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ICT4S keynote - Frances Brazier


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About Frances Brazier
Frances Brazier is a full professor in Engineering Systems Foundations at the Delft University of Technology, as of September 2009, before which she chaired the Intelligent Interactive Distributed Systems Group for 10 years within the Department of Computer Science at the VU University Amsterdam. She holds a MSc in Mathematics and a doctorate in Cognitive Ergonomics from the VU Amsterdam. Parallel to her academic career she co-founded the first ISP in the Netherlands: NLnet and later NLnet Labs. She is currently a board member of the NLnetLabs Foundation.

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ICT4S keynote - Frances Brazier

  1. 1. Planet earth needs our attention
  2. 2. with its many systems  of  systemswith its many systems  of  systems
  3. 3. Governmental  systemsGovernmental  systems
  4. 4. Social  systems
  5. 5. Biological  systemsBiological  systems
  6. 6. Infrastructural  systemsInfrastructural  systems
  7. 7. Networked  systems
  8. 8. with  potential  .....
  9. 9.
  10. 10. goal  11:    making  cities   inclusive,  safe,  resilient,  sustainable
  11. 11. in  today’s  networked  society  that  means role  for  participation role  for  ICT
  12. 12. participatory  systems Social:  social,  economical,  political  and  cultural   dynamics Distributed  ICT:  technologies  that  enable  large   scale  distributed  self-­organizing  processes,   information  exchange,  aggregation  and  clustering. Infrastructure:  physical  components/networks   of  a  system. Social Distributed  ICT Physical  Infrastructure
  13. 13. For  example  smart  energy  systems ....... social-­technical systems   that rely strongly on  communication
  14. 14. Whereas in  traditional  energy   markets Energy  flows in  one direction -­ from a  few  large  producers  to many small  consumers (and industries).
  15. 15. The  situation is  changing Distributed  (green)  generation wind   turbines,  solar panels,   etc. Consumers are    becoming producers.
  16. 16. Role power  companies  is   changing;; Ability for consumers to sell power  to each other.
  17. 17. Each entity is  autonomous and can be represented by a  software   agent;; Agents can operate semi-­ autonomously to negotiate agreements to buy and sell energy.
  18. 18. More  agents,   more  communication.
  19. 19. A  large  scale distributed system
  20. 20. together with many other large   scale distributed systems
  21. 21. Each with their own autonomy
  22. 22. systems  can negotiate with each other.
  23. 23. ......        and change  their configuration
  24. 24. Social human  behaviour communities governance self organisation } Distributed  ICT     communication negotiation clustering self management Physical infrastructure homes,  wind  turbines   power  lines,  solar panels, data  centres } Participation
  25. 25. Our  energy  system  can  become  a   participative  social-­technical  system  !
  26. 26. Urban  designUrban  design
  27. 27. The  first  smart  grid  city  in  the  US:   Boulder,  Colorado The  first  smart  grid  city  in  the  US:   Boulder,  Colorado
  28. 28. Boulder • Boulder  has  a  very  highly  educated  population • Environmental  concern  high  on  their  agenda • National  Renewable  Energy  Labs  (NREL)  leadership • “Boulder  is  just  one  big  technology  magnet  when  it   comes  to  anything  to  do  with  alternative  energy,   conservation  and  end  use  efficiency  (Mauldin)”
  29. 29. Well-­regulated  socio-­techno  eco  systemWell-­regulated  socio-­techno  eco  system
  30. 30. The  level  of  autonomyThe  level  of  autonomy is  the  the  city.
  31. 31. With  local  engagement • New  rules  of  engagement • New  forms  of  communication • New  social  structures • New  ways  to  take  responsibility Enabled  by  technology
  32. 32. and  challenges  at  many  levels
