Regional Trade and Food Security

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by Thomas Allen, SWAC Consultant, 2nd Working Group meeting, West African Futures: settlement, market and food security, 27-28 October 2011.

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Regional Trade and Food Security

  1. 1. Regional Trade and Food Security Sahel and West Africa Club Secretariat (SWAC/OECD) West African Futures: settlement, market and food security by T. Allen, October 2011 www.oecd.org/swac/waf 1
  2. 2. Markets and food supplyMarkets have come to play an essential rolewith changes in settlement patterns:• Increasing ratio between urban and ruralpopulations;• Growing proportion of non-producers inagriculture. 2
  3. 3. Markets and food supplyMarkets have come to play an essential rolewith changes in settlement patterns:• Increasing ratio between urban and ruralpopulations;• Growing proportion of non-producers inagriculture.Markets must be viewed from a regionalperspective. 3
  4. 4. Market supply and urbanisation 4
  5. 5. Market supply and urbanisation 5
  6. 6. Market supply and urbanisation 6
  7. 7. Food balance sheets = Food available for human consumption 7
  8. 8. Food balance sheetsProduction 8
  9. 9. Food balance sheetsProduction - [Exports- Imports] - Changes in stocks 9
  10. 10. Food balance sheetsProduction - [Exports- Imports] - Changes in stocks = Domestic Supply - Livestock feed All utilisations other than - Seeds human consumption - Losses, etc. 10
  11. 11. Food balance sheetsProduction - [Exports- Imports] - Changes in stocks = Domestic Supply - Livestock feed All utilisations other than - Seeds human consumption - Losses, etc. = Food Supply (available for human consumption) 11
  12. 12. Food balance sheetsProduction - [Exports- Imports] Informal nature of much of this trade - Changes in stocks = Domestic Food Supply - Livestock feed All utilisations other than - Seeds human consumption - Losses, etc. = Food Supply (available for human consumption) 12
  13. 13. Food supply and consumption 13
  14. 14. Food supply and consumptionMacroeconomic data 14
  15. 15. Food supply and consumptionMacroeconomic data Microeconomic data 15
  16. 16. Food supply and consumption 16
  17. 17. Food supply and consumption 17
  18. 18. Food supply and consumptionBurkina Faso is known to be a major producer: 18
  19. 19. Food supply and consumptionBurkina Faso is known to be a major producer: - Sorghum - Millet - Maize 19
  20. 20. Food supply and consumptionBurkina Faso is known to be a net importer: 20
  21. 21. Food supply and consumptionBurkina Faso is known to be a net importer: - Rice 21
  22. 22. Food production and supply 22
  23. 23. Food production and supply 23
  24. 24. Food production and supply 24
  25. 25. Food production and supply 25
  26. 26. Food production and supply 2003 26
  27. 27. Food production and supply +27% +25% +21% 2003 27
  28. 28. Cross-border flows 28
  29. 29. Cross-border flows Major maize farming area 29
  30. 30. Cross-border flows Major maize demand areas 30
  31. 31. ConclusionIt is essential to account for...• regional...• and informal......food flows to design food security policies. 31

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