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CES-UC “WORKING CONDITIONS, TIME USAGE AND ACADEMIC PRODUCTION DURING THE COVID-19 CRISIS“ - MAIN RESULTS

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University of Coimbra
“WORKING CONDITIONS, TIME
USAGE AND ACADEMIC
PRODUCTION DURING THE
COVID-19 CRISIS“
- MAIN RESULTS

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SUPERA Follow-up and Review meeting, Madrid
Sample
· Data were collected from an online questionnaire
administered to the ...

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SUPERA Follow-up and Review meeting, Madrid
(Remote) Working conditions
- Access to resources
· Acess to some essential re...

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CES-UC “WORKING CONDITIONS, TIME USAGE AND ACADEMIC PRODUCTION DURING THE COVID-19 CRISIS“ - MAIN RESULTS

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Presentation held by Mònica Lopes (CES-UC) during the online event "How COVID-19 impacted on gender equality in academia", organised by SUPERA on 9 June 2021.

More info about the event are available here: https://www.superaproject.eu/covid-19-impact-on-gender-equality-in-academia-on-9-06-an-online-event-to-present-the-surveys-results/

Presentation held by Mònica Lopes (CES-UC) during the online event "How COVID-19 impacted on gender equality in academia", organised by SUPERA on 9 June 2021.

More info about the event are available here: https://www.superaproject.eu/covid-19-impact-on-gender-equality-in-academia-on-9-06-an-online-event-to-present-the-surveys-results/

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CES-UC “WORKING CONDITIONS, TIME USAGE AND ACADEMIC PRODUCTION DURING THE COVID-19 CRISIS“ - MAIN RESULTS

  1. 1. University of Coimbra “WORKING CONDITIONS, TIME USAGE AND ACADEMIC PRODUCTION DURING THE COVID-19 CRISIS“ - MAIN RESULTS
  2. 2. SUPERA Follow-up and Review meeting, Madrid Sample · Data were collected from an online questionnaire administered to the universe of faculty members of the University of Coimbra (898 female, 1102 male) · A total of 281 questionnaires were duly filled and returned (response rate of 14%) · Respondents: 54% women and 45% men (overrepresentation of women in the sample by 8 p.p. – felt more acutely in higher ranks) Respondents by sex/gender N % Female 153 54,4 Male 126 44,8 Non-binary 2 0,7 Total 281 100,0 Respondents by academic rank (*) Total % Women N % Rank A 20 7,1 40,0 Rank B 35 12,5 57,1 Rank C 126 44,8 50 Rank D 98 34,9 63,3 Total 281 100,0 54,4 (*) Grade A: Full Professor, Researcher Coordinators; Grade B: Associate Professors, Principal Investigators; Grade C: Assistant Professors /Researchers; Grade D: Other academic personnel (Assistants; Lecturers, Monitors; Research fellows with/without PhD (non-tenure track positions). · All survey results presented as differing over gender/sex, age, parenthood and type of contract are statistically significant.
  3. 3. SUPERA Follow-up and Review meeting, Madrid (Remote) Working conditions - Access to resources · Acess to some essential resources is not uniform – influenced bt gender, parental status, age and type of contract · Men report greater accessibility to most listed resources, except access to outdoor space · Negative effect of motherhood on internet speed · Not of fatherhood · Maternity as an importante factor hampering women´s access to all resources · Age and employment status: · Own working spaces and quite environments are less accessible at younger ages and to people with precarious contracts; · Younger male academics do not experienced the relative disadvantage younger females face on access to proper housing conditions and quiet environments Resources for remote work (%)
  4. 4. SUPERA Follow-up and Review meeting, Madrid · Psychological impact particularly perverse for women (higher levels of sadness, anxiety, health and professional concerns, perceived lack of control) · Parenthood effect – academics with childrn more aprehensive about future · Young and precarious – young professionals and those with precarious contracts share concern about professional future, as well as stress, anxiety and sadness; (Remote) Working conditions - Emotional conditions to work Psychological/emotional effects of the lockdown (N= 281; mean values)* *Scale: 1 – Never; 2 – Rarely; 3 – Often; 4 - Always
  5. 5. SUPERA Follow-up and Review meeting, Madrid Working conditions - Household work and personal time · The pandemic has disproportionately affected the personal time and dedication to domestic and care work of female academics and of younger academics with children; · Prominence of sex/gender to understand the effects of the working conditions imposed by Covid-10 pandemic. Changes in time allocation to personal and household tasks under lockdown (mean values) (N=281) *Scale: 1 – Less time; 2 – No difference; 3 – More time.
  6. 6. SUPERA Follow-up and Review meeting, Madrid Work-life balance and time usage - Work-life conflit · Female academics and academics with young children: · Are most exposed to work-life balance struggles; · report greater negative spillover between family and work; · are those who most emphasize the influence of COVID-19 on the amount of time dedicated to professional work. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Female Male No influence Small influence Moderate influence Large influence Perceived influence of COVID-19 pandemic on time dedicated to academic/scientific work
  7. 7. SUPERA Follow-up and Review meeting, Madrid Work-family balance and time usage - Academic time usage · The most pronounced adjustements are those by academic staff with children in “research” and “knowledged transfer” (34% and 63%, respectively); · Women particularly bound to the reinforcement of teaching and institutional/ departamental service during the “stay home order”. Average change in weekly hours dedicated to the different areas of academic/scientific work before and during confinement
  8. 8. SUPERA Follow-up and Review meeting, Madrid Academic production · Women without children and men with and without children have increased their output submission during the confinement, whereas younger academic mothers faced an inverse trend. · The decrease in academic output is even more pronounced among those who are precariously employed. Academic outputs (submissions) considered Books Book chapters Articles in “peer-reviewed” Journals Edition/Co-Edition of Volumes/Special Editions of Scientific Journals “Working papers” Scientific event proceedings Reports Scientific dissemination articles Manuals/Pedagogical resources
  9. 9. SUPERA Follow-up and Review meeting, Madrid CONCLUSION Greater severity of the effects of the pandemic crisis on academic women, but precarious and junior academics with young children also particularly disadvantaged. Importance of institutional support to reduce the negative impact of the pandemic – including support form colleagues, from admin services, from the department and/or from the University leadership. MITIGATION
  10. 10. www.uc.pt/supera www.superaproject.eu Email: monica@ces.uc.pt Tel: +351 239 855 570 @superaproject #SuperaH2020 /superaproject This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 787829.

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