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Mina Stareva
Head of Sector - Gender
Unit B6 – Inclusive societies
DG Research and Innovation
EU support to gender
equalit...
Content
I - Gender Equality strategy in Research and
Innovation policy
II - Women researchers in the EU
III - Gender Equal...
I. Gender Equality strategy in
the European R&I Policy
Policy context
 Core value of the European Union (Art. 2 & 3 Treaty, 8 TFEU)
 Directives on Gender Equality on the labou...
One priority (4): Gender equality and gender mainstreaming in research
Three objectives
 Gender equality in scientific ca...
Member States are invited to:
• Create the appropriate legal and policy environment and provide
incentives
• Engage in par...
Gender Equality and the ERA:
Stakeholders
The European Commission works together with:
 Stakeholders
 Research Funding O...
European Research Area Horizon 2020
Member States European Commission
National Action Plans IMPLEMENTATION Work Programmes...
II. Women researchers
in the European Union
(data from She Figures 2015)
There’s an overall gender balance among PhD graduates
EU 27- 2010: 46 % - 2012 : 47.2 %
However, horizontal segregation
Mo...
A third of EU researchers are women
Compound growth rate since 2005: +4.8 %
EU 27: 2010 and 2012: 33%
However, horizontal ...
Women researchers still are increasingly
underrepresented as they move up the stages of
an academic career.
Career advancement
Source: Women in Science database, DG Research and Innovation and Eurostat – Education Statistics
(onli...
Career advancement in science & engineering
Source: Women in Science database,
DG Research and Innovation and
Eurostat – E...
Download She Figures 2015
https://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/pdf/pub_gender_equal
ity/she_figures_2015-final.pdf#view=fit...
III. Gender Equality in Horizon 2020
 Gender Equality as a cross-cutting issue
 Gender Equality in the SwafS work
progra...
Gender equality as a cross-cutting
issue in Horizon 2020
The promotion of gender equality, including the integration
of th...
Horizon 2020 Framework Regulation
Article 16
Gender equality
Horizon 2020 shall ensure the effective promotion of
gender e...
3 Objectives for Gender Equality in Horizon 2020
Gender balance in
decision-making
processes
Gender balance
and equal
oppo...
Gender balance in decision-making
Advisory groups for the European Commission
 50% women-men
 at least one expert with g...
Gender balance and equal opportunities
in project teams at all levels
From 2014 to Sept 2018, women represent:
 42.9% of ...
What does integrating the gender dimension
in research and innovation content mean?
Taking into account the biological cha...
Why is it important to take the
gender dimension into account?
Integrating the sex and gender analysis in R&I
 added valu...
Gendered Innovations
 An international Expert Group on
"Gendered Innovations" was
funded under FP7
 Developed methods of...
IV. Workshop on implicit gender
biases in evaluation
Workshop on implicit gender biases
in evaluation
https://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/pdf
/pub_gender_equality/report_on_im...
Follow-up to the Workshop
 Standard briefing for evaluators now includes slide on
implicit biases
 RTD Gender sector doc...
Related initiatives at European level
LERU
Advice paper on
Implicit bias in
academia
(January 2018)
Science Europe
Practic...
 Gender Equality in the SwafS work
programme
 Gender Equality Plans
SwafS WP
 SwafS-09-2018-2019-2020: Supporting research organisations to
implement gender equality plans
 SwafS-11-2019: ...
• 3 prizes of €100,000 each
• Rising Innovator (35 or
younger): €50,000
• Apply from 6 November 2018
until 16 January 2019...
Gender Equality Plans
The move towards institutional change
FP6 2002-2006
Gender action
plans in
projects
FP7 2007-2013
Structural change
2009: ...
Common features
• Target universities and research organisations
• Aim at changing practices to remove gender
inequalities...
Evolution of the GEP topics
 Move from conceptualisation and debate, to actions within
partner universities and research ...
IV. Horizon Europe
Gender Equality in Horizon Europe
• Remains a high priority: Art. 6.9 of the Framework Regulation sets legal basis
• Gende...
IV. Useful Resources
Download the
Expert Group's
Report
https://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/
pdf/pub_gender_equality/interim_eva
luation_gender...
 Asked for in the Council Conclusions
of 1 Dec. 2015
 Targets and/or quotas at the
national level for gender balance in:...
http://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/index.cfm?pg=policy&lib=gender
SwafS - Gender Equality policy page
The GEAR Tool
http://eige.europa.eu/gender-mainstreaming/toolkits/gear
 Co-produced by EIGE and
DG RTD
 Step-by-step gui...
