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Introduction to Forest Gardening

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Introduction to Forest Gardening

  1. 1. Introduction to Forest Gardening <ul><li>Designing Regenerative Perennial Agriculture </li></ul>
  2. 4.
  3. 5. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul>
  15. 17. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Silverberries, </li></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Silverberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Seaberries, </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Silverberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Seaberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Gooseberries, </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Silverberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Seaberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Gooseberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Grapes, </li></ul>
  21. 23. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Silverberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Seaberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Gooseberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Grapes, </li></ul><ul><li>Currants, </li></ul>
  22. 24. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Silverberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Seaberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Gooseberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Grapes, </li></ul><ul><li>Currants, </li></ul><ul><li>Hops, </li></ul>
  23. 25. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Silverberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Seaberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Gooseberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Grapes, </li></ul><ul><li>Currants, </li></ul><ul><li>Hops, </li></ul><ul><li>Onions, </li></ul>
  24. 26. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Silverberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Seaberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Gooseberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Grapes, </li></ul><ul><li>Currants, </li></ul><ul><li>Hops, </li></ul><ul><li>Onions, </li></ul><ul><li>Cannabis, </li></ul>
  25. 27. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Silverberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Seaberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Gooseberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Grapes, </li></ul><ul><li>Currants, </li></ul><ul><li>Hops, </li></ul><ul><li>Onions, </li></ul><ul><li>Cannabis, </li></ul><ul><li>Sorrels, </li></ul>
  26. 28. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Silverberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Seaberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Gooseberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Grapes, </li></ul><ul><li>Currants, </li></ul><ul><li>Hops, </li></ul><ul><li>Onions, </li></ul><ul><li>Cannabis, </li></ul><ul><li>Sorrels, </li></ul><ul><li>Umbels, </li></ul>
  27. 29. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Silverberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Seaberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Gooseberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Grapes, </li></ul><ul><li>Currants, </li></ul><ul><li>Hops, </li></ul><ul><li>Onions, </li></ul><ul><li>Cannabis, </li></ul><ul><li>Sorrels, </li></ul><ul><li>Umbels, </li></ul><ul><li>Rhubarbs, </li></ul>
  28. 30. <ul><li>Pears, </li></ul><ul><li>Apricots, </li></ul><ul><li>Cherries, </li></ul><ul><li>Plums, </li></ul><ul><li>Walnuts, </li></ul><ul><li>Almonds, </li></ul><ul><li>Pistachios, </li></ul><ul><li>Mulberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Hawthornes, </li></ul><ul><li>Rosehips, </li></ul><ul><li>Raspberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Barberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Bilberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Elderberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Silverberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Seaberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Gooseberries, </li></ul><ul><li>Grapes, </li></ul><ul><li>Currants, </li></ul><ul><li>Hops, </li></ul><ul><li>Onions, </li></ul><ul><li>Cannabis, </li></ul><ul><li>Sorrels, </li></ul><ul><li>Umbels, </li></ul><ul><li>Rhubarbs, </li></ul><ul><li>and more... </li></ul>
  29. 31. Nature/Agriculture Continuum
  30. 32. Traditional Agroforestry Worldwide
  31. 34. 5
  32. 35. Oak Savanna
  33. 36. Balanoculture
  34. 37. Cork & Pork
  35. 38. Desired Conditions for FG’s <ul><li>OVERYIELDING POLYCULTURES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Renewing Fertility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Water Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Herbivory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy Plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directed Succession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Competition </li></ul></ul>
  36. 39. Desired Conditions for FG’s <ul><li>OVERYIELDING POLYCULTURES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Renewing Fertility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Water Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Herbivory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy Plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directed Succession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Competition </li></ul></ul>
  37. 40. Desired Conditions for FG’s <ul><li>OVERYIELDING POLYCULTURES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Renewing Fertility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Water Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Herbivory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy Plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directed Succession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Competition </li></ul></ul>
  38. 41. Desired Conditions for FG’s <ul><li>OVERYIELDING POLYCULTURES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Renewing Fertility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Water Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Herbivory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy Plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directed Succession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Competition </li></ul></ul>
