Taylor2 ppt ch9

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Taylor2 ppt ch9

  1. 1. Chapter 9 The Juvenile Court
  2. 2. Chapter Outline <ul><li>The First Juvenile Justice Courts </li></ul><ul><li>The Juvenile Court Today </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Categories of Delinquency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Juvenile Court Personnel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile Court Judge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Juvenile Court Referee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prosecuting Attorney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defense Attorney </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Probation Officer </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  3. 3. Chapter Outline Continued <ul><li>Intake </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision to Detain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qualified Right to Post Bail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision to Petition the Case </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Case Dismissals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cases Handled Informally </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Prosecutor Decision Making </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  4. 4. Chapter Outline Continued <ul><li>Adjudication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arraignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adjudication Hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disposition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Predisposition Report </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disposition Hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Future of the Juvenile Court </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  5. 5. Juvenile Court Judge <ul><li>Position or office primarily responsible for the operation of the juvenile court including deciding guilt or innocence and disposition of cases. </li></ul><ul><li>Possesses tremendous power over the delinquent and has the ability to remove the delinquent from his family. </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  6. 6. Selection of Juvenile Court Judges <ul><li>Elected – this is how judges are selected in most states. </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed by the Governor </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed by the Legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed via the Missouri plan </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  7. 7. Juvenile Prosecuting Attorney <ul><li>Duties of the prosecutor: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes the decision of whether a case should be dismissed, adjudicated or diverted. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decides what charges should be brought against the juvenile. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for disposition of the case, many times through the use of plea bargaining. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes the decision to waive a juvenile to adult court. </li></ul></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  8. 8. Juvenile Defense Attorney <ul><li>Present the best case possible to the judge. </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate settlement of the case through plea bargaining if applicable. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that the rights of the juvenile are not violated during the juvenile justice process. </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  9. 9. Probation Officer <ul><li>Performs intake screenings that determine if the case is initially handled formally or informally by the juvenile justice system. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete predisposition reports that assist juvenile court judges in determining the most appropriate disposition of the case after adjudication. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor juveniles on probation to make sure that they are abiding by their conditions of probation and accessing the services required by the court. </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  10. 10. Decision to Detain <ul><li>Detention center – a facility designed for short-term secure confinement of the juvenile prior to court disposition or execution of a court order. </li></ul><ul><li>Detention hearing – a hearing held in juvenile court during which the judge decides whether the current detention of the juvenile is justified and whether continued detention is warranted. </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  11. 11. Arraignment <ul><li>The juvenile is made aware of the following </li></ul><ul><li>rights: </li></ul><ul><li>Right to counsel and the right to court appointed counsel if indigent. </li></ul><ul><li>Right to an adjudication hearing. </li></ul><ul><li>Right to confront and cross-examine witnesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Right to have witnesses testify on behalf of the juvenile. </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  12. 12. Juvenile Terms <ul><li>Plea bargaining – the process by which a juvenile pleads guilty in exchange for concession made by the prosecutor. </li></ul><ul><li>Adjudication hearing – a hearing to determine whether there is evidence beyond a reasonable doubt to support the allegations against the juvenile. </li></ul><ul><li>Dispositional hearing – a hearing held after a juvenile has been adjudicated to determine what sanction should be imposed on the juvenile. </li></ul>Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

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