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The energy and carbon footprint of the ICT and
E&M sector in Sweden 1990-2015 and beyond
Jens Malmodin, Ericsson Research
...
Abstract
› “Decoupling” has stricken the ICT and E&M sector in Sweden!
Despite exponentially increasing data volumes and u...
"When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know
something about it; but when you ca...
ICT
sector
Scope
Scope
ICT
sector
E&M
sector
A typical Swede possess in average…
1.5 mobile phone
(mainly smartphones)
1 PC
(most PCs are laptops
used in homes)
0.7 TV...
2010 2015 2010 2015
2010 2015 2010 2015
Swedish key data and trends
Telephone
lines
...of which
is VoIP
Mobile phone sales...
Swedish key data and trends
0
50
100
150
200
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020
?
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
800...
Use behavior and trends
› Usage “moves” to smaller and more energy efficient devices/platforms
– from desktop PCs to lapto...
Life cycle impact, based on LCA
Embodied carbon footprint Energy consumption
› Devices/platforms energy consumption
and em...
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020
ICT sector
E&Msector
MilliontonneCO2e
Results: Total carbon footprint
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020
ICT sector
E&Msector
MilliontonneCO2e
Scenario with global electricity ...
Results: Carbon footprint per Swede…
Fixed / House-
hold (/person)
Work, content,
services (/p)
Total carbon
footprint
......
Results: Carbon footprint per Swede…
Work, content,
services
(/person)
Total carbon
footprint
...in Sweden
Mobile
(persona...
Summary
› “Decoupling” has stricken the ICT and E&M sector in Sweden!
We see an exponentially increasing data volume and u...
Thats all folks!
jens.malmodin@ericsson.com
Dag.Lunden@teliacompany.com
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ICT4S - The energy and carbon footprint of the ICT and E&M sector in Sweden 1990-2015 and beyond

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Jens Malmodin, Ericsson Research, Dag Lundén, Telia Company

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ICT4S - The energy and carbon footprint of the ICT and E&M sector in Sweden 1990-2015 and beyond

  1. 1. The energy and carbon footprint of the ICT and E&M sector in Sweden 1990-2015 and beyond Jens Malmodin, Ericsson Research Dag Lundén, Telia Company
  2. 2. Abstract › “Decoupling” has stricken the ICT and E&M sector in Sweden! Despite exponentially increasing data volumes and usage, CO2 emissions and energy consumption decreases (2010 – 2015)! › The trend of decreasing energy and carbon footprints is estimated to continue until 2020. Further on its not possible to estimate. › Sweden is among the leading ICT countries globally (good reference). It can be expected that development will follow a similar path in other ICT mature countries.
  3. 3. "When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it; but when you cannot measure it, when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meager and unsatisfactory kind; it may be the beginning of knowledge, but you have scarcely in your thoughts advanced to the stage of science.“ (William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, 1824-1927) In short: What get’s measured gets done” The importance of knowledge
  4. 4. ICT sector Scope
  5. 5. Scope ICT sector E&M sector
  6. 6. A typical Swede possess in average… 1.5 mobile phone (mainly smartphones) 1 PC (most PCs are laptops used in homes) 0.7 TVs…and have the highest data traffic in the world 0,5 Tablet
  7. 7. 2010 2015 2010 2015 2010 2015 2010 2015 Swedish key data and trends Telephone lines ...of which is VoIP Mobile phone sales ...of which is Smartphones PC sales TV sales ...of which is fiber Fixed broadband 5M 5M 5M 5M
  8. 8. Swedish key data and trends 0 50 100 150 200 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 ? 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 Other operators Telia, measuredNetwork electricity Other energy CPE User equipment Data centers Primary energy footprint GWh Data traffic ICT sector use - energy consumption Facebook data center
  9. 9. Use behavior and trends › Usage “moves” to smaller and more energy efficient devices/platforms – from desktop PCs to laptop PCs – from TVs and PCs to tablets and smartphones › The PSTN or “POTS (Plain Old Telephony System)” – Are being decommissioned but more energy can be saved › Amount of ICT and E&M scrap is now decreasing (Sweden has the highest recycling rate of electronics) 2010 2015 ICT scrap E&M scrap
  10. 10. Life cycle impact, based on LCA Embodied carbon footprint Energy consumption › Devices/platforms energy consumption and embodied footprints are improving constantly – Kaizen!
  11. 11. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 ICT sector E&Msector MilliontonneCO2e Results: Total carbon footprint
  12. 12. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 ICT sector E&Msector MilliontonneCO2e Scenario with global electricity mix instead of Swedish mix Data traffic Results: Total carbon footprint
  13. 13. Results: Carbon footprint per Swede… Fixed / House- hold (/person) Work, content, services (/p) Total carbon footprint ...in Sweden Mobile (personal) ...from abroad (imports) 40 kg 6 tonne 7.5 tonne 140 kg 80 kg ICT sector: E&M sector: Services/content: 1.2% 0.7% 0.4%
  14. 14. Results: Carbon footprint per Swede… Work, content, services (/person) Total carbon footprint ...in Sweden Mobile (personal) ...from abroad (imports) Fixed / House- hold (/person) 6 tonne 7.5 tonne 40 kg / 80 kg 140 kg / 390 kg 80 kg / 180 kg ...if Swedish electricity... ...was not ”green” 7.6 tonne ICT sector: E&M sector: Services/content: 1.2%, -7% from 2010 0.7%, -20% from 2010 0.4%, -10% from 2010
  15. 15. Summary › “Decoupling” has stricken the ICT and E&M sector in Sweden! We see an exponentially increasing data volume and usage, still a CO2 emission and energy consumption decreases (2010 – 2015)! › The trend of decreasing energy and carbon footprints is estimated to continue until 2020. Further on its not possible to estimate. The added footprints related to IoT is estimated to be rather small in the near by future. › Sweden is among the leading ICT countries globally (good reference). It can be expected that development will follow a similar path in other ICT mature countries.
  16. 16. Thats all folks! jens.malmodin@ericsson.com Dag.Lunden@teliacompany.com

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