The Participant Portal
http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities
Participant Portal: Gender as a cross-cutting issue
http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/d
ocs/h2020-funding-guide/cr...
Practical guidance on the application of
Gender Equality provisions
https://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/pdf/pub_gend
er_eq...
Thank you very much
for your attention!
For any other question and further information please contact:
RTD-GENDERINRESEARC...
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EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 1 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 2 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 3 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 4 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 5 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 6 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 7 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 8 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 9 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 10 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 11 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 12 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 13 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 14 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 15 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 16 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 17 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 18 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 19 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 20 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 21 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 22 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 23 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 24 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 25 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 26 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 27 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 28 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 29 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 30 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 31 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 32 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 33 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 34 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 35 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 36 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 37 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 38 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 39 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 40 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 41 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 42 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 43 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 44 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 45 EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Slide 46
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Presentation held by Mina Stareva, head of section "Gender" of the Unit B6 - Inclusive societies DG Research and innovation, during the conference "Structural gender change at universities and research funding organizations", an event of H2020 project SUPERA. Madrid, 16/11/2018.

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EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation

  1. 1. Mina Stareva Head of Sector - Gender Unit B6 – Inclusive societies DG Research and Innovation EU support to gender equality in Research and Innovation Structural gender change at universities and research funding organisations Madrid, 16 November 2018
  2. 2. Content I - Gender Equality strategy in Research and Innovation policy II - Women researchers in the EU III - Gender Equality in Horizon 2020 IV - Implicit gender bias V - Horizon Europe VI - Useful Resources
  3. 3. I. Gender Equality strategy in the European R&I Policy
  4. 4. Policy context  Core value of the European Union (Art. 2 & 3 Treaty, 8 TFEU)  Directives on Gender Equality on the labour market  EC Strategic Engagement for Gender Equality 2016-2019  UN Sustainable Development Goals  Priority of the European Research Area (ERA)  Council Conclusions of 1 December 2015 on Advancing Gender Equality in the ERA  Horizon 2020: Cross-cutting issue + dedicated funding (SwafS)
  5. 5. One priority (4): Gender equality and gender mainstreaming in research Three objectives  Gender equality in scientific careers at all levels  Gender balance in decision-making bodies and positions  Integration of the gender dimension in research and innovation content (sex and gender analysis) Three levels  Member States and Associated Countries  Stakeholders  Research Performing Organisations – RPOs including universities  Research Funding Organisations – RFOs  European Commission
  6. 6. Member States are invited to: • Create the appropriate legal and policy environment and provide incentives • Engage in partnerships with funding agencies, research organisations and universities to foster institutional change • Ensure 40% under-represented sex in committees (recruitment, career progression, research programmes)  Coordination by ERAC Standing Working Group on Gender in R&I (former Helsinki Group) Composed of representatives of Member States and Associated countries Gender Equality in the ERA: Member States
  7. 7. Gender Equality and the ERA: Stakeholders The European Commission works together with:  Stakeholders  Research Funding Organisations – RFOs  Research Performing Organisations – RPOs including universities → through Gender Equality Plans (GEPs) Institutional changes approach
  8. 8. European Research Area Horizon 2020 Member States European Commission National Action Plans IMPLEMENTATION Work Programmes (Helsinki G  ERAC SWG GRI) Dual approach / SWAFS (inter-service GiRI group) Research organisations Gender Equality Plans ERA Progress Report 2016 ASSESSMENT H2020 monitoring/ KPIs (She Figures 2015) MONITORING H2020 interim evaluation Coherence Policy/Funding ERA Roadmap H2020 regulation Council Conclusions Dec.2015 STRATEGY EC rules
  9. 9. II. Women researchers in the European Union (data from She Figures 2015)
  10. 10. There’s an overall gender balance among PhD graduates EU 27- 2010: 46 % - 2012 : 47.2 % However, horizontal segregation More women in social sciences and life sciences
  11. 11. A third of EU researchers are women Compound growth rate since 2005: +4.8 % EU 27: 2010 and 2012: 33% However, horizontal segregation More women in social sciences and life sciences
  12. 12. Women researchers still are increasingly underrepresented as they move up the stages of an academic career.
