USSaudiForum - Plenary Session - Hani Enaya - Renewable Energy and Sustainability


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The 3rd US-Saudi Business Opportunities Forum was held Sep 16-18, 2013, bringing together officials, business people, educators and specialists highlighting the U.S.-Saudi trade relationship and how U.S. companies can participate in Saudi Arabia's expansion.

Saudi Arabia is undergoing an extraordinary economic boom. Massive public investment, rapid private-sector growth and new sector initiatives are driving an expansion projected to offer more than $1 trillion in trade and investment opportunities over the next decade.

This panel of distinguished experts highlighted renewable energy and sustainability to develop solutions for the future.

Published in: Business, Technology
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USSaudiForum - Plenary Session - Hani Enaya - Renewable Energy and Sustainability

  1. 1. King Abdullah Initiative for Solar Water Desalination Hani Enaya Director of Center of Excellence for Green Nanotechnologies at KACST & UCLA Yousef Alyousef Director of Energy Research Institute at KACST
  2. 2. Solar R&D and Commercialization: History & Outlook
  3. 3. 1977 KSA and the US signed the Soleras program agreement to cooperate in the field of Solar Energy 1981 Solar Village 350 KW PV. Supplied 1 to 1.5 MWh/ day to three villages 1984 Yanbu Solar Desalination Plant. Average solar energy collected is 2.2 MWh/ day. 1986 Hysolar Program. KSA and Germany signed the Hysolar MOU for Solar Hydrogen Production and Utilization. 1994 12 Solar Radiation monitoring stations. Monitoring total horizontal, direct normal and diffuse radiations. Solar R&D Timeline
  4. 4. 1994 Sadoos PV Water pumping & Desalination. To test PV systems for remote area applications. 1996 PV Powered Highway Lighting. Generate ~1.5 MWh /day to light two remote tunnels: 240 m, and 546 m, (Aseer Region). 1996 PV Green House Application. 14.4 kWp PV system and battery storage system to test the use of a stand-alone PV system to power a greenhouse. 2000 Solar Panels for Saudisat 1-a. Solar panels to generate power for Satellites designed in KACST 2010 King Abdullah Initiative for Solar Water Desalination Solar R&D Timeline
  5. 5. Centers working on energy related projects (from Nano to Macro scales) Center of Excellence for Nanotechnology at KACST &IBM Center of Excellence for Green Nanotechnologies at KACST &UCLA Middle East Center for Computing Devices Energy Efficiency at KACST &Intel Center for Complex Engineering Systems at KACST &MIT The Decision Support Center at KACST & Boeing Transfer, Development and Localization of Technology Joint Centers of Excellence (Energy)
  6. 6. 16 & 17. September 2012 Source KACARE Proposed Energy Mix: 2030
  7. 7. Why King Abdullah Initiative for Solar Water Desalination (Pain points)? Saudi Arabia produces more than 4 million cubic meters per day representing 18% of global output 40% of local water demand in KSA is met by desalinated water Seawater desalination is energy-intense Power & desalination plants consume around 1.5 million barrels equivalent of oil per day Water technology is the first priority of the National Science, Technology and Innovation Plan (NSTIP)
  8. 8. Phase I Construction of a solar-powered desalination plant at Al-Khafji (30,000 m3/day). Operational by end of 2014 Phase II Construction of a solar-powered desalination plant (300,000 m3/day), in coordination with SWCC. Location TBD Phase III Scale up the initiative throughout the Kingdom Phase IV Apply the initiative for greening and agriculture when the cost of solar desalination ~ 0.5 Riyal/m³ Initiative Implementation Phases
  9. 9. KACST NEW RO PLANT - ALKAFJI KACST New RO desalination Plant Existing Thermal Desalination Plant
  10. 10. 10 MW Module assembly line (Solar Village) – Al-Oyaanah State of the art PV factory 1000 modules/month On-line production since 2010 Run by Saudi engineers and technicians
  11. 11. • Materials acquired – Saudi, Taiwan, India • High UV and high temperature materials selected • Polycrystalline Technology • 156mm x 156mm Cells • 60 Cells / Module (10 x 6) • Tempered Glass 4mm • Anodized Aluminum Frame • Module Size – 1,663mm x 998mm • Power Output – 210 Watts..240 Watts PV Module assembly line
  12. 12. •Land &construction approval granted for Solar Village •Target completion date: end of 2016 •Full vertical integration Scaling the Initiative: A 120 MW Plant Silica (Mining) Metallurgical Silicon Poly Si Wafer Cells Modules
  13. 13. • 40%+ more power with tracking • Challenge: Cost scales up when increasing efficiency UHCPV Joint IBM development; commercial prototype Further Development
  14. 14. Technology development and investment company owned by the Public Investment Fund Of Saudi Arabia Established by Royal Decree in 2011 Invest in technologies at different levels of development and develop them into economically sustainable enterprises Multiple investment vehicles will be set up domestically and internationally to achieve TAQNIA's goals Promote technology & knowledge transfer through partnering with leaders in industry, venture capital, and academia Mission TAQNIA