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Role of parliaments in influencing budgetary decisions

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Delivered by Thahira Mustafa of the SUN Movement Secretariat

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Role of parliaments in influencing budgetary decisions

  1. 1. SUN MOVEMENT Critical Role of Parliaments to Influence Budgetary Decisions for Nutrition Thahira Mustafa, Policy Advisor, Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement 28th June 2017 SUN is a unique Movement founded on the principle that all people have a right to food & good. nutrition
  2. 2. • Good Nutrition matters to the Economy • Parliament’s role in influencing Budget Decisions for Nutrition • Public Finance for Nutrition - Analyse Budgets to Ask Questions • What’s in the pipeline? Outline
  3. 3. Source: IFs v 7.26, historical data from US Census Bureau via CIA and United Nations Population Division (UNPD) 2015 Population increase forecast in millions, 2017-2035 Today’s investments matter tomorrow • Addressing Africa’s demographic boom will require far greater investment in nutrition financing in the future • Government policies and actions today will increase the likelihood of capturing the potential social and economic benefits from population growth
  4. 4. In 2012, the World Health Assembly endorsed six global nutrition targets to be achieved by 2025. Yet, reaching these targets in the next decade will require increased investments. Governments must act now to fulfill their promises and save millions of lives. The World Bank, Results for Development Institute, and 1,000 Days – with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation – developed a roadmap for policymakers that outlines the investments required to tackle malnutrition. The Investment Case A COUNTRY CAN GET 16 DOLLARS IN RETURN FOR EVERY DOLLAR INVESTED IN NUTRITION... $1 $16
  5. 5. Financing levels and sources to meet global targets for all low- and middle-income countries by 2025 Source: Authors, based on data in Shekar et al. (2016) To meet 4 of the 6 global targets current government funding needs to increase 2.3 times over the next 10-year period
  6. 6. Budget Formulation & Consultation Budget Speech Budget Adoption & Implementation Budget Audit Influence budget decisions for Nutrition • Ensure that the Budget best matches the national nutrition priorities • Specifically the needs of the most nutritionally vulnerable population • Critical role in getting more money for nutrition and more nutrition for money throughout the budget cycle
  7. 7. • Write letters to Permanent Secretaries to ensure nutrition is a political priority of the administration • Use evidence to secure budget for proven nutrition programmes and interventions • If the Minister of Finance is hosting a consultation, attend it and make the case for investments in nutrition programmes Budget Formulation & Consultation
  8. 8. • Most of the focus is on the budget speech • Important to be involved all along in the budget process • Debates the Budget and scrutinize the subsequent Finance Bill • An amendment to the Finance bill will pass if there are enough votes Budget Speech
  9. 9. • MPs can get the government to justify allocations, and budgetary decisions • Propose budget changes with amendments to better reflect the national nutrition priorities • Throughout the implementation period, MPs can send oral or written questions on how nutrition allocations are spent / if they are spent on time (to ensure that budgeted programs are implemented). Budget Adoption & Implementation
  10. 10. • Parliament can also request for a budget audit • Depending on the timeline (for example, July – October) when there is little to no budgetary and financial activity – request for an analysis of previous budget ASK QUESTIONS !! Budget Audit
  11. 11. • Between 2015 and 2016, 47 of the 59 SUN Countries shared their budget data on nutrition for analysis • Identified a set of core nutrition programs and tracked the reported budget allocations to nutrition at the national or sub-national level • The estimates range from 0.06 to 9.23 % of general government allocations Analyse Budgets to Ask Questions
  12. 12. 5.11 2.11 1.49 1.48 1.21 1.16 1.06 0.89 Comoros Mauritania Chad Benin Ghana Burundi Gambia Burkina Faso Percentage of general government allocations for nutrition Average nutrition allocations across the countries in the region is 1.8 % of the government budget
  13. 13. Sectoral Budget Allocations (11 Countries) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Agriculture Education Health Other Social Protection WASH
  14. 14. Agriculture 35% Education 18% Health 21% Other 4% Social Protection 2% WASH 20% Share of nutrition-relevant allocations from each sector (11 Countries)
  15. 15. • Tracking financial resources and investments in nutrition leads to a far greater focus on results • Useful entry point increasing dialogue between ministries, departments, and agencies within governments about the need to invest in nutrition • Map alignment of planned and budgeted interventions • Monitor performance and expenditures of implemented interventions • Discuss with donors to ensure that there is no redundancy or overlap and that donors can channel aid from other sectors • Process is transparent - Government and other potential partners are involved early in the process How is the analysis helpful?
  16. 16. What’s in the pipeline? Nutrition Investment Snapshots of SUN Countries Budget Advocacy for Nutrition Handbook Manual Annual Global Gathering 2017 of the SUN Movement, 7-9 November, Abidjan, Ivory Coast
  17. 17. But we must not be complacent. We can achieve zero hunger and malnutrition in our lifetime. www.scalingupnutrition.org www.facebook.com/SUNMovement www.twitter.com/SUN_Movement

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