between the nodes, the approach aims to develop transferable science observation skills in learner communities that enhances data literacy and science communication in ISL settings. Hougham, 2011 Place, Issue, Community & Science (PICS)
  10. 10. “Shifting the focus of science education to help guide students to use their knowledge, skills and dispositions also helps them become actively engaged citizens working to dismantle dominant discourses to address issues they continue to be passionate about” - Zocher & Hougham, 2018 (in review) Ecopedagogy - critical pedagogy
  11. 11. Digital Observation Technology Skills (DOTS) Statewide Impact
  12. 12. Researching Educational Pedagogies “Technology has much to offer environmental educators, and it is also an ever changing horizon of what will work in outdoor contexts, be relevant, and enhance learning experiences. Time invested in reviewing and selecting technology and apps before making purchases is time well spent. It is best to select technologies with the purpose of enhancing outdoor education programming.” Hougham & Kerlin, 2016
  13. 13. Developing a sense of place with science and storytelling “In moving environmental education into the digital age, educators should look to empower youth with the tools and responsibility to examine their surroundings and in encouraging youth to take and use technology outside, educators can capitalize on students collecting their own data sets to develop deeper more meaningful inquiry questions.” Hougham et al., 2017b Student Led Water Quality Monitoring
  14. 14. Digital Literacy: Modern Tools for Observation and Inquiry “DOTS addresses longstanding tensions between modern technology and classical outdoor education by carefully selecting appropriate digital technology for educational purposes and by situating these tools in classical experiential maintain the inquiry-driven nature of experiential education while incorporating 21st-century learning goals, like digital literacy.” Hougham et al., 2018a
  15. 15. Enhancing Outdoor Observation with Technology “EARPOD used an integrated technology program, Digital Observation Technology Skills (DOTS), to engage underserved students in experiential education meant to increase environmental literacy and provide evaluative data for pedagogical development in environmental education… Preliminary results showed that students reported an increase in three main characteristics with regard to technology: confidence in using technologies outdoors, knowledge of available technologies, and knowledge of using different technologies.” Hougham et al., 2018b
  16. 16. Pedagogy in Practice “ students to use their knowledge…” Zocher & Hougham, in review “...address issues they continue to be passionate about...” Zocher & Hougham, in review
  17. 17. A Maryland Avenue Montessori Student took interest in the difference in temperature between the black top and grass.
  18. 18. Scientific Story for the Thermal Group Team Members: Azarey’a, Elsa, Kyrie, Kailey, Cecilia, Jowell Date: 11/15/18 10 am Location: Bewick Cabin at Upham Woods Navigator Report: Latitude: 43.6478° Longitude: -87.798° Altitude: 894 ft Weather Report: Air Temp: 40.5 °F Wind Speed: 0 mph Humidity: 54.5 % Brightness: 7,200 lx Thermal Investigation: North side was 40.8°F 1,500lx East side was 54.0°F 7,120 lx South side was 61.6°F 5,130 lx West side was 44.0°F 960 lx Group Summary: We got info  from our cabin and reported that and we also found out that the boys’ cabin is a little cooler. Hehe. For more information, contact Justin Hougham, or check out our website: • (608) 254-6461 •
  19. 19. This event familiarizes leaders with digital tools and lesson facilitation techniques. Students will collect data and investigate their own questions around water quality. Year 1: Students will come together to share data. Year 2: Students will share data and projects with their broader communities. Year 1 & 2 Year 1 Year 2 ScienceStrikesBack Digital Observation Technology Skills (DOTS): Students Collecting Data in Their Environment Funding supported by EPA Environmental Education Local Grant, no. EPA-00E02045
  20. 20. Bayfield County, WI • Bayfield, Ashland County Extension • Northland College Partners in Bayfield County worked with 4-H students and with members of the Bad River Tribe to study water quality in the Lake Superior watershed. La Crosse, WI • La Crosse School District Students and teachers from Lincoln Middle School in La Crosse collected water quality data from the waters of the upper Mississippi River. Milwaukee, WI • Urban Ecology Center • Escuela Verde Partners in Milwaukee worked with their students to study the water quality of three rivers that run through heavily industrialized areas of the city. Wisconsin Dells, WI • Upham Woods Outdoor Learning Center As the lead partner site, Upham Woods supported project partners at all sites by hosting teacher workshops and student data summits. Staff from Upham Woods traveled to partner sites to conduct data collection and community connection events.
