Urban/Rural Distribution     and Economic GrowthSahel and West Africa Club Secretariat (SWAC/OECD)West African Futures: se...
Settlement and food security     How settlement patterns   impact food security issues?                                  2
Settlement and food security     How settlement patterns   impact food security issues?This question:• can only be tackled...
Urbanisation trends                      4
World Development Report 2009Factors favouring economic development:• Concentration of activities and people;• Decline of ...
World Development Report 2009Factors favouring economic development:• Concentration of activities and people;• Decline of ...
Urban agglomeration and GDP                              7
Urban agglomeration and GDP                              8
Urban agglomeration and GDP                              9
Urban agglomeration and GDP                              10
Urban agglomeration and GDP                              11
Urban agglomeration and GDP    3.500                              12
The Urban/Rural ratioUrban/Rural ratio:Two advantages:1) An uncapped indicator;2) ...                            13
GDP and urbanisation                       14
GDP growth and urbanisation pace                                   15
GDP growth and urbanisation pace                                   16
The Urban/Rural ratioUrban/Rural ratio:Two advantages:1) A non-capped indicator;2) A proxy for the ratio of non-producing ...
Evolution of the U/R ratio                             18
Evolution of the U/R ratio                             19
Evolution of the U/R ratio                             20
ConclusionThe Urban/Rural trend inducesnew characteristics of food insecurity:• The urbanisation process creates demand fo...
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Urban/Rural Distribution and Economic Growth

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by Thomas Allen, SWAC consultant, 2nd Working Group meeting, West African Futures: settlement, market and food security, 27-28 October 2011.

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Urban/Rural Distribution and Economic Growth

  1. 1. Urban/Rural Distribution and Economic GrowthSahel and West Africa Club Secretariat (SWAC/OECD)West African Futures: settlement, market and food securityby T. Allen, October 2011www.oecd.org/swac/waf 1
  2. 2. Settlement and food security How settlement patterns impact food security issues? 2
  3. 3. Settlement and food security How settlement patterns impact food security issues?This question:• can only be tackled at the regional level;• and requires to revisit current settlementtrends. 3
  4. 4. Urbanisation trends 4
  5. 5. World Development Report 2009Factors favouring economic development:• Concentration of activities and people;• Decline of transportation costs;• Removal of barriers to movement of goods, people andinformation. 5
  6. 6. World Development Report 2009Factors favouring economic development:• Concentration of activities and people;• Decline of transportation costs;• Removal of barriers to movement of goods, people andinformation. 6
  7. 7. Urban agglomeration and GDP 7
  8. 8. Urban agglomeration and GDP 8
  9. 9. Urban agglomeration and GDP 9
  10. 10. Urban agglomeration and GDP 10
  11. 11. Urban agglomeration and GDP 11
  12. 12. Urban agglomeration and GDP 3.500 12
  13. 13. The Urban/Rural ratioUrban/Rural ratio:Two advantages:1) An uncapped indicator;2) ... 13
  14. 14. GDP and urbanisation 14
  15. 15. GDP growth and urbanisation pace 15
  16. 16. GDP growth and urbanisation pace 16
  17. 17. The Urban/Rural ratioUrban/Rural ratio:Two advantages:1) A non-capped indicator;2) A proxy for the ratio of non-producing food consumers to producers. 17
  18. 18. Evolution of the U/R ratio 18
  19. 19. Evolution of the U/R ratio 19
  20. 20. Evolution of the U/R ratio 20
  21. 21. ConclusionThe Urban/Rural trend inducesnew characteristics of food insecurity:• The urbanisation process creates demand formarketed agricultural products;• Up-stream and down-stream economic activities linkedto agricultural production have sustained thedevelopment of the urban centres. 21

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