  13. 13. Career advancement Source: Women in Science database, DG Research and Innovation and Eurostat – Education Statistics (online data code: educ_grad5)
  14. 14. Career advancement in science & engineering Source: Women in Science database, DG Research and Innovation and Eurostat – Education Statistics (online data code: educ_grad5) 14
  15. 15. Download She Figures 2015 https://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/pdf/pub_gender_equal ity/she_figures_2015-final.pdf#view=fit&pagemode=none Download the She Figures handbook https://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/pdf/pub_gender_equal ity/she_figures_2015_Handbook_final.pdf#view=fit&pagem ode=none  She Figures 2018 now under preparation! • Leaflet with key figures expected February 2019 • Full publication expected March 2019
  16. 16. III. Gender Equality in Horizon 2020  Gender Equality as a cross-cutting issue  Gender Equality in the SwafS work programme  Gender Equality Plans
  17. 17. Gender equality as a cross-cutting issue in Horizon 2020 The promotion of gender equality, including the integration of the gender dimension in research and innovation content, is enshrined in the three core documents of Horizon 2020:  Horizon 2020 Regulation (Articles 14 & 16, link)  Rules for participation (link)  Specific Programme implementing Horizon 2020 (link)
  18. 18. Horizon 2020 Framework Regulation Article 16 Gender equality Horizon 2020 shall ensure the effective promotion of gender equality and the gender dimension in research and innovation content. Particular attention shall be paid to ensuring gender balance, subject to the situation in the field of research and innovation concerned, in evaluation panels and in bodies such as advisory groups and expert groups. The gender dimension shall be adequately integrated in research and innovation content in strategies, programmes and projects and followed through at all stages of the research cycle.
  19. 19. 3 Objectives for Gender Equality in Horizon 2020 Gender balance in decision-making processes Gender balance and equal opportunities in project teams at all levelsGender dimension in research and innovation (R&I) content
  20. 20. Gender balance in decision-making Advisory groups for the European Commission  50% women-men  at least one expert with gender expertise + these experts with gender expertise from each AG also form the Advisory Group on Gender Evaluation panels and expert groups for the EC  40% under-represented sex taking into account the situation in the field of the action
  21. 21. Gender balance and equal opportunities in project teams at all levels From 2014 to Sept 2018, women represent:  42.9% of staff in projects (self-reported, including non-researchers)  34.2% of Horizon 2020 project coordinators (based on proposals)
  22. 22. What does integrating the gender dimension in research and innovation content mean? Taking into account the biological characteristics of both females and males (sex) and the evolving social and cultural features of women and men, girls and boys (gender) Definitions Sex refers to biological characteristics of women and men, boys and girls, in terms of reproductive organs and functions based on chromosomal complement and physiology. As such, sex is globally understood as the classification of living beings as male and female, and intersexed. Gender refers to the social and cultural construction of women and men, of femininity and masculinity, which varies in time and place, and between cultures.
  23. 23. Why is it important to take the gender dimension into account? Integrating the sex and gender analysis in R&I  added value in terms of excellence, creativity, and business opportunities  helps researchers question gender norms and stereotypes, to rethink standards and reference models  leads to an in-depth understanding of women and men citizens’ needs, behaviours, attitudes and interests  enhances the societal relevance of the knowledge, technologies and innovations produced and contributes to the production of goods and services better suited to potential markets
  24. 24. Gendered Innovations  An international Expert Group on "Gendered Innovations" was funded under FP7  Developed methods of gender and sex analysis into R&I content  Case studies on the creative power of the gender dimension in R&I (in science, health & medicine, engineering, environment, etc.) http://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/gendered-innovations/index_en.cfm
  25. 25. IV. Workshop on implicit gender biases in evaluation
  26. 26. Workshop on implicit gender biases in evaluation https://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/pdf /pub_gender_equality/report_on_implicit _gender_biases_during_evaluations.pdf
  27. 27. Follow-up to the Workshop  Standard briefing for evaluators now includes slide on implicit biases  RTD Gender sector documenting all key process steps, liaising with EC Services involved  Consultation with inter-service working group on Gender in R&I and AG Gender in October 2017 Royal Society (UK) – Understanding unconscious bias Université de Lausanne (Switzerland) – Eviter les biais de genre lors de nominations professorales (FP7 GARCIA project) Institució CERCA (Spain) – Recruitment Bias in Research Institutes (H2020 LIBRA project)