  33. 33. Social  networks  – social  structures,  institutions,  .. horizontal  governance polycentricity distributed  markets regulatory  frameworks awareness presence  design Merging  realities social  cohesion quality  of  living communities Social  networks  and  structures
  34. 34. The  focus  of  social  networks  and  coordination Understanding  human  participation   in  social  technical  systems   in  merging  realities:   presence,  social  structures,  governance,  communities,  self-­ organisation,  risks,  incentives,  ….
  35. 35. Design  principles  (Ostrom)  for  local   natural  resource  management Clearly  defined  boundaries Rules  appropriate   for  provisioning  in  local  context Collective  choice  decision  making Effective  monitoring Graduated   sanctions Mechanisms  for  conflict  resolutions Self-­determination   of  community Multiple  layers   of  nested  enterprises Systems  Engineering,  
  36. 36. A  few  of  the  challenges  related  to  inclusion,   safety,  resilience  and  sustainability monitoring  vs privacy,  ownership intrusion  detection,  privacy  preserving   measures,   trust   mechanisms informedness:  information  acquisition,  aggregation  and   provisioning emergent  behaviour formal  and  informal  regulations  -­ national/EU/W   certification,  quality
  37. 37.
  38. 38. Social  networks  and  coordination   CART  – Civilian  Alert  Real  Time  (National  Police,  the   Hague  City,  TNO,  CGI)  – safety   and  quality  of  life SamenMarkt:   Restoring  stability  in  fresh  food  markets   using  multi-­agent  system   technology  (Wageningen,   growers,  traders,  ….) NGI  New  Governance  Models  for  Next  Generation   Infrastructures  (Alliander,  Thales) Cities  as  drivers  of  social  change  (CIVIS,  EU)
  39. 39. Distributed  ICT  networks  and  coordination Distributed  ICT  networks  – self-­healing,  overlays,  .. dynamic  clustering Dynamic   reconfiguration Load  balancing SLA  negotiation Virtual  power   stations Distributed  accounting dynamic  aggregation distributed   monitoring IoT protocols
  40. 40. Enabled  by  ...  technology e.g.  autonomous  adaptive  networked   systems p2p  systems,   embedded systems, autonomic computing  systems, agents – multi-­agent  systems,
  41. 41. The  focus  of  participation  at  the  level   of  distributed  ICT distributed  communication  overlays/communities,  load   balancing distributed  aggregation,  distributed  SLA  negotiation,   distributed  monitoring,  distributed  clustering Robustness,  Resilience,  Ability  to  Adapt,  Security, Cascading  effects
  42. 42. challenges  for  inclusion,  safety,  resilience  and   sustainability Integrity  -­ (Local)  aggregation  and  dissemination  of  information   Accountability  -­ distributed  SLA  negotiation,  distributed  monitoring,   identity  mgt Containment  – resilience  -­ avoiding  cascading  effects Reliabilty – self  organisation,  self  management Scalability  – millions  of  devices  
  43. 43. Distributed  ICT  networks  and   coordination SES  NWO:  Increasing   the  Robustness  of  Smart  Grids  through  distributed   energy  generation:  a  complex  network  approach    (Brazier,   Kooij,  Warnier,   Smit) NWO  STASCADE:   Stable  and  scalable   decentralized   power  balancing  systems   using  adaptive  clustering  (Brazier,   la  Poutre,  Warnier) NWO-­India  ADREM  :  Adaptive  clustering  for  Decentralized   Resilient  Energy   Management  (Brazier,   la  Poutre,  Warnier) NGI  Self-­Managed   Dynamic  Institutions  in  Power  Grids:  Sharing  the  cost  of   reliability   (  Tennet,  Alliander,   Kema,   Thales)
  44. 44. At  all  3  levels Physical  networks  -­ power  lines,  resources,  …. Electric  vehicles DC  micro  grids Self-­healing  distribution  networks Physical  chain Topology  optimization Intelligent  control greenhouses production transportation street
  45. 45. Focus  of  physical  networks  and   coordination Health  of  the  physical  network,   design  of  robust  topologies,   resources  and  storage,    data  centre management Physical  supply  chain  operation  – freight
  46. 46. challenges Scalability Robustness Resilience Maintainability QoS,  timeliness  ……
  48. 48. Thank you for your attention