  39. 42. Desired Conditions for FG’s <ul><li>OVERYIELDING POLYCULTURES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Renewing Fertility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Water Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Herbivory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy Plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directed Succession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Competition </li></ul></ul>
  40. 43. Desired Conditions for FG’s <ul><li>OVERYIELDING POLYCULTURES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Renewing Fertility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Water Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Herbivory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy Plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directed Succession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Competition </li></ul></ul>
  41. 44. Desired Conditions for FG’s <ul><li>OVERYIELDING POLYCULTURES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Renewing Fertility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Water Demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Herbivory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Healthy Plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Directed Succession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal Competition </li></ul></ul>
  42. 45. Potential FG Products
  43. 46. Potential FG Products <ul><li>Food </li></ul>
  44. 47. Potential FG Products <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel </li></ul>
  45. 48. Potential FG Products <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Fiber </li></ul>
  46. 49. Potential FG Products <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Fodder </li></ul>
  47. 50. Potential FG Products <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Fodder </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer </li></ul>
  48. 51. Potential FG Products <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Fodder </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>“Farmaceuticals” </li></ul>
  49. 52. Potential FG Products <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Fodder </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>“Farmaceuticals” </li></ul><ul><li>FUN </li></ul>
  50. 53. Potential FG Products <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Fodder </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer </li></ul><ul><li>“Farmaceuticals” </li></ul><ul><li>FUN </li></ul><ul><li>and more.... </li></ul>
  51. 54. Ecological Functions <ul><li>Nitrogen Fixers </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Accumulators </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial Insectaries </li></ul><ul><li>Aromatic Pest Confusers </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-Pollination Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Other Beneficial Wildlife Habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Microclimate Contributors </li></ul>
  52. 55. Ecological Functions <ul><li>Nitrogen Fixers </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Accumulators </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial Insectaries </li></ul><ul><li>Aromatic Pest Confusers </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-Pollination Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Other Beneficial Wildlife Habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Microclimate Contributors </li></ul>
  53. 56. Ecological Functions <ul><li>Nitrogen Fixers </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Accumulators </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial Insectaries </li></ul><ul><li>Aromatic Pest Confusers </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-Pollination Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Other Beneficial Wildlife Habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Microclimate Contributors </li></ul>
  54. 57. Ecological Functions <ul><li>Nitrogen Fixers </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Accumulators </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial Insectaries </li></ul><ul><li>Aromatic Pest Confusers </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-Pollination Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Other Beneficial Wildlife Habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Microclimate Contributors </li></ul>
  55. 58. Ecological Functions <ul><li>Nitrogen Fixers </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Accumulators </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial Insectaries </li></ul><ul><li>Aromatic Pest Confusers </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-Pollination Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Other Beneficial Wildlife Habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Microclimate Contributors </li></ul>
  56. 59. Ecological Functions <ul><li>Nitrogen Fixers </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Accumulators </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial Insectaries </li></ul><ul><li>Aromatic Pest Confusers </li></ul><ul><li>Other Beneficial Wildlife Habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Microclimate Contributors </li></ul>
  57. 60. Ecological Functions <ul><li>Nitrogen Fixers </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic Accumulators </li></ul><ul><li>Beneficial Insectaries </li></ul><ul><li>Aromatic Pest Confusers </li></ul><ul><li>Other Beneficial Wildlife Habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Microclimate Contributors </li></ul>
  58. 61. Forest Garden Design
  59. 62. Niche Analysis
  60. 63. Food Tea/ Medicine/ Insectary Food/Medicine/ Insectary Ground Cover/ Nitrogen Fixer Polyculture Design
  61. 64. Food/ Aromatic Pest Confuser Ground Cover/ Medicine/ Fertilizer/ Insectary/ Beneficial Habitat Food Food/Insectary Food/Medicine/Insectary
  62. 65. Larger-Scale Forest Garden Design
  63. 66. Co-Evolution
  64. 67. Forest Gardening Resources
  65. 68. Forest Gardening Resources apiosinstitute.org renewingthecommons.wordpress.com The Apios Institute’s Edible Forest Garden Wiki Renewing the Commons Blog

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