  28. 28. Related initiatives at European level LERU Advice paper on Implicit bias in academia (January 2018) Science Europe Practical guide to improving gender equality in research organisations (February 2017) • ERAC Standing Working Group in Gender in Research and Innovation (SWG GRI): Policy brief on "Tackling gender bias in research evaluation: Recommendations for action for EU Member States” (September 2018)
  29. 29.  Gender Equality in the SwafS work programme  Gender Equality Plans
  30. 30. SwafS WP  SwafS-09-2018-2019-2020: Supporting research organisations to implement gender equality plans  SwafS-11-2019: Scenarios for an award/certification system for gender equality in research organisations and universities in Europe  SwafS-12-2019: The gender perspective of science, technology and innovation (STI) in dialogue with third countries Opening date: 11 December 2018 Deadline: 2 April 2019  SwafS.25.2020: Gender-based violence in research organisations and universities Topics in the 2018-2020 WP on Gender Equality
  31. 31. • 3 prizes of €100,000 each • Rising Innovator (35 or younger): €50,000 • Apply from 6 November 2018 until 16 January 2019 More information at: http://www.ec.europa.eu/women-innovators rtd-women-innovators@ec.europa.eu
  32. 32. Gender Equality Plans
  33. 33. The move towards institutional change FP6 2002-2006 Gender action plans in projects FP7 2007-2013 Structural change 2009: ERA in Lisbon Treaty 2012 ERA Communication H2020 2014-2020 Gender equality plans ERA Roadmap National Action Plans
  34. 34. Common features • Target universities and research organisations • Aim at changing practices to remove gender inequalities (discrimination and biases) • Systemic approach supporting a combination of actions • Aim at lasting effects
  35. 35. Evolution of the GEP topics  Move from conceptualisation and debate, to actions within partner universities and research organisations (RPOs & RFOs)  Increasing importance given to: • Analysing the situation in light of national and EU policy/legal context • Support from highest level management and active role of middle management • Monitoring/assessment with targets and indicators • Sustainability • Build on lessons learned and good practices: use the GEAR Tool • Creating communities of practice • Developing gender knowledge
  36. 36. IV. Horizon Europe
  37. 37. Gender Equality in Horizon Europe • Remains a high priority: Art. 6.9 of the Framework Regulation sets legal basis • Gender mainstreaming across the Programme, as per Article 6.9 and Recital 28 • Dedicated funding for gender equality in R&I policy initiatives under 'Strengthening the ERA'/'Reforming and enhancing the European R&I system' • Broad line: 'Supporting gender equality in scientific careers and in decision making, as well as the integration of the gender dimension in research and innovation content' + in Broad line: '(…) supporting the modernisation of universities and other research and innovation organisations, through gender equality plans and comprehensive approaches to institutional changes.(…)'
  38. 38. IV. Useful Resources
  39. 39. Download the Expert Group's Report https://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/ pdf/pub_gender_equality/interim_eva luation_gender_long_final.pdf Published October 2017
  40. 40.  Asked for in the Council Conclusions of 1 Dec. 2015  Targets and/or quotas at the national level for gender balance in: • decision-making positions and bodies in research institutions • professorships http://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/pd f/pub_gender_equality/KI-07-17-199- EN-N.pdf Published in February 2018 Guidance to facilitate the implementation of targets to promote gender equality in R&I
  41. 41. http://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/index.cfm?pg=policy&lib=gender SwafS - Gender Equality policy page
  42. 42. The GEAR Tool http://eige.europa.eu/gender-mainstreaming/toolkits/gear  Co-produced by EIGE and DG RTD  Step-by-step guidance for implementing GEPs in RPOs  Action toolbox: 10 key themes to consider in a GEP  Concrete examples of good practices, building on GEP projects funded under FP7 and H2020
  43. 43. The Participant Portal http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/opportunities
  44. 44. Participant Portal: Gender as a cross-cutting issue http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/d ocs/h2020-funding-guide/cross-cutting- issues/gender_en.htm … is part of the "H2020 Online Manual" on the Participant Portal The section on "Gender equality" offers definitions and explanations as well as links to further information
  45. 45. Practical guidance on the application of Gender Equality provisions https://ec.europa.eu/research/swafs/pdf/pub_gend er_equality/2016-03-21- Vademecum_Gender%20in%20H2020-clean-rev.pdf Vademecum on Gender Equality in Horizon 2020
  46. 46. Thank you very much for your attention! For any other question and further information please contact: RTD-GENDERINRESEARCH@EC.EUROPA.EU
  • WhitneyTaylor39

    Dec. 1, 2021
  • AntoraJahan

    Sep. 22, 2019

Presentation held by Mina Stareva, head of section "Gender" of the Unit B6 - Inclusive societies DG Research and innovation, during the conference "Structural gender change at universities and research funding organizations", an event of H2020 project SUPERA. Madrid, 16/11/2018.

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