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La sécurité alimentaire: au cœur des enjeux démographiques, migratoires et sécuritaires

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"Food security: at the heart of demographic, migration and security challenges".

Presentation by SWAC Secretariat on 16 May in Brussels at the External Cooperation Infopoint session hosted by the Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development of the European Commission.

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La sécurité alimentaire: au cœur des enjeux démographiques, migratoires et sécuritaires

  1. 1. La sécurité alimentaire : au cœur des enjeux démographiques, migratoires et sécuritaires Laurent Bossard Philipp Heinrigs Secrétariat du Club du Sahel et de l’Afrique de l’Ouest EXTERNAL COOPERATION INFOPOINT Bruxelles, 16 mai 2017
  2. 2. Les enjeux alimentaires ne doivent pas être masqués par les résurgences des défis démographiques, migratoires et sécuritaires. Ils font partie des réponses à ces défis.
  3. 3. Population totale en 2005 calculée sur la base du RGPH Population agricole en 2005 selon le RGA Population agricole / population totale Kayes 1802 1273 71% Koulikoro 2189 1682 77% Sikasso 2389 1460 61% Ségou 2113 1371 65% Mopti 1840 1577 86% Tombouctou 610 756 124% Gao 490 542 111% Kidal 61 163 267% Bamako 1636 106 7% MALI Population totale et population agricole en 2005 (x1000)
  4. 4. 1950
  5. 5. 1980
  6. 6. 20102010
  7. 7. Average distance between cities 1950 = 71km > 2010 = 22km
  8. 8. • Urbanisation will continue – 500 million urban in 2050 • Few big cities and thousands of small towns (90% of cities less than 100 000 inhabitants) • Emergence of new agglomeration will continue • Huge investment and planning needs • Policy design will also depend on more data (“If you want to make people count, you have to count people.”)
  9. 9. CITY SIZE LEVEL OF URBANISATION LOCAL DOMINANCE MARKET POTENTIAL Bobo-Dioulasso CITY SIZE LEVEL OF URBANISATION LOCAL DOMINANCE MARKET POTENTIAL Porto-Novo CITY SIZE LEVEL OF URBANISATION LOCAL DOMINANCE MARKET POTENTIAL Sokoto Same city size, different regional contexts
  10. 10. CITY SIZE LEVEL OF URBANISATION LOCAL DOMINANCE MARKET POTENTIAL Tsévié CITY SIZE LEVEL OF URBANISATION LOCAL DOMINANCE MARKET POTENTIAL Karu CITY SIZE LEVEL OF URBANISATION LOCAL DOMINANCE MARKET POTENTIAL Diamniadio Different city size, same regional contexts
  11. 11. Food: West Africa’s largest private sector
  12. 12. Agricultural performance in food economy context The regional food economy is 16x bigger than the agricultural export sector Agricultural exports
  13. 13. 67% of food demand from urban areas.
  14. 14. Niger Nigeria 44%
  15. 15. Niger Nigeria
  16. 16. Nigeria
  17. 17. Policy and budget allocations should change to reflect changes in the food economy Policy coordination – beyond agriculture Connecting producer to consumers - regionally Move beyond the traditional confines of agricultural ministries Meeting demand is about connecting producers and consumers Increase level and mix of investment Deepen regional integration Greater regional integration is key to scale opportunities
  18. 18. The transforming food system requires profoundly different set of skills AT ALL LEVELS of the systems University of Ghana - BSc Food Science curriculum
  19. 19. Merci Thank you http://www.oecd.org/swac

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