  21. 21. Building Partnerships “[The collaboration] has allowed my students to use explore the world around them, inquire, and share their science story in ways that I have not seen in my 15 years of teaching experience.” - La Escuela Fratney teacher ● Builds student confidence in observation and science Hougham et al., 2018 ● Teachers gain access to program and build network
  22. 22. Student Data Collection
  23. 23. Sharing Data EPA EE Local Grant – EPA-EE-16-01 Grant Number: EPA-00E02045
  24. 24. Science Strikes Back! ● Community Science Fair ● Based in Milwaukee ● Started in 2017 ● Brings together a diversity of community members ● Hosted by Escuela Verde
  25. 25. Science Strikes Back, a Community Science Fair
  26. 26. Project Evaluation Changes in Self-Reported Interest in Science and Water Quality Results from a pre- and post-event survey distributed before and after the student data summit Respondents rated the extent to which they agreed with each statement on a Likert Scale: 1=Strongly Agree, 2=Agree, 3=Neutral, 4=Disagree, 5=Strongly Disagree Assessment Question N Mean Pre Mean Post P-value Mode Pre Mode Post I like science. 50 1.96 1.64 <.01 Agree Strongly Agree I feel confident that I can help fix local water problems. 48 2.56 2.25 <.01 Neutral Agree I am aware of water problems in my own community. 45 2.13 1.8 <.01 Agree Agree I am aware of water problems that communities in other parts of Wisconsin face. 45 2.58 2.04 <.01 Neutral Agree I believe I have the skills to pursue a career in science and/or technology. 48 2.4 2.15 <.05 Neutral Agree I understand how air, water and earth pollutants affect my local water. 45 1.91 1.62 <.05 Agree Strongly Agree I am willing to speak up about a solution to issues my community faces. 45 2.42 2.22 .07 Neutral Agree I am interested in studying science and/or technology in my future schooling. 50 2.36 2.18 .15 Neutral Strongly Agree
  27. 27. Science Strikes Back: Empowering Educators and Students to Impact Urban Watersheds 2018 Funding supported by EPA Environmental Education Local Grant, no. NE00E02399
  28. 28. Milwaukee Partners Escuela Verde The Urban Ecology Center – Menomonee Valley Branch Reflo Sustainable Water Solutions The Friends of Wehr Nature Center The Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District The University of Wisconsin – Extension: Upham Woods Outdoor Learning Center
  29. 29. An Environmental Education Network in the Milwaukee Community
  31. 31. DOTS + ITEST Data Collection: Summer 2017 earth-partnership-indigenous-arts-and-sciences
  32. 32. “Think like a Scientist” Analyzing Student Data
  33. 33. “Guess that Ecosystem” Using Student Data to Hypothesize Ecosystem Type (woodland, prairie, wetland) unknown 4 Coordinates: Latitude 46.60014 Coordinates: Longitude -90.66071 Date of Data Collection 6/21/2017 Time of Data Collection 8:09:00 AM Altitude 650 Air Temperature (°F) 64.4 Wind Speed 2.1 Humidity Level (%) 65.7 Estimated Canopy Cover (Percentage) 0 Estimated Cloud Cover (Percentage) 0 Temperature of Hottest Object 126 Hottest Object Description Black Ford Bumper Temperature of Coldest Object 60.4 Coldest Object Description Grass on sidewalk
  34. 34. “Guess that Ecosystem” Using Student Data to Hypothesize
  35. 35. QUESTIONS AND FEEDBACK Resources • Digging Deeper with Data: • Digital Observation Technology Skills: • DOTS Lending Request Survey:
  36. 36. 1. Define Community Science. 2. What opportunities exist in your community to engage it? 3. Who are your stakeholders? 4. What projects/stories would they tell? 5. How is this sustainable?
  37. 37. Thank you and supported by Environmental Protection Agency; Grant Number: EPA NE 00E02399 (2018) and EPA-00E02045 (2016) National Science Foundation – Innovative Technology Experiences for Students and Teachers (ITEST); Grant Number: NSF 1613811 The Community Members and our Partners who contribute to Community Science
  38. 38. Citations Zocher, J., & Hougham, R. J. (2018) Implementing Ecopedagogy in Science: Putting Theory to Action with Communities and Urban Secondary Students. Manuscript submitted for publication. Hougham, R. J., Nutter, M., & Graham, C. (2018)a Digital Observation Technology Skills. Connected Science Learning, (5). Retrieved from Hougham, R. J., Nutter, M., & Graham, C. (2018)b. Bridging Natural and Digital Domains: Attitudes, Confidence, and Interest in Using Technology to Learn Outdoors. Journal of Experiential Education, 41(2), 154-169. doi:10.1177/1053825917751203 Hougham, J., Kerlin, S., Liddicoat, K., Ellis, K., & Crampe, E. (2017)a. Status and Needs of Environmental Education Related Organizations in Wisconsin: Results from the 2015 state-wide survey. Madison, Wisconsin. Retrieved from: Organizations-in-Wisconsin-2.0.pdf Hougham, R. J. Nutter, M., Gilbertson, M. & Bukouricz, Q. (2017)b. Student Generated Data Informing Student Generated Inquiries. Clearing: Resources for community-based environmental literacy education, pp. 32-36. Hougham, R. J. (2016). To Unplug or Plug In: Adopting digital mobile technologies in environmental education as students use them more and more. Green Teacher, 111. Hougham, R.J. (2011). Growing Inquiry and Engagement- International Globalization, Diversity, and Education Conference. Spokane, WA. An EEO/AA employer, University of Wisconsin Extension provides equal opportunities in employment and programming, including Title IX and Americans with Disabilities (ADA) requirements.