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Employment Opportunities in West African Food Systems

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Presentation by Thomas Allen, Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat (SWAC/OECD) at the Brussels Brief no. 48: "Strengthening rural livelihoods in the face of rapid urbanisation in Africa". The meeting was held in Brussels, Belgium on 20 March 2017.

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Employment Opportunities in West African Food Systems

  1. 1. Strengthening rural livelihoods in the face of rapid urbanisation in Africa Employment opportunities in West African food systems Thomas Allen Brussels, Belgium, 20 March 2017 ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat
  2. 2. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat Urbanisation and cities
  3. 3. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat Urbanisation and cities
  4. 4. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat Urbanisation and cities
  5. 5. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat 3 The regional opportunities 4 Key messages 2 Food: The largest private sector 1 Changing demand
  6. 6. 17 % 37 % 2 % 16 % 27 % Fruits & Vegetables Meat & Fish Dairy Cereals Others ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat Diversifying diets 17 % 26 % 4 % 22 % 31 % Urban  Rural 
  7. 7. Processed foods 39 % Unprocessed foods 30 % Cereals 27 % Beverages 4 % ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat Demand for convenience Urban 36% Rural 41%
  8. 8. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat 3 The regional opportunities 4 Key messages 1 Changing demand 2 Food: The largest private sector
  9. 9. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat Size of the food economy 100 %c 178 
 USD billion (2010) 36% of regional GDP 100 %32 
 USD billion (2010) GDP Ghana The region’s largest private sector
  10. 10. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat Food imports = 7%… Imports 7 % Domestic production 93 % 178 
 USD billion (2010) The domestic food economy is 16x bigger than the agricultural export sector 11 
 USD billion (2010) Agricultural exports InUSD-currentprices
  11. 11. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat 4 Key messages 1 Changing demand 2 Food: The largest private sector 3 The regional opportunities
  12. 12. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat Economic diversification Non agricultural 40 % Agriculture 60 % 178 
 USD billion (2010) Increasingly non agricultural
  13. 13. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat Employment structure in the food economy Food catering 2 % Transport, marketing and retail 30 % Food processing 8 % Farming 60 % 13 m FTE jobs 19 m FTE jobs Source: Tchirley et al. (2016) and author’s calculations Nigeria in 2016
  14. 14. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat 0 22,5 45 67,5 90 Farming Farm labor Food processing Food marketing Food catering 15-24 25-40 Women Source: Tchirley et al. (2016) % Nigeria in 2016 Shareofagegroupbysegment No youth-specific activities
  15. 15. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat Different regional and local contexts Source:Kargetal.(2016) Concentration of urban demand Ouagadougou
  16. 16. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat 1 Changing demand 2 Food: The largest private sector 3 The regional opportunities 4 Key messages
  17. 17. ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat • Emerging opportunities in the West African food economy • Post-harvest segments of the food value chains will experience the fastest growth • Need to better understand the local contexts and spatial dimensions of job creation Key messages
  18. 18. Thank you for your attention ClubSAHEL AND WEST AFRICA Secretariat

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